D W Baker

Summary

Affiliation: Case Western Reserve University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Loss of health insurance and the risk for a decline in self-reported health and physical functioning
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44109 1998, USA
    Med Care 40:1126-31. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 38:33-42. 1999
  3. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination
    D W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy and the Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Aging Ment Health 6:22-9. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Lack of health insurance and decline in overall health in late middle age
    D W Baker
    MetroHealth Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:1106-12. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint The association between age and health literacy among elderly persons
    D W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 55:S368-74. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Health insurance and access to care for symptomatic conditions
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1269-74. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Interpreter use and satisfaction with interpersonal aspects of care for Spanish-speaking patients
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Med Care 36:1461-70. 1998
  8. pmc Health literacy and the risk of hospital admission
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109-1998, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:791-8. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive medication use in Hispanic adults: a comparison with black adults and white adults
    J J Sudano
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Med Care 39:575-87. 2001
  10. pmc Ambulatory health care use by patients in a public hospital emergency department
    K J Rask
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University Center for Clinical Evaluation Sciences, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:614-20. 1998

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. ncbi request reprint Loss of health insurance and the risk for a decline in self-reported health and physical functioning
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44109 1998, USA
    Med Care 40:1126-31. 2002
    ..Millions of Americans are intermittently uninsured. The health consequences of this are not known...
  2. ncbi request reprint Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 38:33-42. 1999
    ..The S-TOFHLA is a practical measure of functional health literacy with good reliability and validity that can be used by health educators to identify individuals who require special assistance to achieve learning goals...
  3. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination
    D W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy and the Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Aging Ment Health 6:22-9. 2002
    ..Adjusting' MMSE scores for an individual's functional health literacy may be inappropriate because it may mask true differences in cognitive functioning...
  4. ncbi request reprint Lack of health insurance and decline in overall health in late middle age
    D W Baker
    MetroHealth Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:1106-12. 2001
    ..The number of adults in their 50s and 60s in the United States who do not have health insurance is increasing. This group may be particularly vulnerable to the ill effects of being uninsured...
  5. ncbi request reprint The association between age and health literacy among elderly persons
    D W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 55:S368-74. 2000
    ..To examine why older age groups have worse functional health literacy...
  6. ncbi request reprint Health insurance and access to care for symptomatic conditions
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1269-74. 2000
    ..The uninsured receive less medical care than the insured. However, it is not known whether the uninsured are less likely to seek medical care for highly "serious" or "morbid" symptoms...
  7. ncbi request reprint Interpreter use and satisfaction with interpersonal aspects of care for Spanish-speaking patients
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Med Care 36:1461-70. 1998
    ..Many patients have limited English proficiency and require an interpreter. The authors evaluated the effect of current interpreting practices on Spanish-speaking patients' satisfaction with the patient-provider relationship...
  8. pmc Health literacy and the risk of hospital admission
    D W Baker
    Department of Medicine and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109-1998, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:791-8. 1998
    ..15; 95% CI 1.45, 6.85). CONCLUSIONS: In this study population, patients with inadequate functional health literacy had an increased risk of hospital admission...
  9. ncbi request reprint Antihypertensive medication use in Hispanic adults: a comparison with black adults and white adults
    J J Sudano
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Med Care 39:575-87. 2001
    ....
  10. pmc Ambulatory health care use by patients in a public hospital emergency department
    K J Rask
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University Center for Clinical Evaluation Sciences, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:614-20. 1998
    ....
  11. pmc Effect of language barriers on follow-up appointments after an emergency department visit
    J Sarver
    Case-Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:256-64. 2000
    ..However, patients who experienced language barriers were equally likely to comply with follow-up appointments...
  12. ncbi request reprint The effect of pneumonia on mortality among patients hospitalized for acute stroke
    I L Katzan
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Neurology 60:620-5. 2003
    ..To determine the effect of pneumonia on 30-day mortality in patients hospitalized for acute stroke...
