E S Ford

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Body mass index and headaches: findings from a national sample of US adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Cephalalgia 28:1270-6. 2008
  2. pmc Trends in total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol among U.S. adults: contributions of changes in dietary fat intake and use of cholesterol-lowering medications
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e65228. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Trends in the prevalence of obstructive and restrictive lung function among adults in the United States: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys from 1988-1994 to 2007-2010
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Chest 143:1395-406. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Trends in energy intake among adults in the United States: findings from NHANES
    Earl S Ford
    Divisions of Population Health and Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:848-53. 2013
  5. pmc Temporal changes in concentrations of lipids and apolipoprotein B among adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and normoglycemia: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-1991 to 2005-2008
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 12:26. 2013
  6. pmc Elevated cardiovascular risk among adults with obstructive and restrictive airway functioning in the United States: a cross-sectional study of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007-2010
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Respir Res 13:115. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Sedentary behaviour and cardiovascular disease: a review of prospective studies
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1338-53. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Healthy lifestyle behaviors and all-cause mortality among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Med 55:23-7. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Ideal cardiovascular health and mortality from all causes and diseases of the circulatory system among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 125:987-95. 2012
  10. pmc Combined television viewing and computer use and mortality from all-causes and diseases of the circulatory system among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:70. 2012

Detail Information

Publications142 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi request reprint Body mass index and headaches: findings from a national sample of US adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Cephalalgia 28:1270-6. 2008
    ..37; 95% CI 1.09, 1.72) had a significantly elevated OR for having a headache compared with participants with a BMI of 18.5-< 25 kg/m(2). BMI is associated with the prevalence of severe headaches or migraines in a non-linear manner...
  2. pmc Trends in total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol among U.S. adults: contributions of changes in dietary fat intake and use of cholesterol-lowering medications
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e65228. 2013
    ..Our aim was to examine the relative contributions of changes in dietary fat intake and use of cholesterol-lowering medications to changes in concentrations of total cholesterol among adults in the United States from 1988-1994 to 2007-2008...
  3. doi request reprint Trends in the prevalence of obstructive and restrictive lung function among adults in the United States: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys from 1988-1994 to 2007-2010
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Chest 143:1395-406. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to provide current estimates for obstructive and restrictive impairment of lung function and to examine changes since 1988-1994...
  4. doi request reprint Trends in energy intake among adults in the United States: findings from NHANES
    Earl S Ford
    Divisions of Population Health and Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:848-53. 2013
    ..Energy intake is a key determinant of weight...
  5. pmc Temporal changes in concentrations of lipids and apolipoprotein B among adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and normoglycemia: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-1991 to 2005-2008
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 12:26. 2013
    ....
  6. pmc Elevated cardiovascular risk among adults with obstructive and restrictive airway functioning in the United States: a cross-sectional study of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007-2010
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Respir Res 13:115. 2012
    ..Our objective was to examine the cardiovascular risk profile for adults with obstructive and restrictive impairments of lung functioning in a representative sample of adults from the United States...
  7. doi request reprint Sedentary behaviour and cardiovascular disease: a review of prospective studies
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1338-53. 2012
    ..7 h/day. Historically, sedentary behaviour was conceptualized as one end of the physical activity spectrum but is increasingly being viewed as a behaviour distinct from physical activity...
  8. doi request reprint Healthy lifestyle behaviors and all-cause mortality among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Med 55:23-7. 2012
    ..To examine the links between three fundamental healthy lifestyle behaviors (not smoking, healthy diet, and adequate physical activity) and all-cause mortality in a national sample of adults in the United States...
  9. doi request reprint Ideal cardiovascular health and mortality from all causes and diseases of the circulatory system among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 125:987-95. 2012
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine how well these metrics predicted mortality from all causes and diseases of the circulatory system in a national sample of adults in the United States...
  10. pmc Combined television viewing and computer use and mortality from all-causes and diseases of the circulatory system among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:70. 2012
    ..Watching television and using a computer are increasingly common sedentary behaviors. Whether or not prolonged screen time increases the risk for mortality remains uncertain...
