Caroline M Apovian

Summary

Affiliation: Boston University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Management of diabetes across the course of disease: minimizing obesity-associated complications
    Caroline M Apovian
    Medicine and Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine Nutrition and Weight Management Center and Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 4:353-69. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Participating faculty: the clinical and economic consequences of obesity
    Caroline M Apovian
    Nutrition and Weight Management Center, 88 East Newton St, Robinson 4400, Boston, MA 02118 E mail
    Am J Manag Care 19:s. 2013
  3. ncbi request reprint The clinical and economic consequences of obesity
    Caroline M Apovian
    Nutrition and Weight Management Center, 88 East Newton St, Robinson 4400, Boston, MA 02118 E mail
    Am J Manag Care 19:s219-28. 2013
  4. pmc A randomized, phase 3 trial of naltrexone SR/bupropion SR on weight and obesity-related risk factors (COR-II)
    Caroline M Apovian
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:935-43. 2013
  5. pmc Obesity prevalence from a European perspective: a systematic review
    Anne Berghöfer
    Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany
    BMC Public Health 8:200. 2008
  6. doi request reprint The causes, prevalence, and treatment of obesity revisited in 2009: what have we learned so far?
    Caroline M Apovian
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:277S-279S. 2010
  7. doi request reprint Effects of exenatide combined with lifestyle modification in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Caroline M Apovian
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Med 123:468.e9-17. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Board certification and credentialing in nutrition
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 E Newton Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 34:78S-85S. 2010
  9. pmc Best practice updates for multidisciplinary care in weight loss surgery
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:871-9. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and physical function in older women
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118 2392, USA
    Obes Res 10:740-7. 2002

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Management of diabetes across the course of disease: minimizing obesity-associated complications
    Caroline M Apovian
    Medicine and Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine Nutrition and Weight Management Center and Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 4:353-69. 2011
    ..The use of both pharmacologic and surgical therapies aimed at treating obesity rather than lowering blood glucose have the potential to improve glycemic control and even resolve T2DM in some patients...
  2. ncbi request reprint Participating faculty: the clinical and economic consequences of obesity
    Caroline M Apovian
    Nutrition and Weight Management Center, 88 East Newton St, Robinson 4400, Boston, MA 02118 E mail
    Am J Manag Care 19:s. 2013
    ..Also discussed are the cost-effectiveness of interventions to treat obesity and the impact of weight loss on health outcomes, costs, and QoL. ..
  3. ncbi request reprint The clinical and economic consequences of obesity
    Caroline M Apovian
    Nutrition and Weight Management Center, 88 East Newton St, Robinson 4400, Boston, MA 02118 E mail
    Am J Manag Care 19:s219-28. 2013
    ..As obesity becomes an ever greater public health problem, additional interventions with long-term efficacy are needed to reduce body weight and maintain weight loss. ..
  4. pmc A randomized, phase 3 trial of naltrexone SR/bupropion SR on weight and obesity-related risk factors (COR-II)
    Caroline M Apovian
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:935-43. 2013
    ..To examine the effects of naltrexone/bupropion (NB) combination therapy on weight and weight-related risk factors in overweight and obese participants...
  5. pmc Obesity prevalence from a European perspective: a systematic review
    Anne Berghöfer
    Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany
    BMC Public Health 8:200. 2008
    ..We therefore aimed to identify and discuss current epidemiological data on the prevalence of obesity in European countries...
  6. doi request reprint The causes, prevalence, and treatment of obesity revisited in 2009: what have we learned so far?
    Caroline M Apovian
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:277S-279S. 2010
    ..Community-structured programs for exercise and work-related physical activity could also engage a healthier lifestyle into the typical day for the average American as well as for individuals in other countries...
  7. doi request reprint Effects of exenatide combined with lifestyle modification in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Caroline M Apovian
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Med 123:468.e9-17. 2010
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Board certification and credentialing in nutrition
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 E Newton Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 34:78S-85S. 2010
    ..Consolidation of board examinations may be in the best interest of physician nutritionists...
  9. pmc Best practice updates for multidisciplinary care in weight loss surgery
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:871-9. 2009
    ..Key factors in patient safety include comprehensive preoperative medical evaluation, patient education, appropriate perioperative care, and long-term follow-up...
