M E Cogswell

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Estimated dietary phytoestrogen intake and major food sources among women during the year before pregnancy
    Suzan L Carmichael
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Nutr J 10:105. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking, alcohol use and adverse pregnancy outcomes: implications for micronutrient supplementation
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 133:1722S-1731S. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Iron overload, public health, and genetics: evaluating the evidence for hemochromatosis screening
    M E Cogswell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Ann Intern Med 129:971-9. 1998
  4. doi request reprint Prevention and management of obesity in nonpregnant women and adolescents: beliefs and practices of U.S. obstetricians and gynecologists
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:1625-34. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Iron supplement use among women in the United States: science, policy and practice
    Mary E Cogswell
    Maternal and Child Nutrition Branch, Chronic Disease Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 133:1974S-1977S. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Iron supplementation during pregnancy, anemia, and birth weight: a randomized controlled trial
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:773-81. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint An empiric evaluation of the Institute of Medicine's pregnancy weight gain guidelines by race
    L A Schieve
    Epidemiology Program Office, and the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 91:878-84. 1998
  8. ncbi request reprint Trends in pregnancy weight gain within and outside ranges recommended by the Institute of Medicine in a WIC population
    L A Schieve
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:111-6. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Hypovitaminosis D prevalence and determinants among African American and white women of reproductive age: third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Shanna Nesby-O'Dell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:187-92. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Prepregnancy body mass index and pregnancy weight gain: associations with preterm delivery. The NMIHS Collaborative Study Group
    L A Schieve
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 96:194-200. 2000

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. pmc Estimated dietary phytoestrogen intake and major food sources among women during the year before pregnancy
    Suzan L Carmichael
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Nutr J 10:105. 2011
    ..Recently published data on phytoestrogen content of a wide range of foods provide an opportunity to improve estimation of dietary phytoestrogen intake...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking, alcohol use and adverse pregnancy outcomes: implications for micronutrient supplementation
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 133:1722S-1731S. 2003
    ..In addition, randomized controlled studies of the health impact of micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women should consider stratification by exposure to cigarette smoke and alcohol use...
  3. ncbi request reprint Iron overload, public health, and genetics: evaluating the evidence for hemochromatosis screening
    M E Cogswell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Ann Intern Med 129:971-9. 1998
    ....
  4. doi request reprint Prevention and management of obesity in nonpregnant women and adolescents: beliefs and practices of U.S. obstetricians and gynecologists
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:1625-34. 2010
    ..To describe associations between dissemination of educational materials and U.S. obstetrician/gynecologists' prevention and management of obesity in nonpregnant patients...
  5. ncbi request reprint Iron supplement use among women in the United States: science, policy and practice
    Mary E Cogswell
    Maternal and Child Nutrition Branch, Chronic Disease Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Nutr 133:1974S-1977S. 2003
    ..Groups at highest risk of iron deficiency (e.g., low income and minority women) are often least likely to consume supplements containing iron, suggesting that supplement use is unrelated to actual need...
  6. ncbi request reprint Iron supplementation during pregnancy, anemia, and birth weight: a randomized controlled trial
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:773-81. 2003
    ..The need for prophylactic iron during pregnancy is uncertain...
  7. ncbi request reprint An empiric evaluation of the Institute of Medicine's pregnancy weight gain guidelines by race
    L A Schieve
    Epidemiology Program Office, and the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 91:878-84. 1998
    ..To examine associations between pregnancy weight gain outside and within ranges recommended by the Institute of Medicine and birth weight by both prepregnant body mass index (BMI) and race-ethnicity...
  8. ncbi request reprint Trends in pregnancy weight gain within and outside ranges recommended by the Institute of Medicine in a WIC population
    L A Schieve
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Matern Child Health J 2:111-6. 1998
    ..To examine the proportion of women with a pregnancy weight gain below, within, and above ranges recommended by the Institute of Medicine from 1990 to 1996...
