Robert F Breiman

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Preparedness for highly pathogenic avian influenza pandemic in Africa
    Robert F Breiman
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1453-8. 2007
  2. pmc Population-based incidence of typhoid fever in an urban informal settlement and a rural area in Kenya: implications for typhoid vaccine use in Africa
    Robert F Breiman
    Global Disease Detection Division, Kenya Office of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e29119. 2012
  3. doi Analyses of health outcomes from the 5 sites participating in the Africa and Asia clinical efficacy trials of the oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine
    Robert F Breiman
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Vaccine 30:A24-9. 2012
  4. pmc Malaria in Kakuma refugee camp, Turkana, Kenya: facilitation of Anopheles arabiensis vector populations by installed water distribution and catchment systems
    M Nabie Bayoh
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, P, O, Box 1578, Kisumu, Kenya
    Malar J 10:149. 2011
  5. pmc Healthcare-use for major infectious disease syndromes in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya
    Robert F Breiman
    International Emerging Infections Program, CDC Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:123-33. 2011
  6. pmc Etiology and Incidence of viral and bacterial acute respiratory illness among older children and adults in rural western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, International Emerging Infections Program, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e43656. 2012
  7. doi Viral and bacterial causes of severe acute respiratory illness among children aged less than 5 years in a high malaria prevalence area of western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Kisumu, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e14-9. 2013
  8. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
  9. pmc Differing burden and epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella bacteremia in rural and urban Kenya, 2006-2009
    Collins Tabu
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e31237. 2012
  10. pmc Use of population-based surveillance to define the high incidence of shigellosis in an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya
    Henry N Njuguna
    Global Disease Detection Program, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya CDC K Collaboration, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e58437. 2013

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. pmc Preparedness for highly pathogenic avian influenza pandemic in Africa
    Robert F Breiman
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1453-8. 2007
    ..Fowl depopulation strategies will need to be adapted for Africa. Additionally, the role of avian vaccines should be comprehensively evaluated and clearly defined...
  2. pmc Population-based incidence of typhoid fever in an urban informal settlement and a rural area in Kenya: implications for typhoid vaccine use in Africa
    Robert F Breiman
    Global Disease Detection Division, Kenya Office of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e29119. 2012
    ..We set out to compare incidence of typhoid fever in a densely populated urban slum and a rural community in Kenya, hypothesizing higher rates in the urban area, given crowding and suboptimal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene...
  3. doi Analyses of health outcomes from the 5 sites participating in the Africa and Asia clinical efficacy trials of the oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine
    Robert F Breiman
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Vaccine 30:A24-9. 2012
    ..The findings from each continent have been analyzed and presented separately, according to a single identical protocol. Ad hoc analyses combining data from the five sites were performed to further assess the impact of PRV...
  4. pmc Malaria in Kakuma refugee camp, Turkana, Kenya: facilitation of Anopheles arabiensis vector populations by installed water distribution and catchment systems
    M Nabie Bayoh
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, P, O, Box 1578, Kisumu, Kenya
    Malar J 10:149. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate malaria prevalence and attack rate and sources of Anopheles vectors in Kakuma refugee camp, in 2005-2006, after a malaria epidemic was observed by staff at camp clinics...
  5. pmc Healthcare-use for major infectious disease syndromes in an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya
    Robert F Breiman
    International Emerging Infections Program, CDC Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:123-33. 2011
    ..The findings support community-based rather than facility-based surveillance in this setting to achieve objectives for comprehensive assessment of the burden of disease...
  6. pmc Etiology and Incidence of viral and bacterial acute respiratory illness among older children and adults in rural western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, International Emerging Infections Program, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e43656. 2012
    ..Few comprehensive data exist on disease incidence for specific etiologies of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in older children and adults in Africa...
  7. doi Viral and bacterial causes of severe acute respiratory illness among children aged less than 5 years in a high malaria prevalence area of western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Division, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Kisumu, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:e14-9. 2013
    ..Few comprehensive data exist on the etiology of severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) among African children...
  8. pmc Evaluation of the optimal recall period for disease symptoms in home-based morbidity surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Kenya, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Epidemiol 39:450-8. 2010
    ..In African settings with poor access to health care, surveillance and surveys of disease burden are often done through home visits. The optimal recall period to capture data on symptoms and health utilization is unknown...
