Umesh D Parashar

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Rotavirus and severe childhood diarrhea
    Umesh D Parashar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:304-6. 2006
  2. doi request reprint Progress with rotavirus vaccines: summary of the Tenth International Rotavirus Symposium
    Umesh Parashar
    CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 12:113-7. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus diarrhea in the United States, 1993 through 1995: surveillance based on the new ICD-9-CM rotavirus-specific diagnostic code
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:13-7. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis among infants and children. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
    Umesh D Parashar
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE MS A 34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-13. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Human caliciviruses as a cause of severe gastroenteritis in Peruvian children
    Umesh D Parashar
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1088-92. 2004
  6. doi request reprint Global mortality associated with rotavirus disease among children in 2004
    Umesh D Parashar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S9-S15. 2009
  7. pmc SARS preparedness and response planning
    Umesh D Parashar
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:384-5. 2004
  8. pmc Global illness and deaths caused by rotavirus disease in children
    Umesh D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Ricksettial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop G04, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:565-72. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Public health. Progress toward rotavirus vaccines
    Umesh D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Science 312:851-2. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of diarrheal disease among children enrolled in four West Coast health maintenance organizations. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Viral Gastroenteritis Section, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 17:605-11. 1998

Detail Information

Publications84

  1. pmc Rotavirus and severe childhood diarrhea
    Umesh D Parashar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:304-6. 2006
    ..Application of this proportion to the recent World Health Organization estimates of diarrhea-related childhood deaths gave an estimated 611,000 (range 454,000-705,000) rotavirus-related deaths...
  2. doi request reprint Progress with rotavirus vaccines: summary of the Tenth International Rotavirus Symposium
    Umesh Parashar
    CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 12:113-7. 2013
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus diarrhea in the United States, 1993 through 1995: surveillance based on the new ICD-9-CM rotavirus-specific diagnostic code
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:13-7. 1998
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis among infants and children. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
    Umesh D Parashar
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE MS A 34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 55:1-13. 2006
    ..Rotavirus vaccine can be co-administered with other childhood vaccines. Rotavirus vaccine is contraindicated for infants with a serious allergic reaction to any vaccine component or to a previous dose of vaccine...
  5. ncbi request reprint Human caliciviruses as a cause of severe gastroenteritis in Peruvian children
    Umesh D Parashar
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1088-92. 2004
    ..49% [88/181]; P<.001). HuCVs appear to be an important cause of gastroenteritis in Peruvian children...
  6. doi request reprint Global mortality associated with rotavirus disease among children in 2004
    Umesh D Parashar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S9-S15. 2009
    ....
  7. pmc SARS preparedness and response planning
    Umesh D Parashar
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:384-5. 2004
  8. pmc Global illness and deaths caused by rotavirus disease in children
    Umesh D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Ricksettial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop G04, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:565-72. 2003
    ..The tremendous incidence of rotavirus disease underscores the urgent need for interventions, such as vaccines, particularly to prevent childhood deaths in developing nations...
  9. ncbi request reprint Public health. Progress toward rotavirus vaccines
    Umesh D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Science 312:851-2. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of diarrheal disease among children enrolled in four West Coast health maintenance organizations. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Viral Gastroenteritis Section, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 17:605-11. 1998
    ..We used information from the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) about approximately 1 million children enrolled in four health maintenance organizations to assess the morbidity from diarrhea and estimate the disease burden of rotavirus...
  11. pmc Rotavirus
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 4:561-70. 1998
    ..S. Food and Drug Administration on August 31, 1998, and should be cost-effective in reducing diarrheal diseases in industrialized countries. The vaccine's efficacy and cost-effectiveness in developing countries should be evaluated...
  12. ncbi request reprint Use of state hospital discharge data to assess the morbidity from rotavirus diarrhea and to monitor the impact of a rotavirus immunization program: A pilot study in Connecticut
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 104:489-94. 1999
    ..In a pilot study, we have assessed the usefulness of state hospital discharge data on diarrhea in children to provide this information by examining data from Connecticut...
