Caron Zlotnick

Summary

Affiliation: Butler Hospital
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Gender differences in comorbid disorders among offenders in prison substance abuse treatment programs
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Behav Sci Law 26:403-12. 2008
  2. pmc Childhood trauma, trauma in adulthood, and psychiatric diagnoses: results from a community sample
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 49:163-9. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Childhood abuse and intake severity in alcohol disorder patients
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:949-59. 2006
  4. pmc Randomized controlled pilot study of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a sample of incarcerated women with substance use disorder and PTSD
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Behav Ther 40:325-36. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School and Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Psychol Med 36:1523-33. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and impairment in women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), BPD without PTSD, and other personality disorders with PTSD
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:706-13. 2003
  7. pmc Depression and breastfeeding: which postpartum patients take antidepressant medications?
    Cynthia L Battle
    Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Depress Anxiety 25:888-91. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint A pilot study of group interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in substance-abusing female prisoners
    Jennifer E Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 34:371-7. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Clinical characteristics of perinatal psychiatric patients: a chart review study
    Cynthia L Battle
    Brown Medical School, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:369-77. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Chronicity in posttraumatic stress disorder and predictors of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder among primary care patients
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:153-9. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. pmc Gender differences in comorbid disorders among offenders in prison substance abuse treatment programs
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Behav Sci Law 26:403-12. 2008
    ..The study concluded that women offenders newly admitted to a prison substance abuse program present with a greater psychiatric vulnerability and a different pattern of psychiatric comorbidity than their male counterparts...
  2. pmc Childhood trauma, trauma in adulthood, and psychiatric diagnoses: results from a community sample
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 49:163-9. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that specific disorders are linked to interpersonal trauma and PTEs that occur in childhood rather than later in life...
  3. ncbi request reprint Childhood abuse and intake severity in alcohol disorder patients
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:949-59. 2006
    ..Posttraumatic stress disorder partially mediated the effect of both CSA and CPA on severity of psychiatric problems...
  4. pmc Randomized controlled pilot study of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a sample of incarcerated women with substance use disorder and PTSD
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Behav Ther 40:325-36. 2009
    ..The complex needs of this population are discussed...
  5. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School and Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Psychol Med 36:1523-33. 2006
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and impairment in women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), BPD without PTSD, and other personality disorders with PTSD
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:706-13. 2003
    ..Consistent with other research, the findings suggest that PTSD does not appear to alter the central features of BPD. The clinical implications of our findings are considered...
  7. pmc Depression and breastfeeding: which postpartum patients take antidepressant medications?
    Cynthia L Battle
    Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Depress Anxiety 25:888-91. 2008
    ..No differences were found in age, race, or education...
  8. ncbi request reprint A pilot study of group interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in substance-abusing female prisoners
    Jennifer E Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 34:371-7. 2008
    ..These pilot results suggest that addressing depressive symptoms via interpersonal concerns is feasible for women in a prison substance use treatment program despite multiple Axes I and II comorbidities...
  9. ncbi request reprint Clinical characteristics of perinatal psychiatric patients: a chart review study
    Cynthia L Battle
    Brown Medical School, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:369-77. 2006
    ..For more than a third of the sample, the treatment sought while pregnant or postpartum represented their first contact with the mental health system. Treatment implications are discussed...
  10. ncbi request reprint Chronicity in posttraumatic stress disorder and predictors of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder among primary care patients
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:153-9. 2004
    ..e., full and partial PTSD). This study suggests that, in a primary care setting, PTSD is a persistent illness, and that many subjects who have recovered from PTSD continue to suffer from subthreshold symptoms of PTSD...
  11. ncbi request reprint A cognitive-behavioral treatment for incarcerated women with substance abuse disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: findings from a pilot study
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University, 345 Blackstone Blvd, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 25:99-105. 2003
    ..However, these findings are tentative given that there was no control group...
  12. ncbi request reprint Does "subthreshold" posttraumatic stress disorder have any clinical relevance?
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 43:413-9. 2002
    ..However, the report also underscores the difficulties in identifying a set of clinical criteria that clearly delineates between full PTSD and subthreshold PTSD...
  13. ncbi request reprint Social and health functioning in female primary care patients with post-traumatic stress disorder with and without comorbid substance abuse
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 44:177-83. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that the presence of comorbid SUD may not explain the level of social and health difficulties associated with the dual diagnosis of PTSD and SUD...
  14. ncbi request reprint Traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry, Brown University Medical School, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:510-8. 2002
    ..In addition, they support an association between severity of PD and severity of traumatic exposure, as indicated by earlier trauma onset, trauma of an assaultive and personal nature, and more types of traumatic events...
  15. pmc Pilot study of treatment for major depression among women prisoners with substance use disorder
    Jennifer E Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:1174-83. 2012
    ..Control participants improved later, after prison release. IPT's rapid effect on MDD within prison may reduce serious in-prison consequences of MDD...
  16. ncbi request reprint Affect regulation in women with borderline personality disorder traits
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:693-6. 2002
    ..These results, consistent with biosocial theory of BPD, suggest that persons with BPD experience emotions more intensely and have greater difficulty in controlling their affective responses...
