R I Glass

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of enteric caliciviruses from humans: a reassessment using new diagnostics
    R I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:S254-61. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlation of patient immune responses with genetically characterized small round-structured viruses involved in outbreaks of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis in the United States, 1990 to 1995
    J S Noel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Med Virol 53:372-83. 1997
  3. ncbi request reprint Identification of a distinct common strain of "Norwalk-like viruses" having a global distribution
    J S Noel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1334-44. 1999
  4. pmc Surveillance of rotavirus strains in the United States: identification of unusual strains. The National Rotavirus Strain Surveillance System collaborating laboratories
    D D Griffin
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 38:2784-7. 2000
  5. ncbi request reprint Molecular characterization of serotype G9 rotavirus strains from a global collection
    M Ramachandran
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 278:436-44. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Use of state hospital discharge data to assess the morbidity from rotavirus diarrhea and to monitor the impact of a rotavirus immunization program: A pilot study in Connecticut
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 104:489-94. 1999
  7. ncbi request reprint Six-year retrospective surveillance of gastroenteritis viruses identified at ten electron microscopy centers in the United States and Canada
    J F Lew
    Viral Gastroenteritis Unit, Centers for Disease Control, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 9:709-14. 1990
  8. doi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of novel G12 rotaviruses in the United States: A molecular search for the origin of a new strain
    M M Freeman
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Med Virol 81:736-46. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Genetic and antigenic characterization of a serotype P[6]G9 human rotavirus strain isolated in the United States
    C D Kirkwood
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 256:45-53. 1999
  10. pmc Molecular epidemiology of group A rotavirus diarrhea among children in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1999 to 2003 and emergence of the infrequent genotype G12
    A A Castello
    Viral Gastroenteritis Team, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 44:2046-50. 2006

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of enteric caliciviruses from humans: a reassessment using new diagnostics
    R I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:S254-61. 2000
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Correlation of patient immune responses with genetically characterized small round-structured viruses involved in outbreaks of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis in the United States, 1990 to 1995
    J S Noel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Med Virol 53:372-83. 1997
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Identification of a distinct common strain of "Norwalk-like viruses" having a global distribution
    J S Noel
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 179:1334-44. 1999
    ....
  4. pmc Surveillance of rotavirus strains in the United States: identification of unusual strains. The National Rotavirus Strain Surveillance System collaborating laboratories
    D D Griffin
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 38:2784-7. 2000
    ..Other uncommon strains exist in the United States but may have been overlooked before because of their low prevalence and the use of inadequate diagnostic tools...
  5. ncbi request reprint Molecular characterization of serotype G9 rotavirus strains from a global collection
    M Ramachandran
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 278:436-44. 2000
    ..S. G9 progenitors. Overall, our findings suggest that much greater diversity among the newly identified G9 strains has been generated by reassortment between gene segments than through the accumulation of mutations in a single gene...
  6. ncbi request reprint Use of state hospital discharge data to assess the morbidity from rotavirus diarrhea and to monitor the impact of a rotavirus immunization program: A pilot study in Connecticut
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 104:489-94. 1999
    ..In a pilot study, we have assessed the usefulness of state hospital discharge data on diarrhea in children to provide this information by examining data from Connecticut...
  7. ncbi request reprint Six-year retrospective surveillance of gastroenteritis viruses identified at ten electron microscopy centers in the United States and Canada
    J F Lew
    Viral Gastroenteritis Unit, Centers for Disease Control, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 9:709-14. 1990
    ..Because of the relative insensitivity of direct electron microscopy as a screening method for SRVs, astroviruses and caliciviruses, these data probably underestimate the true prevalence of disease caused by these agents...
  8. doi request reprint Phylogenetic analysis of novel G12 rotaviruses in the United States: A molecular search for the origin of a new strain
    M M Freeman
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Med Virol 81:736-46. 2009
    ..Classifying rotavirus strains based only on VP7 (G) and VP4 (P) genotype potentially underestimates diversity and sequence analysis of the other segments is required to assess the complete genetic relationships between strains...
  9. ncbi request reprint Genetic and antigenic characterization of a serotype P[6]G9 human rotavirus strain isolated in the United States
    C D Kirkwood
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 256:45-53. 1999
    ..Examination of historic collections and prospective surveillance of strains will be needed to determine whether this strain has been present for some time or if it is emerging to compete with the other common serotypes of rotavirus...
  10. pmc Molecular epidemiology of group A rotavirus diarrhea among children in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1999 to 2003 and emergence of the infrequent genotype G12
    A A Castello
    Viral Gastroenteritis Team, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 44:2046-50. 2006
    ..The finding of G12 strains in several other regions of the world raises the possibility that G12 may be emerging globally and suggests that surveillance for this strain should be conducted routinely...
  11. ncbi request reprint Gastroenteritis viruses: an overview
    R I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Novartis Found Symp 238:5-19; discussion 19-25. 2001
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations associated with rotavirus diarrhea in the United States, 1993 through 1995: surveillance based on the new ICD-9-CM rotavirus-specific diagnostic code
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 177:13-7. 1998
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Characterization of nontypeable rotavirus strains from the United States: identification of a new rotavirus reassortant (P2A[6],G12) and rare P3[9] strains related to bovine rotaviruses
    D D Griffin
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Virology 294:256-69. 2002
    ....
