S Patrick Kachur

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Decreased availability of antimalarials in the private sector following the policy change from chloroquine to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania
    Manuel W Hetzel
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 5:109. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Adherence to antimalarial combination therapy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and artesunate in rural Tanzania
    S Patrick Kachur
    Malaria Case Management Unit, Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:715-22. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of malaria parasitemia among clients seeking treatment for fever or malaria at drug stores in rural Tanzania 2004
    S Patrick Kachur
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:441-51. 2006
  4. pmc Putting the genie back in the bottle? Availability and presentation of oral artemisinin compounds at retail pharmacies in urban Dar-es-Salaam
    S Patrick Kachur
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 5:25. 2006
  5. pmc Routine delivery of artemisinin-based combination treatment at fixed health facilities reduces malaria prevalence in Tanzania: an observational study
    Rashid A Khatib
    Ifakara Health Institutce, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 11:140. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Care seeking behaviour and treatment of febrile illness in children aged less than five years: a household survey in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:491-7. 2003
  7. pmc Malaria in pregnant women in an area with sustained high coverage of insecticide-treated bed nets
    Abdunoor M Kabanywanyi
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Tanzania
    Malar J 7:133. 2008
  8. pmc Adverse drug events resulting from use of drugs with sulphonamide-containing anti-malarials and artemisinin-based ingredients: findings on incidence and household costs from three districts with routine demographic surveillance systems in rural Tanzania
    Joseph D Njau
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Malar J 12:236. 2013
  9. ncbi request reprint Use of antenatal care services and intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 9:77-82. 2004
  10. pmc In vivo efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine and chloroquine against Plasmodium vivax: a randomized open label trial in central Ethiopia
    Jimee Hwang
    Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e63433. 2013

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Decreased availability of antimalarials in the private sector following the policy change from chloroquine to sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania
    Manuel W Hetzel
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 5:109. 2006
    ..The effect of this policy change on the availability of antimalarials was studied in rural south-eastern Tanzania...
  2. ncbi request reprint Adherence to antimalarial combination therapy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and artesunate in rural Tanzania
    S Patrick Kachur
    Malaria Case Management Unit, Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:715-22. 2004
    ..Counseling about what to do if a patient vomits appears to have been an independent risk factor for nonadherence...
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of malaria parasitemia among clients seeking treatment for fever or malaria at drug stores in rural Tanzania 2004
    S Patrick Kachur
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:441-51. 2006
    ....
  4. pmc Putting the genie back in the bottle? Availability and presentation of oral artemisinin compounds at retail pharmacies in urban Dar-es-Salaam
    S Patrick Kachur
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 5:25. 2006
    ..Retail trade in artemisinin monotherapies could undermine efforts to restrict this class of medicines to more theoretically sound combination treatments...
  5. pmc Routine delivery of artemisinin-based combination treatment at fixed health facilities reduces malaria prevalence in Tanzania: an observational study
    Rashid A Khatib
    Ifakara Health Institutce, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 11:140. 2012
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Care seeking behaviour and treatment of febrile illness in children aged less than five years: a household survey in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:491-7. 2003
    ..Current care seeking practices suggest interventions should stress promptness of health facility visits, improved access to appropriate drugs, and accurate dosing for home-based treatments...
  7. pmc Malaria in pregnant women in an area with sustained high coverage of insecticide-treated bed nets
    Abdunoor M Kabanywanyi
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Tanzania
    Malar J 7:133. 2008
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of placental malaria at delivery in women during 1st or 2nd pregnancy, who did not receive intermittent preventive treatment for malaria (IPTp) in a malaria-endemic area with high bed net coverage...
  8. pmc Adverse drug events resulting from use of drugs with sulphonamide-containing anti-malarials and artemisinin-based ingredients: findings on incidence and household costs from three districts with routine demographic surveillance systems in rural Tanzania
    Joseph D Njau
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Malar J 12:236. 2013
    ..This study aimed to document ADR incidence and associated household costs in three high malaria transmission districts in rural Tanzania covered by demographic surveillance systems...
  9. ncbi request reprint Use of antenatal care services and intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 9:77-82. 2004
    ..2, 95% CI 1.02-1.5, P=0.03). A substantial effort to improve the delivery and use of SP/IPT in Malawi will be necessary, but the Roll Back Malaria 2005 goal appears achievable...
  10. pmc In vivo efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine and chloroquine against Plasmodium vivax: a randomized open label trial in central Ethiopia
    Jimee Hwang
    Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e63433. 2013
    ..In Ethiopia, chloroquine (CQ) without primaquine is the first-line treatment for Plasmodium vivax in malarious areas, but artemether-lumefantrine (AL) is also commonly used...
