Daniel R Feikin

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Immunization coverage and risk factors for failure to immunize within the Expanded Programme on Immunization in Kenya after introduction of new Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis b virus antigens
    Moses Ndiritu
    Wellcome Trust Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 6:132. 2006
  2. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
  3. doi request reprint The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 14:54-61. 2009
  4. pmc High rate of pneumococcal bacteremia in a prospective cohort of older children and adults in an area of high HIV prevalence in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mbagathi Road, off Mbagathi Way, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 10:186. 2010
  5. pmc Does water hyacinth on East African lakes promote cholera outbreaks?
    Daniel R Feikin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:370-3. 2010
  6. pmc The burden of common infectious disease syndromes at the clinic and household level from population-based surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Nairobi and Kisumu, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e16085. 2011
  7. pmc Relationship of climate, geography, and geology to the incidence of Rift Valley fever in Kenya during the 2006-2007 outbreak
    Allen Hightower
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:373-80. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Viral and bacterial causes of severe acute respiratory illness among children aged less than 5 years in a high malaria prevalence area of western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Kisumu, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e14-9. 2013
  9. ncbi request reprint Profile: the KEMRI/CDC Health and Demographic Surveillance System--Western Kenya
    Frank O Odhiambo
    KEMRI CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 41:977-87. 2012
  10. pmc Etiology and Incidence of viral and bacterial acute respiratory illness among older children and adults in rural western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, International Emerging Infections Program, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e43656. 2012

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. pmc Immunization coverage and risk factors for failure to immunize within the Expanded Programme on Immunization in Kenya after introduction of new Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis b virus antigens
    Moses Ndiritu
    Wellcome Trust Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 6:132. 2006
    ..We estimated immunization coverage before and after introduction, timeliness of vaccination and risk factors for failure to immunize in Kilifi district, Kenya...
  2. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
    ..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
  3. doi request reprint The impact of distance of residence from a peripheral health facility on pediatric health utilisation in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 14:54-61. 2009
    ..To explore the impact of distance on utilisation of peripheral health facilities for sick child visits in Asembo, rural western Kenya...
  4. pmc High rate of pneumococcal bacteremia in a prospective cohort of older children and adults in an area of high HIV prevalence in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mbagathi Road, off Mbagathi Way, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 10:186. 2010
    ..We evaluated pneumococcal bacteremia among 21,000 persons > or =5 years old in a prospective cohort as part of population-based infectious disease surveillance in rural western Kenya from October 2006-September 2008...
  5. pmc Does water hyacinth on East African lakes promote cholera outbreaks?
    Daniel R Feikin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:370-3. 2010
    ..83; P = 0.0010). Water hyacinth on freshwater lakes might play a role in initiating cholera outbreaks and causing sporadic disease in East Africa...
  6. pmc The burden of common infectious disease syndromes at the clinic and household level from population-based surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Nairobi and Kisumu, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e16085. 2011
    ..Characterizing infectious disease burden in Africa is important for prioritizing and targeting limited resources for curative and preventive services and monitoring the impact of interventions...
  7. pmc Relationship of climate, geography, and geology to the incidence of Rift Valley fever in Kenya during the 2006-2007 outbreak
    Allen Hightower
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:373-80. 2012
    ..Cases occurred in three spatial temporal clusters that differed by the date of associated rainfall, soil type, and land usage...
  8. doi request reprint Viral and bacterial causes of severe acute respiratory illness among children aged less than 5 years in a high malaria prevalence area of western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Kisumu, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e14-9. 2013
    ..Few comprehensive data exist on the etiology of severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) among African children...
  9. ncbi request reprint Profile: the KEMRI/CDC Health and Demographic Surveillance System--Western Kenya
    Frank O Odhiambo
    KEMRI CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 41:977-87. 2012
    ..The HDSS also collects verbal autopsy information on all deaths. Studies take advantage of the sampling frame inherent in the HDSS, whether at individual, household/compound or neighbourhood level...