  13. ncbi request reprint Case-control study of risk factors for human infection with a new zoonotic paramyxovirus, Nipah virus, during a 1998-1999 outbreak of severe encephalitis in Malaysia
    U D Parashar
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:1755-9. 2000
    ..The outbreak stopped after pigs in the affected areas were slaughtered and buried. Direct, close contact with pigs was the primary source of human Nipah infection, but other sources, such as infected dogs and cats, cannot be excluded...
  14. ncbi request reprint Trends in intussusception-associated hospitalizations and deaths among US infants
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 106:1413-21. 2000
    ..The newly licensed tetravalent rhesus-human reassortant rotavirus vaccine has been withdrawn following reports of intussusception among vaccinated infants...
  15. ncbi request reprint "Norwalk-like viruses" as a cause of foodborne disease outbreaks
    U D Parashar
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Rev Med Virol 11:243-52. 2001
    ..The development of simpler and more sensitive assays and their use on a broader scale will assist in defining the true burden of foodborne NLV outbreaks and improve strategies for their prevention and control...
  16. doi request reprint Active, population-based surveillance for severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in the United States
    Daniel C Payne
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 122:1235-43. 2008
    ..This surveillance system establishes baseline estimates of rotavirus disease burden and allows for the prospective monitoring of rotavirus vaccination impact...
  17. doi request reprint Norovirus and medically attended gastroenteritis in U.S. children
    Daniel C Payne
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 368:1121-30. 2013
    ..Cases of rotavirus-associated acute gastroenteritis have declined since the introduction of rotavirus vaccines, but the burden of norovirus-associated acute gastroenteritis in children remains to be assessed...
  18. doi request reprint Uptake, impact, and effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in the United States: review of the first 3 years of postlicensure data
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S56-60. 2011
    ..Rotavirus vaccine was recommended for routine use in US infants in 2006. Before the introduction of vaccine, rotavirus was the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age in the United States...
  19. doi request reprint United States rotavirus strain surveillance from 2005 to 2008: genotype prevalence before and after vaccine introduction
    Jennifer J Hull
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S42-7. 2011
    ..To monitor the distribution of rotavirus genotypes before and after vaccine introduction, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted strain surveillance with the National Rotavirus Strain Surveillance System...
  20. doi request reprint Remaining issues and challenges for rotavirus vaccine in preventing global childhood diarrheal morbidity and mortality
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 11:211-20. 2012
    ..The objectives of this paper are to describe the remaining issues and challenges in ensuring the success of the global rotavirus vaccination program and to discuss further research needed to help address them...
  21. doi request reprint Secular variation in United States rotavirus disease rates and serotypes: implications for assessing the rotavirus vaccination program
    Daniel C Payne
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:948-53. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus vaccines: targeting the developing world
    Roger I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:S160-6. 2005
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Global seasonality of rotavirus disease
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e134-47. 2013
    ..We sought to establish global seasonal patterns of rotavirus disease before the introduction of widespread vaccination...
  24. doi request reprint Global impact of rotavirus vaccines
    Jacqueline E Tate
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, US CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 9:395-407. 2010
    ..e., herd protection). Early clinical trial data from Africa and Asia are promising, and further efforts are needed to optimize the benefits of vaccination in developing countries where vaccines are likely to have their greatest impact...
  25. doi request reprint Effectiveness of pentavalent and monovalent rotavirus vaccines in concurrent use among US children <5 years of age, 2009-2011
    Daniel C Payne
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 57:13-20. 2013
    ..We assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) for RotaTeq (RV5; 3 doses) and Rotarix (RV1; 2 doses) at reducing rotavirus acute gastroenteritis (AGE) inpatient and emergency department (ED) visits in US children...
  26. doi request reprint Potential intussusception risk versus health benefits from rotavirus vaccination in Latin America
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1397-405. 2012
    ....
  27. doi request reprint Burden of norovirus gastroenteritis in the ambulatory setting--United States, 2001-2009
    Paul A Gastañaduy
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 207:1058-65. 2013
    ..Gastroenteritis remains an important cause of morbidity in the United States. The burden of norovirus gastroenteritis in ambulatory US patients is not well understood...
