Ann O'Leary

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint What happened in the SUMIT trial? Mediation and behavior change
    Ann O'Leary
    Divisions of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S111-21. 2005
  2. doi request reprint Associations between partner-venue specific personal responsibility beliefs and transmission risk behavior by HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM)
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NCHHSTP, 1600 Clifton Road, MSE 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1855-61. 2013
  3. pmc Are dual-method messages undermining STI/HIV prevention?
    Ann O'Leary
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2011:691210. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Correlates of risk patterns and race/ethnicity among HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:706-15. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial correlates of transmission risk behavior among HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men
    Ann O'Leary
    Divisions of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S67-75. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Major depression, alcohol and drug use disorders do not appear to account for the sexually transmitted disease and HIV epidemics in the southern United States
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:S70-7. 2006
  7. doi request reprint Moral agency and the sexual transmission of HIV
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, GA, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:478-94. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Association between exposure to an HIV story line in The Bold and the Beautiful and HIV-related stigma in Botswana
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:209-17. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of bisexually active men in the Seropositive Urban Mens' Study (SUMS)
    A O'Leary
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Care 19:940-6. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Mediation analysis of an effective sexual risk-reduction intervention for women: the importance of self-efficacy
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Health Psychol 27:S180-4. 2008

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. ncbi request reprint What happened in the SUMIT trial? Mediation and behavior change
    Ann O'Leary
    Divisions of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S111-21. 2005
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Associations between partner-venue specific personal responsibility beliefs and transmission risk behavior by HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM)
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NCHHSTP, 1600 Clifton Road, MSE 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1855-61. 2013
    ..These results provide further evidence that identifying ways to increase personal responsibility beliefs is an important goal, as well as is the application of Bandura's theory of moral agency to HIV transmission risk behavior...
  3. pmc Are dual-method messages undermining STI/HIV prevention?
    Ann O'Leary
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Tuberculosis Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2011:691210. 2011
    ..The availability of emergency contraception is relevant here. Research utilizing a randomized controlled trial is recommended...
  4. ncbi request reprint Correlates of risk patterns and race/ethnicity among HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:706-15. 2007
    ..African American participants also exhibited higher levels of internalized homophobia, as well as lower self-efficacy for disclosing their HIV status to sex partners. Implications for interventions for this population are discussed...
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial correlates of transmission risk behavior among HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men
    Ann O'Leary
    Divisions of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S67-75. 2005
    ..We also sought to identify contextual influences that might contribute to initial levels of SCT factors such as self-efficacy...
  6. ncbi request reprint Major depression, alcohol and drug use disorders do not appear to account for the sexually transmitted disease and HIV epidemics in the southern United States
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:S70-7. 2006
    ..Depression and substance use disorders are associated with sexual risk behavior, so we investigated whether regionwide societal rates of major depression or substance use disorders could explain the higher southern rates...
  7. doi request reprint Moral agency and the sexual transmission of HIV
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, GA, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:478-94. 2009
    ..PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Association between exposure to an HIV story line in The Bold and the Beautiful and HIV-related stigma in Botswana
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:209-17. 2007
    ..These results are suggestive that stigma was reduced after watching a television drama in which HIV infection was treated in a nonstigmatizing, humane manner...
  9. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of bisexually active men in the Seropositive Urban Mens' Study (SUMS)
    A O'Leary
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Care 19:940-6. 2007
    ..However, they did not seek sex partners from different venues than other participants. Implications for HIV transmission risk-reduction interventions for this population are discussed...
  10. doi request reprint Mediation analysis of an effective sexual risk-reduction intervention for women: the importance of self-efficacy
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Health Psychol 27:S180-4. 2008
    ..The present analyses were conducted to identify which theory-based factors that were addressed in the intervention accounted for its success...
  11. ncbi request reprint Recruitment source and behavioral risk patterns of HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Holly H Fisher
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:553-61. 2006
    ..Future efforts should continue to assess the types of people that are recruited from different sources so that program and research efforts can be appropriately targeted...
  12. ncbi request reprint Beliefs about personal and partner responsibility among HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men: measurement and association with transmission risk behavior
    Richard J Wolitski
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:676-86. 2007
    ..Intermediate risk was observed in the shared and diminished responsibility groups. Implications for future research and HIV prevention efforts are discussed...