  11. pmc Analysis of five-year trends in self-reported language preference and issues of item non-response among Hispanic persons in a large cross-sectional health survey: implications for the measurement of an ethnic minority population
    William S Pearson
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Popul Health Metr 8:7. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc Use of folic acid and vitamin supplementation among adults with depression and anxiety: a cross-sectional, population-based survey
    Guixiang Zhao
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Nutr J 10:102. 2011
    ..This study examined the prevalence and the likelihood of use of folic acid or vitamin supplements among adults with depression and anxiety in comparison to those without these conditions...
  13. pmc Serum non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and risk of death from cardiovascular diseases among U.S. adults with diagnosed diabetes: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey linked mortality study
    Chaoyang Li
    Division of Behavioral Surveillance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 10:46. 2011
    ..The association of non-HDL-C with risk of death from CVD in diabetes is not well understood. This study assessed the hypothesis that, among adults with diabetes, non-HDL-C may be related to the risk of death from CVD...
  14. pmc Weight control behaviors in overweight/obese U.S. adults with diagnosed hypertension and diabetes
    Guixiang Zhao
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 8:13. 2009
    ..Losing weight by means of energy restriction and physical activity has been effective in preventing and managing these diseases. However, weight control behaviors among overweight/obese adults with these conditions are poorly understood...
  15. pmc Does the association of the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio with fasting serum insulin differ by race/ethnicity?
    Chaoyang Li
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 7:4. 2008
    ..However, conflicting findings exist for the association of the TG/HDL-C ratio with FSI by race/ethnicity...
  16. pmc Why have total cholesterol levels declined in most developed countries?
    Simon Capewell
    University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    BMC Public Health 11:641. 2011
    ..Our paper addresses three major public health issues: cholesterol, statins and policies to prevent cardiovascular disease...
  17. pmc Prevalence and clustering of metabolic risk factors for type 2 diabetes among Chinese adults in Shanghai, China
    He Xu
    Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    BMC Public Health 10:683. 2010
    ..Type 2 diabetes is becoming an epidemic in China. To evaluate the prevalence, clustering of metabolic risk factors and their impact on type 2 diabetes, we conducted a population-based study in Shanghai, China's largest metropolitan area...
  18. pmc The impact of obesity on time spent with the provider and number of medications managed during office-based physician visits using a cross-sectional, national health survey
    William S Pearson
    Division of Adult and Communty Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:436. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine if outpatient visits by obese persons required more time with the provider and more prescription medication management compared to visits made by non-obese persons...
  19. pmc Association between the metabolic syndrome and its components and gait speed among U.S. adults aged 50 years and older: a cross-sectional analysis
    Catherine A Okoro
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    BMC Public Health 6:282. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and its components and gait speed among older U.S. men and women. Whether these associations are independent of physical activity was also explored...
  20. pmc The impact of cognitive functioning on mortality and the development of functional disability in older adults with diabetes: the second longitudinal study on aging
    Lisa C McGuire
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS K 66, Atlanta, GA 30328, USA
    BMC Geriatr 6:8. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Rarer than a blue moon: the use of a diagnostic code for the metabolic syndrome in the U.S
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Communith Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1808-9. 2005
  22. doi request reprint Hypertriglyceridemia and its pharmacologic treatment among US adults
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:572-8. 2009
    ..The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia during a period of rising prevalence of obesity and its pharmacological treatment among US adults are poorly understood...
  23. ncbi request reprint Prospective association between lung function and the incidence of diabetes: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2966-70. 2004
    ..To determine whether impaired pulmonary function is a significant predictor of the incidence of diabetes...
  24. ncbi request reprint Risks for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes associated with the metabolic syndrome: a summary of the evidence
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1769-78. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Microalbuminuria and concentrations of antioxidants among US adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 45:248-55. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome with alternative definitions of impaired fasting glucose
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Atherosclerosis 181:143-8. 2005
    ..The clinical and public health implications of the new IFG definition remain to be elucidated...
  27. ncbi request reprint Time trends in obesity among adults with asthma in the United States: findings from three national surveys
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Asthma 42:91-5. 2005
    ..Because excess weight may adversely affect the respiratory health of people with asthma, weight management for overweight and obese patients with asthma may be an important component in the medical care of these patients...
