Marlene Behrmann

Summary

Affiliation: Carnegie Mellon University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Structural imaging reveals anatomical alterations in inferotemporal cortex in congenital prosopagnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2354-63. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Distributed circuits, not circumscribed centers, mediate visual recognition
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 17:210-9. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint Independent representation of parts and the relations between them: evidence from integrative agnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:1169-84. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Seeing it differently: visual processing in autism
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:258-64. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Impairments in part-whole representations of objects in two cases of integrative visual agnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 24:701-30. 2007
  6. pmc Cortical patterns of category-selective activation for faces, places and objects in adults with autism
    Kate Humphreys
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Autism Res 1:52-63. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Top-down and bottom-up attentional guidance: investigating the role of the dorsal and ventral parietal cortices
    Sarah Shomstein
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Exp Brain Res 206:197-208. 2010
  8. pmc "What" precedes "which": developmental neural tuning in face- and place-related cortex
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 21:1963-80. 2011
  9. pmc Emergence of global shape processing continues through adolescence
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Child Dev 80:162-77. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Reduced structural connectivity in ventral visual cortex in congenital prosopagnosia
    Cibu Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:29-31. 2009

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Structural imaging reveals anatomical alterations in inferotemporal cortex in congenital prosopagnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:2354-63. 2007
    ..These findings implicate a specific cortical structure as the neural basis of CP and, in light of the familial history of CP, target the aF gyrus as a potential site for further, focused genetic investigation...
  2. doi request reprint Distributed circuits, not circumscribed centers, mediate visual recognition
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 17:210-9. 2013
    ..Thus, both hemispheres ultimately participate in both forms of visual recognition, but their respective contributions are asymmetrically weighted...
  3. ncbi request reprint Independent representation of parts and the relations between them: evidence from integrative agnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:1169-84. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Seeing it differently: visual processing in autism
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:258-64. 2006
    ..The available evidence suggests that perceptual alterations are present in ASD, independent of social function...
  5. ncbi request reprint Impairments in part-whole representations of objects in two cases of integrative visual agnosia
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 24:701-30. 2007
    ..It is this integrative process that is impaired in IA and appears to play a critical role in the normal object recognition of complex images...
  6. pmc Cortical patterns of category-selective activation for faces, places and objects in adults with autism
    Kate Humphreys
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Autism Res 1:52-63. 2008
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Top-down and bottom-up attentional guidance: investigating the role of the dorsal and ventral parietal cortices
    Sarah Shomstein
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Exp Brain Res 206:197-208. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc "What" precedes "which": developmental neural tuning in face- and place-related cortex
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 21:1963-80. 2011
    ..These results indicate that category-level neural tuning develops prior to individual-level neural tuning and that face-related cortex is disproportionately slower in this developmental transition than is place-related cortex...
  9. pmc Emergence of global shape processing continues through adolescence
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Child Dev 80:162-77. 2009
    ..These results indicate that the full process of garnering shape information from perceptual grouping, which is essential for the ability to do fast and efficient object recognition and identification, develops late into adolescence...
  10. doi request reprint Reduced structural connectivity in ventral visual cortex in congenital prosopagnosia
    Cibu Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:29-31. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest that white-matter fibers in ventral occipito-temporal cortex support the integrated function of a distributed cortical network that subserves normal face processing...
  11. pmc Missing the big picture: impaired development of global shape processing in autism
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Autism Res 1:114-29. 2008
    ....
  12. pmc Cortical systems mediating visual attention to both objects and spatial locations
    Sarah Shomstein
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11387-92. 2006
    ..The dynamic circuit between the PPC and earlier sensory regions then enables observers to attend preferentially to objects of interest in complex scenes...
  13. doi request reprint Probing the face-space of individuals with prosopagnosia
    Mayu Nishimura
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:1828-41. 2010
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Configural processing in autism and its relationship to face processing
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:110-29. 2006
    ..Taken together, the results suggest that the bias for local processing seen in autistic individuals might have an adverse impact on their ability to process faces and objects...
  15. ncbi request reprint A fine-grained analysis of facial expression processing in high-functioning adults with autism
    Kate Humphreys
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Baker Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:685-95. 2007
    ..A second experiment demonstrated that individuals with autism are able to discriminate between different emotional images and suggests that low-level perceptual difficulties do not underlie the difficulties with emotion recognition...
  16. doi request reprint Reduction in white matter connectivity, revealed by diffusion tensor imaging, may account for age-related changes in face perception
    Cibu Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:268-84. 2008
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Hemispatial neglect and visual search: a large scale analysis
    Marlene Behrmann
    Dept of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Cortex 40:247-63. 2004
    ..The findings not only clarify the contradictory neuropsychological data but also provide clear evidence for the involvement of attentional processing in all forms of visual search...
  18. ncbi request reprint Behavioral change and its neural correlates in visual agnosia after expertise training
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:554-68. 2005
    ..The findings indicate potential for experience-dependent dynamic reorganization in agnosia with the possibility that residual neural tissue, with limited capacity, will compete for representations...
