Charles E Rupprecht

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Knowledge of bat rabies and human exposure among United States cavers
    Robert V Gibbons
    Rabies Section, Viral and Ricksettial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:532-4. 2002
  2. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet Union
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
    J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004
  3. ncbi A perspective on lyssavirus emergence and perpetuation
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Curr Opin Virol 1:662-70. 2011
  4. ncbi Control and prevention of rabies in animals: paradigm shifts
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:103-11. 2006
  5. ncbi Oral vaccination of wildlife against rabies: opportunities and challenges in prevention and control
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 119:173-84. 2004
  6. ncbi Current and future trends in the prevention, treatment and control of rabies
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 4:1021-38. 2006
  7. ncbi Clinical practice. Prophylaxis against rabies
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:2626-35. 2004
  8. ncbi Can rabies be eradicated?
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:95-121. 2008
  9. doi Evidence for a 4-dose vaccine schedule for human rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in previously non-vaccinated individuals
    Charles E Rupprecht
    National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, 1600 Clifton Road N E, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:7141-8. 2009
  10. ncbi Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices
    Charles E Rupprecht
    National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases proposed, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 59:1-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications83

  1. pmc Knowledge of bat rabies and human exposure among United States cavers
    Robert V Gibbons
    Rabies Section, Viral and Ricksettial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:532-4. 2002
    ..An under-appreciation of the risk for rabies from bat bites may explain the preponderance of human rabies viruses caused by variant strains associated with bats in the United States...
  2. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet Union
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
    J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004
    ..In the glycoprotein gene, evidence of positive selection was strongly suggested in codons 156, 160, and 183. At these sites, no link between amino acid substitutions and phylogenetic placement or specific host species was detected...
  3. ncbi A perspective on lyssavirus emergence and perpetuation
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Curr Opin Virol 1:662-70. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi Control and prevention of rabies in animals: paradigm shifts
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:103-11. 2006
    ..Given these challenges, new paradigm shifts are eagerly anticipated as additional biotechnological applications (including contraceptives and anticoagulants) are developed to deal with domestic animals and wildlife...
  5. ncbi Oral vaccination of wildlife against rabies: opportunities and challenges in prevention and control
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 119:173-84. 2004
    ..Newer approaches in biotechnology may be envisaged some day for eventual extension to bats, as well as more widespread application to global canine rabies remediation in developing countries...
  6. ncbi Current and future trends in the prevention, treatment and control of rabies
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 4:1021-38. 2006
    ....
  7. ncbi Clinical practice. Prophylaxis against rabies
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:2626-35. 2004
  8. ncbi Can rabies be eradicated?
    C E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:95-121. 2008
    ....
  9. doi Evidence for a 4-dose vaccine schedule for human rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in previously non-vaccinated individuals
    Charles E Rupprecht
    National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, 1600 Clifton Road N E, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:7141-8. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices
    Charles E Rupprecht
    National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases proposed, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 59:1-9. 2010
    ..Prompt rabies PEP combining wound care, infiltration of RIG into and around the wound, and multiple doses of rabies cell-culture vaccine continue to be highly effective in preventing human rabies...
  11. ncbi Rabies re-examined
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Rabies Section, WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Rabies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 2:327-43. 2002
    ..Nevertheless, despite much technical progress in the past century, rabies is a disease of neglect and presents a modern public-health conundrum...
  12. ncbi Oral vaccination of dogs with recombinant rabies virus vaccines
    Charles E Rupprecht
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Rabies Unit, Mailstop G 33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 111:101-5. 2005
    ....
  13. pmc Estimating the risk of rabies transmission to humans in the U.S.: a Delphi analysis
    Sagar A Vaidya
    Combined Internal Medicine Pediatrics Program, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave Levy Place, New York, NY 10128, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:278. 2010
    ..Controlled studies on rabies are clearly not possible. Thus, the limited data on risk has led to the frequent administration of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), often in inappropriate circumstances...
  14. pmc Ferret badger rabies origin and its revisited importance as potential source of rabies transmission in Southeast China
    Ye Liu
    Key Laboratory of Jilin Province for Zoonosis Prevention and Control, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Veterinary Research Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 1068 Qinglong Road, Changchun 130062, China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:234. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Epidemiological investigations of human rabies in China
    Miao Song
    State Key Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Genetic Engineering, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100052, PR China
    BMC Infect Dis 9:210. 2009
    ..Moreover, the status of rabies infection and vaccination in dogs, and prophylaxis of humans after rabies exposure were analyzed...
