Athena P Kourtis

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Role of intestinal mucosal integrity in HIV transmission to infants through breast-feeding: the BAN study
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 208:653-61. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations of pregnant HIV-infected women in the USA prior to and during the era of HAART, 1994-2003
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS 20:1823-31. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1: timing and implications for prevention
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:726-32. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Use of antiretroviral therapy in pregnant HIV-infected women and the risk of premature delivery: a meta-analysis
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS 21:607-15. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Breast milk CD4+ T cells express high levels of C chemokine receptor 5 and CXC chemokine receptor 4 and are preserved in HIV-infected mothers receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:965-72. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Trends in hospitalizations of HIV-infected children and adolescents in the United States: analysis of data from the 1994-2003 Nationwide Inpatient Sample
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e236-43. 2007
  7. doi request reprint Hospitalizations for invasive pneumococcal disease among HIV-1-infected adolescents and adults in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:128-31. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Prevention of human immunodeficiency virus-1 transmission to the infant through breastfeeding: new developments
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S113-22. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Mother-to-child transmission of HIV: pathogenesis, mechanisms and pathways
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Clin Perinatol 37:721-37, vii. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Diabetes trends in hospitalized HIV-infected persons in the United States, 1994-2004
    Athena P Kourtis
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Curr HIV Res 7:481-6. 2009

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. pmc Role of intestinal mucosal integrity in HIV transmission to infants through breast-feeding: the BAN study
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 208:653-61. 2013
    ..Intestinal permeability correlates with microbial translocation, which can be measured through quantification of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
  2. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations of pregnant HIV-infected women in the USA prior to and during the era of HAART, 1994-2003
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS 20:1823-31. 2006
    ..The literature on whether HIV infection and its complex antiretroviral treatments confer a higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes is controversial...
  3. ncbi request reprint Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1: timing and implications for prevention
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:726-32. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of this hypothesis and how it could lead to new interventions for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission...
  4. ncbi request reprint Use of antiretroviral therapy in pregnant HIV-infected women and the risk of premature delivery: a meta-analysis
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS 21:607-15. 2007
    ..The use of antiretroviral agents in pregnant HIV-infected women has been reported to increase the risk of premature delivery in some studies. We performed a meta-analysis on relevant studies to address this question...
  5. ncbi request reprint Breast milk CD4+ T cells express high levels of C chemokine receptor 5 and CXC chemokine receptor 4 and are preserved in HIV-infected mothers receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:965-72. 2007
    ..Little characterization of breast milk CD4(+) T lymphocytes has been done so far...
  6. ncbi request reprint Trends in hospitalizations of HIV-infected children and adolescents in the United States: analysis of data from the 1994-2003 Nationwide Inpatient Sample
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e236-43. 2007
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Hospitalizations for invasive pneumococcal disease among HIV-1-infected adolescents and adults in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:128-31. 2010
    ..64 (95% confidence interval: 0.54 to 0.77). The decrease was observed after introduction of the PCV7...
  8. ncbi request reprint Prevention of human immunodeficiency virus-1 transmission to the infant through breastfeeding: new developments
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S113-22. 2007
    ..Passive (antibodies) and active (vaccine) immunoprophylaxis will also soon begin to be tested. This paper focuses on current and planned research on strategies to prevent breastfeeding transmission of HIV...
  9. doi request reprint Mother-to-child transmission of HIV: pathogenesis, mechanisms and pathways
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Clin Perinatol 37:721-37, vii. 2010
    ..This article summarizes what is known about the pathogenetic mechanisms and routes of MTCT of HIV-1, and includes virologic, immunologic, genetic, and mucosal aspects of transmission...
  10. ncbi request reprint Diabetes trends in hospitalized HIV-infected persons in the United States, 1994-2004
    Athena P Kourtis
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Curr HIV Res 7:481-6. 2009
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Various viral compartments in HIV-1-infected mothers contribute to in utero transmission of HIV-1
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Center for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 27:421-7. 2011
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations for invasive pneumococcal disease among human immunodeficiency virus-1 infected children, adolescents and young adults in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:561-3. 2010
    ..7% between 1994/1995 and 2004/2005 (P = 0.03). This decrease was more pronounced among younger children...
