X Fan

Summary

Affiliation: Agricultural Research Service
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Inactivation of Listeria innocua, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on surface and stem scar areas of tomatoes using in-package ozonation
    Xuetong Fan
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 190382 USA
    J Food Prot 75:1611-8. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Changes in quality, liking, and purchase intent of irradiated fresh-cut spinach during storage
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 76:S363-8. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint Furan formation in sugar solution and apple cider upon ultraviolet treatment
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 55:7816-21. 2007
  4. doi request reprint Formation of trans fatty acids in ground beef and frankfurters due to irradiation
    X Fan
    US Dept of Agriculture, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 74:C79-84. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Factors affecting thermally induced furan formation
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:9490-4. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Retention of quality and nutritional value of 13 fresh-cut vegetables treated with low-dose radiation
    X Fan
    US Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:S367-72. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Antibrowning and antimicrobial properties of sodium acid sulfate in apple slices
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 74:M485-92. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Effect of hot water surface pasteurization of whole fruit on shelf life and quality of fresh-cut cantaloupe
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:M91-8. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Effect of ionizing radiation on furan formation in fresh-cut fruits and vegetables
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:C79-83. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of ionizing radiation on sensorial, chemical, and microbiological quality of frozen corn and peas
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1901-8. 2007

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. doi request reprint Inactivation of Listeria innocua, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on surface and stem scar areas of tomatoes using in-package ozonation
    Xuetong Fan
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 190382 USA
    J Food Prot 75:1611-8. 2012
    ..These results suggest that the three bacteria responded differently to ozonation and that in-package ozonation may provide an alternative to chemical sanitizers commonly used by the industry...
  2. doi request reprint Changes in quality, liking, and purchase intent of irradiated fresh-cut spinach during storage
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 76:S363-8. 2011
    ..Therefore, irradiation at doses up to 2 kGy may be used to enhance microbial safety without affecting consumer acceptance or overall antioxidant values of irradiated spinach...
  3. ncbi request reprint Furan formation in sugar solution and apple cider upon ultraviolet treatment
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 55:7816-21. 2007
    ..coli, very low concentrations (<1 ppb) of furan were induced. Our results suggest that UVC could induce furan formation, but when used for the purpose of juice pasteurization, little furan was induced in apple cider...
  4. doi request reprint Formation of trans fatty acids in ground beef and frankfurters due to irradiation
    X Fan
    US Dept of Agriculture, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 74:C79-84. 2009
    ..Compared to variations in trans fatty acid content and fatty acid composition occurring naturally in meat and meat products, the changes due to irradiation were negligible...
  5. doi request reprint Factors affecting thermally induced furan formation
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:9490-4. 2008
    ..Importantly, this is the first report demonstrating that phosphate (in addition to pH) plays a significant role in thermally induced furan formation...
  6. doi request reprint Retention of quality and nutritional value of 13 fresh-cut vegetables treated with low-dose radiation
    X Fan
    US Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:S367-72. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that most fresh-cut fruits and vegetables tested can tolerate up to 1 kGy irradiation without significant losses in any of the quality attributes...
  7. doi request reprint Antibrowning and antimicrobial properties of sodium acid sulfate in apple slices
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 74:M485-92. 2009
    ..The information is useful for the fresh-cut produce industry to enhance microbial safety of fresh-cut apples while minimizing browning, thus increasing the consumption of the health benefiting fresh fruit...
  8. doi request reprint Effect of hot water surface pasteurization of whole fruit on shelf life and quality of fresh-cut cantaloupe
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:M91-8. 2008
    ..Our results suggested that hot water pasteurization of whole cantaloupes frequently resulted in lower TPCs of fresh-cut fruit during storage and did not negatively affect quality of fresh-cut cantaloupes...
  9. doi request reprint Effect of ionizing radiation on furan formation in fresh-cut fruits and vegetables
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:C79-83. 2008
    ..The pH and the amount of simple sugars in fresh fruits and vegetables had a role in furan formation. Low levels of furan were induced by irradiation only in those fruits that had a high amount of simple sugars and low pH...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effects of ionizing radiation on sensorial, chemical, and microbiological quality of frozen corn and peas
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1901-8. 2007
    ..Overall, irradiation significantly reduced the microbial load and increased the display life of peas and had minimal detrimental effects on the quality of frozen corn and peas...
  11. ncbi request reprint Use of chemical sanitizers to reduce microbial populations and maintain quality of whole and fresh-cut cantaloupe
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 72:2453-60. 2009
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Ultraviolet light (254 nm) inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters that contain potassium lactate and sodium diacetate
    C H Sommers
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Dept of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 74:M114-9. 2009
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Sensorial and chemical quality of gamma-irradiated fresh-cut iceberg lettuce in modified atmosphere packages
    Xuetong Fan
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1760-5. 2002
    ..The irradiation of fresh-cut lettuce in modified atmosphere packages at doses of 1 kGy and perhaps 2 kGy for safety enhancement and quality improvement is feasible...