  9. ncbi request reprint Hypovitaminosis D prevalence and determinants among African American and white women of reproductive age: third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Shanna Nesby-O'Dell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:187-92. 2002
    ..African American women are at higher risk of vitamin D deficiency than are white women, but few studies have examined determinants of hypovitaminosis D in this population...
  10. ncbi request reprint Prepregnancy body mass index and pregnancy weight gain: associations with preterm delivery. The NMIHS Collaborative Study Group
    L A Schieve
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 96:194-200. 2000
    ..To examine associations between rate of pregnancy weight gain and preterm delivery among women of varying prepregnancy body mass indices (BMI)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Risk of stillbirth in relation to maternal haemoglobin concentration during pregnancy
    Kay M Tomashek
    Maternal and Infant Health Branch, Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 2:19-28. 2006
    ..4; 95% CI: 1.02, 19.01). Moderate anaemia was not associated with stillbirths among black women. Further investigation regarding causal mechanisms for this association is warranted...
  12. doi request reprint Assessment of iron deficiency in US preschool children and nonpregnant females of childbearing age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006
    Mary E Cogswell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1334-42. 2009
    ..A new index to determine body iron promises a simpler approach to monitoring iron deficiency (ID) prevalence...
  13. ncbi request reprint Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002
    Jean A Welsh
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K 25, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e223-9. 2005
    ..To examine the association between sweet drink consumption and overweight among preschool children...
  14. doi request reprint Folic acid intake among U.S. women aged 15-44 years, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006
    Sarah C Tinker
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:534-42. 2010
    ..In 1998, the IOM recommended all women capable of becoming pregnant consume 400 microg of folic acid daily to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs)...
  15. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of an automated soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) assay on the Roche Hitachi analyzer and its comparison to two ELISA assays
    Christine M Pfeiffer
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Clin Chim Acta 382:112-6. 2007
    ..Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) assays are currently not standardized. This hinders data comparison between studies and also affects the use of a recently proposed model to estimate body iron...
  16. ncbi request reprint Erythrocyte protoporphyrin or hemoglobin: which is a better screening test for iron deficiency in children and women?
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1229-33. 2003
    ..Hemoglobin and erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP) tests are commonly used to screen for iron deficiency. However, little research has been done to systematically evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of these 2 tests...
  17. doi request reprint Dose-response associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and subsequent childhood obesity: effect modification by maternal race/ethnicity in a low-income US cohort
    Andrea J Sharma
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Mailstop K 25, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:995-1007. 2008
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Sources of supplemental iron among breastfed infants during the first year of life
    Deborah L Dee
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Career and Workforce Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S98-104. 2008
    ..Our objectives were to describe the consumption of iron-rich foods, oral iron supplements, and iron-fortified formula among US infants and to assess adherence to iron-intake recommendations...
  19. doi request reprint Predicted contribution of folic acid fortification of corn masa flour to the usual folic acid intake for the US population: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2004
    Heather C Hamner
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:305-15. 2009
    ..Compared with other race-ethnicities, Hispanic women have higher rates of NTDs, lower rates of folic acid supplement use, and lower total folic acid intakes...
  20. ncbi request reprint Iron supplement use and iron status among US adults: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Heidi Michels Blanck
    Chronic Disease Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1024-31. 2005
    ..Patients with hemochromatosis are instructed to avoid taking supplemental iron. Whether supplemental iron intakes lead to higher iron status among healthy persons remains less clear...
  21. ncbi request reprint Population-based assessment of the risk of primary cesarean delivery due to excess prepregnancy weight among nulliparous women delivering term infants
    Patricia M Dietz
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Promotion, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3714, USA
    Matern Child Health J 9:237-44. 2005
    ..To estimate the risk of cesarean delivery due to excess prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) in a multistate, US population-based sample...