  11. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of permethrin-treated bed nets in the prevention of mortality in young children in an area of high perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya
    Penelope A Phillips-Howard
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:23-9. 2003
    ..ITNs prevent approximately one in four infant deaths in areas of intense perennial malaria transmission, but their efficacy is compromised if re-treatment is delayed beyond six months...
  12. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of permethrin-treated bed nets on child mortality and morbidity in western Kenya II. Study design and methods
    Penelope A Phillips-Howard
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:10-5. 2003
    ..Methodologic difficulties encountered in such large-scale field trials are discussed...
  13. pmc The costs of introducing artemisinin-based combination therapy: evidence from district-wide implementation in rural Tanzania
    Joseph D Njau
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 7:4. 2008
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Assessing the validity of health facility-based data on insecticide-treated bednet possession and use: comparison of data collected via health facility and household surveys--Lindi region and Rufiji district, Tanzania, 2005
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 13:396-405. 2008
    ..Overestimating insecticide-treated bednet use could lead to inappropriate public health actions and missed opportunities for achieving local and global public health goals...
  15. pmc Quality assurance of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria in routine patient care in rural Tanzania
    Meredith L McMorrow
    U S Public Health Service and Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:151-5. 2010
    ..Centralized staining and reading of blood smears provided useful monitoring of RDT performance. However, this level of QA may not be sustainable nationwide...
  16. doi request reprint Mass drug administration for malaria
    Eugenie Poirot
    Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop F 22, Atlanta, GA, USA, 30341
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 12:CD008846. 2013
    ..With renewed interest in MDA and its role in malaria elimination, this review aims to summarize the findings from existing research studies and program experiences of MDA strategies for reducing malaria burden and transmission...
  17. pmc Has Tanzania Embraced the Green Leaf? Results from Outlet and Household Surveys before and after Implementation of the Affordable Medicines Facility -Malaria
    Rebecca Thomson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    PLoS ONE 9:e95607. 2014
    ..Here we present findings from outlet and household surveys before and after AMFm implementation to evaluate its impact from both the supply and demand side...
  18. pmc Artemisinin-based combination therapy does not measurably reduce human infectiousness to vectors in a setting of intense malaria transmission
    Bernadette J Huho
    Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 11:118. 2012
    ..However, this has never been verified at a population level in a setting with intense transmission, where chronically infectious asymptomatic carriers are common and cured patients are rapidly and repeatedly re-infected...
  19. pmc Dispensary level pilot implementation of rapid diagnostic tests: an evaluation of RDT acceptance and usage by providers and patients--Tanzania, 2005
    Holly Ann Williams
    International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Malar J 7:239. 2008
    ..Without understanding operational issues or acceptance and usage by providers and patients, the costs of these tests may not be justified...
  20. pmc Correct dosing of artemether-lumefantrine for management of uncomplicated malaria in rural Tanzania: do facility and patient characteristics matter?
    Irene M Masanja
    Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 12:446. 2013
    ..The quality of malaria case management was assessed in two areas in rural Tanzania, to ascertain patient characteristics and facility-specific factors that influence correct dosing of AL for management of uncomplicated malaria...
  21. ncbi request reprint Malaria surveillance--United States, 2010
    Sonja Mali
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS A 06, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Surveill Summ 61:1-17. 2012
    ..Malaria surveillance is conducted to identify episodes of local transmission and to guide prevention recommendations for travelers...
  22. pmc Applied genomics: data mining reveals species-specific malaria diagnostic targets more sensitive than 18S rRNA
    Allison Demas
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30602, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 49:2411-8. 2011
    ..These novel targets provide a powerful alternative molecular diagnostic method for the detection of P. falciparum and P. vivax in conventional or multiplex PCR platforms...
  23. pmc Markets, voucher subsidies and free nets combine to achieve high bed net coverage in rural Tanzania
    Rashid A Khatib
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, P O Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 7:98. 2008
    ..Contributions of these multiple insecticide-treated net delivery strategies existing at the same time and place to coverage in a poor rural community were assessed...
  24. pmc Knowledge of malaria and its association with malaria-related behaviors--results from the Malaria Indicator Survey, Ethiopia, 2007
    Jimee Hwang
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11692. 2010
    ....
  25. doi request reprint The silent threat: asymptomatic parasitemia and malaria transmission
    Kim A Lindblade
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS A 06, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 11:623-39. 2013
    ....