  10. ncbi request reprint Body mass index and physical function in older women
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118 2392, USA
    Obes Res 10:740-7. 2002
    ..Our objectives were (1) to characterize physical function themes based on combinations of tasks (deriving factors or components) and (2) to quantify the correlation between derived factors and body mass index (BMI)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Best practice guidelines in pediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery
    Caroline M Apovian
    Department of Medicine, Surgery, and Pediatrics, and Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston University Medical Center, 88 East Newton Street, Robinson Building, Suite 4400, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Obes Res 13:274-82. 2005
    ..To establish evidence-based guidelines for best practices in pediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery (WLS)...
  12. pmc Long-term successful weight loss improves vascular endothelial function in severely obese individuals
    Sherman J Bigornia
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:754-9. 2010
    ..The results also demonstrate that metabolic changes in association with weight loss are stronger determinants of vascular phenotype than degree of weight reduction...
  13. pmc Reduced adipose tissue inflammation represents an intermediate cardiometabolic phenotype in obesity
    Melissa G Farb
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 58:232-7. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether obese individuals with reduced adipose tissue inflammation exhibit a more favorable cardiovascular risk profile...
  14. pmc Insulin status and vascular responses to weight loss in obesity
    Sherman J Bigornia
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts
    J Am Coll Cardiol 62:2297-305. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether the effects of weight loss on arterial function are differentially modified by insulin status...
  15. pmc Patient factors associated with undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight loss
    Caroline M Apovian
    Evans Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA
    J Am Coll Surg 217:1118-25. 2013
    ..Little is known about factors that might lead patients to proceed with one procedure over the other...
  16. pmc Consuming a hypocaloric high fat low carbohydrate diet for 12 weeks lowers C-reactive protein, and raises serum adiponectin and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol in obese subjects
    Megan R Ruth
    Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston University, 88 E Newton St, Suite D4400, Boston, MA 02118
    Metabolism 62:1779-87. 2013
    ..We sought to determine the effects of a HFLC diet compared to a low fat high carbohydrate (LFHC) diet on the change in weight loss, cardiovascular risk factors and inflammation in subjects with obesity...
  17. pmc B lymphocytes in human subcutaneous adipose crown-like structures
    Marie E McDonnell
    Department of Medicine and Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition and Weight Management, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1372-8. 2012
    ..These results indicate that in human OIR, B cells are an integral component of organized inflammation in subcutaneous fat, and defining their role will lead to a better understanding of OIR pathogenesis and potentially impact treatment...
  18. ncbi request reprint Criteria for patient selection and multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment of the weight loss surgery patient
    Edward Saltzman
    Jean Mayer U S Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Obes Res 13:234-43. 2005
    ....
  19. pmc Preoperative weight gain might increase risk of gastric bypass surgery
    Nawfal W Istfan
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 7:157-64. 2011
    ..We sought to determine whether the changes in body weight before open gastric bypass surgery (OGB) would have a significant effect on the immediate perioperative hospital course...
  20. pmc Adipose macrophage infiltration is associated with insulin resistance and vascular endothelial dysfunction in obese subjects
    Caroline M Apovian
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Mass, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 28:1654-9. 2008
    ..Our goal was to characterize the state of inflammation in human fat in relation to vascular function and metabolic parameters in obese individuals...
  21. pmc Relation of cumulative weight burden to vascular endothelial dysfunction in obesity
    Joshua M Arkin
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Cardiol 101:98-101. 2008
    ..In conclusion, these results suggest that cardiovascular risks intensify with higher degrees of obesity and underscore the importance of therapeutic weight loss interventions...
  22. pmc The influence of pericardial fat upon left ventricular function in obese females: evidence of a site-specific effect
    Ning Hua
    The Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16:37. 2014
    ..We hypothesized that if local effects dominate, left ventricular (LV) function would be most strongly associated with pericardial fat that surrounds the left rather than the right ventricle (RV)...
  23. pmc Insulin sensitive and resistant obesity in humans: AMPK activity, oxidative stress, and depot-specific changes in gene expression in adipose tissue
    X Julia Xu
    Diabetes and Metabolism Unit, Section of Endocrinology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Lipid Res 53:792-801. 2012
    ..However, most changes in gene expression appear to be depot-specific...
  24. pmc Maladaptive enlargement of the brachial artery in severe obesity is reversed with weight loss
    Naomi M Hamburg
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Vasc Med 15:215-22. 2010
    ..Our findings demonstrate the presence of maladaptive arterial remodeling in advanced obesity that was ameliorated by significant weight loss...
