L A Siminoff
Affiliation: Case Western Reserve University
- Measuring discord in treatment decision-making; progress toward development of a cancer communication and decision-making assessment toolLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics, TA 215, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Psychooncology 15:528-40. 2006....
- Access and equity to cancer care in the USA: a review and assessmentL A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Department of Bioethics and the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Postgrad Med J 81:674-9. 2005..Those who are members of ethnic minorities and the working poor are especially apt to have poorer access to care and reduced quality of cancer care services as a result...
- A decision aid to assist in adjuvant therapy choices for breast cancerLaura A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Psychooncology 15:1001-13. 2006..This study was a group randomized controlled trial of a novel decision aid to help patients with breast cancer make adjuvant therapy (AT) decisions...
- Racial disparities in preferences and perceptions regarding organ donationLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics TA 232, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
J Gen Intern Med 21:995-1000. 2006..To identify reasons for lower organ donation rates by African Americans, we examined knowledge and attitudes about brain death, donation, and transplantation and trust in the health care system...
- Factors that predict the referral of breast cancer patients onto clinical trials by their surgeons and medical oncologistsL A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4961, USA
J Clin Oncol 18:1203-11. 2000..To improve understanding of physicians' reluctance to refer patients to clinical trials...
- Factors influencing families' consent for donation of solid organs for transplantationL A Siminoff
Department of Medicien, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Ave, WG 37, Cleveland, OH 44106 4961, USA
JAMA 286:71-7. 2001..Transplantation has become the therapy of choice for patients with organ failure. However, the low rate of consent by families of donor-eligible patients is a major limiting factor in the success of organ transplantation...
- The accuracy of hospital reports of organ donation eligibility, requests, and consent: a cross-validation studyL A Siminoff
School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4961, USA
Jt Comm J Qual Improv 25:129-36. 1999..A study was conducted to determine the accuracy of state-required forms in documenting organ eligibility and procurement activities...
- Thirty-year follow-up of chemo/hormonal therapy in node-positive breast cancerN H Gordon
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 4904, USA
Breast Cancer Res Treat 102:301-12. 2007..Similarly, the survival advantage of patients diagnosed with ER+ tumors persists for the first two decades after diagnosis...
- Do nurses avoid AIDS patients? Avoidance behaviours and the quality of care of hospitalized AIDS patientsL A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106 4961, USA
AIDS Care 10:147-63. 1998..The AIDS population studied were mostly well-educated, homosexual men. Whether these results would be replicated with a different population of patients is as yet unknown...
- The process of organ donation and its effect on consentL A Siminoff
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-4961, USA
Clin Transplant 15:39-47. 2001..Further study is needed to determine if interventions based on the characteristics identified in this study will increase consent to donation...
- Referral of breast cancer patients to medical oncologists after initial surgical managementL A Siminoff
School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 4961, USA
Med Care 38:696-704. 2000..Decisions to refer patients to other physicians for care or consultation are an important component of the provision of appropriate care for cancer patients. However, little is known about the referral process between specialists...
- Health insurance and cardiac transplantation: a call for reformLouise P King
Donald W. Reynolds Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9047, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 45:1388-91. 2005..We call for a government-sponsored, multidisciplinary task force to address this situation in hopes of remedying the inequities in the present system of organ allocation...
- Comparison of the informed consent process for randomized clinical trials in pediatric and adult oncologyChristian M Simon
Department of Bioethics and Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, OH 44106, USA
J Clin Oncol 22:2708-17. 2004..Findings are discussed in terms of the opportunities for improving pediatric and adult oncology informed consent...
- Patient perceptions of access to care and referrals to specialists: a comparison of African-American and white older patients with knee and hip osteoarthritisJohn P F Lopez
St. Peters Hospital, Emergency Department, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 97:667-73. 2005..CONCLUSION: African-American patients reported having only VA insurance more often than white patients. Other aspects of perceived system and provider-based factors were similar between groups...
