Peter H Kilmarx

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Intercity spread of gonococci with decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones: a unique focus in the United States
    P H Kilmarx
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:677-82. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint "A bull cannot be contained in a single kraal": concurrent sexual partnerships in Botswana
    Marion W Carter
    The BOTUSA Project, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Plot 5348 Ditlhakore Way, Extension 12, PO Box 90, Gaborone, Botswana
    AIDS Behav 11:822-30. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Patching a leaky pipe: the cascade of HIV care
    Peter H Kilmarx
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Zimbabwe
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 8:59-64. 2013
  4. doi request reprint A randomized, placebo-controlled trial to assess the safety and acceptability of use of carraguard vaginal gel by heterosexual couples in Thailand
    Peter H Kilmarx
    National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:226-32. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Global epidemiology of HIV
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 4:240-6. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: virus, host, or environment?
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    BMJ 324:197. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Safety and acceptability of the candidate microbicide Carraguard in Thai Women: findings from a Phase II Clinical Trial
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Thai Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:327-34. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence of HIV among female sex workers in Bangkok: evidence of ongoing infection risk after the "100% condom program" was implemented
    P H Kilmarx
    The HIV AIDS Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 21:313-6. 1999
  9. ncbi request reprint Explosive spread and effective control of human immunodeficiency virus in northernmost Thailand: the epidemic in Chiang Rai province, 1988-99
    P H Kilmarx
    HIV AIDS Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    AIDS 14:2731-40. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Disease progression and survival with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype E infection among female sex workers in Thailand
    P H Kilmarx
    The HIV AIDS Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    J Infect Dis 181:1598-606. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi request reprint Intercity spread of gonococci with decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones: a unique focus in the United States
    P H Kilmarx
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:677-82. 1998
    ..Pro/IB-3 isolates from three cities had indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns, suggesting intercity spread of a clone...
  2. ncbi request reprint "A bull cannot be contained in a single kraal": concurrent sexual partnerships in Botswana
    Marion W Carter
    The BOTUSA Project, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Plot 5348 Ditlhakore Way, Extension 12, PO Box 90, Gaborone, Botswana
    AIDS Behav 11:822-30. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that concurrency in Botswana is not uncommon, and yet may not be generally acceptable...
  3. doi request reprint Patching a leaky pipe: the cascade of HIV care
    Peter H Kilmarx
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Zimbabwe
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 8:59-64. 2013
    ..We reviewed recent literature on the cascade of HIV care from HIV testing to suppression of viral load, which has emerged as a critical focus as HIV treatment programs have scaled up...
  4. doi request reprint A randomized, placebo-controlled trial to assess the safety and acceptability of use of carraguard vaginal gel by heterosexual couples in Thailand
    Peter H Kilmarx
    National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:226-32. 2008
    ..To determine the safety and acceptability of use of Carraguard, a carrageenan-derived candidate microbicide gel, during sexual intercourse in women and men...
  5. doi request reprint Global epidemiology of HIV
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 4:240-6. 2009
    ..To provide an update on the epidemiology of HIV worldwide and by region, along with an overview of recent HIV epidemiological research...
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: virus, host, or environment?
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    BMJ 324:197. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Safety and acceptability of the candidate microbicide Carraguard in Thai Women: findings from a Phase II Clinical Trial
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Thai Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:327-34. 2006
    ..To determine the safety and acceptability of vaginal application of Carraguard, a carrageenan-derived candidate microbicide gel...
  8. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence of HIV among female sex workers in Bangkok: evidence of ongoing infection risk after the "100% condom program" was implemented
    P H Kilmarx
    The HIV AIDS Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 21:313-6. 1999
    ..However, it is unknown to what degree female sex workers (FSWs) have been protected from infection...
  9. ncbi request reprint Explosive spread and effective control of human immunodeficiency virus in northernmost Thailand: the epidemic in Chiang Rai province, 1988-99
    P H Kilmarx
    HIV AIDS Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    AIDS 14:2731-40. 2000
    ..Infection rates in Chiang Rai have since declined following an aggressive prevention campaign, but the number of AIDS cases continues to mount, along with profound demographic, social and economic effects...
  10. ncbi request reprint Disease progression and survival with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype E infection among female sex workers in Thailand
    P H Kilmarx
    The HIV AIDS Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    J Infect Dis 181:1598-606. 2000
    ..Initial CD4 T lymphocyte counts and serum virus load were independently strong predictors of survival. These results can help in assessing the effects of the epidemic in Thailand and in determining the prognoses for individual patients...
