W Rakowski

Summary

Affiliation: Brown University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Understanding reversals of association between cancer screening and race/ethnicity
    William Rakowski
    Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Public Health Program, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:1450-7. 2012
  2. pmc Differential response effects of data collection mode in a cancer screening study of unmarried women ages 40-75 years: a randomized trial
    Melissa A Clark
    Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Program in Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:10. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of repeat mammography among women aged 55-79 in the Year 2000 National Health Interview Survey
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health and The Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Prev Med 39:1-10. 2004
  4. pmc Investigating reversals of association for utilization of recent mammography among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Black women
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Box G S121, 2nd Floor, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1483-95. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Correlates of mammography in a national analysis compared to results in quintile- and regionally-defined samples
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Prev Med 42:386-9. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Reminder letter, tailored stepped-care, and self-choice comparison for repeat mammography
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Box G A4, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:308-14. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on behavioral and social science research on cancer screening
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health and Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Cancer 101:1118-30. 2004
  8. pmc Prevalence and correlates of recent and repeat mammography among California women ages 55-79
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Program in Public Health, 121 South Main Street, 2nd Floor, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol 34:168-77. 2010
  9. pmc Reversals of association for Pap, colorectal, and prostate cancer testing among Hispanic and non-Hispanic black women and men
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:876-89. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Smoking status and mammography among women aged 50-75 in the 2002 behavioral risk factor surveillance system
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Women Health 41:1-21. 2005

