George Loewenstein

Summary

Affiliation: Carnegie Mellon University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Consumers' misunderstanding of health insurance
    George Loewenstein
    Carnegie Mellon University, Social and Decision Sciences, 5000 Forbes Avenue, 319 C Porter Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States Electronic address
    J Health Econ 32:850-62. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Behavioral economics holds potential to deliver better results for patients, insurers, and employers
    George Loewenstein
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:1244-50. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Can behavioural economics make us healthier?
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    BMJ 344:e3482. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Risk as feelings
    G F Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:267-86. 2001
  5. ncbi request reprint Social science. The pleasures and pains of information
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 312:704-6. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Neuroeconomics
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:647-72. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Asymmetric paternalism to improve health behaviors
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    JAMA 298:2415-7. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Projection bias in medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:96-105. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Hot-cold empathy gaps and medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S49-56. 2005
  10. pmc Exploring the cold-to-hot empathy gap in smokers
    Michael A Sayette
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 3137 Sennott Square, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:926-32. 2008

Detail Information

Publications37

  1. doi request reprint Consumers' misunderstanding of health insurance
    George Loewenstein
    Carnegie Mellon University, Social and Decision Sciences, 5000 Forbes Avenue, 319 C Porter Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States Electronic address
    J Health Econ 32:850-62. 2013
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Behavioral economics holds potential to deliver better results for patients, insurers, and employers
    George Loewenstein
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:1244-50. 2013
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Can behavioural economics make us healthier?
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    BMJ 344:e3482. 2012
    Behavioural economics is becoming increasingly popular as a way to improve public health. George Loewenstein and colleagues point out some of the pitfalls and warn that it cannot be used as a substitute for conventional policies to tackle ..
  4. ncbi request reprint Risk as feelings
    G F Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:267-86. 2001
    ..When such divergence occurs, emotional reactions often drive behavior. The risk-as-feelings hypothesis is shown to explain a wide range of phenomena that have resisted interpretation in cognitive-consequentialist terms...
  5. ncbi request reprint Social science. The pleasures and pains of information
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 312:704-6. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Neuroeconomics
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:647-72. 2008
    ..In addition to reviewing new economic models inspired by this research, we also discuss how neuroeconomics may influence future work in psychology...
  7. ncbi request reprint Asymmetric paternalism to improve health behaviors
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    JAMA 298:2415-7. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Projection bias in medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:96-105. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Hot-cold empathy gaps and medical decision making
    George Loewenstein
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S49-56. 2005
    ....
  10. pmc Exploring the cold-to-hot empathy gap in smokers
    Michael A Sayette
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 3137 Sennott Square, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:926-32. 2008
    ..Results support the existence of a cold-to-hot empathy gap in smokers and help to explain diverse aspects of tobacco addiction...
  11. pmc Financial incentives for extended weight loss: a randomized, controlled trial
    Leslie K John
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, 208 Porter Hall, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:621-6. 2011
    ..Previous efforts to use incentives for weight loss have resulted in substantial weight regain after 16 weeks...
  12. ncbi request reprint A social science perspective on gifts to physicians from industry
    Jason Dana
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    JAMA 290:252-5. 2003
  13. doi request reprint Bias in the evaluation of conflict of interest policies
    Zachariah Sharek
    Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 40:368-82. 2012
    ..This suggests a bias against COI policies by those who will be directly affected...
  14. pmc Translating the Hemoglobin A1C with More Easily Understood Feedback: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Anjali Gopalan
    the Philadelphia VA Medical Center, 3900 Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 29:996-1003. 2014
    ..In this study, we test the effect of two alternative communication formats of the A1C on improving glycemic control among patients with poorly controlled diabetes...
  15. doi request reprint Default options in advance directives influence how patients set goals for end-of-life care
    Scott D Halpern
    Fostering Improvement in End of Life Decision Science Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 32:408-17. 2013
    ....
  16. pmc A test of financial incentives to improve warfarin adherence
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:272. 2008
    ..Novel methods are needed to improve adherence for warfarin. We conducted two pilot studies to determine whether a lottery-based daily financial incentive is feasible and improves warfarin adherence and anticoagulation control...
  17. ncbi request reprint Heart strings and purse strings: Carryover effects of emotions on economic decisions
    Jennifer S Lerner
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:337-41. 2004
    ..The results demonstrate that incidental emotions can influence decisions even when real money is at stake, and that emotions of the same valence can have opposing effects on such decisions...
  18. pmc Supplementing menu labeling with calorie recommendations to test for facilitation effects
    Julie S Downs
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:1604-9. 2013
    ..We examined the effect on food purchases of adding recommended calorie intake per day or per meal to the mandated calorie information posted on chain restaurant menus...