  14. doi request reprint Efficacy of integrated treatment of UV light and low-dose gamma irradiation on inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on grape tomatoes
    S Mukhopadhyay
    Residue Chemistry and Predicdive Microbiology Research Unit, US Dept of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional, Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 78:M1049-56. 2013
    ..The data suggest efficacious treatment strategy for produce indicating 5 or higher log reduction which is consistent with the recommendations of the Natl. Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. ..
  15. ncbi request reprint Use of vacuum-steam-vacuum and ionizing radiation to eliminate Listeria innocua from ham
    Christopher Sommers
    Eastern Regional Research Center, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1981-3. 2002
    ..innocua on ham. The combination treatment did not cause statistically significant changes in product structure, color (redness), or lipid oxidation...
  16. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant power, lipid oxidation, color, and viability of Listeria monocytogenes in beef bologna treated with gamma radiation and containing various levels of glucose
    Christopher H Sommers
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, NAA, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1750-5. 2002
    ..However, a high dextrose concentration in combination with gamma irradiation increases lipid oxidation significantly...
  17. ncbi request reprint Warm water treatment in combination with modified atmosphere packaging reduces undesirable effects of irradiation on the quality of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 51:1231-6. 2003
    ..These results suggest lettuce treated with warm water and irradiated at 0.5 or 1 kGy had the best sensory quality without significant loss in texture, vitamin C, or total antioxidants...
  18. doi request reprint Inactivation of Listeria innocua on frankfurters that contain potassium lactate and sodium diacetate by flash pasteurization
    C H Sommers
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Dept of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wynd moor, PA 19038, USA
    J Food Sci 73:M72-4. 2008
    ..monocytogenes associated with contaminations of ready-to-eat meats are typically very low, the use of FP in combination with PL and SDA has the potential to reduce the number of frankfurter recalls and foodborne illness outbreaks...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effect of pH on the survival of Listeria innocua in calcium ascorbate solutions and on quality of fresh-cut apples
    Yildiz Karaibrahimoglu
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038 8598, USA
    J Food Prot 67:751-7. 2004
    ..The CaA solution was stable at pH 5 for at least 96 h. Reduction of the pH to between 4.5 and 5.0 might reduce the risk of foodborne illness due to consumption of fresh-cut apples treated with a CaA solution contaminated with Listeria...
  20. ncbi request reprint gamma-Radiation influences browning, antioxidant activity, and malondialdehyde level of apple juice
    Xuetong Fan
    Food Safety Research Laboratory, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:710-5. 2002
    ..The exclusion of oxygen from juices did not affect the reduction in browning due to irradiation but promoted the increase in FRAP values and decreased the irradiation-induced MDA formation...
  21. ncbi request reprint Degradation of monoterpenes in orange juice by gamma radiation
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 49:2422-6. 2001
    ..Our results indicate that acyclic monoterpenes are sensitive to irradiation whereas most other volatile compounds are resistant...
  22. ncbi request reprint Radiation (gamma) resistance and postirradiation growth of Listeria monocytogenes suspended in beef bologna containing sodium diacetate and potassium lactate
    Christopher Sommers
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 66:2051-6. 2003
    ..15% SDA-2% PL over 8 weeks of storage at 9 degrees C. Little effect on lipid oxidation and color of the control bologna, or bologna containing SDA-PL mixtures, was observed upon irradiation at either 1.5 or 3.0 kGy...
  23. ncbi request reprint Gamma irradiation of fine-emulsion sausage containing sodium diacetate
    Christopher Sommers
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 66:819-24. 2003
    ..0 kGy). SDA can inhibit the proliferation of L. monocytogenes surviving the irradiation process with minimal impact on fine-emulsion sausage color, lipid oxidation, and firmness when used within regulatory limits...
  24. ncbi request reprint Irradiation temperature influences product quality factors of frozen vegetables and radiation sensitivity of inoculated Listeria monocytogenes
    Brendan A Niemira
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1406-10. 2002
    ..Color varied significantly among the dose-temperature combinations only for broccoli florets; this variation did not demonstrate a clear pattern of quality changes in response to irradiation...
  25. ncbi request reprint Changes in growth and antioxidant status of alfalfa sprouts during sprouting as affected by gamma irradiation of seeds
    Xuetong Fan
    Food Safety, Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 67:561-6. 2004
    ..However, when the nutritive values were expressed on a per gram of seed basis, irradiation had no effect on the nutritive values of sprouts...