  28. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of obesity and asthma
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 115:897-909; quiz 910. 2005
    ..Clarifying the nature of the relationship between obesity and asthma incidence and the role of weight management among patients with asthma are both critical areas with important ramifications for the prevention and treatment of asthma...
  29. ncbi request reprint Concentrations of serum vitamin D and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1228-30. 2005
  30. ncbi request reprint Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Obes Res 13:608-14. 2005
    ..We examined the associations among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of U.S. adults...
  31. ncbi request reprint Trends in risk factors for cardiovascular disease among children and adolescents in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K66, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 114:1534-44. 2004
    ..The increasing prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents in recent decades might have affected trends in obesity-associated risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
  32. ncbi request reprint The metabolic syndrome and concentrations of C-reactive protein among U.S. youth
    Earl S Ford
    Divion of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:878-81. 2005
    ..Adults with the metabolic syndrome show biochemical evidence of low-grade inflammation. We sought to examine whether this is true among U.S. youth with the metabolic syndrome...
  33. ncbi request reprint Associations between concentrations of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol and concentrations of glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, insulin and C-peptide among US adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Br J Nutr 93:249-55. 2005
    ..04954, SE 0.01284, P<0.001), but not insulin or C-peptide. The relationships between physiologic concentrations of the various forms of vitamin E and measures of glucose intolerance deserve additional investigation...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2745-9. 2005
    ..S. adults and to compare it with the prevalence estimated using the definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Social integration and concentrations of C-reactive protein among US adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:78-84. 2006
    ..This study tests whether social integration is associated with C-reactive protein (CRP) level, a biologic risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
  36. doi request reprint Metabolic syndrome and health-related quality of life among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:165-71. 2008
    ..Little is known about the association between health-related quality of life and the metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to compare health-related quality of life in adults with and without the metabolic syndrome...
  37. doi request reprint Gender differences in coronary heart disease and health-related quality of life: findings from 10 states from the 2004 behavioral risk factor surveillance system
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 17:757-68. 2008
    ..S. adults and to examine the interaction between CHD and diabetes on HRQOL...
  38. doi request reprint Trends in obesity and abdominal obesity among hypertensive and nonhypertensive adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Hypertens 21:1124-8. 2008
    ..Because little is known about this issue, our objective was to compare secular trends in the prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity among hypertensive and nonhypertensive adults in the United States...
  39. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adolescents using the definition from the International Diabetes Federation
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:587-9. 2008
    ..Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using the 2007 pediatric International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition among adolescents in the U.S...
  40. ncbi request reprint Coronary heart disease mortality among young adults in the U.S. from 1980 through 2002: concealed leveling of mortality rates
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 50:2128-32. 2007
    ..The objective of our study was to examine age-specific mortality rates from coronary heart disease (CHD), particularly those among younger adults...
  41. ncbi request reprint Trends in A1C concentrations among U.S. adults with diagnosed diabetes from 1999 to 2004
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:102-4. 2008
  42. ncbi request reprint Serum concentrations of uric acid and the metabolic syndrome among US children and adolescents
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 115:2526-32. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to examine how these 2 were associated in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents...
  43. doi request reprint Epidemiology of obesity in the Western Hemisphere
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:S1-8. 2008
    ..Obesity has emerged as a global public health challenge. The objective of this review was to examine epidemiological aspects of obesity in the Western Hemisphere...
  44. pmc Metabolic syndrome and risk of incident diabetes: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam Study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cardiovasc Diabetol 7:35. 2008
    ..To shed light on these issues, we examined the prospective association between the metabolic syndrome defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and diabetes...
  45. ncbi request reprint Physical activity or fitness and the metabolic syndrome
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 4:897-915. 2006
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Age, sex, and ethnic variations in serum insulin concentrations among U.S. youth: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:2605-11. 2006
    ..S. The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of serum insulin across demographic characteristics of U.S. adolescents and young adults...
  47. doi request reprint Concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol among children and adolescents in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Controland Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circulation 119:1108-15. 2009
    ....
  48. pmc Chronic disease in health emergencies: in the eye of the hurricane
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mail Stop K 66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A46. 2006
    ..We explored how a current surveillance system could be used to provide estimates of the potential needs for emergency treatment of chronic diseases in the wake of a natural disaster...