  25. doi request reprint Expert panel on weight loss surgery: executive report update
    George L Blackburn
    Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:842-62. 2009
    ..We expect them to have far-reaching effects of the development of health care policy and the practice of WLS...
  26. doi request reprint Obesity surgery: evidence for diabetes prevention/management
    Sue Cummings
    MGH Weight Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:S40-4. 2008
    ..In this review, we summarize the evidence of surgical interventions in the treatment of type 2 diabetes...
  27. pmc Weight, blood pressure, and dietary benefits after 12 months of a Web-based Nutrition Education Program (DASH for health): longitudinal observational study
    Thomas J Moore
    Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Med Internet Res 10:e52. 2008
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Vitamin D in adipose tissue and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D after roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    Pornpoj Pramyothin
    Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:2228-34. 2011
    ..2 ± 5.36 ng/ml (P = 0.58). We conclude that vitamin D in adipose tissue does not significantly contribute to serum 25(OH)D despite dramatic loss of fat mass after RYGB...
  29. doi request reprint Weight loss surgery eligibility according to various BMI criteria among adolescents
    Carine M Lenders
    Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:150-5. 2009
    ..Fewer adolescents would be eligible based on the adult WLS criterion, and younger adolescents would be less likely to be eligible for WLS than older adolescents...
  30. pmc Treating diabetes and prediabetes by focusing on obesity management
    Lalita Khaodhiar
    Boston University School of Medicine, Center for Nutrition and Weight Management, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Curr Diab Rep 9:348-54. 2009
    ..In this article, we summarize the evidence of obesity management in treating T2DM and prediabetes...
  31. pmc Cyclooxygenase inhibition improves endothelial vasomotor dysfunction of visceral adipose arterioles in human obesity
    Melissa G Farb
    Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 22:349-55. 2014
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether cyclooxygenase inhibition improves vascular dysfunction of adipose microvessels from obese humans...
  32. pmc Arteriolar function in visceral adipose tissue is impaired in human obesity
    Melissa G Farb
    Boston Medical Center, 88 East Newton St, D 8, Cardiology, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 32:467-73. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to characterize the relationship between adipose tissue phenotype and depot-specific microvascular function in fat...
  33. pmc Validation of a web-based dietary questionnaire designed for the DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) diet: the DASH online questionnaire
    Caroline M Apovian
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:615-22. 2010
    ..The DASH Online Questionnaire (OLQ) was validated against the well-known Block Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)...
  34. pmc Inducible Toll-like receptor and NF-kappaB regulatory pathway expression in human adipose tissue
    Olga I Vitseva
    Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Evans Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:932-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to examine differential TLR expression and function in human adipose tissue...
  35. pmc High-risk alcohol use after weight loss surgery
    Christina C Wee
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts Electronic address
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 10:508-13. 2014
    ..The objective of this study was to characterize high-risk alcohol use before and after WLS and according to surgery type...
  36. ncbi request reprint Weight loss and health outcomes in African Americans and whites after gastric bypass surgery
    Wendy A Anderson
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1455-63. 2007
    ..The objective was to describe differences in weight loss, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk factors between white and African-American patients after gastric bypass (GBP)...
  37. doi request reprint Advances in medical therapy for weight loss and the weight-centric management of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Leon I Igel
    Department of Medicine, New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center, 505 E 70th Street, Suite 450, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 14:60-9. 2012
    ..Emphasis is also placed on a proposed paradigm shift from the glucose-centric to the weight-centric management of type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  38. ncbi request reprint Current perspectives of obesity and its treatment
    Lalita Khaodhiar
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Manag Care Interface 20:24-31. 2007
    ..A variety of treatments are available to deal with the condition. However, no matter what therapy is chosen, the patient must be aware that success may depend on adherence and follow-up with a health care practitioner...
  39. pmc The relationship of ectopic lipid accumulation to cardiac and vascular function in obesity and metabolic syndrome
    Frederick L Ruberg
    Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1116-21. 2010
    ..Site-specific functional abnormalities were observed for pericardial but not periaortic lipid. These findings underscore the utility of MRI to assess individual differences in ectopic lipid that are not predictable from BMI...
  40. ncbi request reprint Effect of medical and surgical weight loss on endothelial vasomotor function in obese patients
    Noyan Gokce
    Evans Department of Medicine, Cardiology and Endocrinology Sections, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Cardiol 95:266-8. 2005
    ..These data demonstrate that weight loss in markedly obese patients improves endothelial function and glycemic control that may represent important mechanisms of the cardiovascular benefit associated with weight reduction...