  16. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2005
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 229:1897-911. 2006
    ..8%, and rabies in domestic animals decreased 37.5%. One case of human rabies was reported from Mississippi during 2005. This case was submitted by the state to the CDC's unexplained deaths project and diagnosed as rabies retrospectively...
  17. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2006
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 231:540-56. 2007
    ..The cases in Indiana and Texas were attributed to bat rabies virus variants, whereas the case in California was attributed to an exposure to a dog in the Philippines...
  18. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2004
    John W Krebs
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 227:1912-25. 2005
    ..In Wisconsin, a teenager contracted rabies from a bat bite and became the first known person to survive rabies despite not having received rabies vaccine prior to symptom onset...
  19. doi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2007
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 233:884-97. 2008
    ..One human rabies case was reported from Minnesota during 2007. Although typing of the rabies virus variant in this case was not possible, an investigation of this case indicated a bat as the most likely source of exposure...
  20. pmc Molecular diversity of rabies viruses associated with bats in Mexico and other countries of the Americas
    Andres Velasco-Villa
    Rabies Unit, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Mail Stop G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 44:1697-710. 2006
    ..Genetic typing of rabies viruses allowed us to distinguish trends of disease dissemination and to address, in a preliminary fashion, aspects of the complex evolution of rabies viruses in different host-reservoir species...
  21. pmc Enzootic rabies elimination from dogs and reemergence in wild terrestrial carnivores, United States
    Andres Velasco-Villa
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1849-54. 2008
    ....
  22. doi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010
    ..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
  23. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2003
    John W Krebs
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:1837-49. 2004
    ..The California and Puerto Rico cases were the result of infections with bat and dog/mongoose rabies virus variants, respectively, and each patient had a history of a bite...
  24. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2011
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 241:712-22. 2012
    ..Three cases reported from Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York were determined to be a result of canine rabies virus variants acquired outside the United States...
  25. pmc Molecular inferences suggest multiple host shifts of rabies viruses from bats to mesocarnivores in Arizona during 2001-2009
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 8:e1002786. 2012
    ..Roles of the amino acid changes, detected in our study, require additional investigations, using reverse genetics and other approaches...
  26. doi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2008
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Coordinating Center for Infectious Disease, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 235:676-89. 2009
    ..The case in Missouri was attributed to a rabies virus variant associated with eastern pipistrelle and silver-haired bats...
  27. pmc Reassortant group A rotavirus from straw-colored fruit bat (Eidolon helvum)
    Mathew D Esona
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1844-52. 2010
    ..Results suggest that several reassortment events have occurred between human, animal, and bat rotaviruses. Several additional rotavirus strains were detected in bats...
  28. pmc Possible emergence of West Caucasian bat virus in Africa
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1887-9. 2008
    ..Seropositive bats were detected in 4 of 5 locations sampled across the country. These findings provide evidence that WCBV, originally isolated in Europe, may emerge in other continents...
  29. pmc New rabies virus variant in Mexican immigrant
    Andres Velasco-Villa
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1906-8. 2008
    ..Enhanced surveillance is needed to elucidate likely reservoirs...
  30. ncbi Vaccination of small Asian mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) against rabies
    Jesse D Blanton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia, 30333, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:663-6. 2006
    ..V-RG vaccine, additional investigations will be necessary to determine the optimal dose and duration of vaccination, as well as incorporation of the SPBNGA-S vaccine into edible bait...
  31. doi Host phylogeny constrains cross-species emergence and establishment of rabies virus in bats
    Daniel G Streicker
    Rabies Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Science 329:676-9. 2010
    ..Evolutionary constraints on viral host range indicate that host species barriers may trump the intrinsic mutability of RNA viruses in determining the fate of emerging host-virus interactions...
  32. doi Oral immunization of raccoons and skunks with a canine adenovirus recombinant rabies vaccine
    Heather Henderson
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:7194-7. 2009
    ..The results of this preliminary study suggest that CAV2-RVG stimulates protective immunity against rabies in raccoons and skunks...
  33. doi Evaluation of a new serological technique for detecting rabies virus antibodies following vaccination
    Xiaoyue Ma
    Rabies Program, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States
    Vaccine 30:5358-62. 2012
    ..The sensitivity and specificity for field animal samples was 96% and 95%, respectively. The preliminary results from this study appear promising and demonstrate a higher sensitivity than traditional ELISA methods...
  34. pmc Emerging pattern of rabies deaths and increased viral infectivity
    Sharon L Messenger
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:151-4. 2003
    ..The preponderance of rabies deaths connected with the two uncommon L. noctivagans and P. subflavus bat rabies viruses is best explained by their evolution of increased viral infectivity...
