R F Baumeister

Summary

Affiliation: Case Western Reserve University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Why do bad moods increase self-defeating behavior? Emotion, risk taking, and self-regulation
    K P Leith
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:1250-67. 1996
  2. ncbi request reprint Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:5-33. 1996
  3. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in erotic plasticity: the female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:347-74; discussion 385-9. 2000
  4. ncbi request reprint What do men want? Gender differences and two spheres of belongingness: comment on Cross and Madson (1997)
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Bull 122:38-44; discussion 51-5. 1997
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of social exclusion on cognitive processes: anticipated aloneness reduces intelligent thought
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:817-27. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1252-65. 1998
  7. ncbi request reprint Virtue, personality, and social relations: self-control as the moral muscle
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers 67:1165-94. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:219-29. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:17-32. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint A new look at defensive projection: thought suppression, accessibility, and biased person perception
    L S Newman
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 72:980-1001. 1997

Detail Information

Publications38

  1. ncbi request reprint Why do bad moods increase self-defeating behavior? Emotion, risk taking, and self-regulation
    K P Leith
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:1250-67. 1996
    ..Studies 5 and 6 showed that the risky tendencies are limited to unpleasant moods accompanied by high arousal; neither sadness nor neutral arousal resulted in destructive risk taking...
  2. ncbi request reprint Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:5-33. 1996
    ..The mediating process may involve directing anger outward as a way of avoiding a downward revision of the self-concept...
  3. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in erotic plasticity: the female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:347-74; discussion 385-9. 2000
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint What do men want? Gender differences and two spheres of belongingness: comment on Cross and Madson (1997)
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Bull 122:38-44; discussion 51-5. 1997
    ..Gender differences in aggression, helping behavior, desire for power, uniqueness, self-representations, interpersonal behavior, and intimacy fit this view...
  5. ncbi request reprint Effects of social exclusion on cognitive processes: anticipated aloneness reduces intelligent thought
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:817-27. 2002
    ..The cognitive impairments appeared to involve reductions in both speed (effort) and accuracy. The effect was not mediated by mood...
  6. ncbi request reprint Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1252-65. 1998
    ..e., more prone to favor the passive-response option). These results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource...
  7. ncbi request reprint Virtue, personality, and social relations: self-control as the moral muscle
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers 67:1165-94. 1999
    ..Guilt fosters virtuous self-control by elevating inter-personal obligations over personal, selfish interests. Several features of modern Western society make virtue and self-control especially difficult to achieve...
  8. ncbi request reprint Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:219-29. 1998
    ..Neither form of self-regard affected displaced aggression, which was low in general. These findings contradict the popular view that low self-esteem causes aggression and point instead toward threatened egotism as an important cause...
  9. ncbi request reprint Do people aggress to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:17-32. 2001
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that many people may engage in aggression to regulate (improve) their own affective states...
  10. ncbi request reprint A new look at defensive projection: thought suppression, accessibility, and biased person perception
    L S Newman
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 72:980-1001. 1997
    ..Studies 5-6 provided experimental support for the model. Unfavorable traits were attributed to participants, who, when they were asked or predisposed to not think about the traits, subsequently projected them onto someone else...
  11. ncbi request reprint Emotional distress regulation takes precedence over impulse control: if you feel bad, do it!
    D M Tice
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 80:53-67. 2001
    ..The implication is that when people are upset, they indulge immediate impulses to make themselves feel better, which amounts to giving short-term affect regulation priority over other self-regulatory goals...
  12. ncbi request reprint If you can't join them, beat them: effects of social exclusion on aggressive behavior
    J M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:1058-69. 2001
    ..However, excluded people were not more aggressive toward someone who issued praise (Experiment 3). These responseswere specific to social exclusion (as opposed to other misfortunes) and were not mediated by emotion..
  13. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?
    M Muraven
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:247-59. 2000
    ..It is concluded that the executive component of the self--in particular, inhibition--relies on a limited, consumable resource...
  14. ncbi request reprint Catharsis, aggression, and persuasive influence: self-fulfilling or self-defeating prophecies?
    B J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames 50011 3180, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:367-76. 1999
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Repressive coping: distraction using pleasant thoughts and memories
    J M Boden
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 73:45-62. 1997
    ..Thus, repressors apparently cope with exposure to negative affective material by accessing pleasant thoughts. Results are discussed in terms of cognitive defenses against emotional distress and the associative structure of repression...
  16. doi request reprint Evidence that logical reasoning depends on conscious processing
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, 201 Kastle Hall, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Conscious Cogn 17:628-45. 2008
    ..Meanwhile, stimulating the conscious goal of reasoning well led to improvements in reasoning performance (Experiment 4). These findings offer evidence that logical reasoning is aided by the conscious, reflective processing system...
