Manish M Patel

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Childhood intussusception: a literature review
    James Jiang
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e68482. 2013
  2. doi request reprint A systematic review of anti-rotavirus serum IgA antibody titer as a potential correlate of rotavirus vaccine efficacy
    Manish Patel
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 208:284-94. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Global seasonality of rotavirus disease
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e134-47. 2013
  4. pmc A qualitative assessment of factors influencing acceptance of a new rotavirus vaccine among health care providers and consumers
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    BMC Pediatr 7:32. 2007
  5. doi request reprint The impact of indirect benefits of vaccination on postlicensure vaccine effectiveness estimates: A scenario analysis
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Vaccine 28:7987-92. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Use of lead isotope ratios to identify sources of lead exposure in Alaska Natives
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Health Studies Branch, Anchorage, USA
    Int J Circumpolar Health 67:261-8. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Intussusception risk and health benefits of rotavirus vaccination in Mexico and Brazil
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS A 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2283-92. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Remaining issues and challenges for rotavirus vaccine in preventing global childhood diarrheal morbidity and mortality
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 11:211-20. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Uptake, impact, and effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in the United States: review of the first 3 years of postlicensure data
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S56-60. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Potential intussusception risk versus health benefits from rotavirus vaccination in Latin America
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1397-405. 2012

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Childhood intussusception: a literature review
    James Jiang
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e68482. 2013
    ..As rotavirus vaccines are introduced globally, monitoring intussusception will be crucial for ensuring safety of the vaccine programs...
  2. doi request reprint A systematic review of anti-rotavirus serum IgA antibody titer as a potential correlate of rotavirus vaccine efficacy
    Manish Patel
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 208:284-94. 2013
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Global seasonality of rotavirus disease
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e134-47. 2013
    ..We sought to establish global seasonal patterns of rotavirus disease before the introduction of widespread vaccination...
  4. pmc A qualitative assessment of factors influencing acceptance of a new rotavirus vaccine among health care providers and consumers
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    BMC Pediatr 7:32. 2007
    ..Because a previously licensed vaccine (Rotashield) was withdrawn from the US for safety concerns, identifying barriers to uptake of RotaTeq will help develop strategies to broaden vaccine coverage...
  5. doi request reprint The impact of indirect benefits of vaccination on postlicensure vaccine effectiveness estimates: A scenario analysis
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Vaccine 28:7987-92. 2010
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Use of lead isotope ratios to identify sources of lead exposure in Alaska Natives
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Health Studies Branch, Anchorage, USA
    Int J Circumpolar Health 67:261-8. 2008
    ..The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Alaskan health officials conducted a cross-sectional exposure assessment and used isotope ratios (IR) to test that assumption...
  7. doi request reprint Intussusception risk and health benefits of rotavirus vaccination in Mexico and Brazil
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS A 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2283-92. 2011
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Remaining issues and challenges for rotavirus vaccine in preventing global childhood diarrheal morbidity and mortality
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 11:211-20. 2012
    ..The objectives of this paper are to describe the remaining issues and challenges in ensuring the success of the global rotavirus vaccination program and to discuss further research needed to help address them...
  9. doi request reprint Uptake, impact, and effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in the United States: review of the first 3 years of postlicensure data
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S56-60. 2011
    ..Rotavirus vaccine was recommended for routine use in US infants in 2006. Before the introduction of vaccine, rotavirus was the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age in the United States...
  10. doi request reprint Potential intussusception risk versus health benefits from rotavirus vaccination in Latin America
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1397-405. 2012
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Decline and change in seasonality of US rotavirus activity after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 124:465-71. 2009
    ..In 2006, routine immunization of US infants against rotavirus was initiated. We assessed national, regional, and local trends in rotavirus testing and detection before and after vaccine introduction...
  12. pmc Rotavirus vaccines: update on global impact and future priorities
    Catherine Yen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Hum Vaccin 7:1282-90. 2011
    ....
  13. pmc Norovirus disease in the United States
    Aron J Hall
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 19:1198-205. 2013
    ..These findings support continued development and targeting of appropriate interventions, including vaccines, for norovirus disease...
  14. doi request reprint Burden of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and emergency department visits in US children that is potentially preventable by rotavirus vaccination: a probe study using the now-withdrawn rotashield vaccine
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE Mail Stop A47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 123:744-9. 2009
    ..We estimated the burden of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and emergency department visits in US children that are potentially preventable by rotavirus vaccination...
  15. doi request reprint Broadening the age restriction for initiating rotavirus vaccination in regions with high rotavirus mortality: benefits of mortality reduction versus risk of fatal intussusception
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:2916-22. 2009
    ..This policy could exclude a substantial number of children from vaccination, especially in developing countries where delays in vaccination are common...
  16. pmc Performance of rotavirus vaccines in developed and developing countries
    Victoria Jiang
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Hum Vaccin 6:532-42. 2010
    ..Future efforts for these vaccines should focus on optimizing the efficacy and delivery of these vaccines in challenging target populations of Asia and Africa with the greatest burden of severe rotavirus disease...