- Decreased use of adjuvant breast cancer therapy in a randomized controlled trial of a decision aid with individualized risk informationPamela B Peele
Department of Health Policy and Management, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Med Decis Making 25:301-7. 2005..The authors examined the impact of a patient-specific decision aid on women's decisions about adjuvant therapy for breast cancer...
- A communication model of shared decision making: accounting for cancer treatment decisionsLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Health Psychol 24:S99-S105. 2005..In the CMSDM, decisions depend on (a) antecedent factors that have potential to influence communication, (b) jointly constructed communication climate, and (c) treatment preferences established by the physician and the patient...
- Death and organ procurement: public beliefs and attitudesLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Soc Sci Med 59:2325-34. 2004..This study highlights the need for more public dialogue and education about brain death and organ donation...
- Factors affecting older african american women's decisions to join the PLCO Cancer Screening TrialJeanette M Trauth
Graduate School of Public Health, 217 Parran Hall, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
J Clin Oncol 23:8730-8. 2005..The purpose of this study is to describe the factors associated with the decisions of older African American women to join the PLCO (Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian) Cancer Screening Trial when recruited...
- A heartfelt story for the richThomas Mayo
N C Med J 67:93. 2006
- Cancer communication patterns and the influence of patient characteristics: disparities in information-giving and affective behaviorsLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics, TA 215, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 4976, USA
Patient Educ Couns 62:355-60. 2006..To examine whether patient characteristics are associated with communication patterns between oncologists and breast cancer patients...
- Intervention of urinary incontinence and quality of life outcome in prostate cancer patientsAmy Y Zhang
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 4904, USA
J Psychosoc Oncol 24:17-30. 2006..Improved urinary continence was significantly associated with reduced depression and symptom distress over time. The findings suggest that an intervention focusing on urinary continence improves quality of life in these patients...
- Arthritis-specific health beliefs related to aging among older male patients with knee and/or hip osteoarthritisCathleen J Appelt
Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Veterans Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:184-90. 2007..We examined the relationship between patients' demographic characteristics and arthritis-specific beliefs related to aging...
- Effects of combined pelvic floor muscle exercise and a support group on urinary incontinence and quality of life of postprostatectomy patientsAmy Y Zhang
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Oncol Nurs Forum 34:47-53. 2007..To examine the effect of combined pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) and a support group on postprostatectomy urinary incontinence and quality of life...
- Understanding ethnic differences in the utilization of joint replacement for osteoarthritis: the role of patient-level factorsSaid A Ibrahim
Louis Stokes Department of VAMC, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Med Care 40:I44-51. 2002..There is a marked difference between black patients and white patients in the utilization of joint replacement therapy. The reasons behind this disparity remain unknown...
- Comparison of black and white families' experiences and perceptions regarding organ donation requestsLaura A Siminoff
Department of Bioethics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Crit Care Med 31:146-51. 2003....
- Knowing patients' preferences about organ donation: does it make a difference?Laura A Siminoff
School of Medicine, Center for Bioethics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
J Trauma 53:754-60. 2002..The purpose of this study was to examine in detail the impact of knowledge of a donor-eligible patient's preferences on organ donation decisions...
- The role of the family in treatment decision making by patients with cancerAmy Y Zhang
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
Oncol Nurs Forum 30:1022-8. 2003..To examine family disagreements about treatment decisions for patients with advanced lung cancer...
- Families' understanding of brain deathLaura A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Prog Transplant 13:218-24. 2003..Respondents who accepted that their loved one was dead when informed the patient was brain dead were more likely to donate than those who did not consider the patient dead until mechanical support was turned off and the heart stopped...
- Ethnic differences in the perception of prayer and consideration of joint arthroplastyDennis C Ang
Louis Stokes Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Med Care 40:471-6. 2002..Perception of helpfulness of prayer may be an important explanatory variable in the relationship between ethnicity and patients' decision in considering arthroplasty...
- Death and organ procurement: public beliefs and attitudesLaura A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 14:217-34. 2004..quot; This study highlights the need for more public dialogue and education about "brain death" and organ donation...