  22. ncbi request reprint Hemoglobin and ferritin are currently the most efficient indicators of population response to iron interventions: an analysis of nine randomized controlled trials
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Nutr 135:1974-80. 2005
    ..It is possible that the optimal indicator(s) may differ with age, sex, and pregnancy. There were too few trials in each age and sex group to allow us to explore this question...
  23. ncbi request reprint Continuing anemia prevention strategies are needed throughout early childhood in low-income preschool children
    Sarah E Cusick
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Pediatr 150:422-8, 428.e1-2. 2007
    ..To assess anemia incidence and persistence in low-income preschool children in the United States...
  24. doi request reprint Unexplained decline in the prevalence of anemia among US children and women between 1988-1994 and 1999-2002
    Sarah E Cusick
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1611-7. 2008
    ..The current anemia burden among US preschool children and women of childbearing age has not been documented...
  25. doi request reprint Does the MTHFR 677C-->T variant affect the Recommended Dietary Allowance for folate in the US population?
    Julie Robitaille
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1269-73. 2009
    ..The effect of this variant on the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for folate is unclear...
  26. doi request reprint Control selection and participation in an ongoing, population-based, case-control study of birth defects: the National Birth Defects Prevention Study
    Mary E Cogswell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329 4027, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:975-85. 2009
    ..Hospital-based control selection may slightly underascertain infants affected by certain adverse birth outcomes...
  27. doi request reprint Folic acid source, usual intake, and folate and vitamin B-12 status in US adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006
    Quanhe Yang
    Office of Public Health Genomics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:64-72. 2010
    ..US adults have access to multiple sources of folic acid. The contribution of these sources to usual intakes above the tolerable upper intake level (UL) (1000 microg/d) and to folate and vitamin B-12 status is unknown...
  28. ncbi request reprint Combined effects of prepregnancy body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy on the risk of preterm delivery
    Patricia M Dietz
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiology 17:170-7. 2006
    ..The association between excessive gestational weight gain and preterm delivery is unclear, as is the association between low gestational weight gain and preterm delivery among overweight and obese women...
  29. doi request reprint Contributions of enriched cereal-grain products, ready-to-eat cereals, and supplements to folic acid and vitamin B-12 usual intake and folate and vitamin B-12 status in US children: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2006
    Lorraine F Yeung
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:172-85. 2011
    ..US children consume folic acid from multiple sources. These sources may contribute differently to usual intakes above the age-specific tolerable upper intake level (UL) for folic acid and to folate and vitamin B-12 status...
  30. ncbi request reprint Strategies to increase detection of hemochromatosis
    S M McDonnell
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA
    Ann Intern Med 129:987-92. 1998
    ..Simultaneous efforts to reach all groups in appropriate ways should be initiated to provide the interest and infrastructure necessary to decrease morbidity and mortality from hemochromatosis...
  31. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of C282Y and H63D mutations in the hemochromatosis (HFE) gene in the United States
    K K Steinberg
    Molecular Biology Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Mailstop F 24, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
    JAMA 285:2216-22. 2001
    ..Population-based estimates of the prevalence of disease-associated mutations, such as hemochromatosis (HFE) gene mutations, are needed to determine the usefulness of genetic screening...
  32. ncbi request reprint Public health surveillance for hereditary hemochromatosis
    S F Wetterhall
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Ann Intern Med 129:980-6. 1998
    ..This information is critical for developing evidence-based recommendations for population screening, monitoring changes in medical practices, and assessing the effect of preventive measures...
  33. ncbi request reprint High and low hemoglobin levels during pregnancy: differential risks for preterm birth and small for gestational age
    K S Scanlon
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 96:741-8. 2000
    ..To examine the association of maternal hemoglobin during pregnancy with preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Hemochromatosis-associated morbidity in the United States: an analysis of the National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1979-1997
    A S Brown
    Office of Genetics and Disease Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K-28, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Genet Med 3:109-11. 2001
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Nutritional rickets in Georgia
    K M Tomashek
    Pregnancy and Infant Health Branch, Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Pediatrics 107:E45. 2001
    ..Opinions expressed in commentaries are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the American Academy of Pediatrics or its Committees. Commentaries are not peer-reviewed...