Detail Information

Publications50

  1. doi request reprint Understanding reversals of association between cancer screening and race/ethnicity
    William Rakowski
    Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Public Health Program, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 21:1450-7. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc Differential response effects of data collection mode in a cancer screening study of unmarried women ages 40-75 years: a randomized trial
    Melissa A Clark
    Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Program in Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:10. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of data collection mode on response to indicators of cancer screenings by unmarried middle-aged and older women...
  3. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of repeat mammography among women aged 55-79 in the Year 2000 National Health Interview Survey
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health and The Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Prev Med 39:1-10. 2004
    ..This study examines the prevalence and cross-sectional correlates of repeat mammography, among women aged 55-79, using a 12-month (N = 3,502) and a 24-month interval (N = 3,491)...
  4. pmc Investigating reversals of association for utilization of recent mammography among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Black women
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Box G S121, 2nd Floor, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1483-95. 2009
    ..This paper investigates the existence of "reversals" of association for recent mammography and describes an analysis strategy for identifying variables that might produce them...
  5. ncbi request reprint Correlates of mammography in a national analysis compared to results in quintile- and regionally-defined samples
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Prev Med 42:386-9. 2006
    ..This study investigated the consistency of results about correlates of mammography from a single national-level analysis versus the results from analyses within each of five quintiles of mammography rates and nine Census subdivisions...
  6. ncbi request reprint Reminder letter, tailored stepped-care, and self-choice comparison for repeat mammography
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Box G A4, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:308-14. 2003
    ..The main benefits of mammography come from regular on-schedule screening. However, few studies have examined interventions to achieve repeat screening...
  7. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on behavioral and social science research on cancer screening
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health and Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Cancer 101:1118-30. 2004
    ..The other articles in the current supplement presented many more lessons in a variety of areas, and other authors are encouraged to write similar articles that help to identify general themes characterizing cancer screening research...
  8. pmc Prevalence and correlates of recent and repeat mammography among California women ages 55-79
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Program in Public Health, 121 South Main Street, 2nd Floor, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol 34:168-77. 2010
    ..Two large, population-based state surveys provide the opportunity to investigate repeat and recent mammography prevalence and correlates among California's diverse population...
  9. pmc Reversals of association for Pap, colorectal, and prostate cancer testing among Hispanic and non-Hispanic black women and men
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:876-89. 2011
    ..This article investigates the prevalence of such unadjusted-to-adjusted "reversed associations" (RA) for Pap, colorectal, and prostate testing. We also investigate large percent changes (LPC) to the unadjusted ORs...
  10. ncbi request reprint Smoking status and mammography among women aged 50-75 in the 2002 behavioral risk factor surveillance system
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Women Health 41:1-21. 2005
    ..Since the late 1980's, data show an association between smoking status and mammography. Women smokers reported 12-15% lower rates than non-smokers. This study investigated whether an association persists in a recent national-level database...
  11. ncbi request reprint Correlates of repeat and recent mammography for women ages 45 to 75 in the 2002 to 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 2003)
    William Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Box G H1, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:2093-101. 2006
    ..It is also important to investigate the similarity of correlates for repeat and recent mammography...
  12. ncbi request reprint Smoking and cancer screening for women ages 42-75: associations in the 1990-1994 National Health Interview Surveys
    W Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Prev Med 29:487-95. 1999
    ..This report employs more databases than have been used in other analyses that have examined associations between smoking and cancer screening...
  13. ncbi request reprint Confirmatory analysis of opinions regarding the pros and cons of mammography
    W Rakowski
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Health Psychol 16:433-41. 1997
    ..It is recommended that future research examine whether opinions regarding the cons of mammography are more individually specific than the pros...
  14. ncbi request reprint Screening for breast and cervical cancers: the importance of knowledge and perceived cancer survivability
    D N Pearlman
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Women Health 28:93-112. 1999
    ..Limited knowledge about breast and cervical cancer risk factors and misperceptions about survival from cancer represent two of these barriers...
  15. pmc Determinants of breast cancer screening among inner-city Hispanic women in comparison with other inner-city women
    J P Fulton
    Rhode Island Department of Health, Brown University, Providence, USA
    Public Health Rep 110:476-82. 1995
    ..Efforts to increase long-term screening for breast cancer in this community should focus on access while paying attention to its unique perceptions of breast cancer...
  16. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with thorough skin self-examination for the early detection of melanoma
    R A Martin
    Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:1074-81. 2007
    ..Regular thorough skin self-examination (TSSE) has potential for detecting melanoma early and reducing melanoma mortality...
  17. ncbi request reprint Thorough skin examination for the early detection of melanoma
    M A Weinstock
    Dermatoepidemiology Unit, VA Medical Center, Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University, Providence 02908 4799, USA