  11. ncbi request reprint HIV communication between husbands and wives: effects on husband HIV testing in northern Thailand
    Chomnad Manopaiboon
    Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, DMS 6 Building, Ministry of Public Health, Tivanon Road, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 38:313-24. 2007
    ..Better communication by couples may result in more effective use of HIV testing, which is already prevalent in this population, to prevent HIV transmission...
  12. doi request reprint Increase in sexual risk behavior and prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis among adolescents in Northern Thailand
    Sara J Whitehead
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Sex Transm Dis 35:883-8. 2008
    ..We report findings from 2 cross-sectional surveys conducted in 1999 and 2002 among 15-to 21-year-old vocational students...
  13. ncbi request reprint Sexual health risks among young Thai women: implications for HIV/STD prevention and contraception
    Denise Roth Allen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Behav 7:9-21. 2003
    ..Culturally appropriate interventions that increase their awareness of and ability to respond to these sexual health risks are needed...
  14. doi request reprint Postexposure interventions to prevent infection with HBV, HCV, or HIV, and tetanus in people wounded during bombings and other mass casualty events--United States, 2008: recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Disaster Medici
    Louisa E Chapman
    Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control nd Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2:150-65. 2008
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of bisexual and homosexual orientation and related health risks among adolescents in northern Thailand
    Frits van Griensven
    Thailand MOPH U S CDC Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Arch Sex Behav 33:137-47. 2004
    ..We conclude that HB adolescents in northern Thailand are at greater and different health risks than are their heterosexual counterparts. Differential health education messages for HB and heterosexual youth are warranted...
  16. ncbi request reprint Palmtop-assisted self-interviewing for the collection of sensitive behavioral data: randomized trial with drug use urine testing
    Frits van Griensven
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Am J Epidemiol 163:271-8. 2006
    ..The establishment of PASI noninferiority and superiority using behavioral and biologic measures suggests that PASI is a scientifically acceptable alternative for collecting sensitive behavioral data...
  17. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with low early uptake of a national program to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT): results of a survey of mothers and providers, Botswana, 2003
    Tracy Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission PMTCT Team, 1600 Clifton Rd NE Mailstop E 04, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:356-64. 2009
    ..Ensuring adequate knowledge about HIV and PMTCT, creating systems whereby HIV-positive women receiving care can educate and support other women, and making HIV testing routine for pregnant women may improve the uptake of HIV testing...
  18. ncbi request reprint Motorcycle helmet use and related risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults in Northern Thailand
    Utit Pitaktong
    The Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 35:232-41. 2004
    ..Adolescents and young adults in Chiang Rai are at high risk for riding a motorcycle without a helmet buckled on the head. Public education in combination with enforcement of compulsory helmet use while riding a motorcycle is recommended...
  19. ncbi request reprint Use of dual protection in Botswana
    Joan Marie Kraft
    Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, MS K 34, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 40:319-28. 2009
    ..In the context of high HIV prevalence, concerns about disease prevention likely influence contraception, and interventions should address childbearing desires and sexual risk simultaneously...
  20. ncbi request reprint Rapid whole-blood finger-stick test for HIV antibody: performance and acceptability among women in northern Thailand
    Alice Liu
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, DMS Building 6, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:194-8. 2003
    ..Results from this study demonstrate the utility and acceptability of the rapid finger-stick test for HIV antibody among women in northern Thailand...
  21. ncbi request reprint No increase in cervicovaginal proinflammatory cytokines after Carraguard use in a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial
    Liesbeth J M Bollen
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:253-7. 2008
    ..Assessment of cervicovaginal cytokine levels may be helpful to evaluate subclinical epithelial inflammation during safety evaluations of candidate microbicides...
  22. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for sexually transmitted diseases in northern Thai adolescents: an audio-computer-assisted self-interview with noninvasive specimen collection
    Gabriela Paz-Bailey
    Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 30:320-6. 2003
    ..Previous studies of sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Thai adolescents may have been limited by participation bias and underreporting of stigmatized behaviors...
  23. ncbi request reprint Incidence of HIV-1 infection and effects of clinic-based counseling on HIV preventive behaviors among married women in northern Thailand
    Fujie Xu
    United States National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:284-8. 2002
    ..The risk for HIV transmission to women in steady relationships is low in northern Thailand. Although HIV prevention counseling promoted partner communication, its effects on HIV preventive behaviors were limited...
  24. doi request reprint HIV genital shedding and safety of Carraguard use by HIV-infected women: a crossover trial in Thailand
    Catherine A McLean
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS 24:717-22. 2010
    ..To evaluate the safety, including impact on genital HIV RNA shedding, of Carraguard vaginal gel in HIV-infected women...
