S Luby

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of intensive handwashing promotion on childhood diarrhea in high-risk communities in Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen P Luby
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 291:2547-54. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Difficulties in bringing point-of-use water treatment to scale in rural Guatemala
    Stephen P Luby
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Division of Foodborne Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:382-7. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Delayed effectiveness of home-based interventions in reducing childhood diarrhea, Karachi, Pakistan
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Mailstop A 38, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:420-7. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint The effect of antibacterial soap on impetigo incidence, Karachi, Pakistan
    Stephen Luby
    National Center of Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:430-5. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Is drinking water in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, safe for infant formula?
    E F Dunne
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:393-8. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint A low-cost intervention for cleaner drinking water in Karachi, Pakistan
    S Luby
    Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 5:144-50. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of blood bank practices in Karachi, Pakistan, and the government's response
    S Luby
    Community Health Sciences Department, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Health Policy Plan 15:217-22. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Improving private practitioner sick-child case management in two urban communities in Pakistan
    Stephen Luby
    Community Health Sciences Department, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 7:210-9. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Toxoplasma gondii infection in rural Guatemalan children
    Jeffrey L Jones
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:295-300. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint A cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a handwashing-promotion program in Chinese primary schools
    Anna Bowen
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1166-73. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Effect of intensive handwashing promotion on childhood diarrhea in high-risk communities in Pakistan: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen P Luby
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 291:2547-54. 2004
    ..Previous studies lacked sufficient power to assess the impact of household handwashing on diarrhea in infants...
  2. ncbi request reprint Difficulties in bringing point-of-use water treatment to scale in rural Guatemala
    Stephen P Luby
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Division of Foodborne Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:382-7. 2008
    ..Even after efficacy was demonstrated within their community and an aggressive sophisticated marketing approach, few households purchased flocculant-disinfectant for point-of-use water treatment...
  3. ncbi request reprint Delayed effectiveness of home-based interventions in reducing childhood diarrhea, Karachi, Pakistan
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Mailstop A 38, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:420-7. 2004
    ..Both of these home-based interventions were ultimately effective in preventing diarrhea, but only households of slightly higher socioeconomic status changed their behavior quickly enough to benefit during the first summer...
  4. ncbi request reprint The effect of antibacterial soap on impetigo incidence, Karachi, Pakistan
    Stephen Luby
    National Center of Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 67:430-5. 2002
    ..02). The routine use of triclocarban-containing soap by children living in a community with a high incidence of impetigo was associated with a reduced incidence of impetigo...
  5. ncbi request reprint Is drinking water in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, safe for infant formula?
    E F Dunne
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:393-8. 2001
    ..To survey knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding water use and infant feeding in the Koumassi District of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, and to evaluate the microbiologic quality of source and stored drinking water...
  6. ncbi request reprint A low-cost intervention for cleaner drinking water in Karachi, Pakistan
    S Luby
    Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 5:144-50. 2001
    ..To pilot test an inexpensive, home-based water decontamination and storage system in a low-income neighborhood of Karachi...
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of blood bank practices in Karachi, Pakistan, and the government's response
    S Luby
    Community Health Sciences Department, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Health Policy Plan 15:217-22. 2000
    ..To support provincial-level efforts to develop legislation we conducted a study to evaluate blood-banking practices in Karachi, Pakistan, to identify areas that could be improved...
  8. ncbi request reprint Improving private practitioner sick-child case management in two urban communities in Pakistan
    Stephen Luby
    Community Health Sciences Department, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Trop Med Int Health 7:210-9. 2002
    ..To evaluate if INFECTOM, a multicomponent behaviour change strategy, would alter the care received by children visiting private healthcare providers so that it was more consistent with the IMCI algorithm...
  9. ncbi request reprint Toxoplasma gondii infection in rural Guatemalan children
    Jeffrey L Jones
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:295-300. 2005
    ..Therefore, it is important to educate girls entering child-bearing age about the risks of acute T. gondii infection and the local risk factors for infection...
  10. ncbi request reprint A cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a handwashing-promotion program in Chinese primary schools
    Anna Bowen
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1166-73. 2007
    ..2 days (P = 0.03) of absence per 100 student-weeks. Provision of a large-scale handwashing promotion program and soap was associated with significantly reduced absenteeism. Similar programs could improve the health of children worldwide...
  11. ncbi request reprint Usefulness of the hydrogen sulfide test for assessment of water quality in Bangladesh
    S K Gupta
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 104:388-95. 2008
    ..To evaluate the usefulness of the hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) test for assessing water quality in Bangladesh...
