Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham

Summary

Affiliation: Boston University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Object-based auditory and visual attention
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:182-6. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Effects of frequency disparities on trading of an ambiguous tone between two competing auditory objects
    Adrian K C Lee
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:4340-51. 2008
  3. pmc Object continuity enhances selective auditory attention
    Virginia Best
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13174-8. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Hijacking gamma oscillations during auditory attention
    Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
    Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3387. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Analyzing objects through time
    Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
    Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3268. 2012
  6. pmc Selective attention in normal and impaired hearing
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Hearing Research Center, Departments of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02421, USA
    Trends Amplif 12:283-99. 2008
  7. pmc A sound element gets lost in perceptual competition
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12223-7. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Adapting to supernormal auditory localization cues. I. Bias and resolution
    B G Shinn-Cunningham
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 103:3656-66. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Localizing nearby sound sources in a classroom: binaural room impulse responses
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center and Departments of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Biomedical Engineering, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 117:3100-15. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Spatial unmasking of nearby speech sources in a simulated anechoic environment
    B G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center, Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 110:1118-29. 2001

Research Grants

  1. Spatial Auditory Plasticity
    Barbara Shinn Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Perception in complex, multi-source environments
    BARBARA GAIL SHINN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Perception in complex, multi-source environments
    BARBARA GAIL SHINN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. pmc Object-based auditory and visual attention
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:182-6. 2008
    ..This similarity suggests that the same neural mechanisms control attention and influence perception across different sensory modalities...
  2. doi request reprint Effects of frequency disparities on trading of an ambiguous tone between two competing auditory objects
    Adrian K C Lee
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:4340-51. 2008
    ..Unlike when spatial cues were manipulated, results are roughly consistent with trading. Together, results suggest that the degree to which trading is obeyed depends on how stimuli are manipulated to affect object formation...
  3. pmc Object continuity enhances selective auditory attention
    Virginia Best
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13174-8. 2008
    ..Similar effects may come into play when attention is sustained on an object in a complex visual scene, especially in cases where visual object formation requires sustained attention...
  4. ncbi request reprint Hijacking gamma oscillations during auditory attention
    Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
    Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3387. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Analyzing objects through time
    Barbara Shinn-Cunningham
    Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3268. 2012
    ..These factors, which strongly impact human processing of auditory scenes, will be discussed and contrasted with the processing governing many machine algorithms for auditory scene analysis...
  6. pmc Selective attention in normal and impaired hearing
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Hearing Research Center, Departments of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02421, USA
    Trends Amplif 12:283-99. 2008
    ..Thus, peripheral hearing deficits are likely to cause a number of interrelated problems that challenge the ability of HL listeners to communicate in social settings requiring selective attention...
  7. pmc A sound element gets lost in perceptual competition
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12223-7. 2007
    ..to include an element within the auditory foreground, a result with important implications for how we process complex auditory scenes containing ambiguous information...
  8. ncbi request reprint Adapting to supernormal auditory localization cues. I. Bias and resolution
    B G Shinn-Cunningham
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 103:3656-66. 1998
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Localizing nearby sound sources in a classroom: binaural room impulse responses
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center and Departments of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Biomedical Engineering, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 117:3100-15. 2005
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Spatial unmasking of nearby speech sources in a simulated anechoic environment
    B G Shinn-Cunningham
    Boston University Hearing Research Center, Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 110:1118-29. 2001
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Adapting to supernormal auditory localization cues. II. Constraints on adaptation of mean response
    B G Shinn-Cunningham
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 103:3667-76. 1998
    ..Over time, performance changes exponentially towards the best-fit linear approximation for the transformation used in a particular experiment, and the rate of this adaptation does not depend upon the transformation employed...
  12. ncbi request reprint Adapting to remapped auditory localization cues: a decision-theory model
    B Shinn-Cunningham
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    Percept Psychophys 62:33-47. 2000
    ..This view is consistent with previous analyses of results from experiments investigating adaptation to visual rearrangement, as well as with the McCullough effect in vision (Bedford, 1993, 1995)...
  13. ncbi request reprint Models of plasticity in spatial auditory processing
    B Shinn-Cunningham
    Departments of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Audiol Neurootol 6:187-91. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Informational masking: counteracting the effects of stimulus uncertainty by decreasing target-masker similarity
    Nathaniel I Durlach