  9. pmc Differing burden and epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella bacteremia in rural and urban Kenya, 2006-2009
    Collins Tabu
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 7:e31237. 2012
    ..The epidemiology of non-Typhi Salmonella (NTS) bacteremia in Africa will likely evolve as potential co-factors, such as HIV, malaria, and urbanization, also change...
  10. pmc Use of population-based surveillance to define the high incidence of shigellosis in an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya
    Henry N Njuguna
    Global Disease Detection Program, Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya CDC K Collaboration, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 8:e58437. 2013
    ..We investigated the epidemiology of shigellosis and drug susceptibility patterns within a densely populated urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya through population-based surveillance...
  11. pmc Additional diagnostic yield of adding serology to PCR in diagnosing viral acute respiratory infections in Kenyan patients 5 years of age and older
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 20:113-4. 2013
    ..4% to 10.7%. Although still limited for clinical use, serology, along with PCR, can maximize etiologic diagnosis in epidemiologic studies...
  12. doi The epidemiology of hospitalization with diarrhea in rural Kenya: the utility of existing health facility data in developing countries
    Jeffrey A Tornheim
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Unit 64112, APO, AE 09831, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e499-505. 2010
    ..In developing countries where prospective surveillance is resource-intensive, existing hospital data can define incidence, mortality, and risk factors that can help target interventions and track trends in disease burden...
  13. pmc Risk factors for hospitalized seasonal influenza in rural western Kenya
    Maurice O Ope
    Department of Disease Surveillance and Response, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e20111. 2011
    ..Risk factors for influenza hospitalization in Africa are unknown, including the role of HIV...
  14. pmc Sequential Rift Valley fever outbreaks in eastern Africa caused by multiple lineages of the virus
    Leonard Nderitu
    Global Disease Detection Division, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Infect Dis 203:655-65. 2011
    ..During the Rift Valley fever (RVF) epidemic of 2006-2007 in eastern Africa, spatial mapping of the outbreaks across Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania was performed and the RVF viruses were isolated and genetically characterized...
  15. pmc Risk factors for severe Rift Valley fever infection in Kenya, 2007
    Amwayi S Anyangu
    Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:14-21. 2010
    ..67, 95% CI = 1.07-12.64, PAR% = 47%). Exposures related to animal contact were associated with acute RVF infection, whereas exposures to mosquitoes were not independent risk factors...
  16. pmc High rate of pneumococcal bacteremia in a prospective cohort of older children and adults in an area of high HIV prevalence in rural western Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mbagathi Road, off Mbagathi Way, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 10:186. 2010
    ..We evaluated pneumococcal bacteremia among 21,000 persons > or =5 years old in a prospective cohort as part of population-based infectious disease surveillance in rural western Kenya from October 2006-September 2008...
  17. pmc Results from the first six years of national sentinel surveillance for influenza in kenya, july 2007-june 2013
    Mark A Katz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 9:e98615. 2014
    ..Recent studies have shown that influenza is associated with significant disease burden in many countries in the tropics, but until recently national surveillance for influenza was not conducted in most countries in Africa...
  18. doi Detection of influenza A virus in live bird markets in Kenya, 2009-2011
    Peninah M Munyua
    CDC Kenya, Influenza Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 7:113-9. 2013
    ..Objectives: This surveillance project aimed to detect influenza A virus in poultry traded in five LBMs in Kenya...
  19. pmc Molecular epidemiology of geographically dispersed Vibrio cholerae, Kenya, January 2009-May 2010
    Ahmed Abade Mohamed
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory TrainingProgram, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:925-31. 2012
    ..This finding is consistent with the simultaneous emergence of multiple distinct genetic lineages of V. cholerae from endemic environmental reservoirs rather than recent introduction and spread by travelers...
  20. doi Health-seeking patterns among participants of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya: implications for calculating disease rates
    Godfrey Bigogo
    Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 1578 40100, Kisumu, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e967-73. 2010
    ..We describe temporal patterns in health care seeking by syndrome as part of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya...
  21. doi High mortality in a cholera outbreak in western Kenya after post-election violence in 2008
    O Tipo Shikanga
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1085-90. 2009
    ..Cholera mortality was under-reported and very high, in part because of factors exacerbated by widespread post-election violence...
  22. pmc Assessing parents' knowledge and attitudes towards seasonal influenza vaccination of children before and after a seasonal influenza vaccination effectiveness study in low-income urban and rural Kenya, 2010-2011
    Prisca Adhiambo Oria
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention KEMRI CDC, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 13:391. 2013
    ..This survey assessed attitudes about influenza, uptake of the vaccine and experiences with childhood influenza vaccination...