  17. ncbi request reprint Childhood physical and sexual abuse in depressed patients with single and multiple suicide attempts
    Margaret S Andover
    Brown Medical School, Butler Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 37:467-74. 2007
    ..Implications of these findings, as well as implications for future research, are discussed...
  18. pmc A qualitative study of treatment needs among pregnant and postpartum women with substance use and depression
    CAROLINE KUO
    1Behavioral and Social Sciences and Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 48:1498-508. 2013
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Psychological/verbal abuse and utilization of mental health care in perinatal women seeking treatment for depression
    Suzannah Creech
    Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 15:361-5. 2012
    ..More women than expected who reported current psychological abuse left treatment early compared to those without such reports...
  20. ncbi request reprint A preventive intervention for pregnant women on public assistance at risk for postpartum depression
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1443-5. 2006
    ..In this study, the authors examined whether the intervention would reduce the risk of postpartum major depressive disorder in a larger sample of pregnant women...
  21. ncbi request reprint Is comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder related to greater pathology and impairment?
    Caron Zlotnick
    Butler Hospital, Povidence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1940-3. 2002
    ..The authors examined whether patients with comorbid borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a more severe clinical profile than patients with either disorder without the other...
  22. pmc An interpersonally based intervention for low-income pregnant women with intimate partner violence: a pilot study
    Caron Zlotnick
    Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 14:55-65. 2011
    ..This study suggests some initial support for our intervention. Larger randomized trials are needed to further examine the intervention both during and after pregnancy...
  23. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial to prevent postpartum depression in adolescent mothers
    Maureen G Phipps
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Providence, RI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 208:192.e1-6. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of an interpersonally oriented intervention on the reduction of the risk of postpartum depression in primiparous adolescents...
  24. doi request reprint Perceived discrimination is a potential contributing factor to substance use and mental health problems among primary care patients in Chile
    Nicole M Capezza
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    J Addict Med 6:297-303. 2012
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint The clinical relevance of a partial remission specifier for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Dawn M Johnson
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:515-8. 2003
    ..Results support the clinical utility of a partial remission specifier for PTSD...
  26. pmc Analysis of brief screening tools for the detection of postpartum depression: comparisons of the PRAMS 6-item instrument, PHQ-9, and structured interviews
    Kristina Davis
    Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 16:271-7. 2013
    ..The PRAMS-6 instrument is a brief and effective screening tool for PPD. The time frame of symptom assessment may account for some variability in accuracy between the PHQ-9 and PRAMS screening instruments...
  27. pmc Psychosocial factors associated with depression severity in pregnant adolescents
    Golfo K Tzilos
    Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 15:397-401. 2012
    ..These findings suggest that an assessment of history of alcohol use, as well as abuse history, may increase the likelihood of identifying adolescents at risk for antenatal depression...
  28. pmc Postpartum depression
    Teri Pearlstein
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 200:357-64. 2009
    ..Further research is needed to examine systematically the short-term and long-term effect of medication exposure through breastmilk on infant and child development...
  29. doi request reprint 'I think my future will be better than my past': examining support group influence on the mental health of HIV-infected Rwandan women
    Paige Walstrom
    Program in Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Glob Public Health 8:90-105. 2013
    ..Implementing psychosocial support groups may leverage clinical outcomes and rejuvenate the well-being of HIV-infected women with interpersonal trauma and/or PTSD and depressive symptoms, particularly those from post-conflict countries...
  30. doi request reprint High risk health behaviors and healthcare access among female adult entertainment club employees
    Esther K Choo
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Women Health 52:646-57. 2012
    ..Prior studies of adult entertainment club employees have been qualitative and lacked information regarding a range of important health factors...
  31. pmc Lessons learned from a training collaboration between an Ivy League institution and a historically Black university
    Timothy P Flanigan
    Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:S57-60. 2009
    ..This collaboration has served as a bridge between an Ivy League institution and a historically Black university for training in clinical research to develop successful minority academicians...
  32. ncbi request reprint The role of gender in the clinical presentation of patients with borderline personality disorder
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Box G BH, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Pers Disord 16:277-82. 2002
    ..No gender differences were found in degree of overall impairment. These results suggest that male and female patients with BPD, although equally distressed, present with different lifetime patterns of impulse-related disorders...
  33. pmc Characteristics of perinatal women seeking treatment for marijuana abuse in a community-based clinic
    GOLFO TZILOS
    Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Box G S121 4, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 16:333-7. 2013
    ..04, p <0.05. Conclusion: Identifying potential barriers to treatment could help improve retention in community-based treatment programs during pregnancy and the postpartum period...
  34. pmc Safe Thinking and Affect Regulation (STAR): human immunodeficiency virus prevention in alternative/therapeutic schools
    Larry K Brown
    Bradley Hasbro Children s Research Center of Rhode Island Hospital, and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:1065-74. 2011
    ..It was hypothesized that STAR would lead to a decrease in sexual risk and improved HIV knowledge and attitudes...