  13. pmc Assessing mediation in HIV intervention studies
    Felicia P Hardnett
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Quantitative Sciences and Data Management Branch, Atlanta, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:288-94. 2009
    ..This article describes three standard methods for assessing mediation: causal steps, difference in coefficients, and product of coefficients. We also demonstrate the use of asymmetric confidence limits (ACLs) in testing mediation...
  14. ncbi request reprint Self-perceived responsibility of HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men for preventing HIV transmission
    Richard J Wolitski
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 7:363-72. 2003
    ..The findings suggest that self-perceived responsibility may be an important factor that affects HIV-seropositive MSM's sexual decision making...
  15. pmc The efficacy of HIV/STI behavioral interventions for African American females in the United States: a meta-analysis
    Nicole Crepaz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2069-78. 2009
    ..We evaluated the efficacy of HIV behavioral interventions for African American females in the United States, and we identified factors associated with intervention efficacy...
  16. doi request reprint Perceptions of HIV-related websites among persons recently diagnosed with HIV
    Cari Courtenay-Quirk
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:105-15. 2010
    ..Incorporating the perspectives of HIV-positive persons into the design and content of HIV-related websites is important to enhance their appeal for this diverse and growing population...
  17. doi request reprint Moderation and mediation of an effective HIV risk-reduction intervention for South African adolescents
    Ann O'Leary
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Ann Behav Med 44:181-91. 2012
    ..Tested in a cluster-randomized controlled trial, the intervention significantly reduced self-reported intercourse and unprotected intercourse during a 12-month follow-up period...
  18. ncbi request reprint Sexually transmitted infections and HIV in the southern United States: an overview
    Sevgi O Aral
    Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:S1-5. 2006
  19. doi request reprint The effects of HIV stigma on health, disclosure of HIV status, and risk behavior of homeless and unstably housed persons living with HIV
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:1222-32. 2009
    ..Interventions are needed to reduce HIV-related stigma and its effects on the health of homeless/unstably housed PLWHA...
  20. doi request reprint Intentional abstinence among homeless and unstably housed persons living with HIV/AIDS
    Cari Courtenay-Quirk
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:1119-28. 2009
    ..Better understanding of motivations to abstain may improve how programs serving PLWHA address this issue...
  21. ncbi request reprint Housing status and HIV risk behaviors among homeless and housed persons with HIV
    Daniel P Kidder
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E 04, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:451-5. 2008
    ..To compare drug, alcohol, and sexual HIV transmission risk behaviors of homeless and housed people living with HIV/AIDS...
  22. doi request reprint Sexual health, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in the United States
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton RD NE E 35, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:S9-17. 2011
    ..A sexual health approach has the potential to improve our understanding of MSM's sexual behavior and relationships, reduce HIV and STI incidence, and improve the health and well-being of MSM...
  23. doi request reprint Estimated future HIV prevalence, incidence, and potential infections averted in the United States: a multiple scenario analysis
    H Irene Hall
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:271-6. 2010
    ..To estimate the potential future burden of HIV in the United States under different intervention scenarios...
  24. ncbi request reprint Prevention with gay and bisexual men living with HIV: rationale and methods of the Seropositive Urban Men's Intervention Trial (SUMIT)
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S1-11. 2005
    ..To provide a public health rationale for prevention with HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men and to describe the methods of the Seropositive Urban Men's Intervention Trial (SUMIT)...
  25. doi request reprint Randomized trial of the effects of housing assistance on the health and risk behaviors of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton RD NE E 35, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:493-503. 2010
    ..HOPWA rental assistance improves housing status and, in some cases, health outcomes of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV/AIDS...
  26. doi request reprint Summary of comments and recommendations from the CDC consultation on the HIV/AIDS Epidemic and prevention in the Hispanic/Latino community
    Maria E Alvarez
    Office of the Director and Capacity Building Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, NCHHSTP, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:7-18. 2009
    ....
  27. doi request reprint A review of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's response to the HIV/AIDS crisis among Blacks in the United States, 1981-2009
    Madeline Y Sutton
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Centers for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, MS E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S351-9. 2009
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Condom use and perceived risk of HIV transmission among sexually active HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Lisa Belcher
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:79-89. 2005
    ..This study highlights the need for more research in understanding how perceived health risk to others influences protective behaviors...
  29. ncbi request reprint Sexual behavior among HIV-positive men who have sex with men: what's in a label?
    Trevor A Hart
    Behavioral Intervention Research Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mail Stop E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Sex Res 40:179-88. 2003
    ..Results suggest an added value in assessing self-labels in addition to asking about sexual behavior...