  35. doi Commerson's leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros commersoni) is the likely reservoir of Shimoni bat virus
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Program, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:1465-70. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that H. commersoni is the host species of SHIBV. Additional surveillance is needed to better understand the ecology of this virus and the potential risks of infection to humans and other mammalian species...
  36. doi Shimoni bat virus, a new representative of the Lyssavirus genus
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Program, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 149:197-210. 2010
    ..However, the identity values alone are not considered sufficient criteria for demarcation of new species within LBV...
  37. doi Rabies virus pathogenesis in relationship to intervention with inactivated and attenuated rabies vaccines
    Richard Franka
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:7149-55. 2009
    ..Reduced vaccine schedules provided efficacious intervention, regardless of the total number of vaccine doses administered...
  38. ncbi A new phylogenetic lineage of rabies virus associated with western pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus hesperus)
    Richard Franka
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, DVRD VRZB Rabies, G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 87:2309-21. 2006
    ....
  39. doi The global availability of rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine in clinics providing direct care to travelers
    Emily S Jentes
    Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Travel Med 20:148-58. 2013
    ..Rabies, which is globally endemic, poses a risk to international travelers. To improve recommendations for travelers, we assessed the global availability of rabies vaccine (RV) and rabies immune globulin (RIG)...
  40. ncbi Molecular epizootiology of rabies associated with terrestrial carnivores in Mexico
    Andres Velasco-Villa
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonosis Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 111:13-27. 2005
    ..Two other skunk foci share a common ancestor with canine rabies and were distributed in northwest Mexico and Yucatan...
  41. ncbi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2001
    John W Krebs
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:1690-701. 2002
    ..3% (15 to 13). One case of rabies in a human being reported by California during 2001 was the result of infection with a canine variant of the rabies virus acquired outside the United States...
  42. pmc Lagos bat virus in Kenya
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Bldg 17, MS G 33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1451-61. 2008
    ..Several large bat roosts were identified in areas of dense human populations, raising public health concerns for the potential of lyssavirus infection...
  43. doi Development of combined vaccines for rabies and immunocontraception
    Xianfu Wu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Rabies Program PRB DVRD CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:7202-9. 2009
    ..The recombinant viruses reacted strongly with the serum from a GonaCon-immunized animal. The GnRH-carrying rabies viruses have significant potential in rabies and animal population control...
  44. doi A reassessment of the evolutionary timescale of bat rabies viruses based upon glycoprotein gene sequences
    Natalia A Kuzmina
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Bldg 17, MS G 33, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    Virus Genes 47:305-10. 2013
    ....
  45. doi Discovery of diverse polyomaviruses in bats and the evolutionary history of the Polyomaviridae
    Ying Tao
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 94:738-48. 2013
    ..In summary, this study revealed that bats are important reservoirs of PyVs and that these viruses have a complex evolutionary history...
  46. doi A spatial model to forecast raccoon rabies emergence
    Sergio Recuenco
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 12:126-37. 2012
    ..Predicted high susceptibility areas matched historical surveillance data. We discuss model implications to the spatial dynamics and spread of raccoon rabies, and its application for designing more efficient disease control interventions...
  47. pmc Bartonella spp. in bats, Kenya
    Michael Kosoy
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1875-81. 2010
    ..In contrast, E. helvum and Miniopterus spp. bats harbored strains that clustered in several groups. Further investigation is needed to determine whether these agents are responsible for human illnesses in the region...
  48. ncbi Current and future tools for global canine rabies elimination
    Richard Franka
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Mail Stop G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA Electronic address
    Antiviral Res 100:220-5. 2013
    ..Accurate risk assessments of potential human exposures and support for decentralized laboratory capacity will be essential to ensure the most effective utilization of vaccines and RIG until canine rabies has been eliminated. ..
  49. doi Isolation and molecular characterization of Fikirini rhabdovirus, a novel virus from a Kenyan bat
    Rebekah C Kading
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector Borne Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    J Gen Virol 94:2393-8. 2013
    ..Here we report the identification of Fikirini rhabdovirus, a novel rhabdovirus isolated from a bat, Hipposideros vittatus, captured along the Kenyan coast. ..
  50. doi Evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of deer owners following identification of a cluster of captive deer with rabies in Pennsylvania in July 2010
    Danielle M Tack
    Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 242:1279-85. 2013
    ..To evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of deer owners following identification of a cluster of captive deer with rabies as an aid for the development of rabies prevention educational materials...