  14. pmc Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay reactivity of torovirus-like particles in fecal specimens from humans with diarrhea
    M Koopmans
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333
    J Clin Microbiol 31:2738-44. 1993
    ..The application of these assays and reagents should help to elucidate the roles of TVLPs and toroviruses in diarrheal disease in humans...
  15. ncbi request reprint Cold weather seasonality of gastroenteritis associated with Norwalk-like viruses
    A W Mounts
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 181:S284-7. 2000
    ..This key epidemiologic feature of the viruses has important implications concerning their mode of transmission and for understanding the etiology of acute gastroenteritis in adults...
  16. pmc A one-tube method of reverse transcription-PCR to efficiently amplify a 3-kilobase region from the RNA polymerase gene to the poly(A) tail of small round-structured viruses (Norwalk-like viruses)
    T Ando
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 35:570-7. 1997
    ..Because SRSVs have not yet been cultivated in vitro, this novel method should facilitate molecular characterization of SRSVs to provide a firm scientific foundation for improvements and refinements of SRSV diagnostics...
  17. ncbi request reprint Safety and immunogenicity of tetravalent rhesus-based rotavirus vaccine in Bangladesh
    J S Bresee
    Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:1136-43. 2001
    ..Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis among children worldwide...
  18. ncbi request reprint Multistate outbreak of Norwalk-like virus gastroenteritis associated with a common caterer
    A D Anderson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:1013-9. 2001
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Sequence analysis of the NSP4 gene from human rotavirus strains isolated in the United States
    C D Kirkwood
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    Virus Genes 19:113-22. 1999
    ..Northern hybridization analysis with NSP4A and NSP4B total gene probes failed to detect any unusual combinations of the VP6 and NSP4 genes in 31 additional isolates from the 1996-1997 rotavirus season...
  20. pmc Great diversity of group A rotavirus strains and high prevalence of mixed rotavirus infections in India
    V Jain
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3524-9. 2001
    ..Vaccines under development should clearly target G9 strains, and G9 should be included as one of the common global serotypes...
  21. pmc Characterization of serotype G9 rotavirus strains isolated in the United States and India from 1993 to 2001
    A R Laird
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:3100-11. 2003
    ....
  22. pmc Characterization of capsid genes, expressed in the baculovirus system, of three new genetically distinct strains of "Norwalk-like viruses"
    G Belliot
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 39:4288-95. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Cost of diarrhea-associated hospitalizations and outpatient visits in an insured population of young children in the United States
    C M Zimmerman
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:14-9. 2001
    ..To assess the financial and clinical burden of diarrhea- and rotavirus-associated disease among a population of privately insured US children...
  24. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of diarrheal disease among children enrolled in four West Coast health maintenance organizations. Vaccine Safety Datalink Team
    U D Parashar
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Viral Gastroenteritis Section, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 17:605-11. 1998
    ..We used information from the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) about approximately 1 million children enrolled in four health maintenance organizations to assess the morbidity from diarrhea and estimate the disease burden of rotavirus...
  25. pmc Rotavirus
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 4:561-70. 1998
    ..S. Food and Drug Administration on August 31, 1998, and should be cost-effective in reducing diarrheal diseases in industrialized countries. The vaccine's efficacy and cost-effectiveness in developing countries should be evaluated...
  26. pmc Unexpected detection of animal VP7 genes among common rotavirus strains isolated from children in Mexico
    A R Laird
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4400-3. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of rotavirus in India
    V Jain
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Indian J Pediatr 68:855-62. 2001
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Genomic characterization of human rotavirus G8 strains from the African rotavirus network: relationship to animal rotaviruses
    M D Esona
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, NCIRD, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Med Virol 81:937-51. 2009
    ..Although these findings help elucidate rotavirus evolution, sequence studies of cognate animal rotavirus genes are needed to conclusively determine the specific origin of those genes relative to both human and animal rotavirus strains...
  29. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus and central nervous system symptoms: cause or contaminant? Case reports and review
    M Lynch
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 33:932-8. 2001
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Trends in intussusception-associated hospitalizations and deaths among US infants
    U D Parashar
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 106:1413-21. 2000
    ..The newly licensed tetravalent rhesus-human reassortant rotavirus vaccine has been withdrawn following reports of intussusception among vaccinated infants...
  31. pmc Cytokines as mediators for or effectors against rotavirus disease in children
    B Jiang
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 10:995-1001. 2003
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus in Ireland: national estimates of disease burden, 1997 to 1998
    M Lynch
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Ireland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 20:693-8. 2001
    ..We estimated the disease burden caused by rotavirus hospitalizations in the Republic of Ireland by using national data on the number of hospitalizations for diarrhea in children and laboratory surveillance of confirmed rotavirus detections...
  33. pmc Lack of maternal antibodies to P serotypes may predispose neonates to infections with unusual rotavirus strains
    M Ramachandran
    Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 5:527-30. 1998
    ....
