JOHN ROBERT ANDERSON

Summary

Affiliation: Carnegie Mellon University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Tracking children's mental states while solving algebra equations
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 33:2650-65. 2012
  2. pmc Brain regions engaged by part- and whole-task performance in a video game: a model-based test of the decomposition hypothesis
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3983-97. 2011
  3. pmc Tracking problem solving by multivariate pattern analysis and Hidden Markov Model algorithms
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuropsychologia 50:487-98. 2012
  4. pmc Using brain imaging to track problem solving in a complex state space
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15208, USA
    Neuroimage 60:633-43. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Categorization and sensitivity to correlation
    J R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 22:259-77. 1996
  6. ncbi request reprint An integrated theory of the mind
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:1036-60. 2004
  7. pmc Lateral inferior prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex are engaged at different stages in the solution of insight problems
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10799-804. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning to achieve perfect timesharing: architectural implications of Hazeltine, Teague, and Ivry (2002)
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:749-61. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Tracing problem solving in real time: fMRI analysis of the subject-paced Tower of Hanoi
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1261-74. 2005
  10. doi request reprint Using brain imaging to extract the structure of complex events at the rational time band
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Deparmtment, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1624-36. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. doi request reprint Tracking children's mental states while solving algebra equations
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 33:2650-65. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc Brain regions engaged by part- and whole-task performance in a video game: a model-based test of the decomposition hypothesis
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3983-97. 2011
    ..This individual difference pattern suggests that the rate of learning of a complex skill is determined by capacity limits...
  3. pmc Tracking problem solving by multivariate pattern analysis and Hidden Markov Model algorithms
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuropsychologia 50:487-98. 2012
    ..This research indicates that different steps involve different numbers of substates and these substates are associated with different fluency in algebra problem solving...
  4. pmc Using brain imaging to track problem solving in a complex state space
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15208, USA
    Neuroimage 60:633-43. 2012
    ..These results support the approach as a general methodology for tracking mental states that occur during individual problem-solving episodes...
  5. ncbi request reprint Categorization and sensitivity to correlation
    J R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 22:259-77. 1996
    ..These results were fit to the rational model of categorization (J. R. Anderson, 1991) and to an exemplar model (R. M. Nosofsky, 1988)...
  6. ncbi request reprint An integrated theory of the mind
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:1036-60. 2004
    ..Much of learning involves tuning of these subsymbolic processes. A number of simple and complex empirical examples are described to illustrate how these modules function singly and in concert...
  7. pmc Lateral inferior prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex are engaged at different stages in the solution of insight problems
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10799-804. 2009
    ..The data of the second experiment are fit by an information-processing model that interprets the activity in the LIPFC as reflecting retrieval operations and the activity in the ACC as reflecting subgoal setting...
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning to achieve perfect timesharing: architectural implications of Hazeltine, Teague, and Ivry (2002)
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 31:749-61. 2005
    ..The authors also show, with a mathematical analysis of E. Hazeltine et al.'s Experiment 2, that the expected dual costs for these kinds of highly practiced tasks will be small in many circumstances, often under 10 ms...
  9. ncbi request reprint Tracing problem solving in real time: fMRI analysis of the subject-paced Tower of Hanoi
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:1261-74. 2005
    ..The article describes a cognitive model in the ACT-R architecture that is capable of explaining both the latency data in move generation and the BOLD responses in these three regions...
  10. doi request reprint Using brain imaging to extract the structure of complex events at the rational time band
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Deparmtment, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1624-36. 2008
    ..Possible explanations of these poor fits are discussed. In addition, exploratory analyses were performed to find regions that might correspond to the predictions of the modules...
  11. ncbi request reprint The relationship of three cortical regions to an information-processing model
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:637-53. 2004
    ....
  12. pmc Neural imaging to track mental states while using an intelligent tutoring system
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15211, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7018-23. 2010
    ..The results illustrate the importance of integrating the bottom-up information from imaging data with the top-down information from a cognitive model...
  13. pmc Cognitive and metacognitive activity in mathematical problem solving: prefrontal and parietal patterns
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 11:52-67. 2011
    ..Cognitive science, 29, 313-342. Metacognitive regions included the superior prefrontal gyrus, the angular gyrus of the triple-code theory, and frontopolar regions...
  14. ncbi request reprint A hybrid model of categorization
    J R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:629-47. 2001
    ..In addition, ACT-R brings a theory of strategy selection that enables the exemplar and the rule-based strategies to be mixed...
  15. ncbi request reprint An information-processing model of the BOLD response in symbol manipulation tasks
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:241-61. 2003
    ..More generally, this article shows how to map a large class of information-processing theories (not just ACT-R) onto the BOLD response and provides a precise interpretation of the cognitive significance of the BOLD response...
  16. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of fluent skills in a complex, dynamic problem-solving task
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, 2125 G St NW, 313A Building GG, Washington, DC 20054, USA
    Hum Factors 47:742-52. 2005
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include learning and training of complex tasks as well as evaluation of performance on those tasks...