  19. doi request reprint The partner-specific sexual liking and sexual wanting scale: psychometric properties
    Tamar Krishnamurti
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 41:467-76. 2012
    ..06. Data from these three studies suggested that PSSLW were distinct, measurable, and valid constructs that have the potential to enrich future studies of sexual experience and behavior within sexual partnerships...
  20. doi request reprint Effect of reminders of personal sacrifice and suggested rationalizations on residents' self-reported willingness to accept gifts: a randomized trial
    Sunita Sah
    Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    JAMA 304:1204-11. 2010
    ..Despite expanding research on the prevalence and consequences of conflicts of interest in medicine, little attention has been given to the psychological processes that enable physicians to rationalize the acceptance of gifts...
  21. pmc Effects of smoking urge on temporal cognition
    Michael A Sayette
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 19:88-93. 2005
    ..Results suggest that smoking urge may affect time perception and that craving smokers overpredict the duration and intensity of their own future smoking urges if they abstain...
  22. ncbi request reprint Quality of death: assessing the importance placed on end-of-life treatment in the intensive-care unit
    Cindy L Bryce
    Department of Medicine, Modeling of Acute Illness CRISMA Laboratory, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Med Care 42:423-31. 2004
    ..This issue is particularly problematic in the intensive-care unit (ICU) where death is frequent, care is difficult, and costs are high...
  23. ncbi request reprint Social projection of transient drive states
    Leaf Van Boven
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309 0345, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1159-68. 2003
    ..Furthermore, participants' predictions of how they would feel in the hikers' situation statistically mediated the effect of exercise on their predictions of the hikers' feelings...
  24. pmc Neural predictors of purchases
    Brian Knutson
    Psychology and Neuroscience, Stanford University, Building 420, Jordan Hall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuron 53:147-56. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that activation of distinct neural circuits related to anticipatory affect precedes and supports consumers' purchasing decisions...
  25. ncbi request reprint Separate neural systems value immediate and delayed monetary rewards
    Samuel M McClure
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 306:503-7. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the relative engagement of the two systems is directly associated with subjects' choices, with greater relative fronto-parietal activity when subjects choose longer term options...
  26. ncbi request reprint Investment behavior and the negative side of emotion
    Baba Shiv
    Stanford University, CA 94305 5015, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:435-9. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Misimagining the unimaginable: the disability paradox and health care decision making
    Peter A Ubel
    Program for Improving Health Care Decisions, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    Health Psychol 24:S57-62. 2005
    ..On balance, the available evidence suggests that, whereas patients misreport their well-being, healthy people also mispredict the emotional impact that chronic illness and disability will have on their lives...
  28. ncbi request reprint Neuroeconomics: cross-currents in research on decision-making
    Alan G Sanfey
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:108-16. 2006
    ..The integration of these disparate theoretical approaches and methodologies offers exciting potential for the construction of more accurate models of decision-making...
  29. ncbi request reprint The dark side of emotion in decision-making: when individuals with decreased emotional reactions make more advantageous decisions
    Baba Shiv
    Tippie College of Business, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 23:85-92. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Whose quality of life? A commentary exploring discrepancies between health state evaluations of patients and the general public
    Peter A Ubel
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Qual Life Res 12:599-607. 2003
    ..Decisions about whose values to measure for the purposes of economic analyses, and how to measure discrepancies, should take these potential contributing factors into account...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of assessment method on the discrepancy between judgments of health disorders people have and do not have: a web study
    Jonathan Baron
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6196, USA
    Med Decis Making 23:422-34. 2003
    ..The discrepancy varied in size and direction across disorders. Subjects also thought that they would be less affected than others...
  32. ncbi request reprint Neural antecedents of the endowment effect
    Brian Knutson
    Psychology and Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuron 58:814-22. 2008
    ..These findings are consistent with a reference-dependent account in which ownership increases value by enhancing the salience of the possible loss of preferred products...
  33. ncbi request reprint Altered states: the impact of immediate craving on the valuation of current and future opioids
    Gary J Badger
    Biometry Facility, University of Vermont, VT, USA
    J Health Econ 26:865-76. 2007
    ..Under-appreciation of craving by non-addicts may contribute to initial decisions to experiment with drugs...
  34. ncbi request reprint Time discounting for primary rewards
    Samuel M McClure
    Center for the Study of Brain, Mind, and Behavior and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
    J Neurosci 27:5796-804. 2007
    ..We discuss implications of this finding for differences between primary and secondary rewards...
  35. ncbi request reprint Intertemporal choice--toward an integrative framework
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:482-8. 2007
    ..We review and integrate these advances. We emphasize three different, occasionally competing, mechanisms that are implemented in the brain: representation, anticipation and self-control...
  36. ncbi request reprint Ignorance of hedonic adaptation to hemodialysis: a study using ecological momentary assessment
    Jason Riis
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, MI, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 134:3-9. 2005
    ..This relative negativity in controls' estimates of their own moods could also contribute to their underestimation of the moods and overall well-being of patients...
  37. ncbi request reprint Disability and sunshine: can hedonic predictions be improved by drawing attention to focusing illusions or emotional adaptation?
    Peter A Ubel
    Center for Behavioral and Decision Sciences in Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0429, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 11:111-23. 2005
    ....