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 114:368-79. 2003
    ..Furthermore, listener vulnerability to informational masking is found to be consistent to at least a moderate degree across experiments...
  15. pmc The impact of noise and hearing loss on the processing of simultaneous sentences
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Ear Hear 31:213-20. 2010
    ..To examine the impact of hearing impairment on a listener's ability to process simultaneous spoken messages...
  16. pmc Exploring the benefit of auditory spatial continuity
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 127:EL258-64. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc How visual cues for when to listen aid selective auditory attention
    Lenny A Varghese
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 13:359-68. 2012
    ..Visual cues help little when target and masker already differ in attributes that enable listeners to engage selective auditory attention effectively, including differences in spectrotemporal structure and in perceived location...
  18. pmc Normal hearing is not enough to guarantee robust encoding of suprathreshold features important in everyday communication
    Dorea Ruggles
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University Hearing Research Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:15516-21. 2011
    ..Tests like these may help tease apart how peripheral and central deficits contribute to communication impairments, ultimately leading to new approaches to combat the social isolation that often ensues...
  19. pmc The extent to which a position-based explanation accounts for binaural release from informational masking
    Frederick J Gallun
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:439-49. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Effects of sensorineural hearing loss on visually guided attention in a multitalker environment
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 10:142-9. 2009
    ..Results suggest that reduced utility of selective attention for resolving competition between simultaneous sounds contributes to the communication difficulties experienced by listeners with hearing loss in everyday listening situations...
  21. pmc Localization interference between components in an auditory scene
    Adrian K C Lee
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:2543-55. 2009
    ..These results show that the perceived location of an attended object is not easily predicted by knowledge of how sound elements contribute to the perceived spectro-temporal content of that object...
  22. ncbi request reprint Binaural interference and auditory grouping
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 121:1070-6. 2007
    ..Modifications to existing grouping-based models are proposed that may help account for binaural interference effects more successfully...
  23. pmc Competing sound sources reveal spatial effects in cortical processing
    Ross K Maddox
    Hearing Research Center, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001319. 2012
    ..These results help elucidate how cortical processing exploits spatial information to provide a substrate for selective spatial auditory attention...
  24. pmc Influence of task-relevant and task-irrelevant feature continuity on selective auditory attention
    Ross K Maddox
    Hearing Research Center, Biomedical Engineering, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 13:119-29. 2012
    ....
  25. pmc Influences of modulation and spatial separation on detection of a masked broadband target
    Norbert Kopco
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2236-50. 2008
    ....
  26. pmc Effect of source spectrum on sound localization in an everyday reverberant room
    Antje Ihlefeld
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 130:324-33. 2011
    ..These findings show that listeners do not always optimally adjust how localization cues are integrated over frequency in reverberant settings...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sound localization with a preceding distractor
    Norbert Kopco
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 121:420-32. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint The influence of spatial separation on divided listening
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 120:1506-16. 2006
    ....
  29. pmc Effects of reverberant spatial cues on attention-dependent object formation
    Adrian K C Lee
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 9:150-60. 2008
    ..Results are consistent with the idea that the perceptual organization of an acoustic mixture depends on what object a listener attends...
  30. pmc Visually-guided attention enhances target identification in a complex auditory scene
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 8:294-304. 2007
    ....
  31. pmc Why middle-aged listeners have trouble hearing in everyday settings
    Dorea Ruggles
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Curr Biol 22:1417-22. 2012
    ..These results hint that temporal envelope cues influence spatial hearing in reverberant settings more than is commonly appreciated and help explain why middle-aged listeners have particular difficulty communicating in daily life...
  32. ncbi request reprint Spatial unmasking of birdsong in human listeners: energetic and informational factors
    Virginia Best
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 118:3766-73. 2005
    ..The results share many features with analogous results using speech targets, suggesting that spatial separation aids in the segregation of complex natural sounds through mechanisms that are not specific to speech...
  33. pmc Dissociation of perceptual judgments of "what" and "where" in an ambiguous auditory scene
    Andrew H Schwartz
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 128:3041-51. 2010
    ..These results show a dissociation between the perceived spectro-temporal content of an auditory object and where that object is perceived...
  34. pmc Robustness of cortical topography across fields, laminae, anesthetic states, and neurophysiological signal types
    Wei Guo
    Eaton Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    J Neurosci 32:9159-72. 2012
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Influences of auditory object formation on phonemic restoration
    Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Hearing Research Center, Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02421, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:295-301. 2008
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Spatial unmasking of nearby pure-tone targets in a simulated anechoic environment
    Norbert Kopco
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 114:2856-70. 2003
    ..These results suggest that individuals differ not only in their overall sensitivity to binaural cues, but also in how their binaural sensitivity varies with the spatial position of (and interaural differences in) the masker...
  37. pmc Reference frame of the ventriloquism aftereffect
    Norbert Kopco