  30. ncbi request reprint Interests in HIV prevention topics of HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men
    Cari Courtenay-Quirk
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 15:401-12. 2003
    ..Risk behavior was not associated with program interests. Gaining a better understanding of interest in a variety of program topics among persons living with HIV is an important step in enhancing HIV transmission prevention programs...
  31. ncbi request reprint Prevention with HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men: lessons from the Seropositive Urban Men's Study (SUMS) and the Seropositive Urban Men's Intervention Trial (SUMIT)
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:S101-9. 2004
    ..The interest of HIV-positive MSM in prevention efforts, the design of the SUMIT intervention trial, and implications for future research and programmatic efforts are discussed...
  32. ncbi request reprint Predictors of the use of viagra, testosterone, and antidepressants among HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men
    David W Purcell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S57-66. 2005
    ..To examine the use and correlates of the use of prescription drugs that may affect sexual behavior among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men...
  33. ncbi request reprint Effects of a peer-led behavioral intervention to reduce HIV transmission and promote serostatus disclosure among HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 19:S99-109. 2005
    ..To evaluate the effects of an enhanced peer-led intervention on transmission risk behavior and serostatus disclosure of HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men...
  34. ncbi request reprint Is HIV/AIDS stigma dividing the gay community? Perceptions of HIV-positive men who have sex with men
    Cari Courtenay-Quirk
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV STD, TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 18:56-67. 2006
    ..HIV/AIDS stigma exists within the gay community and has a negative effect on the mental health of people living with HIV. HIV/AIDS stigma should be monitored closely so that we may better understand how to address it...
  35. pmc Greater risk for HIV infection of black men who have sex with men: a critical literature review
    Gregorio A Millett
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mail Stop E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1007-19. 2006
    ..Evidence was insufficient to evaluate the remaining hypotheses.Future studies must address these hypotheses to provide additional explanations for the greater prevalence of HIV infection among Black MSM...
  36. ncbi request reprint Self-identification as "down low" among men who have sex with men (MSM) from 12 US cities
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:519-29. 2006
    ..DL-identified MSM were less likely to have ever been tested for HIV than were non-DL MSM. Prevention agencies should expand existing programs for MSM to include specific efforts to reach DL MSM...
  37. pmc Relative efficacy of a multisession sexual risk-reduction intervention for young men released from prisons in 4 states
    Richard J Wolitski
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of HIV and AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1854-61. 2006
    ..We compared the effects of an enhanced multisession intervention with a single-session intervention on the sexual risk behavior of young men released from prison...
  38. ncbi request reprint Access to housing as a structural intervention for homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV: rationale, methods, and implementation of the housing and health study
    Daniel P Kidder
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:149-61. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Physical and sexual abuse among homeless and unstably housed adults living with HIV: prevalence and associated risks
    Kirk D Henny
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE MS E 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:842-53. 2007
    ..Identifying persons at risk of abuse is needed to reduce risk among homeless or unstably housed persons living with HIV...
  40. ncbi request reprint HIV, homelessness, and public health: critical issues and a call for increased action
    Richard J Wolitski
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:167-71. 2007
    ..Such efforts, however, may have significant effects on the individuals and communities most affected by HIV/AIDS...
  41. pmc Health status, health care use, medication use, and medication adherence among homeless and housed people living with HIV/AIDS
    Daniel P Kidder
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:2238-45. 2007
    ..We sought to compare health status, health care use, HIV anti-retroviral medication use, and HIV medication adherence among homeless and housed people with HIV/AIDS...
  42. doi request reprint Meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral interventions on HIV-positive persons' mental health and immune functioning
    Nicole Crepaz
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Health Psychol 27:4-14. 2008
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral interventions (CBIs) for improving the mental health and immune functioning of people living with HIV (PLWH)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Association of negotiation strategies with consistent use of male condoms by women receiving an HIV prevention intervention in Zimbabwe
    Ann O'Leary
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 17:1705-7. 2003
    ..Of six types of strategies used by women after a prevention intervention, one was significantly associated with consistent condom use 2 months later. Implications for the development of counselling and testing protocols are discussed...
  44. pmc Addressing poverty as risk for disease: recommendations from CDC's consultation on microenterprise as HIV prevention
    Dale Stratford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Prevention Research Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:9-20. 2008
    ..The article ends with recommendations for HIV/AIDS prevention and, by implication, addressing other public health challenges, through the development of multifaceted intervention approaches...