  10. pmc Etiology and Incidence of viral and bacterial acute respiratory illness among older children and adults in rural western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, International Emerging Infections Program, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e43656. 2012
    ..Few comprehensive data exist on disease incidence for specific etiologies of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in older children and adults in Africa...
  11. doi request reprint Impact of implementation of free high-quality health care on health facility attendance by sick children in rural western Kenya
    Clara R Burgert
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 16:711-20. 2011
    ..To explore whether implementation of free high-quality care as part of research programmes resulted in greater health facility attendance by sick children...
  12. ncbi request reprint Putting surveillance data into context: the role of health care utilization surveys in understanding population burden of pneumonia in developing countries
    Meredith Deutscher
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Epidemiol Glob Health 2:73-81. 2012
    ..Surveillance is essential to estimating the global burden of pneumonia, yet differences in surveillance methodology and health care-seeking behaviors limit inter-country comparisons...
  13. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of hospitalization with diarrhea in rural Kenya: the utility of existing health facility data in developing countries
    Jeffrey A Tornheim
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Unit 64112, APO, AE 09831, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e499-505. 2010
    ..In developing countries where prospective surveillance is resource-intensive, existing hospital data can define incidence, mortality, and risk factors that can help target interventions and track trends in disease burden...
  14. pmc Healthcare-use for major infectious disease syndromes in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya
    Robert F Breiman
    International Emerging Infections Program, CDC Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:123-33. 2011
    ..The findings support community-based rather than facility-based surveillance in this setting to achieve objectives for comprehensive assessment of the burden of disease...
  15. pmc Risk factors for death among children less than 5 years old hospitalized with diarrhea in rural western Kenya, 2005-2007: a cohort study
    Ciara E O'Reilly
    Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Med 9:e1001256. 2012
    ..Data on risk factors for mortality are limited. We conducted hospital-based surveillance to characterize the etiology of diarrhea and identify risk factors for death among children hospitalized with diarrhea in rural western Kenya...
  16. pmc Secondary household transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus among an urban and rural population in Kenya, 2009-2010
    Clara Y Kim
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38166. 2012
    ..We used population-based infectious disease surveillance (PBIDS) data to assess household transmission of pH1N1 in urban Nairobi (Kibera) and rural Lwak...
  17. pmc Differing burden and epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella bacteremia in rural and urban Kenya, 2006-2009
    Collins Tabu
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e31237. 2012
    ..The epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella (NTS) bacteremia in Africa will likely evolve as potential co-factors, such as HIV, malaria, and urbanization, also change...
  18. pmc Healthcare-seeking behaviour for common infectious disease-related illnesses in rural Kenya: a community-based house-to-house survey
    Deron C Burton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:61-70. 2011
    ..Seeking healthcare at health facilities and hospitals varied by syndrome, severity of illness, and characteristics of the patient...
  19. ncbi request reprint Does cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV-associated opportunistic infections select for resistant pathogens in Kenyan adults?
    Mary J Hamel
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:320-30. 2008
    ..005). Daily cotrimoxazole prevented malaria and reduced incidence of antifolate-resistant P. falciparum but contributed to increased pneumococcus and commensal Escherichia coli resistance...
  20. pmc The population-based burden of influenza-associated hospitalization in rural western Kenya, 2007-2009
    Daniel R Feikin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PO Box 1578, Kisumu, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 90:256-263A. 2012
    ..To estimate the burden and age-specific rates of influenza-associated hospitalization in rural western Kenya...
  21. pmc Use of population-based surveillance to define the high incidence of shigellosis in an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya
    Henry N Njuguna
    Global Disease Detection Program, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya CDC K Collaboration, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e58437. 2013
    ..We investigated the epidemiology of shigellosis and drug susceptibility patterns within a densely populated urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya through population-based surveillance...
  22. pmc Risk factors for hospitalized seasonal influenza in rural western Kenya
    Maurice O Ope
    Department of Disease Surveillance and Response, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e20111. 2011
    ..Risk factors for influenza hospitalization in Africa are unknown, including the role of HIV...