  23. pmc Village-randomized clinical trial of home distribution of zinc for treatment of childhood diarrhea in rural Western kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 9:e94436. 2014
    ..In a village-randomized trial in rural Kenya, we assessed if zinc treatment might have a community-level preventive effect on diarrhea incidence if available at home versus only at health facilities...
  24. pmc Viral shedding in patients infected with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus in Kenya, 2009
    Lilian W Waiboci
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e20320. 2011
    ..Understanding shedding patterns of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) (pH1N1) can inform recommendations about infection control measures. We evaluated the duration of pH1N1 virus shedding in patients in Nairobi, Kenya...
  25. pmc An investigation of a major outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Kenya: 2006-2007
    Patrick M Nguku
    Division of Communicable Disease Control, Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:5-13. 2010
    ..However, there were up to 180,000 infected mildly ill or asymptomatic people within highly affected areas. Soil type data may add specificity to climate-based forecasting models for RVF...
  26. pmc Rift Valley fever outbreak in livestock in Kenya, 2006-2007
    Peninah Munyua
    Kenya Ministry of Livestock Development, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:58-64. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi Entomologic investigations of a chikungunya virus epidemic in the Union of the Comoros, 2005
    Rosemary C Sang
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:77-82. 2008
    ..This was supported by high container (31.1%), household (68%), and Breteau (126) indices, with discarded tires (58.8%) and small cooking and water storage vessels (31.1%) registering the highest container indices...
  28. pmc Nutritional status of under-five children living in an informal urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya
    Beatrice Olack
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:357-63. 2011
    ..The findings of the study suggest that tackling childhood stunting is a high priority, and there should be fostered efforts to ensure that malnutrition-prevention strategies include the urban poor...
  29. doi Home-based HIV testing and counseling in rural and urban Kenyan communities
    Warren Dalal
    Global AIDS Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 62:e47-54. 2013
    ..In sub-Saharan Africa, most people with HIV do not know they are infected...
  30. pmc Epidemiology of respiratory viral infections in two long-term refugee camps in Kenya, 2007-2010
    Jamal A Ahmed
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 12:7. 2012
    ..We implemented surveillance for respiratory viruses in Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps in Kenya to characterize their role in the epidemiology of ARI among refugees...
  31. pmc Rickettsia felis infection in febrile patients, western Kenya, 2007-2010
    Alice N Maina
    Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:328-31. 2012
    ..Antibodies against rickettsiae were detected in 57.4% of previously collected serum samples. In a 2008-2010 prospective study, Rickettsia felis DNA was 2.2× more likely to be detected in febrile than in afebrile persons...
  32. ncbi Epidemiology and risk factors for serogroup X meningococcal meningitis during an outbreak in western Kenya, 2005-2006
    David M Mutonga
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:619-24. 2009
    ..Serogroup X meningococcus caused an outbreak with similar epidemiology and risk factors as other serogroups. Serogroup-specific laboratory-based surveillance for meningococcus in Africa to detect serogroup X disease should be enhanced...
  33. pmc Health care utilization for acute illnesses in an urban setting with a refugee population in Nairobi, Kenya: a cross-sectional survey
    Abdinoor Haji Mohamed
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi road off Mbagathi way, KEMRI main campus, CDC Building, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Health Serv Res 14:200. 2014
    ..We assessed the care-seeking behavior of residents of Eastleigh, a neighborhood in Nairobi with urban refugees...
  34. pmc Urban leptospirosis in Africa: a cross-sectional survey of Leptospira infection in rodents in the Kibera urban settlement, Nairobi, Kenya
    Jo E B Halliday
    Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa The Roslin Institute at the Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Midlothian, United Kingdom National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya School of Health, Sport and Biosciences, University of East London, London, United Kingdom Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health and Research Collaboration, Kisumu and Nairobi, Kenya Global Disease Detection Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya World Health Organization Food and Agricultural Organization World Organisation for Animal Health and National Leptospirosis Reference Centre, KIT Biomedical Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:1095-102. 2013
    ..03). Questionnaire data showed frequent contact between humans and rodents in Kibera. This study emphasizes the need to quantify the public health impacts of this neglected disease at this and other urban sites in Africa...