  12. pmc Restaurant-associated outbreak of Salmonella typhi in Nauru: an epidemiological and cost analysis
    S J Olsen
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 127:405-12. 2001
    ..0/1000 persons. Outbreak-associated costs were $46,000. Routine or emergency immunization campaigns targeting school-aged children may help prevent or control outbreaks of typhoid fever in endemic disease areas...
  13. ncbi request reprint A novel technology to improve drinking water quality: a microbiological evaluation of in-home flocculation and chlorination in rural Guatemala
    Josefa M Rangel
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Mailstop A38, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Water Health 1:15-22. 2003
    ..0001). The combined product technology improved water potability as effectively as chlorine bleach; improved water clarity could motivate more persons to effectively treat their water...
  14. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of infection with waterborne pathogens: a seroepidemiologic study in children 6-36 months old in San Juan Sacatepequez, Guatemala
    Ellen B Steinberg
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 70:83-8. 2004
    ..Such an approach may provide a suitable, sensitive, and economical alternative to the cumbersome stool collection methods that have previously been used for evaluation of water and sanitation projects...
  15. doi request reprint Associations among handwashing indicators, wealth, and symptoms of childhood respiratory illness in urban Bangladesh
    Stephen P Luby
    International Centre of Diarrheal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Trop Med Int Health 13:835-44. 2008
    ..To explore the relationship of easy to collect handwashing indicators with socioeconomic status and reported respiratory disease among children <5 years of age...
  16. pmc Infectious diseases and vaccine sciences: strategic directions
    Stephen P Luby
    ICDDR, B, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:295-310. 2008
    ..Although services for directly-observed therapy have expanded markedly, improved case finding and involvement of private practitioners will be important to reduce the burden of disease...
  17. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and risk factors for endemic typhoid fever in Uzbekistan
    Padmini Srikantiah
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:838-47. 2007
    ..To investigate the risk factors for infection with endemic typhoid fever in the Samarkand region of Uzbekistan...
  18. ncbi request reprint Estimating the longitudinal prevalence of diarrhea and other episodic diseases: continuous versus intermittent surveillance
    Wolf Peter Schmidt
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 18:537-43. 2007
    ..The aim of this analysis was to compare estimates of longitudinal prevalence based on intermittent sampling at regular intervals with 24- or 48-hour recall, with estimates based on continuous surveillance...
  19. ncbi request reprint Comparing serologic response against enteric pathogens with reported diarrhea to assess the impact of improved household drinking water quality
    John A Crump
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:136-41. 2007
    ..Larger intervention studies that yield a more marked effect on diarrheal disease, use additional and improved serologic assays, and that collect serum samples at more frequent intervals are needed...
  20. ncbi request reprint The chulli water purifier: acceptability and effectiveness of an innovative strategy for household water treatment in Bangladesh
    Sundeep K Gupta
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:979-84. 2008
    ..These issues, which are relevant for other household water treatment strategies, should be resolved before further implementation...
  21. doi request reprint Clinical presentation of nipah virus infection in Bangladesh
    M Jahangir Hossain
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Clin Infect Dis 46:977-84. 2008
    ..In Bangladesh, 4 outbreaks of Nipah virus infection were identified during the period 2001-2004...
  22. ncbi request reprint Deaths from rotavirus disease in Bangladeshi children: estimates from hospital-based surveillance
    Go Tanaka
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:1014-8. 2007
    ..To assess the potential health benefits of introducing new rotavirus (RV) vaccines, we estimated mortality from RV gastroenteritis in Bangladeshi children <5 years of age...
  23. pmc Person-to-person transmission of Nipah virus in a Bangladeshi community
    Emily S Gurley
    Program on Infectious Diseases and Vaccine Sciences, ICDDR, B, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1031-7. 2007
    ..Capacity for person-to-person transmission increases the potential for wider spread of this highly lethal pathogen and highlights the need for infection control strategies for resource-poor settings...
  24. ncbi request reprint Long-term neurological and functional outcome in Nipah virus infection
    James J Sejvar
    Divisions of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases and Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA 30333, USA
    Ann Neurol 62:235-42. 2007
    ..Long-term neurological assessments of survivors are limited. We assessed long-term neurologic and functional outcomes of 22 patients surviving NiV illness in Bangladesh...
  25. ncbi request reprint Brucellosis as a cause of acute febrile illness in Egypt
    Gregory J Jennings
    US Naval Medical Research Unit 3 NAMRU 3, Cairo, Egypt
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:707-13. 2007
    ..The high incidence of brucellosis in Fayoum highlights its public health importance, and the need to implement prevention strategies in humans and animals...
