Grace E Macalino
Affiliation: Brown University
- Risk behaviors by audio computer-assisted self-interviews among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative injection drug usersGrace E Macalino
Department of Community Health, Brown University, School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02912, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 14:367-78. 2002..These findings support the validity of ACASI as an important mode of data collection in reducing socially desirable responding, especially among HIV-seropositive subjects...
- Prevalence and incidence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among males in Rhode Island prisonsGrace E Macalino
Brown University Medical School, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1218-23. 2004..We evaluated prevalence and intraprison incidence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among male prison inmates...
- Drug use patterns over time among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative women: the HER study experienceGrace E Macalino
Brown University Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:500-5. 2003..Alternatively, increased drug use may occur due to depression associated with being HIV infected, leading to despair, hopelessness, and a lack of motivation to become drug free...
- Modified directly observed therapy for the treatment of HIV-seropositive substance users: lessons learned from a pilot studyGrace E Macalino
Department of Community Health, Providence, RI 02913, USA
Clin Infect Dis 38:S393-7. 2004..Tapering the intensity of visits with maximum flexibility was necessary to enhance the acceptability of the program to participants...
- A randomized clinical trial of community-based directly observed therapy as an adherence intervention for HAART among substance usersGrace E Macalino
Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
AIDS 21:1473-7. 2007..Adherence interventions for HAART can impact challenging populations, such as active substance users. Community-based modified directly observed therapy (MDOT) is a promising approach that needs to be critically evaluated...
- A syringe prescription program to prevent infectious disease and improve health of injection drug usersJosiah D Rich
School of Medicine at Brown University, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
J Urban Health 81:122-34. 2004..The syringe prescription program in Providence represents a promising and innovative approach to disease prevention and treatment for IDUs...
- The use of community-based modified directly observed therapy for the treatment of HIV-infected personsJennifer A Mitty
The Brown University Medical School and the Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:545-50. 2005..These results support that MDOT should be included in the spectrum of options available to enhance adherence to HAART among patients who are unsuccessful with self-administration of their medications...
- Directly observed antiretroviral therapy to reduce genital tract and plasma HIV-1 RNA in women with poor adherenceJoseph I Harwell
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
AIDS 17:1990-3. 2003..6 log10 copies/ml) CVL HIV-1-RNA levels by 3 months and undetectable plasma HIV-1-RNA levels by 6 months. The mean CD4 cell increase was 76 cells/mm3. DOT appears effective and may reduce infectiousness in this high-risk population...
- Prisoners' attitudes toward Hepatitis B vaccinationSnigdha Vallabhaneni
Brown University School of Medicine, RI 02912, USA
Prev Med 38:828-33. 2004..Such programs would help protect the health of incarcerated persons and the communities to which they return...
- Pharmacist support for selling syringes without a prescription to injection drug users in Rhode IslandJosiah D Rich
Brown Medical School, and The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 42:S58-61. 2002..To examine pharmacists' attitudes and obstacles to syringe sales to IDUs without prescriptions in Rhode Island, around the time that such sales became legal in the state...
- Community incidence of hepatitis B and C among reincarcerated womenGrace E Macalino
Department of Medicine, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Clin Infect Dis 41:998-1002. 2005..Prisons and jails can be efficient locations for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hepatitis B and C through programs such as testing, counseling, education, vaccination, and linkage to medical and drug treatment services...
- A missed opportunity: hepatitis C screening of prisonersGrace E Macalino
Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts New England Medical Center, 750 Washington St, Box 63, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1739-40. 2005..Risk-based testing underestimates the hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence in correctional settings and limits the opportunity to diagnose and prevent hepatitis C infection...