  49. ncbi request reprint Family history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease and C-reactive protein concentration: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:57-62. 2005
    ..Whether a family history of diabetes or coronary heart disease is associated with C-reactive protein concentration is uncertain...
  50. ncbi request reprint Intake of dietary magnesium and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1139-46. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the associations between dietary intake of magnesium and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults...
  51. pmc Metabolic syndrome and incident diabetes: current state of the evidence
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:1898-904. 2008
    ..Our objective was to perform a quantitative review of prospective studies examining the association between the metabolic syndrome and incident diabetes...
  52. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and asthma incidence among USA adults
    E S Ford
    Divison of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Eur Respir J 24:740-4. 2004
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Serum total cholesterol concentrations and awareness, treatment, and control of hypercholesterolemia among US adults: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 to 2000
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 107:2185-9. 2003
    ..Serum cholesterol concentrations have decreased in the US population. Whether the decline continued during the 1990s is unknown...
  54. doi request reprint Trends in obesity and abdominal obesity among adults in the United States from 1999-2008
    E S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:736-43. 2011
    ..The United States has experienced a large increase in the prevalence of obesity since the 1970s. Our objective was to describe recent trends in obesity and abdominal obesity among adults in the United States...
  55. doi request reprint Television watching and incident diabetes: Findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam Study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Diabetes 2:23-7. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine whether the amount of time spent watching television is a potential risk factor for incident diabetes and to what extent this association may be explained by obesity...
  56. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndrome based on a harmonious definition among adults in the US
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Diabetes 2:180-93. 2010
    ..Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of US adults and to examine its correlates...
  57. doi request reprint Serum concentrations of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone and prevalent metabolic syndrome among adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Diabetes 1:296-303. 2009
    ....
  58. doi request reprint Iron-deficiency anemia, non-iron-deficiency anemia and HbA1c among adults in the US
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Diabetes 3:67-73. 2011
    ..We examined the effect of iron and hemoglobin (Hb) status on HbA1c and on the relationship between concentrations of fasting glucose and HbA1c in a national sample of adults in the US...
  59. doi request reprint Vitamin D and all-cause mortality among adults in USA: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality Study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 40:998-1005. 2011
    ..Whether concentrations of vitamin D are related to mortality remains unresolved. Our objective was to examine the relationship between serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and all-cause mortality in a national sample of US adults...
  60. pmc Associations between concentrations of vitamin D and concentrations of insulin, glucose, and HbA1c among adolescents in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 34:646-8. 2011
    ..Our objective was to examine the associations between concentrations of vitamin D and concentrations of insulin, glucose, and HbA(1c) in a nationally representative sample of adolescents in the U.S...
  61. doi request reprint Proportion of the decline in cardiovascular mortality disease due to prevention versus treatment: public health versus clinical care
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 32:5-22. 2011
    ..Models suggest that additional large reductions in CHD mortality are feasible by either improving the distribution of risk factors in the population or raising the percentage of patients receiving evidence-based treatments...
  62. doi request reprint Trends in mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease among hypertensive and nonhypertensive adults in the United States
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 123:1737-44. 2011
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine the change in the all-cause mortality rate among people with and without hypertension in the United States and whether any such changes differed by sex or race...
  63. pmc Trends in the risk for coronary heart disease among adults with diagnosed diabetes in the U.S.: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2008
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 34:1337-43. 2011
    ..Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major cause of mortality among people with diabetes. The objective of this study was to examine the trend in an estimated 10-year risk for developing CHD among adults with diagnosed diabetes in the U.S...
  64. doi request reprint Changes in mortality among US adults with COPD in two national cohorts recruited from 1971-1975 and 1988-1994
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Public Health Surveillance Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Chest 141:101-10. 2012
    ..COPD is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. Our objective was to examine changes in the mortality rate among persons with COPD in the United States...
  65. doi request reprint Adverse childhood experiences and smoking status in five states
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Med 53:188-93. 2011
    ..Our objective was to examine the associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and smoking behavior among a random sample of adults living in five U.S. states...
  66. pmc Low-risk lifestyle behaviors and all-cause mortality: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III Mortality Study
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1922-9. 2011
    ..We examined the relationship between 4 low-risk behaviors-never smoked, healthy diet, adequate physical activity, and moderate alcohol consumption-and mortality in a representative sample of people in the United States...