  17. ncbi request reprint Your money or your self-esteem: threatened egotism promotes costly entrapment in losing endeavors
    Liqing Zhang
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:881-93. 2006
    ..Thus, pursuing favorable views of the self could be costly to decision makers' financial well-being and may produce self-defeating behaviors...
  18. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion and the deconstructed state: time perception, meaninglessness, lethargy, lack of emotion, and self-awareness
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:409-23. 2003
    ..Excluded participants also tried to escape from self-awareness by facing away from a mirror (Experiment 6)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Intellectual performance and ego depletion: role of the self in logical reasoning and other information processing
    Brandon J Schmeichel
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:33-46. 2003
    ..Successful performance at complex thinking may therefore rely on limited regulatory resources...
  20. ncbi request reprint Ego depletion and self-regulation failure: a resource model of self-control
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:281-4. 2003
    ..The self's resources, which are also used for decision-making and active responding, can be replenished by rest and positive emotions...
  21. doi request reprint Making choices impairs subsequent self-control: a limited-resource account of decision making, self-regulation, and active initiative
    Kathleen D Vohs
    Marketing Department, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:883-98. 2008
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Toward a physiology of dual-process reasoning and judgment: lemonade, willpower, and expensive rule-based analysis
    E J Masicampo
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:255-60. 2008
    ..Only lemonade with sugar reduced the attraction effect. These results show one way in which the body (blood glucose) interacts with the mind (self-control and reliance on heuristics)...
  23. ncbi request reprint The performance of narcissists rises and falls with perceived opportunity for glory
    Harry M Wallace
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 82:819-34. 2002
    ..Other findings suggested that narcissists' self-enhancement motivation stems more from a desire to garner admiration than from a desire to self-evaluate. Implications and directions for future research are discussed...
  24. doi request reprint Is the allure of self-esteem a mirage after all?
    Joachim I Krueger
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Am Psychol 63:64-5; discussion 65-6. 2008
    ..As members of that task force, the current authors wish to express their broad agreement with Swann et al. At the same time, in the comment presented here, they clarify pockets of disagreement...
  25. ncbi request reprint From terror to joy: automatic tuning to positive affective information following mortality salience
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:984-90. 2007
    ..These findings shed light on the coping process that ensues immediately following mortality salience and help to explain why a delay is often necessary to produce effects in line with terror management theory...
  26. ncbi request reprint Replenishing connectedness: reminders of social activity reduce aggression after social exclusion
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Br J Soc Psychol 46:205-24. 2007
    ..The effect was mediated by trust in other people but not by state self-esteem or mood. Rejected participants who have an alternative source of social connection eschew the increased aggression usually displayed after social exclusion...
  27. ncbi request reprint Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: willpower is more than a metaphor
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:325-36. 2007
    ..Self-control requires a certain amount of glucose to operate unimpaired. A single act of self-control causes glucose to drop below optimal levels, thereby impairing subsequent attempts at self-control...
  28. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:56-66. 2007
    ..The implication is that rejection temporarily interferes with emotional responses, thereby impairing the capacity for empathic understanding of others, and as a result, any inclination to help or cooperate with them is undermined...
  29. ncbi request reprint Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem"
    Jon K Maner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:42-55. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:49-62. 2006
    ..These results suggest that self-regulation is a key intrapsychic mechanism for alleviating troublesome thoughts and feelings about mortality...
  32. ncbi request reprint Alone but feeling no pain: Effects of social exclusion on physical pain tolerance and pain threshold, affective forecasting, and interpersonal empathy
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:1-15. 2006
    ..The insensitivities to pain and emotion were highly intercorrelated...
  33. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion causes self-defeating behavior
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:606-15. 2002
    ..Thus, the effect goes beyond just hearing bad news. Emotional distress did not significantly mediate these effects across 3 different mood measures...
  34. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and self-presentation: regulatory resource depletion impairs impression management and effortful self-presentation depletes regulatory resources
    Kathleen D Vohs
    Marketing Division, Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:632-57. 2005
    ..Thus, inner processes may serve interpersonal functions, although optimal interpersonal activity exacts a short-term cost...
  35. ncbi request reprint Exploding the self-esteem myth
    Roy F Baumeister
    Sci Am 292:70-7. 2005
  36. ncbi request reprint Too proud to let go: narcissistic entitlement as a barrier to forgiveness
    Julie Juola Exline
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:894-912. 2004
    ..Study 6 demonstrated that entitlement predicted diminished increases in forgiveness over time. Taken together, these results suggest that narcissistic entitlement is a robust, distinct predictor of unforgiveness...
  37. ncbi request reprint High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success
    June P Tangney
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 4444, USA
    J Pers 72:271-324. 2004
    ..Low self-control is thus a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems...
  38. doi request reprint How emotion shapes behavior: feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation
    Roy F Baumeister
    Florida State University, Florida, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 11:167-203. 2007
    ..To justify replacing the direct causation model with the feedback model, the authors review a large body of empirical findings...