  13. pmc Racial differences in the utilization of oral anticoagulant therapy in heart failure: a study of elderly hospitalized patients
    S A Ibrahim
    Divisions of General Internal Medicine and Health Care Research, Department of Medicine, Louis Stokes Department of VA Medical Center, University Hospitals of Cleveland, and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, OH 44106-6033, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 15:134-7. 2000
    ..45-0.67), respectively. African-Americans with heart failure were much less likely than whites to receive oral anticoagulant therapy, even after adjusting for other variables associated with anticoagulant use...
  14. ncbi request reprint A telephone survey to measure communication, education, self-management, and health status for patients with heart failure: the Improving Chronic Illness Care Evaluation (ICICE)
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Card Fail 11:36-42. 2005
    ..Many aspects of quality of care for heart failure cannot be reliably obtained by chart review...
  15. pmc Differences in leisure-time, household, and work-related physical activity by race, ethnicity, and education
    Xiaoxing Z He
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:259-66. 2005
    ..Racial and ethnic minority groups have lower levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) than whites, but it is unclear how much of this is explained by differences in socioeconomic status and health...
  16. ncbi request reprint Explaining US racial/ethnic disparities in health declines and mortality in late middle age: the roles of socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and health insurance
    Joseph J Sudano
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at The MetroHealth System, Rammelkamp 236, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:909-22. 2006
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and functional health status among older adults
    Michael S Wolf
    Institute for Healthcare Studies and Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 N St Clair St, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:1946-52. 2005
    ..We evaluated the association between health literacy, self-reported physical and mental health functioning, and health-related activity limitations among new Medicare managed care enrollees...
  18. ncbi request reprint Health insurance coverage during the years preceding medicare eligibility
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:770-6. 2005
    ..Because most estimates of the uninsured are cross-sectional, the true number of individuals whose health is at risk from being uninsured is unclear...
  19. pmc A system for rapidly and accurately collecting patients' race and ethnicity
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 N St Clair St, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:532-7. 2006
    ..We assessed the feasibility of collecting race/ethnicity data from patients using their own preferred racial/ethnic terms...
  20. ncbi request reprint Health insurance coverage and the risk of decline in overall health and death among the near elderly, 1992-2002
    David W Baker
    Department of Medicine and the Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Care 44:277-82. 2006
    ..Although individuals' health insurance coverage changes frequently, previous analyses have not accounted for changes in insurance coverage over time...
  21. pmc The effect of private insurance on the health of older, working age adults: evidence from the health and retirement study
    Avi Dor
    Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, Peter B Lewis Building, 11119 Bellflower Rd, Cleveland, OH 44128 7235, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:759-87. 2006
    ..Secondarily, to explore sensitivity of estimates to adjustments for endogeneity. The study focuses on adults in late middle age who are nearing entry into Medicare...
  22. pmc Changes in health for the uninsured after reaching age-eligibility for Medicare
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:1144-9. 2006
    ..Uninsured adults in late middle age are more likely to have a health decline than individuals with private insurance...
  23. ncbi request reprint Differences in self-reported health among Asians, Latinos, and non-Hispanic whites: the role of language and nativity
    Namratha R Kandula
    Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:191-8. 2007
    ..SROH may not be comparable across cultural groups. We assessed if differences in SROH between non-Hispanic whites (NHW), Latinos, and Asians were explained primarily by differences in socioeconomic status (SES) or language and nativity...
  24. doi request reprint Increased blood pressure in the emergency department: pain, anxiety, or undiagnosed hypertension?
    Paula Tanabe
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago IL, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 51:221-9. 2008
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Variability in emergency physician decision making about prescribing opioid analgesics
    Joshua H Tamayo-Sarver
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:483-93. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine what factors influence emergency physicians' decisions to prescribe an opioid analgesic for 3 common, painful conditions...
  26. pmc Racial and ethnic disparities in emergency department analgesic prescription
    Joshua H Tamayo-Sarver
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:2067-73. 2003
    ..We examined racial and ethnic disparities in analgesic prescription among a national sample of emergency department patients...