  17. doi request reprint Potential intussusception risk versus benefits of rotavirus vaccination in the United States
    Rishi Desai
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:1-7. 2013
    ....
  18. pmc Trends in intussusception hospitalizations among US infants, 1993-2004: implications for monitoring the safety of the new rotavirus vaccination program
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology Branch, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1125-32. 2008
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Rotavirus vaccine and health care utilization for diarrhea in U.S. children
    Jennifer E Cortes
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1108-17. 2011
    ..Routine vaccination of U.S. infants with pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) began in 2006...
  20. doi request reprint Trends in national rotavirus activity before and after introduction of rotavirus vaccine into the national immunization program in the United States, 2000 to 2012
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:741-4. 2013
    ..To further evaluate the long-term impact of the vaccine program, we assessed trends in rotavirus testing and detection in the 2010 to 2011 and 2011 to 2012 seasons compared with prevaccine seasons from 2000 to 2006...
  21. doi request reprint Global impact of rotavirus vaccines
    Jacqueline E Tate
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, US CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 9:395-407. 2010
    ..e., herd protection). Early clinical trial data from Africa and Asia are promising, and further efforts are needed to optimize the benefits of vaccination in developing countries where vaccines are likely to have their greatest impact...
  22. doi request reprint Decline in rotavirus hospitalizations and health care visits for childhood diarrhea following rotavirus vaccination in El Salvador
    Catherine Yen
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S6-S10. 2011
    ..We further examined the impact of rotavirus vaccination on the national burden of childhood diarrhea to help assess the total public health benefits of vaccination...
  23. doi request reprint Remarkable postvaccination spatiotemporal changes in United States rotavirus activity
    Aaron T Curns
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S54-5. 2011
    ..The postvaccine introduction years failed to demonstrate the typical Southwest to Northeast spread of rotavirus activity...
  24. ncbi request reprint Norovirus disease surveillance using Google Internet query share data
    Rishi Desai
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:e75-8. 2012
    ..70) and regional (R(2) = 0.74) norovirus surveillance data in the United States. IQS data may facilitate rapid identification of norovirus season onset, elevated peak activity, and potential emergence of novel strains...
  25. ncbi request reprint Reduction in morbidity and mortality from childhood diarrhoeal disease after species A rotavirus vaccine introduction in Latin America - a review
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 106:907-11. 2011
    ..A growing body of literature offers convincing evidence of "real world" vaccine program successes in Latin American settings, which may be expanded as more countries in the region include RVA vaccine in their immunization programs...
  26. doi request reprint Assessing the effectiveness and public health impact of rotavirus vaccines after introduction in immunization programs
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S291-9. 2009
    ..In this article, we review data for the protective efficacy of the 2 new rotavirus vaccines, with emphasis on issues particularly important for consideration as these vaccines are introduced in routine infant immunization programs...
  27. doi request reprint All-cause gastroenteritis and rotavirus-coded hospitalizations among US children, 2000-2009
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:e28-34. 2012
    ..Rotavirus vaccine was recommended for US infants in 2006. We estimated baseline prevaccine burden and monitored postvaccine trends in gastroenteritis-coded and rotavirus-coded hospitalizations among US children...
  28. doi request reprint Post-licensure experience with rotavirus vaccination in high and middle income countries; 2006 to 2011
    Ben A Lopman
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Curr Opin Virol 2:434-42. 2012
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Sustained decline in rotavirus detections in the United States following the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in 2006
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S30-4. 2011
    ..To further evaluate impact of the vaccine program, we assessed trends in rotavirus testing and detection during 2009-2010...
  30. pmc Effectiveness of monovalent rotavirus vaccine in Bolivia: case-control study
    Manish M Patel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Team, DVD, NCIRD, MS A34, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    BMJ 346:f3726. 2013
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of two doses of a monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) against hospital admission for rotavirus in Bolivia...
  31. doi request reprint The rotavirus experience in Mexico: discovery to control
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 56:548-51. 2013
    ..All in all, the immensely successful Mexico experience with control of rotavirus disease, if copied, could yield tremendously favorable results for children and parents worldwide...
  32. pmc Removing the age restrictions for rotavirus vaccination: a benefit-risk modeling analysis
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001330. 2012
    ..These restrictions could adversely impact vaccination coverage and thereby its health impact, particularly in developing countries where delays in vaccination often occur...
  33. doi request reprint Use of Internet search data to monitor impact of rotavirus vaccination in the United States
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:e115-8. 2012
    ..88; P < .001), capturing the reduction observed during postvaccine years (2008-2010). IQS analysis could become an inexpensive and reliable supplement for monitoring the impact of rotavirus vaccination in the United States...
  34. doi request reprint Fulfilling the promise of rotavirus vaccines: how far have we come since licensure?
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 12:561-70. 2012
    ..The challenge for policy makers worldwide is to analyse the effect of vaccination in early adopter countries and to assess whether the benefits outweigh the costs and encourage wider dissemination of these vaccines...
