J I Tokars

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint The risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine and 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccines: results from self-controlled analyses
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 21:546-52. 2012
  2. pmc Evaluation of sliding baseline methods for spatial estimation for cluster detection in the biosurveillance system
    Jian Xing
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:45. 2009
  3. pmc Summary of data reported to CDC's national automated biosurveillance system, 2008
    Jerome I Tokars
    The National Center for Public Health Informatics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:30. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Measurement of the impact of risk adjustment for central line-days on interpretation of central line-associated bloodstream infection rates
    Jerome I Tokars
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:1025-9. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint The changing face of surveillance for health care-associated infections
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1347-52. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Predictive value of blood cultures positive for coagulase-negative staphylococci: implications for patient care and health care quality assurance
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:333-41. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint National surveillance of dialysis-associated diseases in the United States, 2000
    Jerome I Tokars
    Healthcare Outcomes Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Semin Dial 15:162-71. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization in patients at seven hemodialysis centers
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Kidney Int 60:1511-6. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Infection control in hemodialysis units
    J I Tokars
    Healthcare Outcomes Branch, Hospital Environment Laboratory Branch, Division of Healthcare Quality Fromotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 15:797-812, viii. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vascular access infections at seven outpatient hemodialysis centers
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 37:1232-40. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. doi request reprint The risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine and 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccines: results from self-controlled analyses
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 21:546-52. 2012
    ..We report additional analyses of these data using self-controlled methods, which avoid potential confounding from person-level factors and co-morbidities...
  2. pmc Evaluation of sliding baseline methods for spatial estimation for cluster detection in the biosurveillance system
    Jian Xing
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:45. 2009
    ..Our study focused on finding useful anomalies at manageable alert rates according to available BioSense data history...
  3. pmc Summary of data reported to CDC's national automated biosurveillance system, 2008
    Jerome I Tokars
    The National Center for Public Health Informatics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 10:30. 2010
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Measurement of the impact of risk adjustment for central line-days on interpretation of central line-associated bloodstream infection rates
    Jerome I Tokars
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:1025-9. 2007
    ..To describe methods to assess the practical impact of risk adjustment for central line-days on the interpretation of central line-associated bloodstream infection (BSI) rates, because collecting these data is often burdensome...
  5. ncbi request reprint The changing face of surveillance for health care-associated infections
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1347-52. 2004
    ..Maintaining successful features of standard systems, adopting alternate surveillance approaches, and exploiting new technologies, such as the Internet, will make health care surveillance an even better tool for prevention...
  6. ncbi request reprint Predictive value of blood cultures positive for coagulase-negative staphylococci: implications for patient care and health care quality assurance
    Jerome I Tokars
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:333-41. 2004
    ..Use of this model with institution-specific values for input parameters would assist in clinical decision-making as well as hospital quality assurance...
  7. ncbi request reprint National surveillance of dialysis-associated diseases in the United States, 2000
    Jerome I Tokars
    Healthcare Outcomes Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Semin Dial 15:162-71. 2002
    ..The percentage of centers reporting one or more patients infected or colonized with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) increased from 11.5% in 1995 to 32.7% in 2000...
  8. ncbi request reprint Vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization in patients at seven hemodialysis centers
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Kidney Int 60:1511-6. 2001
    ..We studied the prevalence of and risk factors for VRE at seven outpatient hemodialysis centers (three in Baltimore, MD, USA, and four in Richmond, VA, USA)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Infection control in hemodialysis units
    J I Tokars
    Healthcare Outcomes Branch, Hospital Environment Laboratory Branch, Division of Healthcare Quality Fromotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 15:797-812, viii. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of vascular access infections at seven outpatient hemodialysis centers
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 37:1232-40. 2001
    ..Catheter use should be minimized to reduce these infections. Additionally, the possibility that improved serum albumin and urea reduction ratio could reduce vascular access infections should be evaluated...
  11. ncbi request reprint Description of a new surveillance system for bloodstream and vascular access infections in outpatient hemodialysis centers
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Semin Dial 13:97-100. 2000
    ..Miller, RN, MPH, at (404)639-6422 (telephone), (404)639-6459 or 6458 (fax), or erm4@cdc.gov (e-mail:). Information is also available on the CDC website at http:@www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/Dialysis/dialysis.+ ++htm...
  12. ncbi request reprint Modifiable risk factors associated with deep sternal site infection after coronary artery bypass grafting
    W E Trick
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 119:108-14. 2000
    ..Our objective was to identify risk factors for deep sternal site infection after coronary artery bypass grafting at a community hospital...
  13. ncbi request reprint Serratia liquefaciens bloodstream infections from contamination of epoetin alfa at a hemodialysis center
    L A Grohskopf
    Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 344:1491-7. 2001
    ..In a one month period, 10 Serratia liquefaciens bloodstream infections and 6 pyrogenic reactions occurred in outpatients at a hemodialysis center...
  14. ncbi request reprint National surveillance of dialysis-associated diseases in the United States, 2001
    Jerome I Tokars
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Semin Dial 17:310-9. 2004
    ..The percentage of centers reporting one or more patients infected or colonized with vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) increased from 12% in 1995 to 31% in 2001...
  15. ncbi request reprint Protective effect of hepatitis B vaccine in chronic hemodialysis patients
    E R Miller
    Investigation and Prevention Branch, Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 33:356-60. 1999
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint The costs of healthcare worker respiratory protection and fit-testing programs
    S E Kellerman
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19:629-34. 1998
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Secular trends in bloodstream infection caused by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in New Jersey hospitals, 1991 to 1995
    J I Tokars
    Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases NCID, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Infect Control 25:395-400. 1997
    ..pneumoniae, but neither of two groups of antimicrobial-resistant gram-negative rods, are increasing rapidly in prevalence in New Jersey. Continued monitoring and interventions to slow these increases are needed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections traced to contaminated human albumin
    S A Wang
    Hospital Infections Program, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 30:35-40. 2000
    ..Combined epidemiological and laboratory approaches are valuable when investigating potentially contaminated blood components and plasma derivatives...