  26. pmc Exploring the impact of targeted distribution of free bed nets on households bed net ownership, socio-economic disparities and childhood malaria infection rates: analysis of national malaria survey data from three sub-Saharan Africa countries
    Joseph D Njau
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health RSPH of Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd 16NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Malar J 12:245. 2013
    ..This study explored the effectiveness of targeted free bed net distribution strategy in achieving equity in terms of ownership and use of bed nets and also reduction of malaria prevalence among children under-five years of age...
  27. pmc Increased use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests improves targeting of anti-malarial treatment in rural Tanzania: implications for nationwide rollout of malaria rapid diagnostic tests
    Irene M Masanja
    INESS programme, Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Malar J 11:221. 2012
    ..This study was carried out to evaluated artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) prescribing patterns in febrile patients with and without uncomplicated malaria in one pre-RDT implementation and one post-RDT implementation area...
  28. pmc Combination of probenecid-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy
    Julie Gutman
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Malaria Branch, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop A06, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Malar J 11:39. 2012
    ..This article concludes by calling for further research into this potentially useful combination...
  29. pmc In vivo efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine against uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Central Ethiopia
    Jimee Hwang
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:209. 2011
    ..In Ethiopia, artemether-lumefantrine (AL) has been the first-line treatment for uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria since 2004...
  30. ncbi request reprint Distribution of free untreated bednets bundled with insecticide via an integrated child health campaign in Lindi Region, Tanzania: lessons for future campaigns
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1100-6. 2007
    ..However, our study found that bednets were rarely treated; thus, future campaigns should provide factory-treated long-lasting ITNs. Low ITN use underscores the need for further efforts to increase use after campaigns...
  31. pmc Caution is required when using health facility-based data to evaluate the health impact of malaria control efforts in Africa
    Alexander K Rowe
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Malar J 8:209. 2009
    ..In conclusion, evaluations of malaria burden reduction using facility-based data could be very helpful, but those data should be collected, analysed, and interpreted with care, transparency, and a full recognition of their limitations...
  32. pmc Prevalence of malaria parasitemia and purchase of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) among drug shop clients in two regions in Tanzania with ACT subsidies
    Melissa A Briggs
    Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e94074. 2014
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of malaria among and purchase of ACTs by drug shop clients in the setting of a national ACT subsidy program and sub-national drug shop accreditation program...
  33. doi request reprint Getting antimalarials on target: impact of national roll-out of malaria rapid diagnostic tests on health facility treatment in three regions of Tanzania
    Katia Bruxvoort
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1269-82. 2013
    ..To evaluate the impact on case management practices of routine government implementation of mRDTs, we conducted large-scale health facility surveys in three regions of Tanzania before and after mRDT roll-out...
  34. pmc Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania
    Tanya L Russell
    Ifakara Health Institute, Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Malar J 10:80. 2011
    ..In the surveyed area of rural southern Tanzania, bed net use steadily increased over the last decade, reducing malaria transmission intensity by 94%...
  35. pmc Health workers' use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to guide clinical decision making in rural dispensaries, Tanzania
    M Irene Masanja
    Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1238-41. 2010
    ..Patients testing negative by RDT were rarely treated with antimalarials. Unapproved antimalarials were seldom used. Health workers continued to follow guidelines for the empiric treatment of febrile children...
  36. pmc Why first-level health workers fail to follow guidelines for managing severe disease in children in the Coast Region, the United Republic of Tanzania
    Nicholas D Walter
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 87:99-107. 2009
    ..To determine why health workers fail to follow integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) guidelines for severely ill children at first-level outpatient health facilities in rural areas of the United Republic of Tanzania...
  37. ncbi request reprint Challenges in routine implementation and quality control of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria--Rufiji District, Tanzania
    Meredith L McMorrow
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:385-90. 2008
    ..There is an urgent need for the development of alternative quality control procedures for rapid diagnostic tests that can be performed at the facility level...
  38. pmc It is time to rethink tactics in the fight against malaria
    Laurence Slutsker
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS A 06, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Malar J 12:140. 2013
    ..After a decade of steady success, this year's commemoration of the date is also an opportunity to reconsider current approaches and assess the state of the science needed to keep pace in the global effort to combat malaria...
  39. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of permethrin-treated bed nets on child mortality and morbidity in western Kenya I. Development of infrastructure and description of study site
    Penelope A Phillips-Howard
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:3-9. 2003
    ..We outline the development of the human and physical infrastructure required to conduct this trial and discuss some of the difficulties encountered and lessons learned in conducting it...