  26. pmc Quality of drinking water
    Stephen P Luby
    BMJ 334:755-6. 2007
  27. pmc Estimating the incidence of typhoid fever and other febrile illnesses in developing countries
    John A Crump
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop A38, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:539-44. 2003
    ..This surveillance tool could have wide applications for surveillance for febrile illness in developing countries...
  28. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of household-based flocculant-disinfectant drinking water treatment for diarrhea prevention in rural Guatemala
    Megan E Reller
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:411-9. 2003
    ..In a setting where diarrhea was a leading cause of death, intermittent use of home water treatment with flocculant-disinfectant decreased the incidence of diarrhea...
  29. pmc The global burden of typhoid fever
    John A Crump
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, MS A 38, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:346-53. 2004
    ..To use new data to make a revised estimate of the global burden of typhoid fever, an accurate understanding of which is necessary to guide public health decisions for disease control and prevention efforts...
  30. ncbi request reprint Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Lancet 366:225-33. 2005
    ..We undertook a randomised controlled trial to assess the effect of handwashing promotion with soap on the incidence of acute respiratory infection, impetigo, and diarrhoea...
  31. pmc Household based treatment of drinking water with flocculant-disinfectant for preventing diarrhoea in areas with turbid source water in rural western Kenya: cluster randomised controlled trial
    John A Crump
    Foodborne and Diarrhoeal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS A 38, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    BMJ 331:478. 2005
    ..To compare the effect on prevalence of diarrhoea and mortality of household based treatment of drinking water with flocculant-disinfectant, sodium hypochlorite, and standard practices in areas with turbid water source in Africa...
  32. ncbi request reprint Population-based surveillance of typhoid fever in Egypt
    Padmini Srikantiah
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:114-9. 2006
    ..The majority of patients are evaluated at the primary care level and would not have been detected by hospital-based surveillance...
  33. ncbi request reprint Clinical diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum among children with history of fever, Sindh, Pakistan
    Siroos Hozhabri
    Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 6:233-5. 2002
    ..To identify clinical predictors for malaria and develop a clinical algorithm to more accurately identify malaria from non-malaria cases...
  34. pmc Reducing diarrhoea in Guatemalan children: randomized controlled trial of flocculant-disinfectant for drinking-water
    Tom M Chiller
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:28-35. 2006
    ..To examine the effect of a new point-of-use treatment for drinking-water, a commercially developed flocculant-disinfectant, on the prevalence of diarrhoea in children...
  35. ncbi request reprint Combining drinking water treatment and hand washing for diarrhoea prevention, a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:479-89. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of point of use water treatment with flocculent-disinfectant on reducing diarrhoea and the additional benefit of promoting hand washing with soap...
  36. ncbi request reprint Field trial of a low cost method to evaluate hand cleanliness
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:765-71. 2007
    ..To evaluate a simple low cost method for measuring hand contamination as an objective assessment of handwashing practices...
  37. pmc Foodborne transmission of Nipah virus, Bangladesh
    Stephen P Luby
    International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1888-94. 2006
    ..This investigation suggests that Nipah virus was transmitted from P. giganteus to persons through drinking fresh date palm sap...
  38. ncbi request reprint No evidence for prolonged excretion of polioviruses in persons with residual paralytic poliomyelitis in Ethiopia, Pakistan and Guatemala
    Aamir J Khan
    Department of International Health, Institute for Vaccine Safety, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Room W5041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Biologicals 34:113-6. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, persistent poliovirus excretion among persons 2 years of age and older with residual paralytic poliomyelitis is uncommon in developing countries...
  39. doi request reprint Clinical value of Tubex and Typhidot rapid diagnostic tests for typhoid fever in an urban community clinic in Bangladesh
    Aliya Naheed
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 61:381-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that the value of Tubex and Typhidot tests for typhoid fever diagnosis in a community clinic in urban Bangladesh is low...
  40. pmc Diarrheal epidemics in Dhaka, Bangladesh, during three consecutive floods: 1988, 1998, and 2004
    Brian S Schwartz
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:1067-73. 2006
    ..Our findings suggest that cholera is the predominant cause of flood-associated diarrheal epidemics in Dhaka, but that other organisms spread by the fecal-oral route also contribute...
  41. pmc Emergence of multidrug-resistant strain of Vibrio cholerae O1 in Bangladesh and reversal of their susceptibility to tetracycline after two years
    Abu S G Faruque
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:241-3. 2007
  42. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of hepatitis B among Afghan refugees living in Balochistan, Pakistan
    Arshad Quddus
    WHO, Polio Eradication Initiative, Kandahar, Afghanistan
    Int J Infect Dis 10:242-7. 2006
    ..This study was conducted to estimate seroprevalence of hepatitis B and to identify potential risk factors for hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission among the refugees living in the camps of Balochistan Province, Pakistan...