  19. ncbi request reprint Guidance on public reporting of healthcare-associated infections: recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee
    Linda McKibben
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 26:580-7. 2005
  20. ncbi request reprint Outbreak of sterile peritonitis among continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis patients
    A J Mangram
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Kidney Int 54:1367-71. 1998
    ..5 endotoxin units (EU)/ml], but had pre-sterilization bacterial colony counts >1 cfu/ml...
  21. ncbi request reprint Use and efficacy of tuberculosis infection control practices at hospitals with previous outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
    J I Tokars
    From the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 22:449-55. 2001
    ..Similar evaluations should be performed at hospitals treating TB patients to find inadequacies and guide improvements in infection control...
  22. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for radial artery harvest site infection following coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    W E Trick
    Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 30:270-5. 2000
    ..We identified preoperative hyperglycemia and surgery duration as independent risk factors for radial artery HSI...
  23. ncbi request reprint Why is an infection control program needed in the hemodialysis setting?
    Matthew J Arduino
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nephrol News Issues 19:44, 46-9. 2005
    ..These efforts would improve patient outcomes and quality-of-life issues by reducing hospitalizations and mortality due to infection and vascular access complications...
  24. ncbi request reprint Electronic reporting of infections associated with hemodialysis
    R Monina Klevens
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nephrol News Issues 19:37-8, 43. 2005
    ..The objective of this report is to update findings from the Dialysis Surveillance Network and describe the soon-to-be-available National Healthcare Safety Network...
  25. ncbi request reprint National surveillance of dialysis-associated diseases in the United States, 2002
    Lyn Finelli
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Semin Dial 18:52-61. 2005
    ..Also, those centers that used a disposable container versus a nondisposable container for priming the dialyzer had a significantly lower incidence of HCV...
  26. ncbi request reprint New national surveillance system for hemodialysis-associated infections: initial results
    Jerome I Tokars
    Dialysis Surveillance Network, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion formerly Hospital Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Goergia 30333, USA
    Am J Infect Control 30:288-95. 2002
    ..Therefore a voluntary national system was created to monitor and prevent infections in these patients...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sampling for collection of central line-day denominators in surveillance of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections
    R M Klevens
    Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:338-42. 2006
    ..To determine the feasibility of estimating the number of central line-days at a hospital from a sample of months or individual days in a year, for surveillance of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections...
  28. pmc Methicillin-resistant-Staphylococcus aureus hospitalizations, United States
    Matthew J Kuehnert
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:868-72. 2005
    ..95 per 1,000 hospital discharges. The method used in our analysis may provide a simple way to assess trends of the magnitude of MRSA infection nationally...
  29. pmc Computer algorithms to detect bloodstream infections
    William E Trick
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1612-20. 2004
    ..0-12.5 by investigator review and 1.4-10.2 by computer algorithm (correlation r = 0.91, p = 0.004). Automated bloodstream infection surveillance with electronic data is an accurate alternative to surveillance with manually collected data...
  30. pmc Feasibility of national surveillance of health-care-associated infections in home-care settings
    Lilia P Manangan
    Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:233-6. 2002
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Guidance on public reporting of healthcare-associated infections: recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee
    Linda McKibben
    Office of the Director, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Cancer for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Infect Control 33:217-26. 2005
    ..HICPAC will update these recommendations as more research and experience become available...
  32. pmc Enhancing time-series detection algorithms for automated biosurveillance
    Jerome I Tokars
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:533-9. 2009
    ..These enhanced methods may increase sensitivity without increasing the alert rate and may improve the ability to detect outbreaks by using automated surveillance system data...
  33. pmc Reducing dialysis associated bacteraemia, and recommendations for surveillance in the United Kingdom: prospective study
    Abraham George
    Renal Unit, Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust
    BMJ 332:1435. 2006
    ..Risk is much greater when lines rather than fistulas are used for haemodialysis. Surveillance is critical for infection control, but no standardised surveillance scheme exists in the United Kingdom...
  34. ncbi request reprint Barriers to and facilitators of implementing an intervention to reduce the incidence of catheter-associated bloodstream infections
    Kristen M Kidd
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:103-5. 2007
  35. ncbi request reprint Bloodstream infections in hemodialysis patients: getting some deserved attention
    Jerome I Tokars
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 23:713-5. 2002
  36. ncbi request reprint Preventing catheter-associated bloodstream infections: a survey of policies for insertion and care of central venous catheters from hospitals in the prevention epicenter program
    David K Warren
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:8-13. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint A multicenter intervention to prevent catheter-associated bloodstream infections
    David K Warren
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:662-9. 2006
    ..Education-based interventions can reduce the incidence of catheter-associated bloodstream infection. The generalizability of findings from single-center studies is limited...
  38. pmc Enhanced identification of postoperative infections among inpatients
    Deborah S Yokoe
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1924-30. 2004
    ..This screening method was efficient, readily standardized, and suitable for most hospitals...
  39. ncbi request reprint Preventing bacterial infections and antimicrobial resistance in dialysis patients
    Jeffrey S Berns
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 40:886-98. 2002
    ..Fourth, preventing transmission in health care settings is important to limit the spread of resistant organisms. In this regard, such basic measures as glove use and hand hygiene are most important...