Gayle C Windham


Affiliation: California Environmental Protection Agency
Country: USA


  1. Wolff M, Teitelbaum S, McGovern K, Pinney S, Windham G, Galvez M, et al. Environmental phenols and pubertal development in girls. Environ Int. 2015;84:174-80 pubmed publisher
  2. Windham G, Lyall K, Anderson M, Kharrazi M. Autism Spectrum Disorder Risk in Relation to Maternal Mid-Pregnancy Serum Hormone and Protein Markers from Prenatal Screening in California. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016;46:478-88 pubmed publisher
    ..A U-shaped relationship was seen for hCG (AOR = 1.16, 95 % CI 1.02-1.32 for < 10th percentile; AOR = 1.19, 95 % CI 1.05-1.36 for > 90th percentile). Our results further support prenatal hormone involvement in ASD risk. ..
  3. Gonzales F, Jones R, Deardorff J, Windham G, Hiatt R, Kushi L. Neighborhood deprivation, race/ethnicity, and urinary metal concentrations among young girls in California. Environ Int. 2016;91:29-39 pubmed publisher
    ..These differential distributions of exposures may contribute to environmental health disparities later in life. ..
  4. Wolff M, Pajak A, Pinney S, Windham G, Galvez M, Rybak M, et al. Associations of urinary phthalate and phenol biomarkers with menarche in a multiethnic cohort of young girls. Reprod Toxicol. 2017;67:56-64 pubmed publisher
    ..These analytes were also associated with age at breast development in this cohort. Findings from this prospective study suggest that some childhood exposures are associated with pubertal timing. ..
  5. Windham G, Zhang L, Longnecker M, Klebanoff M. Maternal smoking, demographic and lifestyle factors in relation to daughter's age at menarche. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008;22:551-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The pattern was consistent by race. A number of prenatal and childhood factors related to AAM were identified that should be considered when examining exogenous exposures in relation to pubertal onset. ..
  6. Windham G, Pinney S, Sjodin A, Lum R, Jones R, Needham L, et al. Body burdens of brominated flame retardants and other persistent organo-halogenated compounds and their descriptors in US girls. Environ Res. 2010;110:251-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The higher PBDE levels in California likely reflect differences in fire regulation and safety codes, with potential policy implications. ..
  7. Windham G, SUMNER A, Li S, Anderson M, Katz E, Croen L, et al. Use of birth certificates to examine maternal occupational exposures and autism spectrum disorders in offspring. Autism Res. 2013;6:57-63 pubmed publisher
    ..However, this misclassification would not be biased by case-control status and is unlikely to explain the associations we did find, suggesting that further research on exogenous exposures may yield useful etiologic clues. ..