  28. pmc Rotavirus vaccines: update on global impact and future priorities
    Catherine Yen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Hum Vaccin 7:1282-90. 2011
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Sibling transmission of vaccine-derived rotavirus (RotaTeq) associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis
    Daniel C Payne
    MSPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, MS A47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e438-41. 2010
    ..Both children remain healthy 11 months after this event and are without underlying medical conditions...
  30. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus vaccines: current prospects and future challenges
    Roger I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Lancet 368:323-32. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness and potential impact of rotavirus vaccination in the United States
    Marc Alain Widdowson
    Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Mailstop A34, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 119:684-97. 2007
    ..We assessed the health and economic impacts of a national rotavirus immunization program in the United States...
  32. doi request reprint Potential intussusception risk versus benefits of rotavirus vaccination in the United States
    Rishi Desai
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:1-7. 2013
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Impact of an emergent norovirus variant in 2009 on norovirus outbreak activity in the United States
    Catherine Yen
    Epidemic Intelligence Service Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:568-71. 2011
    ..We collected norovirus outbreak data from 30 states to assess whether this new strain was associated with increased acute gastroenteritis activity. No increase in norovirus outbreaks was observed during the 2009-2010 winter...
  34. doi request reprint Rotavirus vaccine and health care utilization for diarrhea in U.S. children
    Jennifer E Cortes
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1108-17. 2011
    ..Routine vaccination of U.S. infants with pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) began in 2006...
  35. doi request reprint Direct and indirect effects of rotavirus vaccination upon childhood hospitalizations in 3 US Counties, 2006-2009
    Daniel C Payne
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:245-53. 2011
    ..Routine rotavirus vaccination of US infants began in 2006. We conducted active, population-based surveillance for rotavirus gastroenteritis hospitalizations in 3 US counties to assess vaccine impact...
  36. doi request reprint Detection of rotavirus antigenemia in routinely obtained serum specimens to augment surveillance and vaccine effectiveness evaluations
    Manish Patel
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:836-9. 2010
    ..Because obtaining stool specimens is cumbersome, we evaluated whether detection of antigenemia in sera obtained during routine clinical practice could augment rotavirus surveillance to assess the effect of vaccination...
  37. ncbi request reprint Update on rotavirus vaccines
    Joseph S Bresee
    Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:947-52. 2005
    ..This update reviews the epidemiology of rotavirus infections, assesses past and current vaccines and presents ideas for implementation of vaccination programs in developed and developing countries...
  38. doi request reprint Sustained decline in rotavirus detections in the United States following the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in 2006
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S30-4. 2011
    ..To further evaluate impact of the vaccine program, we assessed trends in rotavirus testing and detection during 2009-2010...
  39. ncbi request reprint The future of rotavirus vaccines: a major setback leads to new opportunities
    Roger I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 363:1547-50. 2004
  40. doi request reprint Racial disparities in diarrhea-associated hospitalizations among children in five US States, before and after introduction of rotavirus vaccine
    Catherine Yen
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 28:7423-6. 2010
    ..In 2008, racial disparities for children 12-35 months resolved, but higher hospitalization rates among black infants <6 months persisted, highlighting the need for timely vaccination...
  41. ncbi request reprint Development of candidate rotavirus vaccines derived from neonatal strains in India
    Roger I Glass
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:S30-5. 2005
    ..This unique project, which is developing a new rotavirus vaccine in India with the use of Indian strains, an Indian manufacturer, and an Indian clinical development program, aims to expedite introduction of rotavirus vaccines in India...
  42. doi request reprint Clinical characteristics of norovirus-associated deaths: a systematic literature review
    Tarak K Trivedi
    CDC Experience Applied Epidemiology Fellowship, Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Infect Control 41:654-7. 2013
    ..Through a literature review of published reports of deaths associated with norovirus infection, we identified and summarized 158 norovirus-associated deaths in 12 countries from 1988 to 2011. ..
