JENNIFER GRACE CLARKE

Summary

Affiliation: Brown University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Health effects of the Federal Bureau of Prisons tobacco ban
    Stephen A Martin
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Barre Family Health Center, 151 Worcester Road, Barre, MA 01005, USA
    BMC Pulm Med 12:64. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Forced smoking abstinence: not enough for smoking cessation
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:789-94. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Overweight, obesity, and weight change among incarcerated women
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Warren Alpert Brown University Medical School at Memorial Hospital, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    J Correct Health Care 18:285-92. 2012
  4. pmc Motivational interviewing with computer assistance as an intervention to empower women to make contraceptive choices while incarcerated: study protocol for randomized controlled trial
    Jennifer Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    Trials 13:101. 2012
  5. pmc Working Inside for Smoking Elimination (Project W.I.S.E.) study design and rationale to prevent return to smoking after release from a smoke free prison
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:767. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Timing of conception for pregnant women returning to jail
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02860, USA
    J Correct Health Care 16:133-8. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Hazardously drinking women leaving jail: time to first drink
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    J Correct Health Care 17:61-8. 2011
  8. pmc Relationship of alcohol use and sexual risk taking among hazardously drinking incarcerated women: an event-level analysis
    Michael D Stein
    Department of Medicine and Community Health, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University and General Medicine Research, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 70:508-15. 2009
  9. pmc A brief alcohol intervention for hazardously drinking incarcerated women
    Michael D Stein
    Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Addiction 105:466-75. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Levels of trauma among women inmates with HIV risk and alcohol use disorders: behavioral and emotional impacts
    Megan R Hebert
    Rhode Island Hospital Substance Abuse Rresearch Unit, DGIM, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Trauma Dissociation 8:27-46. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. pmc Health effects of the Federal Bureau of Prisons tobacco ban
    Stephen A Martin
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Barre Family Health Center, 151 Worcester Road, Barre, MA 01005, USA
    BMC Pulm Med 12:64. 2012
    ..Despite this considerable harm, we know relatively little about the natural history of lung disease and respiratory impairment in adults, especially after smoking cessation...
  2. doi request reprint Forced smoking abstinence: not enough for smoking cessation
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, Rhode Island, USA
    JAMA Intern Med 173:789-94. 2013
    ..Millions of Americans are forced to quit smoking as they enter tobacco-free prisons and jails, but most return to smoking within days of release. Interventions are needed to sustain tobacco abstinence after release from incarceration...
  3. doi request reprint Overweight, obesity, and weight change among incarcerated women
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Warren Alpert Brown University Medical School at Memorial Hospital, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    J Correct Health Care 18:285-92. 2012
    ..3 to +9.2 lbs) with 71% of women gaining weight. Women incarcerated for 2 weeks or less at time of study enrollment experienced higher average weight weekly gains than those incarcerated longer than 2 weeks (1.7 lbs vs. 0.8 lbs)...
  4. pmc Motivational interviewing with computer assistance as an intervention to empower women to make contraceptive choices while incarcerated: study protocol for randomized controlled trial
    Jennifer Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    Trials 13:101. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Working Inside for Smoking Elimination (Project W.I.S.E.) study design and rationale to prevent return to smoking after release from a smoke free prison
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention, Pawtucket, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:767. 2011
    ..However, relapse to smoking is common upon release from prison, approaching 90% within a few weeks. No evidence based treatments currently exist to assist individuals to remain abstinent after a period of prolonged, forced abstinence...
  6. doi request reprint Timing of conception for pregnant women returning to jail
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University Center for Primary Care and Prevention Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02860, USA
    J Correct Health Care 16:133-8. 2010
    ..38; 95% confidence interval 1.12 to 5.07). Providing contraceptive services at the time of release may help decrease the number of women who enter jail pregnant...
  7. doi request reprint Hazardously drinking women leaving jail: time to first drink
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, RI, USA
    J Correct Health Care 17:61-8. 2011
    ..82, p < .05) as length of incarceration increased. The intervention was not associated with decreased drinking. Interventions to maintain abstinence need to reach women within their first days postrelease...
  8. pmc Relationship of alcohol use and sexual risk taking among hazardously drinking incarcerated women: an event-level analysis
    Michael D Stein
    Department of Medicine and Community Health, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University and General Medicine Research, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 70:508-15. 2009
    ..To understand the association of alcohol use with sex and unprotected sex among hazardously drinking incarcerated women, we examined the relationship of these behaviors on any given day...
  9. pmc A brief alcohol intervention for hazardously drinking incarcerated women
    Michael D Stein
    Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Addiction 105:466-75. 2010
    ..To test the hypothesis that among hazardously drinking incarcerated women who are returning to the community, a brief alcohol intervention will result in less alcohol use at follow-up relative to standard of care...
  10. ncbi request reprint Levels of trauma among women inmates with HIV risk and alcohol use disorders: behavioral and emotional impacts
    Megan R Hebert
    Rhode Island Hospital Substance Abuse Rresearch Unit, DGIM, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Trauma Dissociation 8:27-46. 2007
    ..Through identifying these separate classes, limited resources for trauma survivors in the correctional setting could be most appropriately allocated...
  11. doi request reprint Perinatal care for incarcerated patients: a 25-year-old woman pregnant in jail
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Brown University, 272 George St, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    JAMA 305:923-9. 2011
