Richard Andersen

Summary

Affiliation: California Institute of Technology
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching
    Christopher A Buneo
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Nature 416:632-6. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Natural and accelerated recovery from brain damage: experimental and theoretical approaches
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology at the California Institute of Technology, USA
    IEEE Pulse 3:61-5. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint The contributions of vestibular signals to the representations of space in the posterior parietal cortex
    R A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 871:282-92. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint Selecting the signals for a brain-machine interface
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, Mail code 216 76, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:720-6. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Cognitive neural prosthetics
    R A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:486-93. 2004
  6. pmc Cognitive neural prosthetics
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 61:169-90, C1-3. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Intention, action planning, and decision making in parietal-frontal circuits
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuron 63:568-83. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Intentional maps in posterior parietal cortex
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Mail code 216 76, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:189-220. 2002
  9. pmc Decoding trajectories from posterior parietal cortex ensembles
    Grant H Mulliken
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 28:12913-26. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Comparison of neural activity preceding reaches to auditory and visual stimuli in the parietal reach region
    Yale E Cohen
    Division of Biology, 216 76, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuroreport 13:891-4. 2002

Research Grants

  1. Cognitive neural prosthetics for clinical applications
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. MOLECULAR, CELLULAR AND SYSTEMS NEUROSCIENCE
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. VISUAL MOTION PROCESSING
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. ncbi request reprint Direct visuomotor transformations for reaching
    Christopher A Buneo
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Nature 416:632-6. 2002
    ..Data obtained in the adjacent parietal reach region (PRR) indicate that this transformation may be achieved by vectorially subtracting hand location from target location, with both locations represented in eye-centred coordinates...
  2. doi request reprint Natural and accelerated recovery from brain damage: experimental and theoretical approaches
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology at the California Institute of Technology, USA
    IEEE Pulse 3:61-5. 2012
    ..We will create computational models of the nervous system embodying this insight and explain a variety of clinically observed neurological deficits in human subjects using these models...
  3. ncbi request reprint The contributions of vestibular signals to the representations of space in the posterior parietal cortex
    R A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 871:282-92. 1999
    ..These two perceptual functions are mediated by different parts of the posterior parietal cortex, the former in the dorsal aspect of the medial superior temporal area (MSTd) and the latter in area 7a...
  4. ncbi request reprint Selecting the signals for a brain-machine interface
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, Mail code 216 76, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:720-6. 2004
    ..The decode performances of LFPs and spike signals are comparable and, because LFP recordings are more long lasting, they might help to increase the lifetime of the prosthetics...
  5. ncbi request reprint Cognitive neural prosthetics
    R A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:486-93. 2004
    ..Finally, new movable probe technologies will enable recording electrodes to seek out automatically the best signals for decoding cognitive variables...
  6. pmc Cognitive neural prosthetics
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 61:169-90, C1-3. 2010
    ..The CNP approach relies on scientific understanding of the neural processes involved in cognition, and many of the decoding algorithms it uses also have parallels to underlying neural circuit functions...
  7. doi request reprint Intention, action planning, and decision making in parietal-frontal circuits
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuron 63:568-83. 2009
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Intentional maps in posterior parietal cortex
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Mail code 216 76, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 25:189-220. 2002
    ..Attention and learning effects are also evident in the PPC. However, these effects may be general to cortex and operate in the PPC in the context of sensory-motor transformations...
  9. pmc Decoding trajectories from posterior parietal cortex ensembles
    Grant H Mulliken
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 28:12913-26. 2008
    ..e., increased tuning depth and coverage of encoding parameter space) as well as an increase in off-line decoding performance of the PPC ensemble...
  10. ncbi request reprint Comparison of neural activity preceding reaches to auditory and visual stimuli in the parietal reach region
    Yale E Cohen
    Division of Biology, 216 76, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuroreport 13:891-4. 2002
    ..We interpret these data to suggest that the type of information that PRR neurons encode evolves throughout a task...
  11. ncbi request reprint Movement intention is better predicted than attention in the posterior parietal cortex
    Rodrigo Quian Quiroga
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 26:3615-20. 2006
    ..These results cannot be explained in terms of an attention effect and support the idea of two segregated populations in the posterior parietal cortex, PRR and LIP, that are involved in different movement plans...
  12. doi request reprint Time-invariant reference frames for parietal reach activity
    Christopher A Buneo
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Mail code 216 76, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Exp Brain Res 188:77-89. 2008
    ....