  35. pmc Caretakers' perception towards using zinc to treat childhood diarrhoea in rural western Kenya
    George A Otieno
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    J Health Popul Nutr 31:321-9. 2013
    ..Active promotion of zinc treatment in clinics and communities in Africa could lead to greater knowledge, acceptance, and demand for zinc...
  36. ncbi Epidemic cholera in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, 2009: the importance of sanitation and soap
    Abdirahman Sheikh Mahamud
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Infect Dev Ctries 6:234-41. 2012
    ..A cholera outbreak with 224 cases and four deaths occurred in Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya from September to December 2009...
  37. pmc Hospitalized patients with pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Kenya
    Eric Mogaka Osoro
    Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1744-6. 2011
    ..The median age (7 years) was lower than that in industrialized countries. More patients had HIV than the general Kenyan population...
  38. pmc Rift Valley fever virus epidemic in Kenya, 2006/2007: the entomologic investigations
    Rosemary Sang
    Arbovirology Hemorrhagic Fevers Laboratory, Centre for Virus Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:28-37. 2010
    ....
  39. ncbi Rapid spread of Vibrio cholerae O1 throughout Kenya, 2005
    Isaac Mugoya
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Kenya, CDC, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:527-33. 2008
    ..Prevention measures remain implementation of point-of-use safe water systems and case finding and referral...
  40. pmc Risk factors for kala-azar in Bangladesh
    Caryn Bern
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:655-62. 2005
    ..Our data confirm strong clustering and suggest that insecticide-treated nets could be effective in preventing kala-azar...
  41. ncbi The epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis and asymptomatic leishmanial infection in a highly endemic Bangladeshi village
    Caryn Bern
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:909-14. 2007
    ..The CRP levels were higher in kala-azar patients compared with the other two groups. Low red meat intake and poor zinc and retinol status may characterize a group at higher risk of symptomatic disease...
  42. pmc Specificity of the antibody response to the pneumococcal polysaccharide and conjugate vaccines in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults
    Daniel R Feikin
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:137-41. 2004
    ..These findings confirm that absorption with a heterologous pneumococcal polysaccharide (e.g., 22F) is necessary to remove nonspecific antibodies in a standardized IgG ELISA for pneumococcal capsular antibodies in HIV-infected adults...
  43. ncbi Long-term neurological and functional outcome in Nipah virus infection
    James J Sejvar
    Divisions of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases and Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA 30333, USA
    Ann Neurol 62:235-42. 2007
    ..Long-term neurological assessments of survivors are limited. We assessed long-term neurologic and functional outcomes of 22 patients surviving NiV illness in Bangladesh...
  44. ncbi Effect of infant immunisation on childhood mortality in rural Bangladesh: analysis of health and demographic surveillance data
    Robert F Breiman
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Lancet 364:2204-11. 2004
    ..Studies of long-term effects of immunisation programmes are rare. We assessed associations between vaccinations and mortality over 15 years after the introduction of routine infant immunisation programmes in Matlab, Bangladesh...
  45. ncbi Loss of leishmanin skin test antigen sensitivity and potency in a longitudinal study of visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh
    Caryn Bern
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:744-8. 2006
    ..infantum study antigen sensitivity was 70% compared with L. amazonensis antigen. Our data underscore the need for better production, standardization, and documentation of sensitivity, potency, and stability of leishmanin antigens...
  46. pmc Lyssavirus surveillance in bats, Bangladesh
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:486-8. 2006
    ..The infection occurs in bats in Bangladesh, but virus prevalence appears low...
  47. pmc Application of TaqMan low-density arrays for simultaneous detection of multiple respiratory pathogens
    Maja Kodani
    Division of Bacterial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 49:2175-82. 2011
    ..The TLDA card approach offers promise for rapid and simultaneous identification of multiple respiratory pathogens for outbreak investigations and disease surveillance...
  48. pmc Healthcare-seeking behaviour for common infectious disease-related illnesses in rural Kenya: a community-based house-to-house survey
    Deron C Burton
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 29:61-70. 2011
    ..Seeking healthcare at health facilities and hospitals varied by syndrome, severity of illness, and characteristics of the patient...
  49. pmc Detection of novel SARS-like and other coronaviruses in bats from Kenya
    Suxiang Tong
    Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Virus Laboratory Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:482-5. 2009
    ..The sequence diversity suggests that bats are well-established reservoirs for and likely sources of coronaviruses for many species, including humans...