  40. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis of malaria: challenges for clinicians in endemic and non-endemic regions
    Rachel N Bronzan
    United States Public Health Service, Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Mol Diagn Ther 12:299-306. 2008
    ..In this review we discuss the available malaria diagnostic tests, appropriate applications for each, and the challenges of malaria diagnosis in both endemic and non-endemic settings...
  41. pmc How patients take malaria treatment: a systematic review of the literature on adherence to antimalarial drugs
    Katia Bruxvoort
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    PLoS ONE 9:e84555. 2014
    ..These changes and the large number of recent adherence studies raise the need for an updated review on this topic...
  42. ncbi request reprint Measuring malaria drug efficacy and transmission intensity
    S Patrick Kachur
    Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Lancet 368:10-2. 2006
  43. pmc Malaria survey in post-earthquake Haiti--2010
    David Townes
    Malaria Branch, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:29-31. 2012
    ..Malaria RDTs were useful in the post-disaster setting where logistical and technical constraints limited the use of microscopy...
  44. pmc Real-time fluorescence loop mediated isothermal amplification for the diagnosis of malaria
    Naomi W Lucchi
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13733. 2010
    ..We refer to this as the RealAmp method...
  45. doi request reprint Comparison of national malaria surveillance system with the national notifiable diseases surveillance system in the United States
    Jimee Hwang
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 15:345-51. 2009
    ..Before adoption of this new system, an evaluation of the existing systems for state-level reporting of malaria data to the CDC was conducted...
  46. doi request reprint Adherence to treatment with artemether-lumefantrine for uncomplicated malaria in rural Malawi
    Kimberly E Mace
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Malaria Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:772-9. 2011
    ..Because of concerns about the complex dosing schedule, we assessed patient adherence to AL 2 years after routine implementation...
  47. ncbi request reprint Insecticide-treated bednet use, anaemia, and malaria parasitaemia in Blantyre District, Malawi
    Timothy H Holtz
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 7:220-30. 2002
    ..To evaluate the use of insecticide-treated bednets and the effectiveness of social marketing for their distribution...
  48. ncbi request reprint Community reactions to the introduction of permethrin-treated bed nets for malaria control during a randomized controlled trial in western Kenya
    Jane A Alaii
    Center for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:128-36. 2003
    ..Attempts were made to allay fears by improved communication on these subjects and modification of the study design...
  49. ncbi request reprint Perceptions of bed nets and malaria prevention before and after a randomized controlled trial of permethrin-treated bed nets in western Kenya
    Jane A Alaii
    Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:142-8. 2003
    ..036 (control) for re-treating a bed net. This study suggests that, despite two years of experience of use, bed nets and insecticides would not be purchased as a household priority in this impoverished rural community...
  50. ncbi request reprint Retail supply of malaria-related drugs in rural Tanzania: risks and opportunities
    Catherine Goodman
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:655-63. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Reduced variation around drug-resistant dhfr alleles in African Plasmodium falciparum
    Richard Pearce
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Pathogen Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Infectious Tropical Diseases, London, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 22:1834-44. 2005
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Is there evidence for dual causation between malaria and socioeconomic status? Findings from rural Tanzania
    Masha F Somi
    Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:1020-7. 2007
    ..Matching estimators indicate that malaria parasitemia is associated with reduced household socioeconomic status...
  53. ncbi request reprint Economic burden of malaria in rural Tanzania: variations by socioeconomic status and season
    Masha F Somi
    Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1139-47. 2007
    ..To determine the economic burden of malaria in a rural Tanzanian setting and identify any differences by socioeconomic status and season...
  54. pmc Impact of artemisinin-based combination therapy and insecticide-treated nets on malaria burden in Zanzibar
    Achuyt Bhattarai
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS Med 4:e309. 2007
    ..We investigated temporal trends in Plasmodium falciparum prevalence and malaria-related health parameters following the implementation of these two malaria control interventions in Zanzibar...
  55. pmc Drug shop regulation and malaria treatment in Tanzania--why do shops break the rules, and does it matter?
    Catherine Goodman
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 22:393-403. 2007
    ..Such a change in approach has the potential to provide a firmer platform for public-private collaboration to improve shop-based treatment...
  56. ncbi request reprint Comparison of government statistics and demographic surveillance to monitor mortality in children less than five years old in rural western Kenya
    John Arudo
    Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kisumu, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:30-7. 2003
    ..They can provide accurate information on the age-distribution of deaths among children 1-59 months old, and on seasonal trends, but not on disease-specific mortality...