  43. pmc Severe outcomes are associated with genogroup 2 genotype 4 norovirus outbreaks: a systematic literature review
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:189-93. 2012
    ..This report reviews published NoV outbreak reports to quantify hospitalization and mortality rates and assess their relationship with outbreak setting, transmission route, and strain...
  44. doi request reprint Effect of rotavirus vaccine on diarrhea mortality in different socioeconomic regions of Mexico
    Paul A Gastañaduy
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, Division of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology Branch, Viral Gastroenteritis Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 131:e1115-20. 2013
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Norovirus disease surveillance using Google Internet query share data
    Rishi Desai
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A34, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:e75-8. 2012
    ..70) and regional (R(2) = 0.74) norovirus surveillance data in the United States. IQS data may facilitate rapid identification of norovirus season onset, elevated peak activity, and potential emergence of novel strains...
  46. doi request reprint The roles of Clostridium difficile and norovirus among gastroenteritis-associated deaths in the United States, 1999-2007
    Aron J Hall
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:216-23. 2012
    ..We aimed to describe trends in gastroenteritis deaths across all ages in the United States and specifically estimate the contributions of Clostridium difficile and norovirus...
  47. doi request reprint All-cause gastroenteritis and rotavirus-coded hospitalizations among US children, 2000-2009
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:e28-34. 2012
    ..Rotavirus vaccine was recommended for US infants in 2006. We estimated baseline prevaccine burden and monitored postvaccine trends in gastroenteritis-coded and rotavirus-coded hospitalizations among US children...
  48. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations and mortality associated with norovirus outbreaks in nursing homes, 2009-2010
    Tarak K Trivedi
    Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, and Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    JAMA 308:1668-75. 2012
    ..Norovirus outbreaks are common among vulnerable, elderly populations in US nursing homes...
  49. ncbi request reprint Reduction in morbidity and mortality from childhood diarrhoeal disease after species A rotavirus vaccine introduction in Latin America - a review
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 106:907-11. 2011
    ..A growing body of literature offers convincing evidence of "real world" vaccine program successes in Latin American settings, which may be expanded as more countries in the region include RVA vaccine in their immunization programs...
  50. doi request reprint Impact of rotavirus vaccine on diarrhea-associated disease burden among American Indian and Alaska Native children
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 129:e907-13. 2012
    ..To assess vaccine impact, we examined trends in IHS diarrhea-associated hospitalization and outpatient visits among AI/AN children in the pre- and postrotavirus vaccine era...
  51. doi request reprint Transmission of norovirus among NBA players and staff, winter 2010-2011
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:1115-7. 2011
    ..Four of 5 stool specimens from ill players and staff tested positive for norovirus genogroup II. We document evidence of transmission both within teams and, potentially, between teams in 2 instances...
  52. pmc Performance of rotavirus vaccines in developed and developing countries
    Victoria Jiang
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Hum Vaccin 6:532-42. 2010
    ..Future efforts for these vaccines should focus on optimizing the efficacy and delivery of these vaccines in challenging target populations of Asia and Africa with the greatest burden of severe rotavirus disease...
  53. pmc Oral rotavirus vaccines: how well will they work where they are needed most?
    Manish Patel
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S39-48. 2009
    ....
  54. pmc Incidence of acute gastroenteritis and role of norovirus, Georgia, USA, 2004-2005
    Aron J Hall
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1381-8. 2011
    ..This study demonstrates that noroviruses are leading causes of AGE among persons seeking medical care...
  55. doi request reprint Broadening the age restriction for initiating rotavirus vaccination in regions with high rotavirus mortality: benefits of mortality reduction versus risk of fatal intussusception
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 27:2916-22. 2009
    ..This policy could exclude a substantial number of children from vaccination, especially in developing countries where delays in vaccination are common...
  56. doi request reprint Decline and change in seasonality of US rotavirus activity after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 124:465-71. 2009
    ..In 2006, routine immunization of US infants against rotavirus was initiated. We assessed national, regional, and local trends in rotavirus testing and detection before and after vaccine introduction...