  13. ncbi request reprint Low absolute neutrophil counts in african infants
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 4:73-6. 2005
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Breast milk and HIV-1: vector of transmission or vehicle of protection?
    Athena P Kourtis
    Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 3:786-93. 2003
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint National estimates of hospital use by children with HIV infection in the United States: analysis of data from the 2000 KIDS Inpatient Database
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e167-73. 2006
    ..The purpose of this research was to describe hospital use patterns of HIV-infected children in the United States...
  16. ncbi request reprint Prevention of sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adolescents
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Curr HIV Res 4:209-219. 2006
    ..These areas are explored and directions for future research are suggested...
  17. ncbi request reprint Prevention of perinatal HIV transmission: a review of novel strategies
    Athena P Kourtis
    Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, USA
    Expert Opin Investig Drugs 12:1535-44. 2003
    ....
  18. pmc Differential expression of CD26 on virus-specific CD8(+) T cells during active, latent and resolved infection
    Chris C Ibegbu
    Emory Vaccine Center and Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Immunology 126:346-53. 2009
    ..This marker has the potential to be useful in studies of immune responses to infectious agents, and to new vaccine candidates...
  19. doi request reprint Effect of topical vaginal products on the detection of prostate-specific antigen, a biomarker of semen exposure, using ABAcards
    Margaret C Snead
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Contraception 88:382-6. 2013
    ..We investigated this question using various dilutions of several vaginal products (lubricants and spermicides) and the Abacus ABAcard for PSA detection...
  20. doi request reprint Health outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected African infants
    Athena P Kourtis
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 27:749-59. 2013
    ..To evaluate severe (grade 3/4) morbidity and mortality in HIV-exposed, uninfected infants...
  21. ncbi request reprint Recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus screening, prophylaxis, and treatment for pregnant women in the United States
    Denise J Jamieson
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S26-32. 2007
    ..For women with HIV RNA levels of < 1000 copies/mL, a 3-part zidovudine prophylaxis regimen (prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal) should be used alone or in combination with other antiretroviral drugs...
  22. doi request reprint Eating disorders among delivery hospitalizations: prevalence and outcomes
    Pooja Bansil
    CONRAD, Atlanta, Georgia
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 17:1523-8. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Maternal and infant antiretroviral regimens to prevent postnatal HIV-1 transmission: 48-week follow-up of the BAN randomised controlled trial
    Denise J Jamieson
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Lancet 379:2449-58. 2012
    ..We assessed the effect of 28 weeks of maternal or infant antiretroviral prophylaxis on postnatal HIV infection at 48 weeks...
  24. ncbi request reprint Influenza and pregnant women: hospitalization burden, United States, 1998-2002
    Shanna Cox
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Reproductive Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:891-3. 2006
    ..Universal vaccination of pregnant women to decrease influenza-related morbidity should be encouraged...
  25. pmc Addition of 7 days of zidovudine plus lamivudine to peripartum single-dose nevirapine effectively reduces nevirapine resistance postpartum in HIV-infected mothers in Malawi
    Sherry L Farr
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:515-23. 2010
    ..We assessed whether 7 days of zidovudine + lamivudine postpartum with single-dose nevirapine at labor decreases nevirapine resistance in HIV-infected women in Malawi...
  26. pmc Complications of common gynecologic surgeries among HIV-infected women in the United States
    Ana Penman-Aguilar
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2012:610876. 2012
    ..To compare frequencies of complications among HIV-infected and-uninfected women undergoing common gynecological surgical procedures in inpatient settings...
  27. doi request reprint Maternal and fetal outcomes among women with depression
    Pooja Bansil
    CONRAD, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:329-34. 2010
    ..To compare maternal and fetal outcomes among women with and without diagnosed depression at the time of delivery...
  28. doi request reprint Trends in hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses among HIV-infected women in the USA, 1994-2004
    Pooja Bansil
    CONRAD, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1432-8. 2009
    ..As HIV-infected women live longer, these results highlight the need for targeted public health interventions to address mental health issues in this population...
  29. ncbi request reprint Children with sickle cell disease and human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection: use of inpatient care services in the United States
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:406-10. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe hospital use patterns of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) and human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV) infection in the United States...