  51. ncbi Bat lyssaviruses (Aravan and Khujand) from Central Asia: phylogenetic relationships according to N, P and G gene sequences
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Cliffton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 97:65-79. 2003
    ..The potential significance of these new lyssaviruses for veterinary and public health should not be underestimated...
  52. doi Seroconversion following incomplete human rabies postexposure prophylaxis
    Kis Robertson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Vaccine 28:6523-6. 2010
    ..These findings corroborate previous studies that suggest a less than five-dose rabies vaccine regimen elicits adequate immunogenicity against rabies...
  53. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships of Irkut and West Caucasian bat viruses within the Lyssavirus genus and suggested quantitative criteria based on the N gene sequence for lyssavirus genotype definition
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Cliffton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 111:28-43. 2005
    ..WCBV is the most divergent of known lyssaviruses with only limited relatedness to genotypes 2 and 3...
  54. ncbi Are all lyssavirus genes equal for phylogenetic analyses?
    Xianfu Wu
    Rabies Program PRB, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 129:91-103. 2007
    ....
  55. doi Treatment of rabies in the 21st century: curing the incurable?
    Richard Franka
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G33, GA 30333, USA
    Future Microbiol 6:1135-40. 2011
    ....
  56. doi Live attenuated rabies virus co-infected with street rabies virus protects animals against rabies
    Xianfu Wu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 29:4195-201. 2011
    ..Overall, this highly attenuated live rabies virus offered better protection than the inactivated vaccine...
  57. pmc Reemerging rabies and lack of systemic surveillance in People's Republic of China
    Xianfu Wu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1159-64. 2009
    ..A laboratory diagnosis-based epidemiologic surveillance system can provide substantial information about disease transmission and effective prevention strategies...
  58. ncbi Oral efficacy of an attenuated rabies virus vaccine in skunks and raccoons
    Cathleen A Hanlon
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Mailstop G33, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Wildl Dis 38:420-7. 2002
    ..Given these results, SAG-2 is a promising candidate vaccine that may satisfy both safety and efficacy concerns for oral rabies immunization of major North American rabies reservoirs...
  59. doi Complete genomes of Aravan, Khujand, Irkut and West Caucasian bat viruses, with special attention to the polymerase gene and non-coding regions
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Rabies Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G 33 Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 136:81-90. 2008
    ..The absence of a flanking transcription initiation signal, as well as Northern and Western blot data, suggests that this region is not independently transcribed but is a part of G mRNA...
  60. ncbi Experimental rabies virus infection of big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus)
    Felix R Jackson
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Wildl Dis 44:612-21. 2008
    ..No bat-to-bat transmission of RABV to noninfected bats was detected...
  61. pmc Development of a GIS-based, real-time Internet mapping tool for rabies surveillance
    Jesse D Blanton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:47. 2006
    ..This surveillance system, RabID, provides a new resource for the rapid mapping and dissemination of data on animal rabies cases in relation to unaffected, enzootic, and baited areas where current interventions are underway...
  62. pmc New world bats harbor diverse influenza A viruses
    Suxiang Tong
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 9:e1003657. 2013
    ..Taken together, these findings indicate that bats constitute a potentially important and likely ancient reservoir for a diverse pool of influenza viruses. ..
  63. doi An electrochemiluminescence assay for analysis of rabies virus glycoprotein content in rabies vaccines
    Todd G Smith
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Vaccine 31:3333-8. 2013
    ..Based upon these results, the ECL assay may have utility in replacement of the NIH test. ..
  64. doi The global availability of rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine in clinics providing indirect care to travelers
    Emily S Jentes
    Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases NCEZID, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Travel Med 21:62-6. 2014
    ..Of 112 responses, 23% were from West, Central, and East Africa. RV and RIG availability varied by region. Possible rabies exposures accounted for 2% of all travelers' health inquiries. ..
  65. pmc Rabies-related knowledge and practices among persons at risk of bat exposures in Thailand
    Kis Robertson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1054. 2011
    ..The objectives were to identify deficiencies in rabies awareness, describe the occurrence of bat exposures, and explore factors associated with transdermal bat exposures...
  66. ncbi Human rabies prevention--United States, 2008: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
    Susan E Manning
    Preventive Medicine Residency, Office of Workforce and Career Development, CDC, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 57:1-28. 2008
    ....
  67. pmc Detection of novel SARS-like and other coronaviruses in bats from Kenya
    Suxiang Tong
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Virus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:482-5. 2009
    ..The sequence diversity suggests that bats are well-established reservoirs for and likely sources of coronaviruses for many species, including humans...