  34. pmc Global seasonality of rotavirus infections
    S M Cook
    Viral Gastroenteritis Unit, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Bull World Health Organ 68:171-7. 1990
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus vaccines: past, present, and future
    R I Glass
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop GO4 CDC, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Arch Pediatr 12:844-7. 2005
  36. pmc Serum antibody responses in children with rotavirus diarrhea can serve as proxy for protection
    J Xu
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 12:273-9. 2005
    ..These results indicate that serum IgG is the most reliable marker for seroconversion and is a consistent proxy for protection against severe disease...
  37. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus disease in Uzbekistan: cost-effectiveness of a new vaccine
    E T Isakbaeva
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 25:373-80. 2007
    ..Vaccination would be cost-effective with vaccine prices in a range of US$ 2-25 per child. However, the cost-effectiveness is greatly influenced by mortality, vaccine price and vaccine efficacy...
  38. pmc The magnitude of the global problem of diarrhoeal disease: a ten-year update
    C Bern
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333
    Bull World Health Organ 70:705-14. 1992
    ....
  39. pmc Epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhoea in Africa: a review to assess the need for rotavirus immunization
    N A Cunliffe
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 76:525-37. 1998
    ..Wherever large numbers of cases of rotavirus diarrhoea occur early in infancy, immunization at birth may protect the children before their first symptomatic infection...
  40. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus diarrhea disease burden in Peru: the need for a rotavirus vaccine and its potential cost savings
    P Ehrenkranz
    Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 10:240-8. 2001
    ..Newly licensed vaccines should be tested according to both their ability to avert deaths and their efficacy with fewer than three doses. All three of these factors could increase the cost savings associated with a rotavirus vaccine...
  41. ncbi request reprint Intussusception, rotavirus diarrhea, and rotavirus vaccine use among children in New York state
    H G Chang
    New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 108:54-60. 2001
    ..Unlike other studies, analysis of New York hospitalized discharge data failed to show an appreciable increase in the incidence of intussusception after introduction of the rotavirus vaccine...
  42. doi request reprint Rotavirus epidemiology: the Asian Rotavirus Surveillance Network
    E A S Nelson
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Vaccine 26:3192-6. 2008
    ....
  43. pmc Emergence of G12 rotavirus strains in Delhi, India, in 2000 to 2007
    S Sharma
    Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1343-8. 2008
    ..Due to the demonstrated effect of antigenic diversity on rotavirus vaccines, it will be important to continue careful monitoring of these strains as rotavirus vaccine programs are implemented in India...
  44. pmc First detection of G12 rotaviruses in newborns with neonatal rotavirus infection at all India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Pratima Ray
    Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3824-7. 2007
    ..Such nosocomial infections of newborns represent a potential source of introduction of novel rotavirus serotypes into the community...
  45. ncbi request reprint Comparative molecular characterization of gene segment 11-derived NSP6 from lamb rotavirus LLR strain used as a human vaccine in China
    K V K Mohan
    Section of Viral Pathogenesis and Vaccine Adverse Reactions, Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Biologicals 34:265-72. 2006
    ....
  46. pmc Surveillance of childhood diarrhoeal disease in Hong Kong, using standardized hospital discharge data
    E A S Nelson
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Epidemiol Infect 132:619-26. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint [Rotavirus surveillance data from Kunming Children's Hospital, 1998 - 2001]
    Li Jie Zhang
    National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100052, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 25:396-9. 2004
    ..To study the epidemiological status on rotavirus diarrhea in Kunming to improve the rotavirus vaccine immunization program...
  48. ncbi request reprint [Surveillance finding on rotavirus in Changchun children's hospital during July 1998-June 2001]
    Li Wei Sun
    Changchun Children s Hospital, Changchun 130061, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 24:1010-2. 2003
    ..To establish baseline patterns of rotavirus diarrhea and to describe its epidemiologic features in Changchun city, prior to rotavirus vaccine immunization...
  49. pmc Detection of human rotavirus serotype G6 in Hungary
    K Banyai
    Regional Laboratory of Virology, Baranya County Institute of the State Public Health Service, Pecs, Hungary
    Epidemiol Infect 130:107-12. 2003
    ..1 years; unpaired Student's t test, P<0.001). Our data indicate that rotavirus serotype G6 may be an epidemiologically important G serotype in Hungary...
  50. ncbi request reprint First detection of group C rotavirus in children with acute diarrhea in Spain
    A Sanchez-Fauquier
    Viral Gastroenteritis Section, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Madrid, Spain
    Arch Virol 148:399-404. 2003
    ..In this study, we examined 147 of those specimens for group C rotavirus by EIA and PCR and found 22 (15%) were positive. Our findings demonstrate that group C rotavirus is an important cause of childhood diarrhea in Spain...
  51. ncbi request reprint [Epidemiological study of rotavirus diarrhea in Beijing, China - a hospital-based surveillance from 1998 - 2001]
    Zhi Li Tong
    National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100052, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 24:1100-3. 2003
    ..To provide information on epidemiology of rotavirus infection in Beijing, China...