  30. doi request reprint Route of delivery and neonatal birth trauma
    Charmaine K Moczygemba
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:361.e1-6. 2010
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of lubricants and a vaginal spermicide gel on the detection of prostate specific antigen, a biomarker of semen exposure, using a quantitative (Abbott ARCHITECT) assay
    Margaret C Snead
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, and the Division of Scientific Resources, National Center for Emerging and Ζoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA Electronic address
    Contraception 89:134-8. 2014
    ..We investigated the in vitro effect of Gynol®, K-Y Jelly®, Replens®, Astroglide®, Carbopol, and Silicorel on quantitative detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA)...
  32. doi request reprint Hospitalizations with amphetamine abuse among pregnant women
    Shanna Cox
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 111:341-7. 2008
    ..To examine trends in pregnancy hospitalizations with a diagnosis of amphetamine or cocaine abuse and the prevalence of associated medical complications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations with respiratory illness among pregnant women during influenza season
    Shanna Cox
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 107:1315-22. 2006
    ..To examine hospitalizations with respiratory illness among pregnant women in the United States during periods of influenza activity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Cesarean delivery for HIV-infected women: recommendations and controversies
    Denise J Jamieson
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S96-100. 2007
    ..However, a number of important questions remain unanswered, including whether cesarean delivery has a role among HIV-infected women with low plasma viral loads or who receive combination antiretroviral regimens...
  35. doi request reprint HIV-1 and breastfeeding: biology of transmission and advances in prevention
    Marc Bulterys
    Division of HIV AIDS, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Perinatol 37:807-24, ix-x. 2010
    ..More research is needed to determine the optimal duration of breastfeeding, optimal weaning practices, and which individual antiretroviral prophylactic regimen is best for HIV-1-infected mothers and their infants in a particular setting...
  36. doi request reprint Poisoning hospitalisations among reproductive-aged women in the USA, 1998-2006
    Shanna Cox
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Inj Prev 17:332-7. 2011
    ..To describe poisoning hospitalisations among reproductive-aged women from 1998 to 2006...
  37. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of a volunteer community-based health worker program for providing contraceptive services in Madagascar
    Maria F Gallo
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA Electronic address
    Contraception 88:657-65. 2013
    ..Madagascar recently scaled up their volunteer community health worker (CHW) program in maternal health and family planning to reach remote and underserved communities...
  38. ncbi request reprint Expression of killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 on antigen-specific human CD8+ T lymphocytes during active, latent, and resolved infection and its relation with CD57
    Chris C Ibegbu
    Center for AIDS Research, Immunology Core Laboratory, Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Immunol 174:6088-94. 2005
    ..The combination of KLRG1 and CD57 expression might thus aid in refining functional characterization of CD8(+) T cell subsets...
  39. ncbi request reprint The missing link: documentation of recognized maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection in exposed infant birth records, 24 United States jurisdictions, 1999-2003
    Allan W Taylor
    Epidemiology Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S132-6. 2007
    ..1-2.6). Enhanced communication between pediatric and obstetric and gynecologic providers to eliminate this missed opportunity for prevention would improve HIV infection outcomes for HIV-exposed infants and improve care for their mothers...
  40. ncbi request reprint Prevention of perinatal HIV transmission: current status and future developments in anti-retroviral therapy
    Athena P Kourtis
    Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
    Drugs 62:2213-20. 2002
    ....
  41. doi request reprint Optimal methods for collecting and storing vaginal specimens for prostate-specific antigen testing in research studies
    Maria F Gallo
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Mail Stop K 34, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Contraception 87:830-5. 2013
    ..Optimal methods for collecting and storing specimens for this testing have not been determined...
  42. ncbi request reprint Integrating family planning and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in resource-limited settings
    Ann Duerr
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 366:261-3. 2005
  43. ncbi request reprint Use of single-dose nevirapine for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1: does development of resistance matter?
    Michelle S McConnell
    Thailand US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S56-63. 2007
    ..Further research in the optimization of perinatal prevention regimens is needed...