  27. ncbi request reprint Usual source of care and nonurgent emergency department use
    Joshua H Sarver
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Cleveland, OH, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 9:916-23. 2002
    ..To examine whether dissatisfaction with one's usual source of care (USC) and perceived access difficulties to one's USC were associated with nonurgent emergency department (ED) use...
  28. pmc Intermittent lack of health insurance coverage and use of preventive services
    Joseph J Sudano
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at the MetroHealth Systeme, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:130-7. 2003
    ..This study examined the association between intermittent lack of health insurance coverage and use of preventive health services...
  29. ncbi request reprint Differences in education, knowledge, self-management activities, and health outcomes for patients with heart failure cared for under the chronic disease model: the improving chronic illness care evaluation
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Card Fail 11:405-13. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether participation in a quality improvement (QI) collaborative for heart failure (HF) was associated with better interpersonal aspects of care and health outcomes...
  30. ncbi request reprint The effect of race/ethnicity and desirable social characteristics on physicians' decisions to prescribe opioid analgesics
    Joshua H Tamayo-Sarver
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:1239-48. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and preventive health care use among Medicare enrollees in a managed care organization
    Tracy L Scott
    Emory Center on Health Outcomes and Quality, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Med Care 40:395-404. 2002
    ..Many older adults in Medicare managed care programs have low health literacy, and this may affect use of preventive services...
  32. ncbi request reprint Declining payments for emergency department care, 1996-1998
    Alexander C Tsai
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue WG 57, Cleveland, OH 44106 4945, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 41:299-308. 2003
    ..We describe recent trends in payments from different payer classes and assess their relative importance to the financial solvency of emergency departments...
  33. pmc Functional health literacy and the risk of hospital admission among Medicare managed care enrollees
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1278-83. 2002
    ..This study analyzed whether inadequate functional health literacy is an independent risk factor for hospital admission...
  34. ncbi request reprint Automated review of electronic health records to assess quality of care for outpatients with heart failure
    David W Baker
    Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:270-7. 2007
    ..Electronic health records (EHRs) may be used to assess quality of care...
  35. pmc Obtaining data on patient race, ethnicity, and primary language in health care organizations: current challenges and proposed solutions
    Romana Hasnain-Wynia
    Health Research and Educational Trust AHA, One North Franklin, 30th Floor, Chicago, IL 60606, USA
    Health Serv Res 41:1501-18. 2006
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Investigating Hispanic/Latino perceptions about colorectal cancer screening: a community-based approach to effective message design
    Kenzie A Cameron
    Center for Communication and Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 68:145-52. 2007
    ..We assessed knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding CRC screening to inform the development of messages that promote screening among Hispanic/Latino patients...
  37. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and mortality among elderly persons
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 N St Clair St, Suite 200, Chicago, IL 60611 2927, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:1503-9. 2007
    ..We sought to determine whether low health literacy levels independently predict overall and cause-specific mortality...
  38. ncbi request reprint Baseline health, socioeconomic status, and 10-year mortality among older middle-aged Americans: findings from the Health and Retirement Study, 1992 2002
    Joe Feinglass
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 St Clair No 200, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:S209-17. 2007
    ..This study analyzed whether socioeconomic status in older middle age continues to be associated with 10-year survival after data are controlled for baseline health status...
  39. pmc Physician-patient communication about colorectal cancer screening
    Michael S Wolf
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Center for Communication and Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1493-9. 2007
    ..Despite the documented benefits of colorectal cancer screening, patient participation rates remain low. Physician recommendation has been identified as a significant predictor of screening completion...
  40. ncbi request reprint Patients' shame and attitudes toward discussing the results of literacy screening
    Michael S Wolf
    Health Literacy and Learning Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Health Commun 12:721-32. 2007
    ..Patients with limited literacy were more likely to report feelings of shame as a result of disclosure (p < 0.05). Health care providers must recognize the potential shame patients might experience as a result of literacy screening...
  41. ncbi request reprint Attitudes toward health care providers, collecting information about patients' race, ethnicity, and language
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 N St Clair Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Med Care 45:1034-42. 2007
    ..Experts recommend that health care providers (HCPs) collect patients' race/ethnicity and language, but we know little about public attitudes towards this...