- Silence and cancer: why do families and patients fail to communicate?Amy Y Zhang
School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4961, USA
Health Commun 15:415-29. 2003..Family communication was further hindered by the increasing difficulty of issues inherent to late-stage cancer. The adverse impact of communication avoidance and the implications of our findings are discussed...
- Differences in expectations of outcome mediate African American/white patient differences in "willingness" to consider joint replacementSaid A Ibrahim
Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15240, USA
Arthritis Rheum 46:2429-35. 2002..We sought to determine whether African American patients differ from white patients in their "willingness" to consider joint replacement and to determine the factors that influence this relationship...
- The nondirected live-kidney donor: ethical considerations and practice guidelines: A National Conference ReportPatricia L Adams
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
Transplantation 74:582-9. 2002..Transplant centers that accept NDD should document an informed consent process that details donor risks, assures donor safety, and determines that the goals and expectations of the NDD and the recipient can be realized...
- Children in research: new perspectives and practices for informed consentMarion E Broome
School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
IRB . 2003
- Ethical incentives--not payment--for organ donationFrancis L Delmonico
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
N Engl J Med 346:2002-5. 2002
- Decoupling: what is it and does it really help increase consent to organ donation?Laura A Siminoff
School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Prog Transplant 12:52-60. 2002..However, active consideration of the patient's donation wishes and a clear understanding of the families' initial inclination toward donation were associated with consent to organ donation...
- Improving the quality of hemodialysis treatment: a community-based randomized controlled trial to overcome patient-specific barriersAshwini R Sehgal
Division of Nephrology, MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Dr, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA
JAMA 287:1961-7. 2002..Inadequate dialysis is also associated with increased hospitalizations and high inpatient costs. Our previous work identified 3 barriers to adequate hemodialysis: dialysis underprescription, catheter use, and shortened treatment time...
- Does quality improvement work? Evaluation of the Organ Donation Breakthrough CollaborativeDavid H Howard
Department of Health Policy and Management, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Room 610, Atlanta, GA 30030, USA
Health Serv Res 42:2160-73; discussion 2294-323. 2007..We evaluate the impact of the first phase on organ donation rates...
- Communication of randomization in childhood leukemia trialsEric Kodish
Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
JAMA 291:470-5. 2004..Most children diagnosed as having leukemia become research subjects in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), but little is known about how randomization is explained to or understood by parents...
- Organ donation in the United StatesHoward M Nathan
Gift of Life Donor Program, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Am J Transplant 3:29-40. 2003
- Empirical research on informed consent with the cognitively impairedGavin W Hougham
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
IRB . 2003
- The promise of empirical research in the study of informed consent theory and practiceLaura A Siminoff
School of Medicine (Sears Tower Annex-215, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-4976, USA
HEC Forum 16:53-71. 2004
- IntroductionStuart J Youngner
Department of Bioethics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 14:211-5. 2004
- Groups potentially at risk for making poorly informed decisions about entry into clinical trials for childhood cancerChristian Simon
Rainbow Center for Pediatric Ethics, Department of Pediatrics, and Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital of University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH, USA
J Clin Oncol 21:2173-8. 2003....
- Can focusing on self-care reduce disparities in kidney transplantation outcomes?Elisa J Gordon
Am J Kidney Dis 45:935-40. 2005
- The dead donor rule: not dead yetLaura A Siminoff
Case Western Reserve University
Am J Bioeth 3:30. 2003
- Development and validation of school-based asthma and allergy screening instruments for parents and studentsSusan Redline
Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:516-28. 2003..The increasing morbidity attributable to asthma among school-aged children suggests the potential utility of school-based asthma screening programs...
- Older patients' perceptions of quality of chronic knee or hip pain: differences by ethnicity and relationship to clinical variablesSaid A Ibrahim
The Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, University Drive C, 11 East 130 A U, Pittsburgh, PA 15240, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:M472-7. 2003..We examined whether patient descriptions of chronic pain vary by ethnicity and if they correlate with important clinical measures used in arthritis care...
- Why learning to communicate with our patients is so important: using communication to enhance accrual to cancer clinical trialsLaura A Siminoff
J Clin Oncol 26:2614-5. 2008