  67. ncbi request reprint C-reactive protein concentration and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 108:1053-8. 2003
    ..Although the relations between C-reactive protein and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease have been extensively studied in adults, the relations in children are not well understood...
  68. doi request reprint Trends in low-risk lifestyle factors among adults in the United States: findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 1996-2007
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Med 51:403-7. 2010
    ..S. adults...
  69. doi request reprint Distribution of 7-year risk of diabetes mellitus among United States adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 89:e19-21. 2010
    ..Similar age-adjusted percentages of men and women were at high risk (> or =21%). A larger age-adjusted percentage of Mexican Americans than whites and African Americans were at high risk...
  70. ncbi request reprint Healthy Eating Index and C-reactive protein concentration: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994
    E S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:278-83. 2005
    ..To examine whether diet quality is associated with C-reactive protein concentration...
  71. ncbi request reprint Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. Adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2444-9. 2004
    ..The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994...
  72. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in US populations
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 33:333-50. 2004
    ..Because patients with the metabolic syndrome will make up a large proportion of the practices of health care professionals, health care professionals must be knowledgeable about the metabolic syndrome and be prepared to diagnose it...
  73. ncbi request reprint The distribution of 10-Year risk for coronary heart disease among US adults: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1791-6. 2004
    ..We sought to establish the distribution of the 10-year risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) among U.S. adults...
  74. doi request reprint Healthy living is the best revenge: findings from the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1355-62. 2009
    ..Our objective was to describe the reduction in relative risk of developing major chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer associated with 4 healthy lifestyle factors among German adults...
  75. ncbi request reprint The metabolic syndrome and mortality from cardiovascular disease and all-causes: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II Mortality Study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Atherosclerosis 173:309-14. 2004
    ..Additional prospective studies are needed to examine the association between the metabolic syndrome and the incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality from cardiovascular disease and all-causes...
  76. ncbi request reprint Influenza vaccination coverage among adults with asthma: findings from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Med 116:555-8. 2004
  77. ncbi request reprint Trends in waist circumference among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obes Res 11:1223-31. 2003
    ..Waist circumference has been proposed as a measure of obesity or as an adjunct to other anthropometric measures to determine obesity. Our objective was to examine temporal trends in waist circumference among adults in the U.S...
  78. ncbi request reprint Dietary magnesium intake in a national sample of US adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 133:2879-82. 2003
    ..Substantial numbers of U.S. adults fail to consume adequate magnesium in their diets. Furthermore, racial or ethnic differences in magnesium persist and may contribute to some health disparities...
  79. doi request reprint Pre-diabetes and the risk for cardiovascular disease: a systematic review of the evidence
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 55:1310-7. 2010
    ..Our objective was to estimate the magnitude of the relative risk (RR) for cardiovascular disease associated with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) from published prospective observational studies...
  80. doi request reprint Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and concentrations of insulin among US adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Metabolism 59:1268-75. 2010
    ..Sedentary behavior, particularly the amount of time spent watching television, may be an important modifiable determinant of concentrations of insulin...
  81. ncbi request reprint Distribution and correlates of C-reactive protein concentrations among adult US women
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Clin Chem 50:574-81. 2004
    ..Understanding the distribution of C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration among adult women in the US helps to establish the magnitude of women at increased risk for cardiovascular disease...
  82. doi request reprint Trends in the control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with diagnosed diabetes: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2008*
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Diabetes 3:337-47. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine trends in the control of key risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults with diagnosed diabetes in the US from 1999 to 2008...
  83. ncbi request reprint Association of C-reactive protein with surrogate measures of insulin resistance among nondiabetic US from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002
    Yuan Xiang Meng
    Department of Family Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30344, USA
    Clin Chem 53:2152-9. 2007
    ..We sought to examine the relationship of CRP with surrogate measures of IR among nondiabetic adults in the US...
  84. pmc Multivitamin use in pregnant and nonpregnant women: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    Kevin M Sullivan
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:384-90. 2009
    ..S. We examined multivitamin use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age, in relation to socioeconomic factors, demographic data, health behaviors, and health status...
