Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Nutritional status of under-five children living in an informal urban settlement in Nairobi, KenyaBeatrice Olack
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
J Health Popul Nutr 29:357-63. 2011..The findings of the study suggest that tackling childhood stunting is a high priority, and there should be fostered efforts to ensure that malnutrition-prevention strategies include the urban poor...
- Use of population-based surveillance to define the high incidence of shigellosis in an urban slum in Nairobi, KenyaHenry N Njuguna
Global Disease Detection Program, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya CDC K Collaboration, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS ONE 8:e58437. 2013..We investigated the epidemiology of shigellosis and drug susceptibility patterns within a densely populated urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya through population-based surveillance...
- Population-based incidence of typhoid fever in an urban informal settlement and a rural area in Kenya: implications for typhoid vaccine use in AfricaRobert F Breiman
Global Disease Detection Division, Kenya Office of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS ONE 7:e29119. 2012..We set out to compare incidence of typhoid fever in a densely populated urban slum and a rural community in Kenya, hypothesizing higher rates in the urban area, given crowding and suboptimal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene...
- Differing burden and epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella bacteremia in rural and urban Kenya, 2006-2009Collins Tabu
Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS ONE 7:e31237. 2012..The epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella (NTS) bacteremia in Africa will likely evolve as potential co-factors, such as HIV, malaria, and urbanization, also change...
- Healthcare-use for major infectious disease syndromes in an informal settlement in Nairobi, KenyaRobert F Breiman
International Emerging Infections Program, CDC Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
J Health Popul Nutr 29:123-33. 2011..The findings support community-based rather than facility-based surveillance in this setting to achieve objectives for comprehensive assessment of the burden of disease...
- Severe acute respiratory infection in children in a densely populated urban slum in Kenya, 2007-2011Robert F Breiman
Global Disease Detection Division and Influenza Division of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Kenya office, Nairobi, Kenya
BMC Infect Dis 15:827. 2015..We analyzed data from population-based infectious disease surveillance for severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) among children <5 years of age in Kibera, a densely populated urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya...
- The burden of common infectious disease syndromes at the clinic and household level from population-based surveillance in rural and urban KenyaDaniel R Feikin
International Emerging Infections Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Nairobi and Kisumu, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
PLoS ONE 6:e16085. 2011..Characterizing infectious disease burden in Africa is important for prioritizing and targeting limited resources for curative and preventive services and monitoring the impact of interventions...
- Mortality trends observed in population-based surveillance of an urban slum settlement, Kibera, Kenya, 2007-2010Beatrice Olack
Kenya Medical Research Institute and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration KEMRI CDC, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS ONE 9:e85913. 2014..We used population based infectious disease surveillance to characterize mortality rates in residents of an urban slum in Kenya...
- Viral shedding in patients infected with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus in Kenya, 2009Lilian W Waiboci
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
PLoS ONE 6:e20320. 2011..Understanding shedding patterns of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) (pH1N1) can inform recommendations about infection control measures. We evaluated the duration of pH1N1 virus shedding in patients in Nairobi, Kenya...
- Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban KenyaDaniel R Feikin
International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
- Urban leptospirosis in Africa: a cross-sectional survey of Leptospira infection in rodents in the Kibera urban settlement, Nairobi, KenyaJo E B Halliday
Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa The Roslin Institute at the Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya School of Health, Sport and Biosciences, University of East London, London, United Kingdom Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health and Research Collaboration, Kisumu and Nairobi, Kenya Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya World Health Organization Food and Agricultural Organization World Organisation for Animal Health and National Leptospirosis Reference Centre, KIT Biomedical Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:1095-102. 2013..03). Questionnaire data showed frequent contact between humans and rodents in Kibera. This study emphasizes the need to quantify the public health impacts of this neglected disease at this and other urban sites in Africa...