M A Honein

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Modeling the potential public health impact of prepregnancy obesity on adverse fetal and infant outcomes
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1276-83. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Subfertility and prepregnancy overweight/obesity: possible interaction between these risk factors in the etiology of congenital renal anomalies
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:572-7. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure and the risk of orofacial clefts
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Epidemiology 18:226-33. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Maternal febrile illnesses, medication use, and the risk of congenital renal anomalies
    Karon Abe
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:911-8. 2003
  5. doi request reprint The association between major birth defects and preterm birth
    Margaret A Honein
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Matern Child Health J 13:164-75. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Impact of folic acid fortification of the US food supply on the occurrence of neural tube defects
    M A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Mailstop F 45, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    JAMA 285:2981-6. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of selected characteristics of pregnancy drug registries
    M A Honein
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Teratology 60:356-64. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Reported multivitamin consumption and the occurrence of multiple congenital anomalies
    Nataliya Yuskiv
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 136:1-7. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis after pertussis prophylaxis with erythromcyin: a case review and cohort study
    M A Honein
    Division of Birth Defects, Child Development, and Disability and Health, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Lancet 354:2101-5. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Intent to become pregnant as a predictor of exposures during pregnancy: is there a relation?
    Lara C Than
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, and Office of Genomics and Disease Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Reprod Med 50:389-96. 2005

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. doi request reprint Modeling the potential public health impact of prepregnancy obesity on adverse fetal and infant outcomes
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1276-83. 2013
    ..The annual number of preventable adverse fetal and infant outcomes associated with prepregnancy obesity in the U.S. was estimated...
  2. ncbi request reprint Subfertility and prepregnancy overweight/obesity: possible interaction between these risk factors in the etiology of congenital renal anomalies
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:572-7. 2003
    ..Maternal subfertility and high body mass index (BMI) are both associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, including some birth defects. One study reported an association between subfertility and renal anomalies (Li, 1999)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking and environmental tobacco smoke exposure and the risk of orofacial clefts
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Epidemiology 18:226-33. 2007
    ..Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with orofacial clefts in numerous studies. However, most previous studies have not been able to assess the relation between maternal smoking and specific phenotypes (eg, bilateral clefts)...
  4. ncbi request reprint Maternal febrile illnesses, medication use, and the risk of congenital renal anomalies
    Karon Abe
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:911-8. 2003
    ..Our objective was to determine whether maternal illness, fever, or medication use during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with the occurrence of renal anomalies...
  5. doi request reprint The association between major birth defects and preterm birth
    Margaret A Honein
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Matern Child Health J 13:164-75. 2009
    ..To evaluate the association between preterm birth and major birth defects by maternal and infant characteristics and specific types of birth defects...
  6. ncbi request reprint Impact of folic acid fortification of the US food supply on the occurrence of neural tube defects
    M A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Mailstop F 45, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    JAMA 285:2981-6. 2001
    ..The US Food and Drug Administration authorized addition of folic acid to enriched grain products in March 1996, with compliance mandatory by January 1998...
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of selected characteristics of pregnancy drug registries
    M A Honein
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Teratology 60:356-64. 1999
    ..If registries improve their ascertainment of defects and exposed pregnancies, they will increase their chance of detecting signs of possible teratogenicity. Teratology 60:356-364, 1999. Published 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  8. ncbi request reprint Reported multivitamin consumption and the occurrence of multiple congenital anomalies
    Nataliya Yuskiv
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 136:1-7. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis after pertussis prophylaxis with erythromcyin: a case review and cohort study
    M A Honein
    Division of Birth Defects, Child Development, and Disability and Health, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Lancet 354:2101-5. 1999
    ..We investigated a cluster of seven cases of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) that occurred the following month among the neonates who had received erythromycin...
  10. ncbi request reprint Intent to become pregnant as a predictor of exposures during pregnancy: is there a relation?
    Lara C Than
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, and Office of Genomics and Disease Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Reprod Med 50:389-96. 2005
    ..To evaluate the relationship between intent to be pregnant and selected maternal exposures during pregnancy...