  85. ncbi request reprint Associations between recommended levels of physical activity and health-related quality of life. Findings from the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey
    David W Brown
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Med 37:520-8. 2003
    ..The authors examined whether recommended levels of physical activity were associated with better HRQOL and perceived health status...
  86. ncbi request reprint Ethnicity and nutrient intake among Arizona WISEWOMAN participants
    Karen Y Gregory-Mercado
    Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:379-89. 2007
    ..Diet quality and risks of chronic disease have been identified, yet nutrient intakes from older uninsured populations have been scarcely described...
  87. doi request reprint Patterns of change in cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome among children and adolescents: the Fels Longitudinal Study
    Chaoyang Li
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Pediatr 155:S5.e9-16. 2009
    ..To examine the patterns of change in cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents between the ages of 8 to 19 years...
  88. ncbi request reprint C-reactive protein and body mass index in children: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Pediatr 138:486-92. 2001
    ..Excess body weight may be associated with a state of chronic low-grade inflammation in children...
  89. doi request reprint Trends in hypercholesterolemia, treatment and control among United States adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States
    Int J Cardiol 140:226-35. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to examine trends in the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, having a cholesterol check, awareness, treatment, and control among United States adults...
  90. doi request reprint Trends in the prevalence of low risk factor burden for cardiovascular disease among United States adults
    Earl S Ford
    MPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 120:1181-8. 2009
    ..Our objective was to examine the prevalence and trends in low risk factor burden for cardiovascular disease among adults in the US population...
  91. ncbi request reprint Geographic variation in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related behaviors
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Obes Res 13:118-22. 2005
    ..To examine the variation in the prevalences of obesity and type 2 diabetes in weight loss counseling by health providers and in other potential obesity-related determinants in 100 metropolitan statistical areas in the United States...
  92. ncbi request reprint Intake and circulating concentrations of antioxidants in metabolic syndrome
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS K66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 8:448-52. 2006
    ..People with metabolic syndrome appear to be an attractive group for future research about possible therapeutic options of antioxidants in the medical management of this syndrome...
  93. ncbi request reprint Brief communication: The prevalence of high intake of vitamin E from the use of supplements among U.S. adults
    Earl S Ford
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Ann Intern Med 143:116-20. 2005
    ..People who consume at least 400 IU of vitamin E per day from supplements may be at slightly increased risk for premature mortality...
  94. doi request reprint Liver enzymes and incident diabetes: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam Study
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:1138-43. 2008
    ..We sought to examine the association between plasma concentrations of liver enzymes gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alanine transaminase (ALT) and incident diabetes, prospectively...
  95. ncbi request reprint The metabolic syndrome and antioxidant concentrations: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Diabetes 52:2346-52. 2003
    ..Adults with the metabolic syndrome have suboptimal concentrations of several antioxidants, which may partially explain their increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
  96. ncbi request reprint Serum C-reactive protein and self-reported stroke: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 20:1052-6. 2000
    ..11 to 2.64 [odds ratio per mg/dL 1.19, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.34]). These cross-sectional data support findings from other studies suggesting that C-reactive protein concentration may be a risk factor or marker for stroke in the US population...
  97. ncbi request reprint Variations in serum carotenoid concentrations among United States adults by ethnicity and sex
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Ethn Dis 10:208-17. 2000
    ..The implications of these different carotenoid concentration patterns for future risk of disease within the ethnic and sex groups remain to be clarified...
  98. ncbi request reprint Serum copper concentration and coronary heart disease among US adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 151:1182-8. 2000
    ..Whether copper directly affects atherogenesis or is a marker of inflammation associated with atherosclerosis remains to be established...
  99. ncbi request reprint Diabetes trends in the U.S.: 1990-1998
    A H Mokdad
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 23:1278-83. 2000
    ..To examine trends in diabetes prevalence in the U.S...
  100. ncbi request reprint Glycemic index and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration among us adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K26, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:572-6. 2001
    ..However, the relationships between glycemic index and glycemic load and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration in the US population are unknown...
  101. ncbi request reprint The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United States
    A H Mokdad
    Data Management Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E62, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 286:1195-200. 2001
    ..Recent reports show that obesity and diabetes have increased in the United States in the past decade...