  44. pmc The reproductive health behaviors of HIV-infected young women in the United States: A literature review
    Marion W Carter
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 27:669-80. 2013
    ..Much more needs to be done in research and health services to better understand and meet the complex health needs of HIV-infected young women...
  45. ncbi request reprint The role of co-infections in mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Caroline C King
    Division of Reproductive Health, NCCDPHP, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS k34, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Curr HIV Res 11:10-23. 2013
    ..Screening and treatment for co-infections that can make infants susceptible to MTCT in utero, peripartum, or postpartum can help reduce the incidence of HIV infection among infants and improve the health of mothers and infants worldwide...
  46. doi request reprint Contraceptive availability during an emergency response in the United States
    Sascha R Ellington
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 22:189-93. 2013
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an emerging obstetric pathogen?
    Denise J Jamieson
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:1532-6. 2006
    ..Obstetricians should educate their pregnant patients about the risks of exposure to laboratory, pet, and wild rodents...
  48. pmc Pregnancy and susceptibility to infectious diseases
    Elisabeth Sappenfield
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2013:752852. 2013
    ..These results reinforce the importance of infection prevention as well as of early identification and treatment of suspected influenza, malaria, hepatitis E, and HSV disease during pregnancy. ..
  49. pmc Socioeconomic disadvantage as a social determinant of teen childbearing in the U.S
    Ana Penman-Aguilar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Minority Health and Health Equity, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 128:5-22. 2013
    ..We reviewed the literature focused on socioeconomic influences on teen childbearing and suggested directions for future research and practice related to this important indicator of teen sexual health...
  50. ncbi request reprint SHIV-KB9 infection of rhesus monkeys does not always cause disease-contribution of host immune factors and thymic output
    Athena P Kourtis
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology, and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Decatur, Georgia 30033, USA
    Virology 303:47-57. 2002
    ..Thymic involvement may thus be a critical factor in determining disease progression...
  51. ncbi request reprint Reconstitution of thymic function in HIV-1 patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Ping Ye
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Clin Immunol 106:95-105. 2003
    ..We further predict that protease inhibitors have high levels of efficacy directly suppressing viral replication within the thymus, while reverse transcriptase inhibitors have low efficacy...
  52. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations of pregnant HIV-infected women in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
    Pooja Bansil
    CONRAD Program, Arlington, Virginia, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:159-62. 2007
    ..HIV-infected pregnant women in the United States in the era of HAART remain at higher risk for several morbidities and adverse obstetrical outcomes than uninfected women...
  53. ncbi request reprint Trends in pregnancy-related and delivery hospitalizations among HIV-infected adolescents, 1994 to 2004
    Pooja Bansil
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:514-5. 2007
  54. ncbi request reprint Reducing the risk of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus transmission: past successes, current progress and challenges, and future directions
    Mary Glenn Fowler
    Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical School, onsite Makerere University Johns Hopkins University Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:S3-9. 2007
    ..The challenges to eliminate new perinatal HIV infections worldwide will depend on both sustaining and expanding PMTCT interventions and effective primary HIV prevention for women, adolescents, and young adults...
  55. ncbi request reprint Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breast-feeding: past, present, and future
    Marc Bulterys
    J Infect Dis 189:2149-53. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint The thymus during HIV disease: role in pathogenesis and in immune recovery
    Ping Ye
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Curr HIV Res 2:177-83. 2004
    ..Immunologic interventions aiming at restoring thymic function in AIDS patients are also reviewed...
  57. ncbi request reprint Anaerobic central nervous system infections after trauma
    Athena P Kourtis
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:88. 2004
  58. ncbi request reprint The effects of different HIV type 1 strains on human thymic function
    Ping Ye
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:1239-51. 2002
    ..We predict that both viral and host factors play key roles in controlling thymic infection, including strain virulence and health status of the thymus...
  59. ncbi request reprint T-lymphocyte profile and total and virus-specific immunoglobulin concentrations in the cervix of HIV-1-infected women
    Alison J Quayle
    Department of Immunology, Microbiology, and Parasitology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:292-8. 2007
    ..The mucosal lymphocyte population is the largest in the body, and the gastrointestinal compartment has been well characterized in HIV infection. Much less is known about the effects of HIV on the genital tract...