    ..Using the case of Ms A as a springboard for discussion, the issues, benefits, and challenges of caring for an incarcerated pregnant woman are addressed, as is the importance of family planning services to those about to be released...
  12. pmc Correlates of partner-specific condom use intentions among incarcerated women in Rhode Island
    Cynthia Rosengard
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 37:32-8. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy attitudes and contraceptive plans among women entering jail
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Rhode Island Hospital, Department of General Medicine, and Brown University School of Medicine, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Women Health 43:111-30. 2006
    ..47%). Tailoring services to women's specific pregnancy attitudes during periods of incarceration may aid in preventing unplanned pregnancies in populations of high-risk women...
  14. pmc Reproductive health care and family planning needs among incarcerated women
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Rhode Island Hospital DGIM, MPB 1, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:834-9. 2006
    ..We assessed the level of risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and the reproductive health needs of 484 incarcerated women in Rhode Island to plan an intervention for women returning to the community...
  15. pmc Improving birth control service utilization by offering services prerelease vs postincarceration
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, MPB 1, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:840-5. 2006
    ..We examined whether incarcerated women would substantially increase birth control initiation if contraceptive services were available within the prison compared with after their release back into the community...
  16. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus in correctional facilities: a review
    Anne Spaulding
    Division of Infectious Disease, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 35:305-12. 2002
    ..A link between area HIV specialists and correctional health care providers is an important partnership for ensuring that HIV-infected patients have optimal care both inside prison and after release...
  17. ncbi request reprint Microflora changes with the use of a vaginal microbicide
    Jennifer G Clarke
    Division of Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brown University School of Medicine, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 29:288-93. 2002
    ..These products must be convenient, effective, and safe, and ideally they will cause minimal disruption in the normal vaginal ecosystem...
  18. ncbi request reprint Evaluating a lesbian and gay health care curriculum
    Kelly A McGarry
    Brown Medical School, Department of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, 593 Eddy Street, 02903, USA
    Teach Learn Med 14:244-8. 2002
    ..Many physicians are not prepared to deal with the health care concerns of their lesbian and gay patients...
  19. ncbi request reprint Correlates of acceptance of a hypothetical gonorrhea vaccine by incarcerated women
    Loida E Bonney
    Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:778-82. 2007
    ..This study sought to identify correlates of acceptance of a hypothetical Neisseria gonorrhea (GC) vaccine in a high-risk sample of incarcerated women...
  20. pmc Gender differences in comorbid disorders among offenders in prison substance abuse treatment programs
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Behav Sci Law 26:403-12. 2008
    ..The study concluded that women offenders newly admitted to a prison substance abuse program present with a greater psychiatric vulnerability and a different pattern of psychiatric comorbidity than their male counterparts...
  21. ncbi request reprint Racial/ethnic sexual health disparities among incarcerated women
    Loida E Bonney
    Division of General Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 49 Jesse Hill Jr Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:553-8. 2008
    ..40%, p < 0.05). The correctional setting is an opportune place to better understand and address the complex issue of sexual health disparities...
  22. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and predictors of sexually transmitted infection among newly incarcerated females
    Denise M Willers
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine and Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:68-72. 2008
    ..To examine demographic and behavioral characteristics in incarcerated women to determine which characteristics are associated with prevalent sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Educational attainment but not literacy is associated with HIV risk behavior among incarcerated women
    Michael K Paasche-Orlow
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 14:852-9. 2005
    ..To identify the educational factors associated with HIV risk behaviors among incarcerated women...
  24. doi request reprint Feasibility of gaining access to women in jail for health interventions
    Megan R Hebert
    Women Health 47:79-93. 2008
    ..This study addressed the feasibility of recruiting detained women for eligibility for clinical research...
  25. doi request reprint Prevalence and patterns of sexual assault across the life span among incarcerated women
    Anita Raj
    Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
    Violence Against Women 14:528-41. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the lifetime sexual victimization pattern of incarcerated women differs from that seen in the general population...
  26. ncbi request reprint Violence against women associated with arrests for sex trade but not drug charges
    Anita Raj
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany St, T2W, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Int J Law Psychiatry 29:204-11. 2006
    ..Interventions for incarcerated women are needed to consider and address history of victimization from gender-based violence and its relation to women's historic and future sex trade involvement...
  27. ncbi request reprint Correctional health care in Rhode Island: challenges and opportunities
    Michael Poshkus
    RI Dept of Correction, USA
    Med Health R I 88:428-9, 432-3. 2005
  28. ncbi request reprint Utilization of preventive health services by HIV-seronegative injection drug users
    Kelly A McGarry
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA
    J Addict Dis 21:93-102. 2002
    ..Given the burden of disease among IDUs, our findings suggest the need for a distinct set of testing and vaccination guidelines for the HIV-seronegative IDU population...

Research Grants6

  1. Women in Prison: Decreasing Unplanned Pregnancies & STDs
    Jennifer Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Funded by the NICHD, he is the PI evaluating this system in two primary care settings. He will provide me with advanced training in survey research methodology. ..
  2. MI: Empowering Women to Make Contraceptive Choices While Incarcerated
    JENNIFER GRACE CLARKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to evaluate an innovative motivationally based intervention in a randomized clinical trial of women entering jail in Rhode Island. ..
  3. Sustaining Tobacco Abstinence after Incarceration
    JENNIFER GRACE CLARKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For this two year proposal we will limit follow-up to 12-weeks after release and censor follow-up for those who have relapsed to smoking. ..