- Evolution of biological complexityC Adami
Kellogg Radiation Laboratory 106 38, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:4463-8. 2000..We show that, because natural selection forces genomes to behave as a natural "Maxwell Demon," within a fixed environment, genomic complexity is forced to increase...
- Interaction between directional epistasis and average mutational effectsC O Wilke
Digital Life Laboratory 136 93, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Proc Biol Sci 268:1469-74. 2001....
- Evolution of digital organisms at high mutation rates leads to survival of the flattestC O Wilke
Digital Life Laboratory, Mail Code 136 93, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
Nature 412:331-3. 2001..These genotypes, although they occupied lower fitness peaks, were located in flatter regions of the fitness surface and were therefore more robust with respect to mutations...