  23. pmc Population-based incidence of typhoid fever in an urban informal settlement and a rural area in Kenya: implications for typhoid vaccine use in Africa
    Robert F Breiman
    Global Disease Detection Division, Kenya Office of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e29119. 2012
    ..We set out to compare incidence of typhoid fever in a densely populated urban slum and a rural community in Kenya, hypothesizing higher rates in the urban area, given crowding and suboptimal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene...
  24. doi request reprint Geospatial distribution and determinants of child mortality in rural western Kenya 2002-2005
    Maurice Ombok
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 15:423-33. 2010
    ..To describe local geospatial variation and geospatial risk factors for child mortality in rural western Kenya...
  25. ncbi request reprint Health-seeking patterns among participants of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya: implications for calculating disease rates
    Godfrey Bigogo
    Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 1578 40100, Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e967-73. 2010
    ..We describe temporal patterns in health care seeking by syndrome as part of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya...
  26. ncbi request reprint Cholera outbreak in Kenyan refugee camp: risk factors for illness and importance of sanitation
    Alvin Shultz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:640-5. 2009
    ....
  27. pmc Mortality and health among internally displaced persons in western Kenya following post-election violence, 2008: novel use of demographic surveillance
    Daniel R Feikin
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kisumu, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 88:601-8. 2010
    ..To evaluate mortality and morbidity among internally displaced persons (IDPs) who relocated in a demographic surveillance system (DSS) area in western Kenya following post-election violence...
  28. ncbi request reprint Increased prevalence of pediatric pneumococcal serotypes in elderly adults
    Daniel R Feikin
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 41:481-7. 2005
    ..Pneumococcal disease is most prevalent among young children and elderly adults. We explored whether similarities exist in the serotypes that cause disease in these 2 high-risk groups...
  29. pmc Serotype-specific changes in invasive pneumococcal disease after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction: a pooled analysis of multiple surveillance sites
    Daniel R Feikin
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic and Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001517. 2013
    ..We used a standardized approach to describe serotype-specific IPD changes among multiple sites after PCV7 introduction...
  30. doi request reprint Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine is highly effective in the Ugandan routine immunization program: a case-control study
    Ellen Hyun Ju Lee
    Division of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunizations and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 13:495-502. 2008
    ..To study the effectiveness of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccination program in Uganda...
  31. ncbi request reprint Use of Population-based Surveillance to Determine the Incidence of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in an Urban Slum and a Rural Setting in Kenya
    Robert F Breiman
    From Kenya Medical Research Institute Global Disease Detection Division Centers for Disease Control and Prevention KEMRI CDC, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya and National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 33:S54-61. 2014
    ..Rotavirus gastroenteritis is a major cause of mortality among children <2 years of age. Disease burden data are important for introducing and sustaining new rotavirus vaccines in immunization programs...
  32. pmc Effectiveness of Haemophilus influenzae type b Conjugate vaccine introduction into routine childhood immunization in Kenya
    Karen D Cowgill
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Division of Applied Public Health Training, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 296:671-8. 2006
    ..Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine is not perceived as a public health priority in Africa because data on Hib disease burden and vaccine effectiveness are scarce. Hib immunization was introduced in Kenyan infants in 2001...
  33. doi request reprint The feasibility of using mobile-phone based SMS reminders and conditional cash transfers to improve timely immunization in rural Kenya
    Hotenzia Wakadha
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health and Research Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya
    Vaccine 31:987-93. 2013
    ..We studied the feasibility of using short message services (SMS) reminders and mobile phone-based conditional cash transfers (CCTs) to reach parents in rural Western Kenya...
  34. doi request reprint Home-based HIV testing and counseling in rural and urban Kenyan communities
    Warren Dalal
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 62:e47-54. 2013
    ..In sub-Saharan Africa, most people with HIV do not know they are infected...