  17. ncbi request reprint Behavioral equivalence, but not neural equivalence--neural evidence of alternative strategies in mathematical thinking
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:1193-4. 2004
    ..These results show that there exist alternative neural pathways that implement different and yet equally efficient problem-solving strategies...
  18. pmc A rational account of memory predicts left prefrontal activation during controlled retrieval
    Jared F Danker
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:2674-85. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that the control process performed by the left prefrontal cortex directly reflects the demands of the environment on memory...
  19. doi request reprint Endogenous control and task representation: an fMRI study in algebraic problem-solving
    Andrea Stocco
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1300-14. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Retrograde facilitation under midazolam: the role of general and specific interference
    Lynne M Reder
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:261-9. 2007
    ..The computational model as an Excel spreadsheet may be downloaded from www.psychonomic.org/archive...
  21. doi request reprint Using a model to compute the optimal schedule of practice
    Philip I Pavlik
    Human Computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:101-17. 2008
    ..As practice repetitions accumulate for each item, items become stable in memory and this optimal interval increases...
  22. doi request reprint A central circuit of the mind
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:136-43. 2008
    ..Differential patterns of activation in such central regions can reveal the time course of different components of complex cognition...
  23. pmc Learning from delayed feedback: neural responses in temporal credit assignment
    Matthew M Walsh
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 11:131-43. 2011
    ..We examine the predictions of several temporal-difference models to determine whether the behavioral and ERP results reflected a reinforcement-learning process...
  24. doi request reprint The acquisition of robust and flexible cognitive skills
    Niels A Taatgen
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University and Artificial Intelligence, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:548-65. 2008
    ..The parameters of the model were estimated to obtain a quantitative fit of the results of Experiment 1, which was then successfully used to predict the results of Experiments 2 and 3...
  25. pmc The strategic nature of changing your mind
    Matthew M Walsh
    Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Psychology, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Psychol 58:416-40. 2009
    ..After rapidly initiating movement favoring one strategy, people carefully evaluate the applicability of that strategy in the current context...
  26. pmc Conditional routing of information to the cortex: a model of the basal ganglia's role in cognitive coordination
    Andrea Stocco
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:541-74. 2010
    ..A series of simulations is presented to illustrate how the model can perform simple stimulus-response tasks, develop automatic behaviors, and provide an account of impairments in Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases...
  27. pmc Asymmetric switch costs as sequential difficulty effects
    Darryl W Schneider
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:1873-94. 2010
    ....
  28. pmc The ghosts of brain states past: remembering reactivates the brain regions engaged during encoding
    Jared F Danker
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:87-102. 2010
    ..In the final section, relevant questions are posed and discussed regarding the reactivation of encoding regions during retrieval...
  29. ncbi request reprint Role of prefrontal and parietal cortices in associative learning
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:904-14. 2008
    ..An information-processing model embodying these assumptions was fit to the blood oxygen level-dependent responses in these regions...
  30. pmc Anticipation of conflict monitoring in the anterior cingulate cortex and the prefrontal cortex
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:10330-4. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Stimulus-related priming during task switching
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Mem Cognit 31:775-80. 2003
    ..These results suggest that stimulus-related priming is automatic and short-lived and, therefore, is not a part of the persisting portion of switch cost...
  32. ncbi request reprint Eye movements do not reflect retrieval processes: limits of the eye-mind hypothesis
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology BH345D, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:225-31. 2004
    ..According to this model, the effect of fan on number of gazes and gaze duration is an artifact of the longer retrieval times for high-fan facts...
  33. pmc The change of the brain activation patterns as children learn algebra equation solving
    Yulin Qin
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:5686-91. 2004
    ..This finding suggests that adolescents' brain responses are more plastic and change more with practice. These results are integrated in a cognitive model that predicts both the behavioral and brain imaging results...
  34. ncbi request reprint The Newell Test for a theory of cognition
    John R Anderson
    Department of Psychology BH345D, Camegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 26:587-601; discussion 601-48. 2003
    ..Its weaknesses largely derive from its failure, as yet, to adequately engage in intensive analyses of issues related to certain criteria on Newell's list...
  35. pmc Competition and representation during memory retrieval: roles of the prefrontal cortex and the posterior parietal cortex
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:7412-7. 2003
    ..This result was consistent with predictions of an information-processing model as well as with an exploratory identification of regions of interest...
  36. ncbi request reprint An information-processing model of three cortical regions: evidence in episodic memory retrieval
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 342C Baker Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuroimage 25:21-33. 2005
    ..Using ACT-R, we also provide computational models that explain patterns of fMRI responses in these two areas during recognition and recall...
  37. pmc Predicting the practice effects on the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) function of fMRI in a symbolic manipulation task
    Yulin Qin
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:4951-6. 2003
    ..In contrast, practice has relatively little effect on the form of BOLD response in the parietal region reflecting imagined transformations to the equation or the motor region reflecting manual programming...