  25. ncbi request reprint Sexual coercion among adolescents in northern Thailand: prevalence and associated factors
    Chomnad Manopaiboon
    Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 34:447-57. 2003
    ..Among males, associated factors were homo- or bisexual self-identification, parents living together, and ulcerative STD history...
  26. ncbi request reprint High rates of pregnancy among vocational school students: results of audio computer-assisted self-interview survey in Chiang Rai, Thailand
    Chomnad Manopaiboon
    Thailand MOPH U S CDC Collaboration, Ministry of Public Health DDC7 Building, Tivanon Road, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    J Adolesc 26:517-30. 2003
    ..The high rates of pregnancy and abortion in this population indicate the need for better sexual health education and access to effective contraceptive methods...
  27. ncbi request reprint Knowledge and perceptions of HIV among peripartum women and among men whose wives are of reproductive age, northern Thailand
    Kanokwan Tharawan
    The Population Council, Bangkok, Thailand
    Contraception 68:47-53. 2003
    ..Women, and to a lesser degree, men were interested in potential microbicides, although they voiced many thoughtful questions about the products and about efficacy trials...
  28. doi request reprint Male circumcision as an HIV prevention intervention in the U.S.: Influence of health care providers and potential for risk compensation
    Deborah A Gust
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Prev Med 52:270-3. 2011
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Acceptability of Carraguard vaginal gel use among Thai couples
    Sara J Whitehead
    National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and Tuberculosis Prevention proposed, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    AIDS 20:2141-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate the acceptability of candidate microbicide Carraguard among couples participating in a safety trial...
  30. ncbi request reprint Early diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus in infants using polymerase chain reaction on dried blood spots in Botswana's national program for prevention of mother-to-child transmission
    Tracy Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:22-6. 2008
    ..Dried blood spot (DBS) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) provides a feasible method to assess PMTCT programs and identify HIV-infected children...
  31. ncbi request reprint Botswana's Tebelopele voluntary HIV counseling and testing network: use and client risk factors for HIV infection, 2000-2004
    Tracy L Creek
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:210-8. 2006
    ..HIV services, including voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) and antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, expanded rapidly in Botswana from 2000 through 2004...
  32. ncbi request reprint Successful introduction of routine opt-out HIV testing in antenatal care in Botswana
    Tracy L Creek
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:102-7. 2007
    ..Uptake of antenatal HIV testing was low from 1999 through 2003. In 2004, Botswana's President declared that HIV testing should be "routine but not compulsory" in medical settings...
  33. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of and risk factors for methamphetamine use in northern Thai youth: results of an audio-computer-assisted self-interviewing survey with urine testing
    Martin V Sattah
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Addiction 97:801-8. 2002
    ..However, limited quantitative data are available about the prevalence of its use or correlates of use. The purpose of our study was therefore to estimate the prevalence of methamphetamine use and to identify possible risk factors...
  34. pmc Acceptability of Carraguard vaginal microbicide gel among HIV-infected women in Chiang Rai, Thailand
    Sara J Whitehead
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    PLoS ONE 6:e14831. 2011
    ..Few studies of microbicide acceptability among HIV-infected women have been done. We assessed CarraguardĀ® vaginal gel acceptability among participants in a randomized, controlled, crossover safety trial in HIV-infected women in Thailand...
  35. ncbi request reprint Condom use among vocational school students in Chiang Rai, Thailand
    Richard A Jenkins
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 14:228-45. 2002
    ..Intentions to use condom were highly related to peer norms. Results suggest the importance of addressing peer norms concerning condom use, as well as the role of condoms in effective birth control...
  36. ncbi request reprint Human papillomavirus (HPV) detection among human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant Thai women: implications for future HPV immunization
    Liesbeth J M Bollen
    Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, and Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:259-64. 2006
    ..Prophylactic vaccines targeting HPV types 16 and 18 are being evaluated for efficacy among young women...
  37. doi request reprint Entertainment-education radio serial drama and outcomes related to HIV testing in Botswana
    Katina A Pappas-DeLuca
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Reproductive Health, Women s Health and Fertility Branch, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mailstop K 34, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 20:486-503. 2008
    ..This finding suggests that longer term exposure to entertainment-education programming may be important for behavior change...
  38. doi request reprint Need for physician education on the benefits and risks of male circumcision in the United States
    Baevin Carbery
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 24:377-87. 2012
    ..A substantial minority of physicians may need additional training and/or information about current male circumcision research to feel comfortable counseling parents of newborn male infants or adult men...