  35. pmc Challenges of establishing the correct diagnosis of outbreaks of acute febrile illnesses in Africa: the case of a likely Brucella outbreak among nomadic pastoralists, northeast Kenya, March-July 2005
    Mary D Ari
    Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:909-12. 2011
    ..Better diagnostics and tools that can decipher overlapping signs and symptoms in such settings are needed...
  36. pmc A reversal in reductions of child mortality in western Kenya, 2003-2009
    Mary J Hamel
    Malaria Branch, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:597-605. 2011
    ..To maintain gains in child survival, implementation of good policies and effective interventions must be complemented by reliable supply and access to clinical services and essential drugs...
  37. doi request reprint High mortality in a cholera outbreak in western Kenya after post-election violence in 2008
    O Tipo Shikanga
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1085-90. 2009
    ..Cholera mortality was under-reported and very high, in part because of factors exacerbated by widespread post-election violence...
  38. ncbi request reprint Could a single dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children be effective? Modeling the optimal age of vaccination
    Ezra J Barzilay
    Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 24:904-13. 2006
    ..IPD reduction ranged from 15 to 62%, depending on model parameters. A single PCV dose in infants could prevent substantial IPD...
  39. pmc Risk factors for severe Rift Valley fever infection in Kenya, 2007
    Amwayi S Anyangu
    Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:14-21. 2010
    ..67, 95% CI = 1.07-12.64, PAR% = 47%). Exposures related to animal contact were associated with acute RVF infection, whereas exposures to mosquitoes were not independent risk factors...
  40. ncbi request reprint Use of vaccines as probes to define disease burden
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Vaccine Access Center, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA Division of Preparedness and Emerging Infections, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA Electronic address
    Lancet 383:1762-70. 2014
    ....
  41. pmc Village-randomized clinical trial of home distribution of zinc for treatment of childhood diarrhea in rural Western kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 9:e94436. 2014
    ..In a village-randomized trial in rural Kenya, we assessed if zinc treatment might have a community-level preventive effect on diarrhea incidence if available at home versus only at health facilities...
  42. pmc A sham case-control study of effectiveness of DTP-Hib-hepatitis B vaccine against rotavirus acute gastroenteritis in Kenya
    Sammy Khagayi
    Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 14:77. 2014
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint High burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in young children in rural Western kenya, 2010-2011
    Sammy Khagayi
    From the Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu and Nairobi Division of Disease Surveillance and Response, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya WHO Regional Office for Africa WHO AFRO, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo and CDC Kenya, Kisumu and Nairobi, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 33:S34-40. 2014
    ..Diarrhea is a leading cause of hospitalization and death in children <5 years of age...
  44. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and risk factors for serogroup X meningococcal meningitis during an outbreak in western Kenya, 2005-2006
    David M Mutonga
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:619-24. 2009
    ..Serogroup X meningococcus caused an outbreak with similar epidemiology and risk factors as other serogroups. Serogroup-specific laboratory-based surveillance for meningococcus in Africa to detect serogroup X disease should be enhanced...
  45. ncbi request reprint Mortality of sick children after outpatient treatment at first-level health facilities in rural western Kenya
    Kim A Lindblade
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1258-68. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of hospitalized pneumonia in rural Kenya: the potential of surveillance data in setting public health priorities
    Jeffrey A Tornheim
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Unit 64112, APO, AE 09831, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 11:536-43. 2007
    ..We evaluated data on hospitalized patients diagnosed with pneumonia in rural western Kenya to characterize pneumonia epidemiology and mortality...
  47. pmc An investigation of a major outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Kenya: 2006-2007
    Patrick M Nguku
    Division of Communicable Disease Control, Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:5-13. 2010
    ..However, there were up to 180,000 infected mildly ill or asymptomatic people within highly affected areas. Soil type data may add specificity to climate-based forecasting models for RVF...
  48. ncbi request reprint Novel antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal strains recovered from the upper respiratory tracts of HIV-infected adults and their children in Kisumu, Kenya
    Marie Jo Medina
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Microb Drug Resist 11:9-17. 2005
    ..mlst.net...