    Am J Prev Med 17:169-75. 1999
    ..We sought to evaluate the extent to which the general public has their skin examined by themselves, their partners, or health care providers and the frequency of these examinations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Reliability of assessment and circumstances of performance of thorough skin self-examination for the early detection of melanoma in the Check-It-Out Project
    Martin A Weinstock
    Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Prev Med 38:761-5. 2004
    ..Thorough skin self-examination (TSSE) has substantial potential to reduce melanoma mortality by early detection...
  19. pmc Comprehensive cancer screening among unmarried women aged 40-75 years: results from the cancer screening project for women
    Melissa A Clark
    Department of Community Health, Brown University Warren Alpert School of Medicine and Program in Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 18:451-9. 2009
    ..We compared women who partner with women (WPW) or with women and men (WPWM) to women who partner exclusively with men (WPM). We also compared barriers to on-schedule cancer screenings between WPW/WPWM and WPM...
  20. doi request reprint Effect of cost sharing on screening mammography in Medicare health plans
    Amal N Trivedi
    Department of Community Health, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:375-83. 2008
    ..Policies that increase patients' share of health care expenses decrease the use of discretionary health services but also may reduce the use of important preventive care such as mammography...
  21. pmc Repeat mammography screening among unmarried women with and without a disability
    Melissa A Clark
    Departmentsof Community Health, Brown University Warren Alpert School of Medicine and Program in Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Womens Health Issues 19:415-24. 2009
    ....
  22. pmc Melanoma early detection with thorough skin self-examination: the "Check It Out" randomized trial
    Martin A Weinstock
    Dermatoepidemiology Unit, VA Medical Center Providence, Brown University, 830 Chalkstone Avenue, Providence, RI 02908, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:517-24. 2007
    ..Monthly thorough skin self-examination (TSSE) is an important practice for early melanoma detection that is performed by a small minority of the population...
  23. doi request reprint Body satisfaction effect on thorough skin self-examination
    Patricia Markham Risica
    Institute for Community Health Promotion, Brown University, Department of Community Health, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:68-72. 2008
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Repeat mammography: prevalence estimates and considerations for assessment
    Melissa A Clark
    Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Ann Behav Med 26:201-11. 2003
    ..Although this study involved mammography, similar challenges in assessing prevalence rates can occur with other screening behaviors...
  25. ncbi request reprint The cancer screening project for women: experiences of women who partner with women and women who partner with men
    Melissa A Clark
    Department of Community Health and Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Women Health 38:19-33. 2003
    ..Further studies are needed to determine if the themes we identified are consistent among larger samples of unmarried women...
  26. ncbi request reprint The effect of a stage-matched and tailored intervention on repeat mammography(1)
    Melissa A Clark
    Department of Community Health, Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Am J Prev Med 22:1-7. 2002
    ..Each woman in Group 3 received materials based on her stage of adoption for mammography and TTM constructs...
  27. pmc Cancer prevention in primary care: predictors of patient counseling across four risk behaviors over 24 months
    Judith D DePue
    Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Prev Med 46:252-9. 2008
    ..Rates of preventive counseling remain below national guidelines. We explored physician and patient predictors of preventive counseling across multiple cancer risk behaviors in at-risk primary care patients...
  28. pmc Using small-area estimation to describe county-level disparities in mammography
    Karen L Schneider
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 6:A125. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which geographic disparities exist in mammography use across counties in the contiguous United States...
  29. doi request reprint Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference?
    Amy McQueen
    Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Health Commun 13:56-79. 2008
    ..Different risk messages and intervention strategies may be needed to influence males' and females' perceived cancer risk and worry. All effect sizes were small, and future prospective research is needed to confirm our findings...
  30. pmc Promoting regular mammography screening I. A systematic assessment of validity in a randomized trial
    Deborah J Del Junco
    Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 6410 Fannin St, LL 125, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:333-46. 2008
    ..Most health promotion trials in cancer screening offer limited evidence of external validity. We assessed internal and external validity in a nationwide, population-based trial of an intervention to promote regular mammography screening...
  31. pmc Promoting regular mammography screening II. Results from a randomized controlled trial in US women veterans
    Sally W Vernon
    Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Houston School of Public Health, 7000 Fannin, Ste 2560, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:347-58. 2008
    ..We conducted a randomized controlled trial of two theory-based interventions in a population-based, nationally representative sample of women veterans...
  32. ncbi request reprint Traditionality and cancer screening practices among American Indian women in Vermont
    Mary K Canales
    Department of Nursing, University of Vermont Burlington, Vermont USA
    Health Care Women Int 28:155-81. 2007
    ..International implications of the study findings are also addressed...
  33. pmc Colorectal cancer screening among low-income African Americans in East Harlem: a theoretical approach to understanding barriers and promoters to screening
    Catalina Lawsin
    Department of Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 84:32-44. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Understanding intention to undergo colonoscopy among intermediate-risk siblings of colorectal cancer patients: a test of a mediational model
    Sharon Manne
    Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA
    Prev Med 36:71-84. 2003
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint An academic detailing intervention to disseminate physician-delivered smoking cessation counseling: smoking cessation outcomes of the Physicians Counseling Smokers Project