  36. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and serum ferritin concentration among U.S. adults
    E S Ford
    Division of Nutrition, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 22:1978-83. 1999
    ..We examined the association between serum ferritin concentration and the risk of diabetes...
  37. ncbi request reprint Nutritional rickets among children in the United States: review of cases reported between 1986 and 2003
    Pamela Weisberg
    Maternal Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1697S-705S. 2004
    ..Education should also emphasize the importance of weaning children to a diet adequate in both vitamin D and calcium...
  38. ncbi request reprint HFE genotype and transferrin saturation in the United States
    Mary E Cogswell
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    Genet Med 5:304-10. 2003
    ..Examine the penetrance (defined by high transferrin saturation [TS]) of C282Y and H63D in the U.S. population...
  39. ncbi request reprint Who should be screened for postpartum anemia? An evaluation of current recommendations
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health and School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 2524 USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:903-12. 2002
    ..However, if resources are available, universal screening should be considered in high-prevalence settings...
  40. ncbi request reprint Percentage of body fat and body mass index are associated with mobility limitations in people aged 70 and older from NHANES III
    Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1802-9. 2002
    ..To assess the association between functional limitations and body composition indices, including percentage of body fat, muscle mass, and body mass index (BMI)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Low income postpartum women are at risk of iron deficiency
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Chapel Hill, USA
    J Nutr 132:2298-302. 2002
    ..Given that low income postpartum women bear a substantially greater iron deficiency risk than never-pregnant women, more attention should be given to preventing iron deficiency among low income women during and after pregnancy...
  42. ncbi request reprint High prepregnancy BMI increases the risk of postpartum anemia
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Magee Women s Research Institute, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 204 Craft Avenue, PA 15213, USA
    Obes Res 12:941-8. 2004
    ..To assess the independent effect of prepregnancy BMI on the risk of postpartum anemia...
  43. ncbi request reprint Obesity prevention and treatment practices of U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists
    Michael L Power
    Department of Research, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:961-8. 2006
    ..To describe obesity prevention and treatment practices of U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists...
  44. ncbi request reprint Pill count adherence to prenatal multivitamin/mineral supplement use among low-income women
    Sunitha Jasti
    Department of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    J Nutr 135:1093-101. 2005
    ..Further research investigating the influence of cultural factors is necessary to better understand adherence to supplement use and the differences in adherence among ethnic groups...
  45. ncbi request reprint The effects of prophylactic iron given in prenatal supplements on iron status and birth outcomes: a randomized controlled trial
    Anna Maria Siega-Riz
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:512-9. 2006
    ..The hypothesis that daily use of a prenatal supplement with iron from enrollment to third trimester to initially iron-replete, nonanemic pregnant women would reduce third-trimester anemia and improve birth outcomes was tested...
  46. ncbi request reprint Have we forgotten the significance of postpartum iron deficiency?
    Lisa M Bodnar
    Magee Women s Research Institute and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15261, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:36-44. 2005
    ..The productivity and cognitive gains made possible by improving iron nutriture support intervention. We therefore conclude that postpartum iron deficiency warrants greater attention and higher quality care...
  47. doi request reprint Iron-status indicators
    Sarah E Cusick
    Pediatrics 121:651-2; author reply 652. 2008
  48. ncbi request reprint Correction for errors in measuring adherence to prenatal multivitamin/mineral supplement use among low-income women
    Sunitha Jasti
    Department of Family, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    J Nutr 136:479-83. 2006
    ..In conclusion, our data show that both self-reports and pill counts overestimate adherence and that linear regression in comparison to an external standard such as MEMS can be used to correct for measurement error in adherence...