Susan E Reef

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The changing epidemiology of rubella in the 1990s: on the verge of elimination and new challenges for control and prevention
    Susan E Reef
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS E 61, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 287:464-72. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Evidence used to support the achievement and maintenance of elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States
    Susan E Reef
    Global Immunization Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S593-7. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint The epidemiological profile of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States, 1998-2004: the evidence for absence of endemic transmission
    Susan E Reef
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S126-32. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint The evidence for the elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States: a public health achievement
    Susan E Reef
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S123-5. 2006
  5. doi request reprint Elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome from the Western hemisphere: the US experience
    Mark J Papania
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    JAMA Pediatr 168:148-55. 2014
  6. pmc Identifying risk factors for rubella susceptibility in a population at risk in the United States
    M Carolina Danovaro-Holliday
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:289-91. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Genetic analysis of rubella viruses found in the United States between 1966 and 2004: evidence that indigenous rubella viruses have been eliminated
    Joseph P Icenogle
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S133-40. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Measles outbreak associated with an international youth sporting event in the United States, 2007
    Tai Ho Chen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:794-800. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Virologic surveillance for wild-type rubella viruses in the Americas
    Joseph P Icenogle
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S647-51. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Efforts at rubella elimination in the United States: the impact of hemispheric rubella control
    Gustavo H Dayan
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S158-63. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications20

  1. ncbi request reprint The changing epidemiology of rubella in the 1990s: on the verge of elimination and new challenges for control and prevention
    Susan E Reef
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS E 61, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 287:464-72. 2002
    ..Reported rubella cases are at record low levels; however, cases and outbreaks have occurred, primarily among unvaccinated foreign-born adults...
  2. doi request reprint Evidence used to support the achievement and maintenance of elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States
    Susan E Reef
    Global Immunization Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S593-7. 2011
    ..Rigorous data evaluation must be conducted to look for inconsistencies among the available data. To maintain elimination, countries should maintain high vaccine coverage, adequate surveillance, and rapid response to outbreaks...
  3. ncbi request reprint The epidemiological profile of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States, 1998-2004: the evidence for absence of endemic transmission
    Susan E Reef
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S126-32. 2006
    ..The epidemiological evidence strongly supports the claim that rubella is no longer endemic in the United States. To prevent future rubella outbreaks and CRS cases, current strategies must be maintained...
  4. ncbi request reprint The evidence for the elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in the United States: a public health achievement
    Susan E Reef
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S123-5. 2006
  5. doi request reprint Elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome from the Western hemisphere: the US experience
    Mark J Papania
    Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Herpesvirus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    JAMA Pediatr 168:148-55. 2014
    ..In December 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened an external expert panel to review the evidence and determine whether elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and CRS had been sustained...
  6. pmc Identifying risk factors for rubella susceptibility in a population at risk in the United States
    M Carolina Danovaro-Holliday
    National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:289-91. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Genetic analysis of rubella viruses found in the United States between 1966 and 2004: evidence that indigenous rubella viruses have been eliminated
    Joseph P Icenogle
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S133-40. 2006
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Measles outbreak associated with an international youth sporting event in the United States, 2007
    Tai Ho Chen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:794-800. 2010
    ..In 2007, the initiation of a multistate measles outbreak was associated with an imported case occurring in a participant at an international youth sporting event held in Pennsylvania...
  9. doi request reprint Virologic surveillance for wild-type rubella viruses in the Americas
    Joseph P Icenogle
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S647-51. 2011
    ..For example, identification of vaccine virus in specimens from rash and fever cases found during elimination can identify such cases as vaccine associated...
  10. ncbi request reprint Efforts at rubella elimination in the United States: the impact of hemispheric rubella control
    Gustavo H Dayan
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S158-63. 2006
    ..Implementation of rubella control strategies in the Americas, particularly in Mexico, appears to have facilitated rubella elimination in the United States...
  11. ncbi request reprint Development of a rubella vaccination strategy: contribution of a rubella susceptibility study of women of childbearing age in Kyrgyzstan, 2001
    Naile Malakmadze
    Polio Eradication Branch, Global Immunization Division, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:1780-3. 2004
    ..After considering all available information, we suggested vaccination of women aged <35 years and selective vaccination of older women who were planning pregnancy...
  12. doi request reprint Persistence of rubella antibodies after 2 doses of measles-mumps-rubella vaccine
    Charles W LeBaron
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:888-99. 2009
    ..Elimination of endemic rubella virus circulation in the United States was declared in 2004. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the short- and long-term rubella immunogenicity of MMR2...
  13. ncbi request reprint Adverse events associated with smallpox vaccination in the United States, January-October 2003
    Christine G Casey
    Smallpox Vaccine Adverse Event Monitoring and Response Activity, Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 294:2734-43. 2005
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Measles, rubella, and varicella among the crew of a cruise ship sailing from Florida, United States, 2006
    Kiren Mitruka
    Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Travel Med 19:233-7. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Adequacy of surveillance to detect endemic rubella transmission in the United States
    Francisco Averhoff
    National Center for Preparedness, Detection, and Control of Infectious Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S151-7. 2006
    ..It is necessary to validate that the observed absence of rubella is due to the disappearance of disease rather than a failure of rubella surveillance...
  16. ncbi request reprint Rubella immunity levels in the United States population: has the threshold of viral elimination been reached?
    Terri B Hyde
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S146-50. 2006
    ..8% to 88.0%; P=.84). In 1999-2004, population rubella immunity levels were at or above the modeled threshold for elimination of rubella virus transmission. Increases in immunity levels are consistent with vaccination efforts...
  17. doi request reprint Guidance for isolation precautions for mumps in the United States: a review of the scientific basis for policy change
    Preeta K Kutty
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:1619-28. 2010
    ..Updated guidance, released in 2007-2008, changed the mumps isolation period from 9 to 5 days. It is now recommended that mumps patients be isolated and standard and droplet precautions be followed for 5 days after parotitis onset...
  18. doi request reprint Teratology: from science to birth defects prevention
    Sonja A Rasmussen
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 85:82-92. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Elimination of rubella from the United States: a milestone on the road to global elimination
    H Cody Meissner
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, New England Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 117:933-5. 2006
  20. ncbi request reprint Congenital rubella syndrome in a child born to Liberian refugees: clinical and public health perspectives
    Rachel N Plotinsky
    Division of Public Health Services, Department of Health and Human Services, Concord, NH, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 46:349-55. 2007
    ..Clinicians should maintain vigilance for congenital rubella syndrome in infants with relevant stigmata, particularly those whose mothers are from countries with nonexistent or recently implemented rubella vaccination programs...