  68. ncbi Postexposure prophylaxis for prevention of rabies in dogs
    Cathleen A Hanlon
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Vet Res 63:1096-100. 2002
    ..To evaluate postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in dogs experimentally infected with rabies...
  69. doi Evaluation of an indirect rapid immunohistochemistry test for the differentiation of rabies virus variants
    Jessie L Dyer
    Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS G33, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Virol Methods 190:29-33. 2013
    ..These results are useful in studying the epizootiology of rabies and inferring the source of infection when unknown...
  70. ncbi Efficacy of rabies biologics against new lyssaviruses from Eurasia
    Cathleen A Hanlon
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Rabies Team, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 111:44-54. 2005
    ..The potential impact of these new lyssaviruses on human and domestic animal health and the impact on the putative bat reservoir populations will require further field and laboratory investigation...
  71. ncbi Rabies among infrequently reported mammalian carnivores in the United States, 1960-2000
    John W Krebs
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, 1600 Clifton Road MS G13, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Wildl Dis 39:253-61. 2003
    ..Variants of the rabies virus in samples from mongooses in Puerto Rico could not be distinguished from those in samples from dogs in Puerto Rico by virus typing methods...
  72. pmc Marburg virus in fruit bat, kenya
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA I V Kuzmin, M Niezgoda, R Franka, W J Shieh, S R Zaki, C E Rupprecht National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya B Agwanda University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa W Markotter and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi R F Breiman
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:352-4. 2010
    ..MARV was detected in tissues of Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) and other bat species from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Gabon, and Uganda (3-6)...
  73. pmc Skunk and raccoon rabies in the eastern United States: temporal and spatial analysis
    Marta A Guerra
    Division of Quarantine and Global Migration, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1143-50. 2003
    ..In areas where the raccoon rabies virus variant is enzootic, spatio-temporal analysis does not provide evidence that this rabies virus variant is currently cycling independently among skunks...
  74. pmc Lyssavirus surveillance in bats, Bangladesh
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:486-8. 2006
    ..The infection occurs in bats in Bangladesh, but virus prevalence appears low...
  75. doi Design of future rabies biologics and antiviral drugs
    Todd G Smith
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Adv Virus Res 79:345-63. 2011
    ..Considering the lag from creation of new concepts to experimental development and clinical trials, many years will likely elapse between today's ideas and tomorrow's practices...
  76. pmc A high-resolution genetic signature of demographic and spatial expansion in epizootic rabies virus
    Roman Biek
    Department of Biology and Center for Disease Ecology, Emory University, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7993-8. 2007
    ..Such approaches will be of increasing relevance for understanding the epidemiology of emerging zoonotic diseases in a landscape context...
  77. doi Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2010
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 239:773-83. 2011
    ..Wisconsin reported a human rabies case involving a 70-year-old male that was confirmed to have been caused by a rabies virus variant associated with tri-colored bats (Perimyotis subflavus)...
  78. ncbi Travel vaccination for rabies
    Jesse D Blanton
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:613-20. 2008
    ..Travelers to countries where rabies is prevalent should balance the cost and inconvenience of immunization to the benefits of rabies pre-exposure vaccination...
  79. ncbi Evolutionary timescale of rabies virus adaptation to North American bats inferred from the substitution rate of the nucleoprotein gene
    Gareth J Hughes
    Rabies Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mail Stop G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 86:1467-74. 2005
    ....
  80. doi Time series analysis of the impact of oral vaccination on raccoon rabies in West Virginia, 1990-2007
    Xiaoyue Ma
    Rabies Program, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:801-9. 2010
    ..The results of the model indicate that the effect of the ORV intervention to control raccoon rabies was statistically significant. ORV should be attempted in other enzootic raccoon rabies areas...
  81. ncbi A phylogenetic reconstruction of the epidemiological history of canine rabies virus variants in Colombia
    Gareth J Hughes
    Rabies Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mail Stop G33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Genet Evol 4:45-51. 2004
    ..We demonstrate that phylogenetic reconstructions and sequence analysis can be used to support incidence data from the field in the assessment of RV epidemiology...
  82. pmc Rabies in Sri Lanka: splendid isolation
    Susilakanthi Nanayakkara
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:368-71. 2003
    ..Stable, geographically isolated virus populations are susceptible to local extinction. A fully implemented rabies-control campaign could make Sri Lanka the first Asian country in >30 years to become free of rabies virus...