  19. pmc Visuotopic cortical connectivity underlying attention revealed with white-matter tractography
    Adam S Greenberg
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    J Neurosci 32:2773-82. 2012
    ..These results provide critical evidence for the biased competition theory of attention and specify neurobiological constraints on the functional brain organization of visual attention...
  20. ncbi request reprint Asymmetrical perception of body rotation after unilateral injury to human vestibular cortex
    John W Philbeck
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, 2125 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:1878-90. 2006
    ..In this view, right hemisphere structures play a dominant role, processing rotations in both directions, while left hemisphere structures process rotations only toward the contralesional hemispace...
  21. ncbi request reprint Detailed exploration of face-related processing in congenital prosopagnosia: 2. Functional neuroimaging findings
    Galia Avidan
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1150-67. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Acquiring long-term representations of visual classes following extensive extrastriate damage
    Orna Rosenthal
    UCLA, Department of Psychology, 7531 Franz Hall, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:799-815. 2006
    ..These findings demonstrate that degraded output from lesioned, lower areas can be exploited in the service of a new visual task and the results likely implicate a combination of bottom-up and top-down processing during visual learning...
  23. ncbi request reprint Spatial probability as an attentional cue in visual search
    Joy J Geng
    Carnegie Mellon University and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Percept Psychophys 67:1252-68. 2005
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint A detailed investigation of facial expression processing in congenital prosopagnosia as compared to acquired prosopagnosia
    Kate Humphreys
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Baker Hall, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Exp Brain Res 176:356-73. 2007
    ..Whether this remarkably good expression recognition is achieved through normal, or compensatory, mechanisms remains to be determined. Either way, this normal level of performance does not extend to include facial identity...
  25. pmc The anatomy of the callosal and visual-association pathways in high-functioning autism: a DTI tractography study
    Cibu Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, PA 15213, USA
    Cortex 47:863-73. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that the abnormalities in the integrity of key inter- and intra-hemispheric WM tracts may underlie the atypical information processing observed in these individuals...
  26. pmc Atypical development of face and greeble recognition in autism
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:838-47. 2008
    ..We investigated whether individuals with autism develop expertise in visuoperceptual processing of faces and whether any deficiency in such processing is specific to faces, or extends to other objects, too...
  27. ncbi request reprint Detailed exploration of face-related processing in congenital prosopagnosia: 1. Behavioral findings
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1130-49. 2005
    ..These findings elucidate the psychological mechanisms underlying CP and support the link between configural and face processing...
  28. ncbi request reprint Visual category-selectivity for faces, places and objects emerges along different developmental trajectories
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Dev Sci 10:F15-30. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint What does visual agnosia tell us about perceptual organization and its relationship to object perception?
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 29:19-42. 2003
    ..g., collinearity). Other processes are more complex and rely on higher order visual areas (e.g., closure and shape formation). The failure to exploit these latter configural processes adversely affects object recognition...
  30. ncbi request reprint Parietal cortex and attention
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:212-7. 2004
    ..Recent neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies have provided a more fine-grained understanding of the relationship between brain and behavior in the domain of selective attention...
  31. ncbi request reprint Right parietal contributions to verbal working memory: spatial or executive?
    Susan M Ravizza
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:2057-67. 2005
    ..With central stimulus presentation, his performance dramatically improved indicating that his difficulty with the N-back task was largely due to his poor visuospatial abilities...
  32. pmc Unraveling the distributed neural code of facial identity through spatiotemporal pattern analysis
    Adrian Nestor
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:9998-10003. 2011
    ..More generally, in the context of functionally defined networks, they provide an account of distributed processing grounded in information-based architectures...
  33. pmc Unreliable evoked responses in autism
    ILAN DINSTEIN
    Department of Psychology, Baker Hall, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuron 75:981-91. 2012
    ..The results motivateĀ a critical expansion of autism research to determine whether (and how) basic neural processing properties such as reliability, plasticity, and adaptation/habituation are altered in autism...
  34. ncbi request reprint Expertise in tactile pattern recognition
    Marlene Behrmann
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:480-6. 2003
    ..Tactile expertise is not obviously attributable to visual mediation and emerges from domain-general principles that operate independently of modality...
  35. doi request reprint The space of an object: object attention alters the spatial gradient in the surround
    Dwight Jacob Kravitz
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:298-309. 2008
    ..Object-based attention leads to a pattern of facilitation in the surround that may contribute to the organization of visual scenes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Are Greebles like faces? Using the neuropsychological exception to test the rule
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1961-70. 2004
    ..These results suggest that insofar as CK is relying on face-specific visual processes, these processes do not a priori treat Greebles as faces...
  37. ncbi request reprint Probability cuing of target location facilitates visual search implicitly in normal participants and patients with hemispatial neglect
    Joy J Geng
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Sci 13:520-5. 2002
    ..An early sensory and a late motor mechanism are postulated as possibly being involved in the observed probability-matching behavior of participants...
  38. doi request reprint The neural basis of visual word form processing: a multivariate investigation
    Adrian Nestor
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 23:1673-84. 2013
    ..In particular, our findings support the existence of sublexical orthographic representations within the left ventral cortex while arguing for the continuity of reading with other visual recognition skills...