  35. doi request reprint Monovalent rotavirus vaccine provides protection against an emerging fully heterotypic G9P[4] rotavirus strain in Mexico
    Catherine Yen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:783-6. 2011
    ..RV1 was 94% effective (95% confidence interval, 16%-100%) against G9P[4] rotavirus-related hospitalization, indicating that its emergence was likely unrelated to vaccine pressure...
  36. ncbi request reprint Routine laboratory testing data for surveillance of rotavirus hospitalizations to evaluate the impact of vaccination
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:914-9. 2007
    ..We examined laboratory and hospital discharge data for 2 tertiary care pediatric hospitals to assess the utility of routine laboratory testing data for surveillance of rotavirus gastroenteritis and to estimate rotavirus disease burden...
  37. doi request reprint Trends in intussusception-associated deaths among US infants from 1979-2007
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Pediatr 160:456-60. 2012
    ..We examined data from 1979-2007 to generate up-to-date baseline estimates of rotavirus intussusception mortality in US infants, to inform policy deliberations of the risks and benefits of vaccination...
  38. doi request reprint Factors associated with bowel resection among infants with intussusception in the United States
    Brian Johnson
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Highland General Hospital, Oakland, CA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 28:529-32. 2012
    ..Intussusception is the most common cause of infant bowel obstruction. Because delays in diagnosis can lead to severe outcomes, differentiating milder cases from those with potentially serious outcomes is important...
  39. ncbi request reprint Strategies for recognizing acute chemical-associated foodborne illness
    Joshua G Schier
    CDC NCEH EHHE HSB MS F 46, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
    Mil Med 171:1174-80. 2006
    ....
  40. doi request reprint Intussusception and rotavirus vaccination: a review of the available evidence
    Manish M Patel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, MS A47, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 8:1555-64. 2009
    ..We review these safety data for the new vaccines and for Rotashield to provide background information relevant for considering age recommendations for rotavirus vaccination...
  41. pmc Systematic literature review of role of noroviruses in sporadic gastroenteritis
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1224-31. 2008
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Case definitions for chemical poisoning
    Martin G Belson
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects National Center for Environmental Health, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 54:1-24. 2005
    ..CDC will create new case definitions and revise existing definitions to meet the needs related to emerging threats and to enhance case definition sensitivity and specificity, when possible, with developing clinical information...
  43. doi request reprint Sociodemographic and dietary risk factors for natural infant intussusception in the United States
    Brian Johnson
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 51:458-63. 2010
    ..However, because most (87%) cases were not temporally associated with vaccination, we reanalyzed these data to assess risk factors for intussusception cases unrelated to Rotashield...
  44. pmc Public health investigation after the discovery of ricin in a South Carolina postal facility
    Joshua G Schier
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:S152-7. 2007
    ..We examined the comprehensive public health investigation that followed and discuss the lessons learned from it...
  45. pmc Medical toxicology and public health: update on research and activities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
    Manish M Patel
    US Public Health Service Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA
    J Med Toxicol 2:169. 2006
  46. ncbi request reprint Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)-related hyperthermia
    Manish M Patel
    Georgia Poison Control System, Atlanta, Georgia 30345, USA
    J Emerg Med 29:451-4. 2005
    ..A better understanding of the etiology of hyperthermia after MDMA use is needed so that appropriate harm-reduction measures can be developed and instituted...
  47. ncbi request reprint Polymer fume fever after use of a household product
    Manish M Patel
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 24:880-1. 2006
  48. ncbi request reprint Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)-related myocardial hypertrophy: an autopsy study
    Manish M Patel
    Georgia Poison Control System, 3661 Briarcliff, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Resuscitation 66:197-202. 2005
    ..We sought to determine if use of MDMA (methylenedioxyamphetamine or "ecstasy") is associated with myocardial hypertrophy at death...
  49. ncbi request reprint Recognition of illness associated with covert chemical releases
    Manish M Patel
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Health Studies Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 22:592-601. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint ED utilization of computed tomography in a poisoned population
    Manish M Patel
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 20:212-7. 2002
    ..Those among whom CT scans were obtained were more likely to be admitted to the hospital from the ED, despite negative findings...
  51. ncbi request reprint Shedding new light on the "safe" club drug: methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)-related fatalities
    Manish M Patel
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 11:208-10. 2004
    ..To report the pathology, toxicology, cause, and manner of death in 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-associated fatalities in the United States. Although use trends are increasing, data regarding the hazards of MDMA are limited...
  52. pmc Rotavirus P[4]G2 in a vaccinated population, Brazil
    Manish M Patel
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:863-5. 2008
  53. ncbi request reprint Procedural sedation and analgesia in the emergency department: what are the risks?
    Michael A Miller
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Darnall Army Community Hospital, 36000 Darnall Loop, Box 32, Ft Hood, TX 76544, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 23:551-72. 2005
    ..Coupling this information with fundamentally sound patient care and monitoring will minimize bad experiences with PSA for both the patient and practitioner...
  54. ncbi request reprint Hemodialysis and hemoperfusion in a patient with an isolated phenytoin overdose
    Michael A Miller
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Darnall Army Community Hospital, Fort Hood, TX 76544, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 24:748-9. 2006