  57. doi request reprint Burden of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and emergency department visits in US children that is potentially preventable by rotavirus vaccination: a probe study using the now-withdrawn rotashield vaccine
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE Mail Stop A47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 123:744-9. 2009
    ..We estimated the burden of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations and emergency department visits in US children that are potentially preventable by rotavirus vaccination...
  58. doi request reprint Infant rotavirus vaccination may provide indirect protection to older children and adults in the United States
    Ben A Lopman
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:980-6. 2011
    ..This study demonstrates a previously unrecognized burden of severe rotavirus in the population >5 years and the primacy of very young children in the transmission of rotavirus...
  59. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus vaccination and intussusception: can we decrease temporally associated background cases of intussusception by restricting the vaccination schedule?
    Jennifer H Tai
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e258-64. 2006
    ..Our objective for this study was to model and compare the number of temporally associated intussusception events that are expected by chance alone under 2 rotavirus vaccination strategies...
  60. doi request reprint Assessing the effectiveness and public health impact of rotavirus vaccines after introduction in immunization programs
    Manish M Patel
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S291-9. 2009
    ..In this article, we review data for the protective efficacy of the 2 new rotavirus vaccines, with emphasis on issues particularly important for consideration as these vaccines are introduced in routine infant immunization programs...
  61. doi request reprint Reduction in gastroenteritis in United States children and correlation with early rotavirus vaccine uptake from national medical claims databases
    Margaret M Cortese
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:489-94. 2010
    ..We sought to estimate rotavirus disease reduction among children in hospital and office settings in the 4 US regions following rotavirus vaccine introduction and to estimate vaccine uptake...
  62. doi request reprint Post-licensure experience with rotavirus vaccination in high and middle income countries; 2006 to 2011
    Ben A Lopman
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, United States
    Curr Opin Virol 2:434-42. 2012
    ....
  63. pmc Understanding reduced rotavirus vaccine efficacy in low socio-economic settings
    Benjamin A Lopman
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e41720. 2012
    ..With the imminent introduction of rotavirus vaccine in low SES countries, understanding reasons for reduced efficacy in these settings could identify strategies to improve vaccine performance...
  64. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic and molecular trends of "Norwalk-like viruses" associated with outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the United States
    Rebecca L Fankhauser
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 186:1-7. 2002
    ..Strain diversity was great: one potential new sequence cluster was implicated in multiple outbreaks, and strains belonging to a tentative new genogroup were identified...
  65. ncbi request reprint Use of active surveillance to validate international classification of diseases code estimates of rotavirus hospitalizations in children
    Vincent P Hsu
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 115:78-82. 2005
    ..Our study evaluated the sensitivity of the rotavirus ICD code among children hospitalized for AGE by using active surveillance for rotavirus at a tertiary children's hospital...
  66. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis in the United States, 1993-2002
    Myrna D Charles
    Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 25:489-93. 2006
    ..It is a common cause of morbidity and is associated with a high economic burden in developing countries. Prevention of hospitalizations is the primary target of rotavirus vaccines...
  67. doi request reprint Decline in rotavirus hospitalizations and health care visits for childhood diarrhea following rotavirus vaccination in El Salvador
    Catherine Yen
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S6-S10. 2011
    ..We further examined the impact of rotavirus vaccination on the national burden of childhood diarrhea to help assess the total public health benefits of vaccination...
  68. pmc Trends in intussusception hospitalizations among US infants, 1993-2004: implications for monitoring the safety of the new rotavirus vaccination program
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Division of Viral Diseases, Epidemiology Branch, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e1125-32. 2008
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis among infants and children: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
    Margaret M Cortese
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Atlanta GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 58:1-25. 2009
    ..ACIP does not express a preference for either RV5 or RV1. The recommendations in this report also address the maximum ages for doses, contraindications, precautions, and special situations for the administration of rotavirus vaccine...
  70. pmc Evaluation of seasonal patterns of Kawasaki syndrome- and rotavirus-associated hospitalizations in California and New York, 2000-2005
    Adam MacNeil
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMC Pediatr 9:65. 2009
    ..Kawasaki Syndrome (KS) is an uncommon childhood disease with unknown etiology. It has been suggested that rotavirus infection may play a causative role in the development of KS...