  49. pmc Sequential Rift Valley fever outbreaks in eastern Africa caused by multiple lineages of the virus
    Leonard Nderitu
    Global Disease Detection Division, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Infect Dis 203:655-65. 2011
    ..During the Rift Valley fever (RVF) epidemic of 2006-2007 in eastern Africa, spatial mapping of the outbreaks across Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania was performed and the RVF viruses were isolated and genetically characterized...
  50. pmc Results from the first six years of national sentinel surveillance for influenza in Kenya, July 2007-June 2013
    Mark A Katz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 9:e98615. 2014
    ..Recent studies have shown that influenza is associated with significant disease burden in many countries in the tropics, but until recently national surveillance for influenza was not conducted in most countries in Africa...
  51. doi request reprint Influenza and malaria coinfection among young children in western Kenya, 2009-2011
    Mark G Thompson
    Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 206:1674-84. 2012
    ..Although children <5 years old in sub-Saharan Africa are vulnerable to both malaria and influenza, little is known about coinfection...
  52. ncbi request reprint Rotavirus disease burden and impact and cost-effectiveness of a rotavirus vaccination program in kenya
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S76-84. 2009
    ..The projected impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination are important for supporting rotavirus vaccine introduction in Africa, where limited health intervention funds are available...
  53. ncbi request reprint Two outbreaks of severe respiratory disease in nursing homes associated with rhinovirus
    Lauri A Hicks
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:284-9. 2006
    ..To characterize illness and identify the etiology for two nursing home outbreaks of respiratory illness...
  54. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic resistance and serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizing rural Malawian children
    Daniel R Feikin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PHS DHHS, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop C23, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 22:564-7. 2003
    ..Forty-three percent of isolates were serotypes included in the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and 37% were vaccine-related serotypes, particularly 6A and 19A...
  55. pmc Nutritional status of under-five children living in an informal urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya
    Beatrice Olack
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:357-63. 2011
    ..The findings of the study suggest that tackling childhood stunting is a high priority, and there should be fostered efforts to ensure that malnutrition-prevention strategies include the urban poor...
  56. pmc Caretakers' perception towards using zinc to treat childhood diarrhoea in rural western Kenya
    George A Otieno
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:321-9. 2013
    ..Active promotion of zinc treatment in clinics and communities in Africa could lead to greater knowledge, acceptance, and demand for zinc...
  57. pmc Rickettsia felis infection in febrile patients, western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Alice N Maina
    Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:328-31. 2012
    ..Antibodies against rickettsiae were detected in 57.4% of previously collected serum samples. In a 2008-2010 prospective study, Rickettsia felis DNA was 2.2× more likely to be detected in febrile than in afebrile persons...
  58. pmc Community case management of childhood diarrhea in a setting with declining use of oral rehydration therapy: findings from cross-sectional studies among primary household caregivers, Kenya, 2007
    Christine K Olson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service and Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:1134-40. 2011
    ..Health workers have a critical role in empowering caregivers regarding early treatment with ORT and continued feeding. Increasing community ORS availability is essential to improving diarrhea management...
  59. pmc Application of TaqMan low-density arrays for simultaneous detection of multiple respiratory pathogens
    Maja Kodani
    Division of Bacterial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 49:2175-82. 2011
    ..The TLDA card approach offers promise for rapid and simultaneous identification of multiple respiratory pathogens for outbreak investigations and disease surveillance...
  60. ncbi request reprint Assessing the sensitivity of surveillance for pneumonia in rural Thailand
    Shadi Chamany
    Epidemic Intelligence Service and Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Office of Workforce and Career Development OWCD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 39:549-56. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial
    Stephen P Luby
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Lancet 366:225-33. 2005
    ..We undertook a randomised controlled trial to assess the effect of handwashing promotion with soap on the incidence of acute respiratory infection, impetigo, and diarrhoea...
  62. ncbi request reprint Impact of haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in South Africa and Argentina
    Michael Martin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:842-7. 2004
    ..Because surveillance for culture-confirmed Hib meningitis is not available in many countries, alternative means to measure the impact of Hib conjugate vaccine would be useful...