  13. pmc Parietal reach region encodes reach depth using retinal disparity and vergence angle signals
    Rajan Bhattacharyya
    Computation and Neural Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 102:805-16. 2009
    ..However, because the activity is gain modulated by vergence angle, the absolute depth can be decoded from the population activity...
  14. ncbi request reprint Target selection for reaching and saccades share a similar behavioral reference frame in the macaque
    Hansjorg Scherberger
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 89:1456-66. 2003
    ..This similarity may be indicative of a common spatial framework for hand-eye coordination...
  15. ncbi request reprint Parietal representation of object-based saccades
    Philip N Sabes
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:1815-29. 2002
    ..We conclude that LIP uses the same retinotopic coding of saccade target whether the target is specified as an absolute point in space or as a location on a moving object...
  16. ncbi request reprint Target selection signals for arm reaching in the posterior parietal cortex
    Hansjorg Scherberger
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 27:2001-12. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that PRR is involved in decision making for reach movements and that separate cortical networks exist for target selection of different types of action...
  17. ncbi request reprint Translation speed compensation in the dorsal aspect of the medial superior temporal area
    Brian Lee
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 27:2582-91. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of structure-from-motion perception in macaque V1 and MT
    Alexander Grunewald
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 22:6195-207. 2002
    ..Together, these results suggest that V1 is not directly involved in the generation of the SFM percept, whereas MT is. The perceptual modulation in V1 may be attributable to top-down feedback from MT...
  19. ncbi request reprint Pursuit speed compensation in cortical area MSTd
    Krishna V Shenoy
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:2630-47. 2002
    ..These results indicate that many MSTd neurons compensate for pursuit velocity, pursuit direction as previously reported and pursuit speed, and further implicate MSTd as a critical stage in the computation of egomotion...
  20. ncbi request reprint Sensorimotor integration in posterior parietal cortex
    Richard A Andersen
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
    Adv Neurol 93:159-77. 2003
  21. ncbi request reprint Cortical local field potential encodes movement intentions in the posterior parietal cortex
    Hansjorg Scherberger
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Neuron 46:347-54. 2005
    ..This new evidence provides further support for a role of the parietal cortex in movement planning and the potential application of LFP signals for a brain-machine interface...
  22. ncbi request reprint Temporal structure in neuronal activity during working memory in macaque parietal cortex
    Bijan Pesaran
    Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:805-11. 2002
    ..This finding could accelerate the development of a cortical neural prosthesis...
  23. pmc Human posterior parietal cortex plans where to reach and what to avoid
    Axel Lindner
    California Institute of Technology, Division of Biology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 30:11715-25. 2010
    ..Thus, posterior parietal cortex has prospective plans for upcoming behaviors while considering both types of targets relevant for action: those to be acquired and those to be avoided...
  24. ncbi request reprint Gain mechanisms for contextually guided visuomotor transformations
    Marina Brozovic
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 27:10588-96. 2007
    ....
  25. pmc Posterior parietal cortex encodes autonomously selected motor plans
    He Cui
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuron 56:552-9. 2007
    ..Such differential activity associated with effector choice under identical stimulus conditions provides definitive evidence that the PPC is prospectively involved in action selection and movement preparation...
  26. pmc Forward estimation of movement state in posterior parietal cortex
    Grant H Mulliken
    Computation and Neural Systems and Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Mail code 216 76, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:8170-7. 2008
    ..In addition, we found that the space-time tuning functions of these neurons were largely separable in the angle-time plane, suggesting that they mostly encode straight and approximately instantaneous trajectories...
  27. pmc The posterior parietal cortex encodes in parallel both goals for double-reach sequences
    Daniel Baldauf
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 28:10081-9. 2008
    ..The results indicate that the posterior parietal cortex is involved in the spatial planning of more complex action patterns and represents immediate and subsequent movement goals...
  28. pmc Effects of visual stimulation on LFPs, spikes, and LFP-spike relations in PRR
    Eun Jung Hwang
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 105:1850-60. 2011
    ..We conclude that LFPs vary with the stimulation condition and that the LFP-spike relationship depends on a given neuron's connectivity to the dominant input sources in a particular stimulation condition...
  29. pmc Brain control of movement execution onset using local field potentials in posterior parietal cortex
    Eun Jung Hwang
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Biology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 29:14363-70. 2009
    ..The results corroborate that the LFP spectrum change in PRR is a robust indicator for the movement onset and can be used for control of execution onset in a cortical prosthesis...