  71. doi request reprint How much could rotavirus vaccines reduce diarrhea-associated mortality in northern Ghana? A model to assess impact
    Melissa L Arvay
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S85-91. 2009
    ..We modeled vaccine impact on rotavirus-associated mortality in rural Ghana...
  72. ncbi request reprint Projected cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination for children in Asia
    Laura Jean Podewils
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:S133-45. 2005
    ..New rotavirus vaccines may soon be licensed, and decisions regarding implementation of their use will likely be based on the health and economic benefits of vaccination...
  73. doi request reprint Projected Impact of the new rotavirus vaccination program on hospitalizations for gastroenteritis and rotavirus disease among US children <5 years of age during 2006-2015
    Aaron T Curns
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S49-56. 2009
    ..We forecasted the potential reduction in the number of hospitalizations for rotavirus disease and AGE in US children during 2006-2015 as a result of the new rotavirus vaccine introduced in 2006...
  74. ncbi request reprint Diarrhea- and rotavirus-associated hospitalizations among children less than 5 years of age: United States, 1997 and 2000
    Mark A Malek
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1887-92. 2006
    ..Estimates of the burden of severe rotavirus disease, particularly hospitalizations, will help evaluate the potential benefits of a national rotavirus immunization program...
  75. ncbi request reprint Routine laboratory testing data for surveillance of rotavirus hospitalizations to evaluate the impact of vaccination
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:914-9. 2007
    ..We examined laboratory and hospital discharge data for 2 tertiary care pediatric hospitals to assess the utility of routine laboratory testing data for surveillance of rotavirus gastroenteritis and to estimate rotavirus disease burden...
  76. pmc Optimum diagnostic assay and clinical specimen for routine rotavirus surveillance
    Lauren J Stockman
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1842-3. 2008
    ..Testing of bulk stools by EIA appears to be optimum for rotavirus surveillance...
  77. doi request reprint Remarkable postvaccination spatiotemporal changes in United States rotavirus activity
    Aaron T Curns
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 30:S54-5. 2011
    ..The postvaccine introduction years failed to demonstrate the typical Southwest to Northeast spread of rotavirus activity...
  78. pmc Systematic literature review of role of noroviruses in sporadic gastroenteritis
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1224-31. 2008
    ....
  79. doi request reprint Sociodemographic and dietary risk factors for natural infant intussusception in the United States
    Brian Johnson
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 51:458-63. 2010
    ..However, because most (87%) cases were not temporally associated with vaccination, we reanalyzed these data to assess risk factors for intussusception cases unrelated to Rotashield...
  80. doi request reprint Disease and economic burden of rotavirus diarrhoea in India
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 27:F18-24. 2009
    ..The use of specific interventions against rotavirus, such as newly available vaccines, would help prevent much of this large disease and economic burden...
  81. doi request reprint Intussusception and rotavirus vaccination: a review of the available evidence
    Manish M Patel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, MS A47, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 8:1555-64. 2009
    ..We review these safety data for the new vaccines and for Rotashield to provide background information relevant for considering age recommendations for rotavirus vaccination...
  82. doi request reprint Underestimates of intussusception rates among US infants based on inpatient discharge data: implications for monitoring the safety of rotavirus vaccines
    Margaret M Cortese
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S264-70. 2009
    ..Previously, intussusception rates were obtained from inpatient discharge databases. We sought to determine the rate of intussusception among infants managed only with short-stay or emergency department care...
  83. doi request reprint Intussusception risk and health benefits of rotavirus vaccination in Mexico and Brazil
    Manish M Patel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS A 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2283-92. 2011
    ....
  84. doi request reprint Diarrhea-associated hospitalizations among US children over 2 rotavirus seasons after vaccine introduction
    Catherine Yen
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 127:e9-e15. 2011
    ..After implementation of rotavirus vaccination in 2006, large decreases in rates of severe diarrhea among US children occurred in 2007-2008. We ascertained whether these decreases were sustained in 2008-2009...