  63. pmc Non-pneumococcal mitis-group streptococci confound detection of pneumococcal capsular serotype-specific loci in upper respiratory tract
    Maria Da Gloria Carvalho
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    Peerj 1:e97. 2013
    ..Our findings indicate that non-pneumococcal species can confound serotype-specific PCR and other sequence-based assays due to evolutionarily conserved genes most likely involved in biosynthesis of surface polysaccharide structures. ..
  64. pmc Hospitalized patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Kenya
    Eric Mogaka Osoro
    Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1744-6. 2011
    ..The median age (7 years) was lower than that in industrialized countries. More patients had HIV than the general Kenyan population...
  65. pmc Specificity of the antibody response to the pneumococcal polysaccharide and conjugate vaccines in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults
    Daniel R Feikin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:137-41. 2004
    ..These findings confirm that absorption with a heterologous pneumococcal polysaccharide (e.g., 22F) is necessary to remove nonspecific antibodies in a standardized IgG ELISA for pneumococcal capsular antibodies in HIV-infected adults...
  66. ncbi request reprint A large outbreak of histoplasmosis among American travelers associated with a hotel in Acapulco, Mexico, spring 2001
    Juliette Morgan
    Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 69:663-9. 2003
    ..7-30.5; P < 0.001). This is the first histoplasmosis outbreak associated with a hotel undergoing construction. Hotels in endemic areas should consider construction precaution measures to prevent histoplasmosis among their guests...
  67. pmc Lack of SARS transmission and U.S. SARS case-patient
    Angela J Peck
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:217-24. 2004
    ..Improving the understanding of risk factors for transmission will help focus public health control measures...
  68. ncbi request reprint Global strategies to prevent bacterial pneumonia in adults with HIV disease
    Daniel R Feikin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:445-55. 2004
    ..Although not yet fully evaluated in Africa, based on experience in industrialised nations, use of HAART in Africa may have substantial potential to prevent bacterial pneumonia...
  69. pmc Rapid assessment tool for Haemophilus influenzae type b disease in developing countries
    Daniel R Feikin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1270-6. 2004
    ..Results were affected by the quality of available data. The Hib rapid assessment tool can be useful to countries that desire a timely assessment of Hib disease rates...
  70. pmc Using a field quantitative real-time PCR test to rapidly identify highly viremic rift valley fever cases
    M Kariuki Njenga
    International Emerging Infections Program, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1166-71. 2009
    ..This study shows a correlation between high viremia and fatality and indicates that qRT-PCR testing can identify nearly all fatal RVF cases...
  71. ncbi request reprint Recurrence of legionnaires disease at a hotel in the United States Virgin Islands over a 20-year period
    Karen D Cowgill
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:1205-7. 2005
    ..The temperature of the potable water at the hotel was in a range that could optimally support the growth of Legionella species, and the potable water was colonized with Legionella pneumophila in 1981-1982 and in 2002-2003...
  72. ncbi request reprint Rapid spread of Vibrio cholerae O1 throughout Kenya, 2005
    Isaac Mugoya
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, CDC, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:527-33. 2008
    ..Prevention measures remain implementation of point-of-use safe water systems and case finding and referral...
  73. ncbi request reprint Historical changes in pneumococcal serogroup distribution: implications for the era of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines
    Daniel R Feikin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:547-55. 2002
    ..These historical trends in serogroup distribution may be explained by changes in antibiotic use, socioeconomic conditions, the immunocompromised status of populations, and blood-culturing practices...
  74. doi request reprint Safety of the pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (PRV), RotaTeq(®), in Kenya, including among HIV-infected and HIV-exposed infants
    Kayla F Laserson
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kenya
    Vaccine 30:A61-70. 2012
    ..Further, SAEs were not significantly more common among HIV-infected or HIV-exposed participants; however, the low number of HIV-infected infants did not provide sufficient power to fully assess safety in HIV-infected vaccine recipients...