  35. ncbi request reprint Understanding and treating PTSD: introduction
    M Tracie Shea
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Clin Psychol 58:869-75. 2002
  36. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in borderline personality disorder: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Dawn M Johnson
    Summa Health System, St Thomas Hospital, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 44:284-92. 2003
    ..For example, no difference was found in rates of major depressive disorder, a condition that is more prevalent in females. Thus, BPD pathology may be a prevailing characterization that can attenuate usual gender-based distinctions...
  37. ncbi request reprint The relative contribution of abuse severity and PTSD severity on the psychiatric and social morbidity of battered women in shelters
    Dawn M Johnson
    Summa Kent State Center for the Treatment and Study of Traumatic Stress, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Behav Ther 39:232-41. 2008
    ..Results highlight the need for the assessment and treatment of IPV-related PTSD in battered women's shelters...
  38. ncbi request reprint Childhood maltreatment associated with adult personality disorders: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Cynthia L Battle
    Collaborative Longitudinal PDs Study CLPS, Brown University Medical School, USA
    J Pers Disord 18:193-211. 2004
    ..However, even when controlling for the effect of borderline PD, other PD diagnoses were associated with specific types of maltreatment...
  39. ncbi request reprint Intimate partner violence and long-term psychosocial functioning in a national sample of American women
    Caron Zlotnick
    Department of Psychiatry nad Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine Hospital, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:262-75. 2006
    ..Also, nearly half of the women in an abusive relationship left the relationship within the period. Leaving the abusive relationship was associated with lower individual income and more social support at wave 1...
  40. ncbi request reprint The relationship of lifetime polysubstance dependence to trauma exposure, symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning in incarcerated women with comorbid PTSD and substance use disorder
    Dawn M Salgado
    Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
    J Trauma Dissociation 8:9-26. 2007
    ..e., derealization, survivor guilt). Trends also suggest that PTSD-SUD/LPD women are more likely to experience dissociation, anxiety, and sexual problems than PTSD-SUD respondents. Treatment-related implications are discussed...
  41. ncbi request reprint A cognitive-behavioral treatment for battered women with PTSD in shelters: findings from a pilot study
    Dawn M Johnson
    Summa Kent State Center for the Treatment and Study of Traumatic Stress, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:559-64. 2006
    ..These gains were maintained over time. Results should be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size and lack of a control group...
  42. ncbi request reprint Utilization of mental health treatment and other services by battered women in shelters
    Dawn M Johnson
    Summa Kent State Center for the Treatment and Study of Traumatic Stress, Summa Health System, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:1595-7. 2007
    ..This study investigated the frequency and types of resources used by battered women in shelters, as well as factors that relate to greater use of mental health services and to seeking help from a greater number of resources...

Research Grants15

  1. Treatment for PTSD and Substance Abuse in Prisoners
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Primary treatment outcomes will be: a) number of substance use days, b) degree of PTSD symptoms, and c) severity of legal problems. ..
  2. Depression Prevention for Poor Pregnant Women
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Other hypotheses include that the PPP will be more efficacious than the ECU condition in reducing depressive symptoms, and utilization of mental health services as well as enhance maternal sensitivity and infant attachment. ..
  3. Placebo Controlled Trial of Sertraline and IPT for Postpartum Depression
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The data from this study will also improve the ability of women and their physicians to make informed risk/benefit decisions about their postpartum mental health care. ..
  4. Intervention for Poor Pregnant Women with Partner Abuse
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., PTSD and depression). This pilot study will lay the groundwork for a larger clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of this new intervention. ..
  5. Depression Prevention for Poor Pregnant Women
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Other hypotheses include that the PPP will be more efficacious than the ECU condition in reducing depressive symptoms, and utilization of mental health services as well as enhance maternal sensitivity and infant attachment. ..
  6. Interventions for Financially Disadvantaged Mothers
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In summary, this award would provide critical support for the candidate's career development, mentoring, and ongoing and new patient-oriented research on a high-risk and understudied group of women. ..
  7. Depression Prevention for Poor Pregnant Women
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Other hypotheses include that the PPP will be more efficacious than the ECU condition in reducing depressive symptoms, and utilization of mental health services as well as enhance maternal sensitivity and infant attachment. ..
  8. Depression Intervention for Poor Pregnant Women
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and to provide an estimate of effect size in comparison to the care as usual condition. This pilot study will lay the groundwork for a larger clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of this new group intervention. ..
  9. Treatment for PTSD and Substance Abuse in Prisoners
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Primary treatment outcomes will be: a) number of substance use days, b) degree of PTSD symptoms, and c) severity of legal problems. ..
  10. TREATMENT OF WOMEN WITH DEPRESSION AND SEXUAL ABUSE
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Primary treatment outcomes will be: a) treatment retention; and b) depressive symptoms; 6) test the feasibility and acceptability of the control condition for depressed patients with histories of childhood sexual abuse. ..
  11. Treatment for PTSD and Substance Abuse in Prisoners
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Primary treatment outcomes will be: a) number of substance use days, b) degree of PTSD symptoms, and c) severity of legal problems. ..
  12. Placebo Controlled Trial of Sertaline and IPT for Postpartum Depression
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The data from this study will also improve the ability of women and their physicians to make informed risk/benefit decisions about their postpartum mental health care. ..