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Neurosci 29:13809-14. 2009
    ..Results indicate that both humans and monkeys use a mixture of the two RFs, suggesting that the neural mechanisms involved in ventriloquism occur in brain region(s) using a hybrid RF for encoding spatial information...
  38. pmc Spatial selective auditory attention in the presence of reverberant energy: individual differences in normal-hearing listeners
    Dorea Ruggles
    Hearing Research Center, Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 12:395-405. 2011
    ..Further work is necessary to determine if these differences arise from differences in peripheral auditory function or in more central function...
  39. ncbi request reprint The perceptual consequences of binaural hearing
    H Steven Colburn
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Audiol 45:S34-44. 2006
    ....
  40. pmc Measuring the perceived content of auditory objects using a matching paradigm
    Adrian K C Lee
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 9:388-97. 2008
    ..As a result, the sum of the target contributions to the two objects roughly equaled the physical target level for all tested spatial configurations, unlike in the previous studies...
  41. doi request reprint Measuring subcortical and cortical neural activities for music perception: A multilevel electroencephalography study
    Inyong Choi
    Ctr for Computational Neurosci and Neural Technol, Boston Univ, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA
    J Acoust Soc Am 133:3430. 2013
    ..Results from these experiments can provide a means to objectively quantify individual differences in central auditory processing related to musical ability through non-invasive, electrophysiological methods...
  42. pmc Quantifying attentional modulation of auditory-evoked cortical responses from single-trial electroencephalography
    Inyong Choi
    Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology, Boston University Boston, MA, USA
    Front Hum Neurosci 7:115. 2013
    ..The single-trial classification results add to the growing body of literature suggesting that auditory attentional modulation is sufficiently robust that it could be used as a control mechanism in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs)...
  43. pmc Nothing is irrelevant in a noisy world: sensory illusions reveal obligatory within-and across-modality integration
    Jennifer K Bizley
    Ear Institute, University College London, London, WC1X 8EE, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 32:13402-10. 2012
    ..Results reveal imperfect and obligatory within- and across-modality integration of information, and hint that the strength of these interactions depends on object binding...
  44. ncbi request reprint Converging evidence from behavior and electroencephalography for differences in the storage of streams versus individual sound objects
    Lenny A Varghese
    Dept of Biomedical Eng, 677 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215
    J Acoust Soc Am 130:2517. 2011
    ..These results may indicate that alpha activity is related to the amount of cognitive effort required to maintain sound sequences in short-term memory. [Work supported by NSSEFF grant to BGS-C.]...
  45. doi request reprint Spatial release from energetic and informational masking in a divided speech identification task
    Antje Ihlefeld
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon St, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:4380-92. 2008
    ..Spatial configuration did not noticeably affect the ability to report the more-intense talker, suggesting that it was processed differently than the less-intense talker, which was actively attended...
  46. doi request reprint Spatial release from energetic and informational masking in a selective speech identification task
    Antje Ihlefeld
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon St, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:4369-79. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate that at least two mechanisms (differentially affected by spatial and level cues) influence informational masking...
  47. doi request reprint Disentangling the effects of spatial cues on selection and formation of auditory objects
    Antje Ihlefeld
    Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory, Boston University Hearing Research Center, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:2224-35. 2008
    ..These results highlight the need to distinguish between these separate mechanisms when considering how observers cope with complex auditory scenes...
  48. ncbi request reprint Cortical interference effects in the cocktail party problem
    Rajiv Narayan
    Hearing Research Center, Boston University, 44 Cummington Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:1601-7. 2007
    ..The behavioral performance of songbirds degraded in a parallel manner. Our results identify neural interference that could explain the perceptual interference at the heart of the cocktail party problem...
  49. pmc Accurate sound localization in reverberant environments is mediated by robust encoding of spatial cues in the auditory midbrain
    Sasha Devore
    Eaton Peabody Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Neuron 62:123-34. 2009
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Informational masking for simultaneous nonspeech stimuli: psychometric functions for fixed and randomly mixed maskers
    Nathaniel I Durlach
    Hearing Research Center Boston University, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 118:2482-97. 2005
    ..In addition to presentation of new data and its relation to energy-detector models, this paper provides comments on a variety of issues, problems, and research needs in the IM area...
  51. pmc Physiological and psychophysical modeling of the precedence effect
    Jing Xia
    Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, 677 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 11:495-513. 2010
    ..Together, these simulations suggest that location-dependent suppression in IC neurons can explain the behavioral phenomenon known as the precedence effect...
  52. ncbi request reprint Note on informational masking
    Nathaniel I Durlach
    J Acoust Soc Am 113:2984-7. 2003
  53. pmc Task-modulated "what" and "where" pathways in human auditory cortex
    Jyrki Ahveninen
    Harvard Medical School Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, CNY 149 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:14608-13. 2006
    ..This finding suggests that selective-attention effects are feature-specific in the human nonprimary auditory cortex and that they arise from enhanced tuning of receptive fields of task-relevant neuronal populations...

Research Grants9

  1. Spatial Auditory Plasticity
    Barbara Shinn Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Perception in complex, multi-source environments
    BARBARA GAIL SHINN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. Perception in complex, multi-source environments
    BARBARA GAIL SHINN CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....