  11. pmc Orofacial clefts in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2004
    Alicia E Genisca
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 149:1149-58. 2009
    ..Better understanding of the birth prevalence and phenotype may help guide clinical care as well as contribute to an improved understanding of pathogenesis...
  12. pmc Maternal smoking and birth defects: validity of birth certificate data for effect estimation
    M A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop F-45, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:327-35. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that birth certificate data may be useful for exploratory or corroborative studies estimating the association between birth defects and some risk factors recorded on birth certificates...
  13. ncbi request reprint Family history, maternal smoking, and clubfoot: an indication of a gene-environment interaction
    M A Honein
    Division of Birth Defects, Child Development, and Disability and Health, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:658-65. 2000
    ..This study confirms the importance of familial factors and smoking in the etiology of clubfoot and identifies a potentially important interaction...
  14. ncbi request reprint Continued occurrence of Accutane-exposed pregnancies
    M A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Teratology 64:142-7. 2001
    ..The manufacturer began a Pregnancy Prevention Program (PPP) in 1988; however, exposed pregnancies continue to occur. In 1996, the manufacturer began a direct-to-consumer advertising campaign, raising concerns of more exposed pregnancies...
  15. doi request reprint Prenatal diagnosis of orofacial clefts, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1998-2004
    Candice Y Johnson
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Prenat Diagn 29:833-9. 2009
    ..The aims of this study were to determine how frequently orofacial clefts were diagnosed prenatally and to investigate factors associated with prenatal diagnosis...
  16. ncbi request reprint Methods for a public health response to birth defects clusters
    Laura J Williams
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 4770 Buford Highway NE, MS F 45, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Teratology 66:S50-8. 2002
    ..The recommendations in this report should be carefully considered to ensure that the specific needs of the region, agency and affected community are met...
  17. doi request reprint Use of clomiphene citrate and birth defects, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2005
    J Reefhuis
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, 1600 Clifton Road NE MS E 86, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Hum Reprod 26:451-7. 2011
    ..Clomiphene citrate (CC) is the first line drug for subfertility treatment. Studies assessing the association between CC and birth defects have been inconclusive...
  18. doi request reprint A population-based study of craniosynostosis in metropolitan Atlanta, 1989-2003
    Sheree L Boulet
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 146:984-91. 2008
    ..Maternal age 35 years or older, multiple birth, male sex, and birth weight >4,000 g were risk factors for craniosynostosis...
  19. doi request reprint Health care expenditures for infants and young children with Down syndrome in a privately insured population
    Sheree L Boulet
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Pediatr 153:241-6. 2008
    ..To use health care insurance claims data from a privately insured population to estimate health care use and expenditures for infants and children aged 0 to 4 years with Down syndrome...
  20. doi request reprint Periconceptional use of weight loss products including ephedra and the association with birth defects
    Rebecca H Bitsko
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:553-62. 2008
    ..This study assessed the association between periconceptional use of weight loss products and major structural birth defects...
  21. doi request reprint Prevalence of self-reported infection during pregnancy among control mothers in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study
    Sarah A Collier
    Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 85:193-201. 2009
    ..Although specific maternal infections during pregnancy have been associated with birth defects and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, the prevalence of infections during pregnancy has not been well described...
  22. pmc Children with orofacial clefts: health-care use and costs among a privately insured population
    Sheree L Boulet
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS E86, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:447-53. 2009
    ..We used healthcare insurance claims data to estimate health-care expenditures for infants and children < or = 10 years of age with an orofacial cleft...
  23. doi request reprint Epidemiology of fertility treatment use among U.S. women with liveborn infants, 1997-2004
    Kara N Duwe
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:407-16. 2010
    ..This study assessed reported use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and other (non-ART) fertility treatments among a population-based sample and examined factors related to use...
  24. doi request reprint H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection during pregnancy in the USA
    Denise J Jamieson
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Lancet 374:451-8. 2009
    ..We summarised cases of infection with pandemic H1N1 virus in pregnant women identified in the USA during the first month of the present outbreak, and deaths associated with this virus during the first 2 months of the outbreak...