  39. doi request reprint Complementary neural representations for faces and words: a computational exploration
    David C Plaut
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 28:251-75. 2011
    ..We set out a series of empirical predictions, which are also examined, and consider the further implications of this account...
  40. ncbi request reprint Spatial and temporal influences on extinction
    Anthony Cate
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Neuropsychologia 40:2206-25. 2002
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that the attentional deficit in extinction patients arises from a contralesional-to-ipsilesional gradient of cell populations that interact in a mutually inhibitory manner...
  41. ncbi request reprint Congenital prosopagnosia: face-blind from birth
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15213 3890, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:180-7. 2005
    ....
  42. pmc Object-based attention: strength of object representation and attentional guidance
    Sarah Shomstein
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Percept Psychophys 70:132-44. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Path integration deficits during linear locomotion after human medial temporal lobectomy
    John W Philbeck
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, Washington DC 20052, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:510-20. 2004
    ..This information is relevant for future research investigating the neural substrates of navigation, not only in humans (e.g., functional neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies), but also in rodents and other animals...
  44. doi request reprint The joint development of hemispheric lateralization for words and faces
    Eva M Dundas
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 142:348-58. 2013
    ..A theoretical account in which competition for visual representations unfolds over the course of development is proposed to account for the findings...
  45. pmc Location, Location, Location: Alterations in the Functional Topography of Face- but not Object- or Place-Related Cortex in Adolescents with Autism
    K Suzanne Scherf
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Front Hum Neurosci 4:26. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Impact of learning on representation of parts and wholes in monkey inferotemporal cortex
    Chris I Baker
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, 115 Mellon Institute, 4400 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1210-6. 2002
    ..These results indicate a possible neural mechanism for holistic or configural effects in expert versus novice observers...
  47. doi request reprint Recovery of signal loss due to an in-plane susceptibility gradient in the gradient echo EPI through acquisition of extended phase-encoding lines
    Kwan Jin Jung
    Brain Imaging Research Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15203, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging 28:777-83. 2010
    ..Therefore, scan time is increased only for the extended phase-encoding lines posterior to the regular phase-encoding range. This technique has been confirmed experimentally by imaging human subject's heads at 3T...
  48. pmc Endogenous spatial attention: evidence for intact functioning in adults with autism
    Michael A Grubb
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Autism Res 6:108-18. 2013
    ..These results provide evidence of intact endogenous spatial attention function in high-functioning adults with ASD, suggesting that atypical endogenous attention cannot be a latent characteristic of autism in general...
  49. doi request reprint Face-space architectures: evidence for the use of independent color-based features
    Adrian Nestor
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition and Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 4400 Fifth Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Sci 24:1294-300. 2013
    ..In addition, our findings support the use of color information in the representation of facial identity, and we thus argue for the inclusion of such information in theoretical and computational constructs of face space. ..
  50. doi request reprint Practice makes improvement: how adults with autism out-perform others in a naturalistic visual search task
    Cleotilde Gonzalez
    Dynamic Decision Making Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 43:2259-68. 2013
    ..These findings may have possible implications for employment opportunities of adult individuals with ASD. ..
  51. ncbi request reprint Mechanisms underlying spatial representation revealed through studies of hemispatial neglect
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:272-90. 2002
    ..The findings dovetail well with results from existing neurophysiological studies and shed further light on the spatial representations mediated by the human parietal cortex...
  52. ncbi request reprint Role of attention and perceptual grouping in visual statistical learning
    Chris I Baker
    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Mellon Institute, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:460-6. 2004
    ..It can be modulated by both attention and connectedness, and in natural scenes these factors may constrain the role of stimulus statistics in learning...
  53. ncbi request reprint Microgenesis and ontogenesis of perceptual organization: evidence from global and local processing of hierarchical patterns
    Ruth Kimchi
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Psychol Sci 16:282-90. 2005
    ..These findings support the view that perceptual organization involves multiple processes that vary in time course, attentional demands, and developmental trajectories...
  54. ncbi request reprint Correlations between the fMRI BOLD signal and visual perception
    Galia Avidan
    The Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation and Department of Neurobiology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P O Box 1255, 91904, Israel
    Neuron 34:495-7. 2002
    ..These findings are provocative and suggest that neural hysteresis is mediated by visual structures that interact with higher-order regions to support longer-term maintenance of a percept...
  55. pmc A mirror up to nature
    ILAN DINSTEIN
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Curr Biol 18:R13-8. 2008
  56. ncbi request reprint Eccentricity bias as an organizing principle for human high-order object areas
    Uri Hasson
    Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Neuron 34:479-90. 2002
    ..The results are compatible with the notion that center-periphery organization allows the optimal allocation of cortical magnification to the specific requirements of various recognition processes...
  57. ncbi request reprint Competition between simultaneous stimuli modulated by location probability in hemispatial neglect
    Joy J Geng
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 44:1050-60. 2006
    ..These data underscore the competitive push-pull relationship between different bottom-up and top-down attentional factors, particularly within neglect patients, in whom a strong ipsilesional attentional bias already exists...