    Michael G Goldstein
    Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital and Brown Medical School, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Prev Med 36:185-96. 2003
    ..This study's objective was to determine the effect of a community-based academic detailing intervention on the quit rates of a population-based sample of smokers...
  36. ncbi request reprint Patient beliefs and tamoxifen discontinuance in older women with estrogen receptor--positive breast cancer
    Aliza K Fink
    Boston Medical Center, 88 E Newton St, Robinson 2, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Clin Oncol 22:3309-15. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Promoting cancer screening: Learning from experience
    Helen I Meissner
    Applied Cancer Screening Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Cancer 101:1107-17. 2004
    ..The application of the lessons from this extensive knowledge base not only should accelerate the uptake of the effective cancer screening tests currently available, but also can guide future directions for research...
  38. ncbi request reprint Stage-based expert systems to guide a population of primary care patients to quit smoking, eat healthier, prevent skin cancer, and receive regular mammograms
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 41:406-16. 2005
    ..This study extended that research to a more representative population of patients from primary care practice and to targeting of four rather than three behaviors...
  39. ncbi request reprint Validation of scales measuring attitudes and norms related to mammography screening in women veterans
    Jasmin A Tiro
    Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, TX, USA
    Health Psychol 24:555-66. 2005
    ..These scales may be useful for intervention research...
  40. ncbi request reprint The future of research that promotes cancer screening
    Helen I Meissner
    Applied Cancer Screening Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer 101:1251-9. 2004
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates?
    Amy McQueen
    Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, 77030, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15:782-91. 2006
    ..Such differences, if confirmed in future studies, may inform the use of gender-specific intervention strategies or messages to increase colorectal cancer test use...
  42. ncbi request reprint Cancer knowledge and disparities in the information age
    K Viswanath
    Harvard University School of Public Health and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Health Commun 11:1-17. 2006
    ..Last, the findings in this article suggest that it is necessary to take into account the SES variation within different racial and ethnic groups rather than mask them by treating the groups as one...
  43. ncbi request reprint Development of a culturally specific instrument for mammography screening: an example with American Indian women in Vermont
    Mary K Canales
    University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    J Nurs Meas 14:99-115. 2006
    ..This article provides one example of how an instrument can be developed within a culturally competent nursing framework...
  44. ncbi request reprint The distribution and predictive validity of the stages of change for mammography adoption among Canadian women
    Colleen J Maxwell
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary and Institute of Health Economics, 3330 Hospital Drive N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4N1
    Prev Med 43:171-7. 2006
    ..To examine the predictive validity of the transtheoretical model (TTM) stages of change for mammography participation in Canadian women...
  45. ncbi request reprint Assessing the transtheoretical model of change constructs for physicians counseling smokers
    Elyse R Park
    The Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown Medical School and The Miriam Hospital, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:120-6. 2003
    ..Structural equation modeling procedures supported the hypothesized path analysis model in which 3 constructs related to stage of readiness, which in turn related to reported physicians' counseling behavior...
  46. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer in older women: quality of life and psychosocial adjustment in the 15 months after diagnosis
    Patricia A Ganz
    University of California, School of Medicine and Division of Cancer Prevention and Control Research, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, 90095 6900, USA
    J Clin Oncol 21:4027-33. 2003
    ..We examined the health-related quality of life (QOL) of a cohort of older women with breast cancer after their diagnosis...
  47. ncbi request reprint Variations in influenza vaccination among the elderly
    Stephenie C Lemon
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
    Am J Health Behav 28:352-60. 2004
    ..To identify unique, mutually exclusive population segments whose members share characteristics associated with likelihood of influenza vaccination...
  48. ncbi request reprint Correlates of colorectal cancer screening compliance and stage of adoption among siblings of individuals with early onset colorectal cancer
    Sharon Manne
    Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Psycho Oncology Program, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA
    Health Psychol 21:3-15. 2002
    ..Physician and family recommendation were also strong correlates. A similar set of factors was associated with stage of adoption of CRC screening...
  49. ncbi request reprint Retaining program diversity in undergraduate public health education
    Vincent Mor
    J Public Health Manag Pract 14:3-5. 2008
  50. ncbi request reprint Adjuvant tamoxifen prescription in women 65 years and older with primary breast cancer
    Rebecca A Silliman
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, USA
    J Clin Oncol 20:2680-8. 2002
    ..We examined patterns of adjuvant tamoxifen discussion and prescription among breast cancer patients age 65 years and older...

Research Grants5

  1. Diverse Screening Histories--Persons, Groups, Behaviors
    William Rakowski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Mentored junior investigators will participate in these activities, as they develop their own programs of research. ..
  2. Understanding Reversed Race/Ethnic Associations with Cancer Screening Tests
    William Rakowski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Fourth, it uses a consistent set of independent variables across the surveys. Fifth, it will be possible to look for trends over time in the presence of reversals of association for repeat screening. ..
  3. TRANSDISCIPLINARY CANCER CONTROL RESEARCH TRAINING GRANT
    William Rakowski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....