  38. ncbi request reprint Comprehending anaphoric metaphors
    Raluca Budiu
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 3890, USA
    Mem Cognit 30:158-65. 2002
    ..We argue that these results suggest a comprehension deficit for anaphoric noun metaphors even when they are preceded by a context...
  39. pmc Neural mechanisms of planning: a computational analysis using event-related fMRI
    Jon M Fincham
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:3346-51. 2002
    ..The implications of these results for the current model, as well as for our understanding of the neural mechanisms of planning and functional specialization of the prefrontal cortex, are discussed...
  40. pmc Midazolam does not inhibit association formation, just its storage and strengthening
    Lynne M Reder
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 188:462-71. 2006
    ....
  41. pmc Distinct roles of the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex in the acquisition and performance of a cognitive skill
    Jon M Fincham
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12941-6. 2006
    ..Moreover, the increased response in the ACC occurred when errors and latencies were smallest...
  42. ncbi request reprint Information-processing modules and their relative modality specificity
    John R Anderson
    Psychology Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Psychol 54:185-217. 2007
    ..Different modules in the theory vary in the degree to which they are modality-specific and the degree to which they are involved in central versus peripheral cognitive processes...
  43. ncbi request reprint The roles of prefrontal and posterior parietal cortex in algebra problem solving: a case of using cognitive modeling to inform neuroimaging data
    Jared F Danker
    Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuroimage 35:1365-77. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint From recurrent choice to skill learning: a reinforcement-learning model
    Wai Tat Fu
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 135:184-206. 2006
    ..The fit of the model to the data demonstrated its ability to account for complex skill learning. The advantages of incorporating the mechanism into a larger cognitive architecture are discussed...
  45. ncbi request reprint Partitioning visual displays aids task-directed visual search
    Craig Haimson
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Hum Factors 46:551-66. 2004
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include the incorporation of perceptual boundaries into display designs in order to encourage task-efficient scanpaths (as identified via task analysis and/or empirical testing)...
  46. ncbi request reprint Cognitive tutor: applied research in mathematics education
    Steven Ritter
    Carnegie Learning, Inc, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:249-55. 2007
    ..The current widespread use of the software is allowing us to test hypotheses across large numbers of students. We believe that this will lead to new approaches both to understanding mathematical cognition and to improving instruction...
  47. doi request reprint Errors of mathematical processing: the relationship of accuracy to neural regions associated with retrieval or representation of the problem state
    Susan M Ravizza
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Brain Res 1238:118-26. 2008
    ..This suggests that, in our adult sample, successful performance was related to retrieval abilities rather than to difficulty in representing or updating changes in the equation as it is being solved...
  48. ncbi request reprint Differential fan effect and attentional focus
    Myeong Ho Sohn
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:729-34. 2004
    ..The number of associations with a concept is indeed crucial during retrieval, and the importance of the information seems to be accentuated with attentional focus...
  49. ncbi request reprint The dynamics of scaling: a memory-based anchor model of category rating and absolute identification
    Alexander A Petrov
    Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Psychol Rev 112:383-416. 2005
    ..The scale unfolds as an adaptive map. A hierarchy of models is tested on a battery of quantitative measures from 2 experiments in absolute identification and category rating...
  50. ncbi request reprint Why do children learn to say "Broke"? A model of learning the past tense without feedback
    Niels A Taatgen
    Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
    Cognition 86:123-55. 2002
    ..It can also help explore the question of why there is a distinction between regular and irregular verbs in the first place, by examining the costs and benefits of both types of verbs...
  51. doi request reprint Dual learning processes in interactive skill acquisition
    Wai Tat Fu
    Human Factors Division, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 6180, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 14:179-91. 2008
    ..The results showed that both forms of learning were engaged during training, but only at the response selection stage, one form of knowledge may dominate over the other depending on the availability of attentional resources...
  52. ncbi request reprint Location matters: why target location impacts performance in orientation tasks
    Glenn Gunzelmann
    Air Force Research Laboratory HEAS, Mesa, AZ 85212 6061, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:41-59. 2006
    ..We conclude that participants perform such tasks by extracting a description from the egocentric view and then transforming that description to allow them to find the target on the map...
  53. ncbi request reprint Solving the credit assignment problem: explicit and implicit learning of action sequences with probabilistic outcomes
    Wai Tat Fu
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Psychol Res 72:321-30. 2008
    ....

Research Grants7

  1. fMRI to inform the Components of Cognitive Architecture
    John Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Advancing the mapping of brain imaging to higher-level cognitive function is important for many applications including health-related efforts such as understanding the basis of cognitive dysfunctions. ..
  2. Use of fMRI to inform the components of a cognitive architecture
    JOHN ROBERT ANDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For instance, many theories of autism relate it to the coordination of different brain regions in service of intellectual goals. ..
  3. Use of fMRI to inform the components of a cognitive architecture
    JOHN ROBERT ANDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..For instance, many theories of autism relate it to the coordination of different brain regions in service of intellectual goals. ..