  30. pmc Motor preparatory activity in posterior parietal cortex is modulated by subjective absolute value
    Asha Iyer
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000444. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the neural activity preceding goal-directed actions incorporates the absolute value of that action, predicated upon subjective, rather than objective, estimates of one's performance...
  31. doi request reprint Separate representations of target and timing cue locations in the supplementary eye fields
    Michael Campos
    Computation and Neural Systems, Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, MC 216 76, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:448-59. 2009
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Cognitively driven brain machine control using neural signals in the parietal reach region
    Eun Jung Hwang
    California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2010:3329-32. 2010
    ..These results, together with our previous findings, suggest that a single decoder based on both spikes and LFPs in PRR can robustly provide the subjects' motor intent under varying contexts for neural prosthetic applications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Spatial selectivity in human ventrolateral prefrontal cortex
    Daniel S Rizzuto
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:415-7. 2005
    ..Our results also indicate that prefrontal cortex may be a source of control signals for neuroprosthetic applications...
  34. ncbi request reprint Semi-chronic motorized microdrive and control algorithm for autonomously isolating and maintaining optimal extracellular action potentials
    Jorge G Cham
    Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:570-9. 2005
    ..This system is shown to be capable of autonomous operation in monkey cortical tissue...
  35. ncbi request reprint A floating metal microelectrode array for chronic implantation
    Sam Musallam
    California Institute of Technology, Division of Biology, MC 216 76 Pasadena, CA 91125, United States
    J Neurosci Methods 160:122-7. 2007
    ..We implanted the FMA in rats and show that the FMA is capable of recording both spikes and local field potentials...
  36. ncbi request reprint Neural prosthetic control signals from plan activity
    Krishna V Shenoy
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Neuroreport 14:591-6. 2003
    ..We employed maximum likelihood decoders to estimate movement direction and to drive finite state machines governing when to move. Performance exceeded 90% with as few as 40 neurons...
  37. pmc Dorsal premotor neurons encode the relative position of the hand, eye, and goal during reach planning
    Bijan Pesaran
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Neuron 51:125-34. 2006
    ..Such a relative position code may play an important role in coordinating hand and eye movements by computing their relative position...
  38. ncbi request reprint A nonparametric quantification of neural response field structures
    Marina Brozovic
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Neuroreport 17:963-7. 2006
    ..This finding reflects the fact that the response fields were generated by the same neural network and encode the same underlying process...
  39. ncbi request reprint Gaze direction modulates visual aftereffects in depth and color
    Dylan R Nieman
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Vision Res 45:2885-94. 2005
    ..The results provide strong evidence for (a) gaze modulation of aftereffects, (b) generality of gaze modulation across two visual attributes, and (c) perceptual correlates of the modulation of neural activity by gaze direction...
  40. ncbi request reprint A miniaturized neuroprosthesis suitable for implantation into the brain
    Mohammad Mojarradi
    NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 11:38-42. 2003
    ..We describe the measured performance of initial micropower low-noise CMOS preamplifiers for the neuroprosthetic...
  41. ncbi request reprint Dorsal neck muscle vibration induces upward shifts in the endpoints of memory-guided saccades in monkeys
    Brian D Corneil
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 92:553-66. 2004
    ....
  42. pmc Space representation for eye movements is more contralateral in monkeys than in humans
    Igor Kagan
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7933-8. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Space-time separation during obstacle-avoidance learning in monkeys
    Elizabeth Torres
    Biology Division, California Institute of Technology, 333 Beckman Labs, Biology M C 216 76, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 96:2613-32. 2006
    ..Differences in the temporal-related parameters across time provided a clear distinction between learning and automatic behavior...
  44. ncbi request reprint A new multi-site probe array with monolithically integrated parylene flexible cable for neural prostheses
    Changlin Pang
    Caltech Micromachining Lab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA phone 626 395 2254 fax 626 584 9104 e mail
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 7:7114-7. 2005
    ..With the parylene flexible cables, the probes can be easily assembled to a high density 3-D array for chronic implantation...
  45. pmc Area MSTd neurons encode visual stimuli in eye coordinates during fixation and pursuit
    Brian Lee
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    J Neurophysiol 105:60-8. 2011
    ..We also found that area MSTd demonstrates significant eye position gain modulation of response fields much like its posterior parietal neighbors...
  46. ncbi request reprint Response of MSTd neurons to simulated 3D orientation of rotating planes
    Hiroki Sugihara
    Laboratory of Neural Control, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Aichi 444 8585, Japan
    J Neurophysiol 87:273-85. 2002
    ..These results suggest that MSTd neurons are sensitive to stimulus features specific to the perceived 3D orientation of the rotating plane stimuli and suggest that area MSTd is involved in SFM processing...