  25. doi request reprint Maternal attitudes toward DNA collection for gene-environment studies: a qualitative research study
    Mary M Jenkins
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 149:2378-86. 2009
    ..Preferred methods were convenient and noninvasive. Better understanding attitudes toward DNA collection and preferred collection methods might allow more inclusive participation and benefit future studies...
  26. doi request reprint Herbal use before and during pregnancy
    Cheryl S Broussard
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 202:443.e1-6. 2010
    ..We estimated the prevalence and patterns of herbal use among US women before and during pregnancy...
  27. ncbi request reprint Periconceptional consumption of vitamins containing folic acid and risk for multiple congenital anomalies
    Rebecca H Bitsko
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:2397-405. 2007
    ..05, 95% CI 0.59-1.87). In contrast to the two recently published reports, there was no association between periconceptional vitamin exposure and MCAs in the Iowa population...
  28. doi request reprint Severity of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in pregnant women
    Andreea A Creanga
    Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, Office of Workforce and Career Development, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 115:717-26. 2010
    ..To examine 2009 H1N1 influenza illness severity and the effect of antiviral treatment on the severity of illness among pregnant women...
  29. doi request reprint Pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus illness among pregnant women in the United States
    Alicia M Siston
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 303:1517-25. 2010
    ..Early data on pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) suggest pregnant women are at increased risk of hospitalization and death...
  30. doi request reprint Effect of specimen storage conditions on newborn dried blood spots used to assess Toxoplasma gondii immunoglobulin M (IgM)
    Joanne V Mei
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States
    Clin Chim Acta 412:455-9. 2011
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Ethical issues raised by incorporation of genetics into the National Birth Defects Prevention Study
    Mary M Jenkins
    Birth Defects Surveillance andEpidemiology Branch, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 148:40-6. 2008
    ..Discussion of these issues and the methods employed to ensure protection of human subjects might be helpful to other investigators working to integrate genetics into large epidemiological studies...
  32. ncbi request reprint Reduction in orofacial clefts following folic acid fortification of the U.S. grain supply
    Mahsa M Yazdy
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 79:16-23. 2007
    ..We evaluated the impact of folic acid fortification on orofacial clefts using United States birth certificate data for 45 states and the District of Columbia...
  33. ncbi request reprint Racial and ethnic disparity in participation in DNA collection at the Atlanta site of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study
    Krista S Crider
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:805-12. 2006
    ..At this study site, minority groups were less likely to participate in DNA collection. Factors associated with participation varied by race/ethnicity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Priorities for future public health research in orofacial clefts
    Mahsa M Yazdy
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 44:351-7. 2007
    ..To create the research agenda, the participants prioritized the research gaps by public health importance, feasibility, and outcomes of interest. This report summarizes the workshop...
  35. ncbi request reprint Maternal obesity and risk for birth defects
    Margaret L Watkins
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 111:1152-8. 2003
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Fertility treatments and craniosynostosis: California, Georgia, and Iowa, 1993-1997
    Jennita Reefhuis
    Epidemiology Program Office and National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Pediatrics 111:1163-6. 2003
    ..Because fertility treatments are also associated with increased maternal age, this study investigated the possible association between fertility treatments and craniosynostosis...
  37. ncbi request reprint Maternal thyroid disease as a risk factor for craniosynostosis
    Sonja A Rasmussen
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:369-77. 2007
    ..To study the relationship between maternal thyroid disease and craniosynostosis using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multisite, case-control study...
  38. ncbi request reprint Maternal age and non-chromosomal birth defects, Atlanta--1968-2000: teenager or thirty-something, who is at risk?
    Jennita Reefhuis
    Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:572-9. 2004
    ..This investigation explored the association between maternal age and non-chromosomal birth defects to assess any increased risk associated with maternal age...
  39. ncbi request reprint Sharing prescription medication among teenage girls: potential danger to unplanned/undiagnosed pregnancies
    Katherine Lyon Daniel
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 111:1167-70. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to determine how often children and adolescents share prescription medications and, because of teratogenic concerns, assess specific reasons why girls might engage in medication-sharing behaviors...