  39. doi request reprint Circumcision status and HIV infection among MSM: reanalysis of a Phase III HIV vaccine clinical trial
    Deborah A Gust
    HIV Vaccine and Special Studies Team, Epidemiology Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS 24:1135-43. 2010
    ..Determine whether male circumcision would be effective in reducing HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  40. doi request reprint Acceptability of newborn circumcision to prevent HIV infection in the United States
    Deborah A Gust
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:536-42. 2011
    ..To understand whether information from the African clinical trials about the partially protective effect of male circumcision against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection could influence adults to circumcise a newborn son...
  41. pmc Male circumcision for prevention of HIV transmission: what the new data mean for HIV prevention in the United States
    Patrick S Sullivan
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e223. 2007
  42. ncbi request reprint Multiclonal increase in ciprofloxacin-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Thailand, 1998-1999
    David L Trees
    Venereal Disease Division, Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok, Thailand
    Sex Transm Dis 29:668-73. 2002
    ..In Bangkok, Thailand, ciprofloxacin has been used to treat gonorrhea since 1987...
  43. ncbi request reprint Changes in the etiology of sexually transmitted diseases in Botswana between 1993 and 2002: implications for the clinical management of genital ulcer disease
    Gabriela Paz-Bailey
    National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1304-12. 2005
    ..Although many cross-sectional studies support such a trend, few serial cross-sectional data are available to show the evolution of genital ulcer disease over time...
  44. pmc Male circumcision in the United States for the prevention of HIV infection and other adverse health outcomes: report from a CDC consultation
    Dawn K Smith
    National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:72-82. 2010
    ....
  45. doi request reprint 6-month versus 36-month isoniazid preventive treatment for tuberculosis in adults with HIV infection in Botswana: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Taraz Samandari
    Botswana USA Partnership BOTUSA, Gaborone and Francistown, Botswana
    Lancet 377:1588-98. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess effectiveness of extended isoniazid therapy...
  46. doi request reprint A review of evidence for transmission of HIV from children to breastfeeding women and implications for prevention
    Kristen M Little
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS A 06 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:938-42. 2012
    ..Despite extensive epidemiologic and phylogenetic evidence, however, CBWT of HIV continues to be overlooked...
  47. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection among persons aged ā‰„13 years--National HIV Surveillance System, United States, 2005-2008
    Mi Chen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS E 47, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 61:57-64. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Interpretation of genital findings in microbicide safety trials: review of the 'Photo Atlas for Microbicide Evaluation'
    Liesbeth J M Bollen
    Thailand MOPH U S CDC Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:S156-9. 2004
    ..Efforts will continue to standardize colposcopy until more accurate and objective methods become available to assess the safety of candidate microbicides...
  49. doi request reprint A framework for elimination of perinatal transmission of HIV in the United States
    Steven Nesheim
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E 45, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 130:738-44. 2012
    ..It is emphasized that EMCT will not be a one-time accomplishment but, rather, will require sustained effort as long as there are new HIV infections in women of childbearing age...
  50. pmc A mathematical model of comprehensive test-and-treat services and HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in the United States
    Stephen W Sorensen
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29098. 2012
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Recommendations for postexposure interventions to prevent infection with hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus, and tetanus in persons wounded during bombings and other mass-casualty events--United States, 2008: recommendat
    Louisa E Chapman
    National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, CDC, Mailstop D 68, 1600 Clifton Road, N E, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 57:1-21; quiz CE1-4. 2008
    ..S. federal public health officials and reflect the experience and input of public health officials at all levels of government and the acute injury response community...
  52. doi request reprint Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention
    J Gerardo Garcia-Lerma
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD, and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Trends Pharmacol Sci 31:74-81. 2010
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among indirect sex workers in Cambodia
    Andrea A Kim
    Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, 50 Beale St, Suite 1200, CA 94105, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 32:745-51. 2005
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the baseline prevalence of and risk factors for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among beer girls enrolled in a behavioral intervention in Battambang, Cambodia...
  54. doi request reprint Differentiating normal from abnormal rates of genital epithelial findings in vaginal microbicide trials
    Janneke H H M van de Wijgert
    Academic Medical Center, Center for Poverty related Communicable Diseases, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Contraception 77:122-9. 2008
    ..While genital epithelial findings are documented in a standardized manner in most microbicide trials, little is known about background rates and predictors for many types of genital findings...
  55. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of lower genital tract infection among women attending maternal and child health and family planning clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Phan Kim Anh
    Institute for the Protection of Mother and Newborn IPMN, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 34:367-73. 2003
    ..The lack of association between symptoms and laboratory-confirmed infection underscores the challenge of diagnosing LGTI when laboratory testing is not available...
  56. ncbi request reprint Need for a true placebo for vaginal microbicide efficacy trials
    Peter H Kilmarx
    Lancet 361:785-6; author reply 786. 2003