  47. ncbi request reprint A common reference frame for movement plans in the posterior parietal cortex
    Yale E Cohen
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, 6207 Moore, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:553-62. 2002
    ..It might also be an efficient way to represent the locations of different sensory targets in the world...
  48. ncbi request reprint Gaze modulation of visual aftereffects
    Shin ya Nishida
    Human and Information Science Laboratory, NTT Communication Science Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3 1 Morinosato Wakamiya, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243 0198, Japan
    Vision Res 43:639-49. 2003
    ..The gaze modulation of visual aftereffects provides a useful psychophysical tool to analyze human cortical processes for coordinate transformations of visual space...
  49. ncbi request reprint Neural dynamics in monkey parietal reach region reflect context-specific sensorimotor transformations
    Alexander Gail
    Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Göttingen, German Primate Center, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    J Neurosci 26:9376-84. 2006
    ..This finding indicates that PRR represents integrated knowledge on spatial sensory information combined with abstract behavioral rules to encode the desired movement goal...
  50. ncbi request reprint A method for detection and classification of events in neural activity
    Hemant S Bokil
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 53:1678-87. 2006
    ..The method should find application in the development of neural prosthetics based on the LFP signal. Our approach uses a new feature vector, which we call the 2d cepstrum...
  51. ncbi request reprint FMRI evidence for a 'parietal reach region' in the human brain
    Jason D Connolly
    CIHR Group on Action and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5C2, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 153:140-5. 2003
    ..We therefore conclude that activation in this region is related to specific motor intent; i.e. it encodes information related to the subject's intention to make a specific movement to a particular spatial location...
  52. pmc Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex
    Bijan Pesaran
    Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Nature 453:406-9. 2008
    ..Cells participating in this decision circuit may influence movement choices by providing a common bias to the selection of movement goals...
  53. ncbi request reprint The posterior parietal cortex: sensorimotor interface for the planning and online control of visually guided movements
    Christopher A Buneo
    Harrington Department of Bioengineering, Arizona State University, P O Box 879709, Tempe, AZ 85287 9709, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:2594-606. 2006
    ..Critically, this state estimate appears to be encoded in an eye-centered frame of reference...

Research Grants51

  1. Cognitive neural prosthetics for clinical applications
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The clinical trials are designed to help patients with severe paralysis, which can result from spinal cord lesion and other traumatic accidents, peripheral neuropathies, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and stroke. ..
  2. MOLECULAR, CELLULAR AND SYSTEMS NEUROSCIENCE
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  3. VISUAL MOTION PROCESSING
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies are designed to gain knowledge of how the brain processes information, and will help to understand neurological deficits that occur with brain diseases. ..
  4. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These experiments are designed to determine the stage in auditory processing pathway where head-centered auditory fields are converted into eye-centered auditory fields similar to those encountered in the PPC. ..
  5. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..They will help in understanding deficits that result from neurological diseases that effect cortical functioning, and can guide the diagnoses and treatments for these diseases. ..
  7. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Knowledge from this work will be applied to brain- control tasks involving the continuous, sequential determination of goals. ..
  8. NEURAL PROSTHESIS USING POSTERIOR PARIETAL REACH REGION
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Knowledge from this work will be applied to brain- control tasks involving the continuous, sequential determination of goals. ..
  9. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They will help in understanding deficits that result from neurological diseases that effect cortical functioning, and can guide the diagnoses and treatments for these diseases. ..
  10. Visual/Spatial Properties of Posterior Parietal Neurons
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is done in human patients and healthy subjects, will facilitate the understanding of normal cortical functions and deficits that result from neurological diseases, and can guide the diagnoses and treatments for these diseases ..
  11. Planning in parietal-frontal circuits
    Richard A Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By determining the types of signals that can be obtained from different brain regions, neural implants can be made to read out these signals in order to control assistive external devices for paralyzed patients. ..
  12. Smart MEMS recording systems for visual cortical studies
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This hypothesis will be tested initially with cortical recordings in anesthetized rats followed by recordings from visual cortical areas in behaving monkeys. ..
  13. VISUAL MOTION PROCESSING
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..They will also determine if monkeys perceive SFM and the role of V1, MT, and MST in this important perceptual process. ..
  14. VISUAL/SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF AREA 7 NEURONS
    Richard Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Overall these experiments will significantly further our understanding of how perceptions are transformed into actions. ..