  40. ncbi request reprint Priorities for public health research on craniosynostosis: summary and recommendations from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-sponsored meeting
    Sonja A Rasmussen
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 146:149-58. 2008
    ..The need for improved collaboration among clinical treatment centers and standardization of data collection to address these priorities was emphasized. These priorities will be used to guide future public health research on CS...
  41. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in infant mortality attributable to birth defects in the United States, 1989-2002
    Quanhe Yang
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 76:706-13. 2006
    ..The objective is to study racial differences in infant mortality attributable to birth defects (IMBD) in the United States...
  42. doi request reprint Maternal exposure to tobacco smoke, alcohol and caffeine, and risk of anorectal atresia: National Birth Defects Prevention Study 1997-2003
    Eric A Miller
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:9-17. 2009
    ..This study found evidence of associations between anorectal atresia and caffeine intake, cigarette smoking and exposure to ETS. Because there are currently few additional data to support these results, further study is needed...
  43. doi request reprint Assisted reproductive technology and major structural birth defects in the United States
    J Reefhuis
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road N E, MS E 86, Atlanta, GA 30033, USA
    Hum Reprod 24:360-6. 2009
    ..With >1% of US births occurring following use of assisted reproductive technology (ART), it is critical to examine whether ART is associated with birth defects...
  44. pmc Assessment of risk factors for infantile cataracts using a case-control study: National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 2000-2004
    Sasapin G Prakalapakorn
    Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Ophthalmology 117:1500-5. 2010
    ..To identify risk factors for infantile cataracts of unknown etiology...
  45. doi request reprint Use of special education services by children with orofacial clefts
    Mahsa M Yazdy
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:147-54. 2008
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the use of special education services by children with orofacial clefts (OFCs)...
  46. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for isolated biliary atresia, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2002
    Natalie S The
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:2274-84. 2007
    ..The role of nutrients in the development of biliary atresia remains unclear. Further studies of genetic, infectious, and nutrient exposures and the association of biliary atresia are warranted...
  47. ncbi request reprint Risk of bacterial meningitis in children with cochlear implants
    Jennita Reefhuis
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:435-45. 2003
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Can we ensure the safe use of known human teratogens? Introduction of generic isotretinoin in the US as an example
    Margaret A Honein
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Drug Saf 27:1069-80. 2004
    ....
  49. doi request reprint Prescription medication borrowing and sharing among women of reproductive age
    Emily E Petersen
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 17:1073-80. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of prescription medication borrowing and sharing among adults, particularly women of reproductive age...
  50. doi request reprint Maternal smoking and congenital heart defects
    Sadia Malik
    Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1120 Marshall St, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA
    Pediatrics 121:e810-6. 2008
    ..In a population-based case-control study, we investigated the association between congenital heart defects and maternal smoking...
  51. ncbi request reprint Craniosynostosis and maternal smoking
    Suzan L Carmichael
    March of Dimes Foundation, California Research Division, Oakland, California, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 82:78-85. 2008
    ..Several previous studies suggested increased risk of craniosynostosis among infants born to women who smoked...
  52. ncbi request reprint National estimates and race/ethnic-specific variation of selected birth defects in the United States, 1999-2001
    Mark A Canfield
    Birth Defects Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas 78756, USA
    Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 76:747-56. 2006
    ..In the United States, birth defects affect approximately 3% of all births, are a leading cause of infant mortality, and contribute substantially to childhood morbidity...
  53. ncbi request reprint Maternal periconceptional alcohol consumption and risk of orofacial clefts
    Paul A Romitti
    Department of Epidemiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:775-85. 2007
    ..Such findings need exploration in additional, large studies...
  54. ncbi request reprint Spina bifida and anencephaly prevalence--United States, 1991-2001
    T J Mathews
    MMWR Recomm Rep 51:9-11. 2002
    ..Continued monitoring of the occurrence of spina bifida and anencephaly will be necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of folic acid fortification...