Thomas L Griffiths

Summary

Affiliation: Brown University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Optimal predictions in everyday cognition
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, RI 02912, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:767-73. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Structure and strength in causal induction
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:334-84. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint From mere coincidences to meaningful discoveries
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Box 1978, Providence, RI 02912, United States
    Cognition 103:180-226. 2007
  4. pmc Bayes and blickets: effects of knowledge on causal induction in children and adults
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cogn Sci 35:1407-55. 2011
  5. doi request reprint Predicting the future as Bayesian inference: people combine prior knowledge with observations when estimating duration and extent
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:725-43. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Theory-based causal induction
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Rev 116:661-716. 2009
  7. pmc Words as alleles: connecting language evolution with Bayesian learners to models of genetic drift
    Florencia Reali
    Department of Psychology, 3210 Tolman Hall, MC 1650, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 277:429-36. 2010
  8. doi request reprint How the Bayesians got their beliefs (and what those beliefs actually are): comment on Bowers and Davis (2012)
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Bull 138:415-22. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Topics in semantic representation
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:211-44. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Modeling human performance in statistical word segmentation
    Michael C Frank
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Jordan Hall Building 420, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cognition 117:107-25. 2010

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. ncbi request reprint Optimal predictions in everyday cognition
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, RI 02912, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:767-73. 2006
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Structure and strength in causal induction
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:334-84. 2005
    ..Causal support also provides a better account of a number of existing datasets than either DeltaP or causal power...
  3. ncbi request reprint From mere coincidences to meaningful discoveries
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Box 1978, Providence, RI 02912, United States
    Cognition 103:180-226. 2007
    ..We discuss the implications of our account for understanding the role of coincidences in theory change...
  4. pmc Bayes and blickets: effects of knowledge on causal induction in children and adults
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cogn Sci 35:1407-55. 2011
    ..Adults' judgments (Experiments 1, 2, and 4) were in close correspondence with the quantitative predictions of the model, and children's judgments (Experiments 3 and 5) agreed qualitatively with this account...
  5. doi request reprint Predicting the future as Bayesian inference: people combine prior knowledge with observations when estimating duration and extent
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:725-43. 2011
    ..We suggest some mechanisms that might lead to more complete algorithmic-level accounts...
  6. ncbi request reprint Theory-based causal induction
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Rev 116:661-716. 2009
    ....
  7. pmc Words as alleles: connecting language evolution with Bayesian learners to models of genetic drift
    Florencia Reali
    Department of Psychology, 3210 Tolman Hall, MC 1650, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 277:429-36. 2010
    ..We demonstrate that this neutral model can account for three phenomena: the s-shaped curve of language change, the distribution of word frequencies, and the relationship between word frequencies and extinction rates...
  8. doi request reprint How the Bayesians got their beliefs (and what those beliefs actually are): comment on Bowers and Davis (2012)
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Bull 138:415-22. 2012
    ..We address these points by clarifying our beliefs about the goals and status of Bayesian models and by identifying what we view as the unique merits of the Bayesian approach...
  9. ncbi request reprint Topics in semantic representation
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:211-44. 2007
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Modeling human performance in statistical word segmentation
    Michael C Frank
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Jordan Hall Building 420, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cognition 117:107-25. 2010
    ..We describe how probabilistic models of segmentation can be modified to take into account some notion of memory or resource limitations in order to provide a closer match to human performance...
  11. doi request reprint Probabilistic models of cognition: exploring representations and inductive biases
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall MC 1650, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:357-64. 2010
    ..We argue that the top-down approach yields greater flexibility for exploring the representations and inductive biases that underlie human cognition...
  12. doi request reprint The evolution of frequency distributions: relating regularization to inductive biases through iterated learning
    Florencia Reali
    University of California, Department of Psychology, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cognition 111:317-28. 2009
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint The effects of cultural transmission are modulated by the amount of information transmitted
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cogn Sci 37:953-67. 2013
    ..We did not find an effect of the number of unique observations, suggesting that noise in perception or memory may have affected learning. ..
  14. ncbi request reprint Google and the mind: predicting fluency with PageRank
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:1069-76. 2007
    ..We identify two simple process models that could support this apparent correspondence between human memory and Internet search, and relate our results to previous rational models of memory...
  15. pmc The influence of categories on perception: explaining the perceptual magnet effect as optimal statistical inference
    Naomi H Feldman
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Psychol Rev 116:752-82. 2009
    ..The model unifies several previous accounts of the perceptual magnet effect and provides a framework for exploring categorical effects in other domains...
  16. doi request reprint A rational analysis of the effects of memory biases on serial reproduction
    Jing Xu
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 1650, United States
    Cogn Psychol 60:107-26. 2010
    ..We then test the predictions of this account in four experiments using simple one-dimensional stimuli. Our results provide theoretical and empirical justification for the idea that serial reproduction reflects memory biases...
  17. doi request reprint A probabilistic model of theory formation
    Charles Kemp
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, United States
    Cognition 114:165-96. 2010
    ..Experiment 2 suggests that our model provides a better account of theory discovery than a more traditional alternative that focuses on features rather than relations...
  18. doi request reprint Testing the efficiency of Markov chain Monte Carlo with People using facial affect categories
    Jay B Martin
    Department of Psychology, University of California, CA, USA
    Cogn Sci 36:150-62. 2012
    ..Our results show that MCMCP requires fewer trials to obtain a higher quality estimate of people's mental representations of these two categories...
  19. doi request reprint A rational model of the effects of distributional information on feature learning
    Joseph L Austerweil
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 1650, United States
    Cogn Psychol 63:173-209. 2011
    ..We also show that simple models that use the raw sensory data as inputs and standard dimensionality reduction techniques (principal component analysis and independent component analysis) are insufficient to explain our results...
  20. pmc Review. Theoretical and empirical evidence for the impact of inductive biases on cultural evolution
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3503-14. 2008
    ..Taken together, these results indicate how laboratory studies of transmission chains can provide information about the dynamics of cultural evolution and illustrate that inductive biases can have a significant impact on these dynamics...
  21. doi request reprint Children's imitation of causal action sequences is influenced by statistical and pedagogical evidence
    Daphna Buchsbaum
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Cognition 120:331-40. 2011
    ..This behavior is consistent with our model's predictions, and suggests that children attend to both statistical and pedagogical evidence in deciding which actions to imitate, rather than obligately imitating successful action sequences...
  22. pmc Finding scientific topics
    Thomas L Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:5228-35. 2004
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Theory-based Bayesian models of inductive learning and reasoning
    Joshua B Tenenbaum
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:309-18. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Probabilistic inference in human semantic memory
    Mark Steyvers
    Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:327-34. 2006
    ..These methods provide a means of extending rational models of memory retrieval to linguistic stimuli, and a way to explore the influence of the statistics of language on human memory...
  25. ncbi request reprint Can being scared cause tummy aches? Naive theories, ambiguous evidence, and preschoolers' causal inferences
    Laura E Schulz
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1124-39. 2007
    ..Whereas 3.5-year-olds learned only from the within-domain evidence, 4- and 5-year-olds learned from the cross-domain evidence and were able to transfer their new expectations about psychosomatic causality to a novel task...
  26. ncbi request reprint Iterated learning: intergenerational knowledge transmission reveals inductive biases
    Michael L Kaush
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana 70504, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:288-94. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint A multidimensional scaling approach to mental multiplication
    Thomas L Griffiths
    University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia
    Mem Cognit 30:97-106. 2002
    ....