  41. pmc Self-monitoring of blood glucose with finger tip versus alternative site sampling: effect on glycemic control in insulin-using patients with type 2 diabetes
    Philip E Knapp
    Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition and Weight Management, Section of Endocrinology, Evans Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Diabetes Technol Ther 11:219-25. 2009
    ..This study compared glycemic control in finger tip versus forearm sampling methods of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG)...
  42. ncbi request reprint New scanning electron microscopic method for determination of adipocyte size in humans and mice
    Wen Guo
    Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 650 Albany Streeet, Room 805, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1657-65. 2007
    ..To evaluate a new scanning electronic microscopic (EM) method for assessing fat cell sizes and compare fat cell size distribution in human adipose tissue from different fat depots before and after weight loss...
  43. pmc An automated algorithm to identify and quantify brown adipose tissue in human 18F-FDG-PET/CT scans
    Megan R Ruth
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:1554-60. 2013
    ..To develop an algorithm to identify and quantify BAT from PET/CT scans without radiologist interpretation...
  44. ncbi request reprint Aggressive diets and lipid responses
    Claudia Panzer
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Section of Endocrinology Nutrition and Weight Management Center, 88 East Newton Street, Suite D 614, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Curr Cardiol Rep 6:464-73. 2004
    ....
  45. doi request reprint Anemia and leukopenia in a long-term parenteral nutrition patient during a shortage of parenteral trace element products in the United States
    Pornpoj Pramyothin
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 37:425-9. 2013
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Compilation of recommendations from summit on increasing physician nutrition experts
    Stephen A McClave
    Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 34:123S-32S. 2010
    ..The role for any council arising from this Summit is yet to be defined but may certainly involve facilitating communication and collaboration of initiatives arising from many of the issues listed here...
  47. pmc Elevated proinflammatory cytokine production by a skewed T cell compartment requires monocytes and promotes inflammation in type 2 diabetes
    Madhumita Jagannathan-Bogdan
    Department of Pathology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Immunol 186:1162-72. 2011
    ..Understanding the unique aspects of T2D T cells is essential to predict outcomes of such treatments...
  48. ncbi request reprint Overnight dexamethasone suppression test: a reliable screen for Cushing's syndrome in the obese
    Rosane Ness-Abramof
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Obes Res 10:1217-21. 2002
    ..Reevaluation of the validity of the 1-mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test (ODST) as a screening test for Cushing's syndrome in obese patients...
  49. pmc The endocrinopathies of anorexia nervosa
    Lisa S Usdan
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    Endocr Pract 14:1055-63. 2008
    ..To describe the hormonal adaptations and alterations in anorexia nervosa...
  50. ncbi request reprint Medical therapy for obesity: present and future
    Rosane Ness-Abramof
    Endocrine Unit, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 6:760-5. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Sibutramine plus meal replacement therapy for body weight loss and maintenance in obese patients
    James L Early
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 1010 N Kansas Rd, Wichita, KS 67214 3199, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1464-72. 2007
    ..Our objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of sibutramine with a low-calorie diet (LCD) and commercial meal-replacement product in achieving weight loss and weight-loss maintenance in obese patients...
  52. ncbi request reprint Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society
    Dennis T Villareal
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences and Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:923-34. 2005
    ..Therefore, weight-loss therapy that minimizes muscle and bone losses is recommended for older persons who are obese and who have functional impairments or medical complications that can benefit from weight loss...
  53. ncbi request reprint Obesity in older adults: technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society
    Dennis T Villareal
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Obes Res 13:1849-63. 2005
    ..Therefore, weight-loss therapy that minimizes muscle and bone losses is recommended for older persons who are obese and who have functional impairments or medical complications that can benefit from weight loss...
  54. ncbi request reprint Diet modification for treatment and prevention of obesity
    Rosane Ness-Abramof
    Endocrine Unit, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel
    Endocrine 29:5-9. 2006
    ..Further research should focus on permanent lifestyle changes that may reverse this growing epidemic. This review will focus on current practices for the dietary management of obesity and to promote weight maintenance...
  55. ncbi request reprint Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, obesity, and type 2 diabetes
    Caroline M Apovian
    JAMA 292:978-9. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Can lesser-known causes of obesity help build a more predictive physiological model?
    Caroline M Apovian
    Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 15:401-2. 2008