  42. pmc Health literacy, cognitive abilities, and mortality among elderly persons
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Evanston, IL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:723-6. 2008
    ..Low health literacy and low cognitive abilities both predict mortality, but no study has jointly examined these relationships...
  43. pmc The meaning and the measure of health literacy
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine and the Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:878-83. 2006
  44. pmc Low literacy impairs comprehension of prescription drug warning labels
    Terry C Davis
    Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA 71104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:847-51. 2006
    ..Adverse events resulting from medication error are a serious concern. Patients' literacy and their ability to understand medication information are increasingly seen as a safety issue...
  45. pmc Health literacy and use of outpatient physician services by Medicare managed care enrollees
    David W Baker
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Suite 200, 676 N Clair Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 19:215-20. 2004
    ..To determine whether inadequate functional health literacy adversely affects use of physician outpatient services...
  46. ncbi request reprint Health literacy and knowledge of chronic disease
    Julie A Gazmararian
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Emory Center on Health Outcomes and Quality, Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, 6th Floor, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 51:267-75. 2003
    ..There are many opportunities to improve patients' knowledge of their chronic disease(s), and efforts need to consider their health literacy skills...
  47. ncbi request reprint Changes in weight among a nationally representative cohort of adults aged 51 to 61, 1992 to 2000
    Xiaoxing Z He
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:8-15. 2004
    ..Few studies have examined patterns and predictors of changes in body weight among adults in late middle age...
  48. pmc Body mass index, physical activity, and the risk of decline in overall health and physical functioning in late middle age
    Xiaoxing Z He
    Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1567-73. 2004
    ..We examined the relation between body mass index, exercise, overall health, and physical functioning...
  49. pmc Changes in the use of do-not-resuscitate orders after implementation of the Patient Self-Determination Act
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy and Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 18:343-9. 2003
    ..To determine changes in the use of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders and mortality rates following a DNR order after the Patient Self-determination Act (PSDA) was implemented in December 1991...
  50. ncbi request reprint The effect of publicly reporting hospital performance on market share and risk-adjusted mortality at high-mortality hospitals
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Med Care 41:729-40. 2003
    ..It is unclear whether publicly reporting hospitals' risk-adjusted mortality affects market share and mortality at outlier hospitals...
  51. ncbi request reprint Mortality trends for 23,505 Medicare patients hospitalized with heart failure in Northeast Ohio, 1991 to 1997
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Am Heart J 146:258-64. 2003
    ..This study analyzed mortality trends from 1991 to 1997 for 23,505 Medicare patients hospitalized with a first admission for HF at 29 Northeast Ohio hospitals...
  52. pmc Patients' attitudes toward health care providers collecting information about their race and ethnicity
    David W Baker
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:895-900. 2005
    ..Experts recommend that health care providers (HCPs) collect patients' race/ethnicity, but HCPs worry that this may alienate patients...
  53. ncbi request reprint The effect of external feedback on the management of medicare inpatients with congestive heart failure
    Risa P Hayes
    Kerr L White Institute for Health Services Research, Decatur, GA, USA
    Am J Med Qual 17:225-35. 2002
    ..01). Evaluation of the effects of external feedback on practice behavior requires sufficient time for organizational and individual clinician change to occur. Physician liaisons may play a role in facilitating this change...
  54. ncbi request reprint Mortality trends during a program that publicly reported hospital performance
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Med Care 40:879-90. 2002
    ..It is unclear whether publicly reporting hospitals' risk-adjusted mortality leads to improvements in outcomes...
  55. ncbi request reprint Trends in postdischarge mortality and readmissions: has length of stay declined too far?
    David W Baker
    Center for Health Care Research and Policy, and Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:538-44. 2004
    ..Length of hospital stay continues to decline, but the effect on postdischarge outcomes is unclear...
  56. doi request reprint Effect of a hospitalist-care coordinator team on a nonteaching hospitalist service
    Kevin J O'Leary
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Hosp Med 3:103-9. 2008
    ..Although many hospitalists work with clinical coordinators, few studies have evaluated their impact...