Antonia M Calafat


Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA


  1. Lopez Espinosa M, Fitz Simon N, Bloom M, Calafat A, Fletcher T. Comparison between free serum thyroxine levels, measured by analog and dialysis methods, in the presence of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate. Reprod Toxicol. 2012;33:552-555 pubmed publisher
    ..The present findings do not indicate any observable bias from the use of the analog with respect to the dialysis method, across the range of PFOS and PFOA concentrations in this population. ..
  2. Silva M, Wong L, Samandar E, Preau J, Jia L, Calafat A. Exposure to di-2-ethylhexyl terephthalate in the U.S. general population from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Environ Int. 2019;123:141-147 pubmed publisher
    ..Exposure to DEHTP is widespread in the U.S. general population 3 years and older. These data represent the first U.S. population-based representative background exposure to DEHTP. ..
  3. Hoffman K, Hammel S, Phillips A, Lorenzo A, Chen A, Calafat A, et al. Biomarkers of exposure to SVOCs in children and their demographic associations: The TESIE Study. Environ Int. 2018;119:26-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results provide evidence that the assessments of SVOC-associated health impacts should focus on chemical mixtures. ..
  4. Lewis R, Cantonwine D, Anzalota Del Toro L, Calafat A, Valentin Blasini L, Davis M, et al. Distribution and determinants of urinary biomarkers of exposure to organophosphate insecticides in Puerto Rican pregnant women. Sci Total Environ. 2015;512-513:337-344 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is needed to understand what aspects of the predictors identified influence OP insecticide exposure during pregnancy. ..
  5. Wolff M, Teitelbaum S, McGovern K, Pinney S, Windham G, Galvez M, et al. Environmental phenols and pubertal development in girls. Environ Int. 2015;84:174-80 pubmed publisher
  6. Calafat A, Valentin Blasini L, Ye X. Trends in Exposure to Chemicals in Personal Care and Consumer Products. Curr Environ Health Rep. 2015;2:348-55 pubmed publisher
    ..We compare US trends to national trends from Canada and Germany. Exposure to the original compounds is still prevalent among these general populations, but exposures to alternative chemicals may be increasing. ..
  7. Hines E, Mendola P, von Ehrenstein O, Ye X, Calafat A, Fenton S. Concentrations of environmental phenols and parabens in milk, urine and serum of lactating North Carolina women. Reprod Toxicol. 2015;54:120-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These pilot data suggest that nursing mothers are exposed to phenols and parabens; urine is the best measurement matrix; and correlations between chemical and endogenous immune-related biomarkers merit further investigation. ..
  8. Wu X, Bennett D, Calafat A, Kato K, Strynar M, Andersen E, et al. Serum concentrations of perfluorinated compounds (PFC) among selected populations of children and adults in California. Environ Res. 2015;136:264-73 pubmed publisher
  9. Heffernan A, Baduel C, Toms L, Calafat A, Ye X, Hobson P, et al. Use of pooled samples to assess human exposure to parabens, benzophenone-3 and triclosan in Queensland, Australia. Environ Int. 2015;85:77-83 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides the first data on exposure of the general Australian population to a range of common personal care product chemical ingredients, which appears to be prevalent and warrants further investigation. ..

More Information


  1. Gomez Ramos M, Heffernan A, Toms L, Calafat A, Ye X, Hobson P, et al. Concentrations of phthalates and DINCH metabolites in pooled urine from Queensland, Australia. Environ Int. 2016;88:179-186 pubmed publisher
    ..Ongoing biomonitoring among the general Australian population may help assess temporal trends in exposure and assess the effectiveness of actions aimed at reducing exposures. ..
  2. Stein C, Ge Y, Wolff M, Ye X, Calafat A, Kraus T, et al. Perfluoroalkyl substance serum concentrations and immune response to FluMist vaccination among healthy adults. Environ Res. 2016;149:171-178 pubmed publisher
    ..Given the study's many limitations, however, it does not rule out impaired vaccine response to other vaccines or vaccine components in either children or adults. ..
  3. Wolff M, Pajak A, Pinney S, Windham G, Galvez M, Rybak M, et al. Associations of urinary phthalate and phenol biomarkers with menarche in a multiethnic cohort of young girls. Reprod Toxicol. 2017;67:56-64 pubmed publisher
    ..These analytes were also associated with age at breast development in this cohort. Findings from this prospective study suggest that some childhood exposures are associated with pubertal timing. ..
  4. Wylie B, Ae Ngibise K, Boamah E, Mujtaba M, Messerlian C, Hauser R, et al. Urinary Concentrations of Insecticide and Herbicide Metabolites among Pregnant Women in Rural Ghana: A Pilot Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..S. Larger studies are necessary to more fully explore predictors of exposure in this population. ..
  5. Huen K, Calafat A, Bradman A, Yousefi P, Eskenazi B, Holland N. Maternal phthalate exposure during pregnancy is associated with DNA methylation of LINE-1 and Alu repetitive elements in Mexican-American children. Environ Res. 2016;148:55-62 pubmed publisher
    ..03). Our findings suggest that prenatal exposure to some phthalates may influence differences in repetitive element methylation, highlighting epigenetics as a plausible biological mechanism through which phthalates may affect health. ..
  6. Calafat A, Kuklenyik Z, Caudill S, Ashley D. Urinary levels of trichloroacetic acid, a disinfection by-product in chlorinated drinking water, in a human reference population. Environ Health Perspect. 2003;111:151-4 pubmed
  7. Ye X, Kato K, Wong L, Jia T, Kalathil A, Latremouille J, et al. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in sera from children 3 to 11 years of age participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2018;221:9-16 pubmed publisher