  50. pmc Pathologic studies on suspect animal and human cases of Rift Valley fever from an outbreak in Eastern Africa, 2006-2007
    Wun Ju Shieh
    Infectious Disease Pathology Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:38-42. 2010
    ..Pathologic studies on postmortem tissue samples can help establish the diagnosis of RVF, differentiating from endemic diseases with clinical manifestations similar to RVF, such as malaria, leptospirosis, or yellow fever...
  51. pmc Possible emergence of West Caucasian bat virus in Africa
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1887-9. 2008
    ..Seropositive bats were detected in 4 of 5 locations sampled across the country. These findings provide evidence that WCBV, originally isolated in Europe, may emerge in other continents...
  52. ncbi Rotavirus disease burden and impact and cost-effectiveness of a rotavirus vaccination program in kenya
    Jacqueline E Tate
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:S76-84. 2009
    ..The projected impact and cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination are important for supporting rotavirus vaccine introduction in Africa, where limited health intervention funds are available...
  53. doi Chikungunya fever: an epidemiological review of a re-emerging infectious disease
    J Erin Staples
    Arboviral Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:942-8. 2009
    ....
  54. pmc Lagos bat virus in Kenya
    Ivan V Kuzmin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Bldg 17, MS G 33, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:1451-61. 2008
    ..Several large bat roosts were identified in areas of dense human populations, raising public health concerns for the potential of lyssavirus infection...
  55. pmc The burden of common infectious disease syndromes at the clinic and household level from population-based surveillance in rural and urban Kenya
    Daniel R Feikin
    International Emerging Infections Program Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Nairobi and Kisumu, Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e16085. 2011
    ..Characterizing infectious disease burden in Africa is important for prioritizing and targeting limited resources for curative and preventive services and monitoring the impact of interventions...
  56. doi High burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in young children in rural Western Kenya, 2010-2011
    Sammy Khagayi
    From the Kenya Medical Research Institute KEMRI Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu and Nairobi Division of Disease Surveillance and Response, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya WHO Regional Office for Africa WHO AFRO, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo and CDC Kenya, Kisumu and Nairobi, Kenya
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 33:S34-40. 2014
    ..Diarrhea is a leading cause of hospitalization and death in children <5 years of age...
  57. pmc Mortality trends observed in population-based surveillance of an urban slum settlement, Kibera, Kenya, 2007-2010
    Beatrice Olack
    Kenya Medical Research Institute and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration KEMRI CDC, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 9:e85913. 2014
    ..We used population based infectious disease surveillance to characterize mortality rates in residents of an urban slum in Kenya...
  58. ncbi Seroprevalence of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection on Lamu Island, Kenya, October 2004
    Kibet Sergon
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:333-7. 2008
    ..Vector control strategies are needed to control the spread of this mosquito-borne infection...
  59. ncbi The epidemiology of hospitalized pneumonia in rural Kenya: the potential of surveillance data in setting public health priorities
    Jeffrey A Tornheim
    International Emerging Infections Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Unit 64112, APO, AE 09831, Kenya
    Int J Infect Dis 11:536-43. 2007
    ..We evaluated data on hospitalized patients diagnosed with pneumonia in rural western Kenya to characterize pneumonia epidemiology and mortality...
  60. pmc Using a field quantitative real-time PCR test to rapidly identify highly viremic rift valley fever cases
    M Kariuki Njenga
    International Emerging Infections Program, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1166-71. 2009
    ..This study shows a correlation between high viremia and fatality and indicates that qRT-PCR testing can identify nearly all fatal RVF cases...
  61. pmc Access to waterless hand sanitizer improves student hand hygiene behavior in primary schools in Nairobi, Kenya
    Amy J Pickering
    Civil and Environmental Engineering and Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:411-8. 2013
    ..Waterless hand sanitizer may be a promising option to improve student hand cleansing behavior, particularly in schools with limited water access...
  62. doi Are Kenyan healthcare workers willing to receive the pandemic influenza vaccine? Results from a cross-sectional survey of healthcare workers in Kenya about knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning infection with and vaccination against 2009 pandemic
    Prisca A Oria
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya KEMRI CDC Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Vaccine 29:3617-22. 2011
    ....
  63. doi Genetic analysis of H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated in 2006-2007 in Nairobi, Kenya
    Wallace D Bulimo
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2:107-13. 2008
    ..Minimal influenza surveillance has been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa to provide information on circulating influenza subtypes for the purpose of vaccine production and monitoring trends in virus spread and mutations...