  26. ncbi request reprint Volatile sulfur compounds in irradiated precooked turkey breast analyzed with pulsed flame photometric detection
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennslyvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:4257-61. 2002
    ..Carbon disulfide was the only volatile sulfur compound that was reduced by irradiation. Concentrations of all volatile sulfur compounds decreased in both irradiated and nonirradiated samples stored at 5 degrees C...
  27. ncbi request reprint Influence of 1-methylcyclopropene on ripening, storage life, and volatile production by d'Anjou cv. pear fruit
    Luiz C Argenta
    USDA, ARS Tree Fruit Research Laboratory, 1104 N Western Avenue, Wenatchee, Washington 98801, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 51:3858-64. 2003
    ..Post-storage ethylene exposure did not consistently stimulate ripening of fruit previously treated with 1-MCP. Efficacy of ethylene treatment depended on 1-MCP concentration and storage duration...
  28. ncbi request reprint Impacts of ionizing radiation on volatile production by ripening gala apple fruit
    X Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 49:254-62. 2001
    ..44 kGy did not recover their ability to produce volatile compounds. These results indicate both MCP and ionizing radiation inhibit production of many aroma compounds produced by ripening apple fruit...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effect of negative air ions on Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 inoculated onto mung bean seed and apple fruit
    Xuetong Fan
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 70:204-8. 2007
    ..coli was found. These results suggest that negative air ions have a very limited effect on the population of E. coli on mung bean seed and apples...
  30. ncbi request reprint Changes in volatile compounds of gamma-irradiated fresh cilantro leaves during cold storage
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:7622-6. 2002
    ..Our results suggest irradiation of fresh cilantro for safety enhancement at doses up to 3 kGy had minimal effect on volatile compounds compared with the losses that occurred during storage...
  31. ncbi request reprint Suspending lettuce type influences recoverability and radiation sensitivity of Escherichia coli O157:H7
    Brendan A Niemira
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1388-93. 2002
    ..5 kGy. These data show (i) that relatively subtle differences between lettuce types can significantly influence the radiation sensitivity of associated pathogenic bacteria and (ii) that doses of up to 0.5 kGy do not soften lettuce leaves...
  32. ncbi request reprint Formation of furan from carbohydrates and ascorbic acid following exposure to ionizing radiation and thermal processing
    Xuetong Fan
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:7826-31. 2005
    ..Five furan derivatives were tentatively identified in thermally treated ascorbic acid solution, while one furan derivative was tentatively found in both irradiated and thermally treated samples...
  33. ncbi request reprint Ionizing radiation induces formation of malondialdehyde, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde from carbohydrates and organic acid
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 51:5946-9. 2003
    ..The results can be used by the food industry to optimize food formulation in order to minimize formation of these compounds...
  34. ncbi request reprint Ionizing radiation and antioxidants affect volatile sulfur compounds, lipid oxidation, and color of ready-to-eat Turkey bologna
    Xuetong Fan
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 52:3509-15. 2004
    ..Our results suggest that antioxidants did not consistently affect irradiation-induced volatile sulfur compounds of turkey bologna although they did significantly impact color and lipid oxidation...
  35. ncbi request reprint Interactive responses of gala apple fruit volatile production to controlled atmosphere storage and chemical inhibition of ethylene action
    James P Mattheis
    Agricultural Research Service Tree Fruit Research Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, 1104 North Western Avenue, Wenatchee, Washington 98801, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:4510-6. 2005
    ..However, exposure to ethylene had no effect on the production of aldehydes or acetic acid...
  36. ncbi request reprint Combination of hot-water surface pasteurization of whole fruit and low-dose gamma irradiation of fresh-cut cantaloupe
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 69:912-9. 2006
    ..The combination of hot-water pasteurization of whole cantaloupe and low-dose irradiation of packaged fresh-cut melon can reduce the population of native microflora while maintaining the quality of this product...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effect of vacuum-steam-vacuum treatment on microbial quality of whole and fresh-cut cantaloupe
    Dike O Ukuku
    Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 69:1623-9. 2006
    ..on whole cantaloupes will reduce subsequent transfer of these microbes to fresh-cut pieces and enhance the microbial quality of the fresh-cut product...
  38. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of ionizing radiation in reducing furan and acrylamide levels in foods
    Xuetong Fan
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:8266-70. 2006
    ..These results suggest that a low dose of irradiation easily destroys furan and acrylamide in water. In real foods, however, the reduction of furan was less effective than in water, whereas the reduction in acrylamide was minimal...
  39. ncbi request reprint Ionizing radiation sensitivity of Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 49594 and Listeria innocua ATCC 51742 inoculated on endive (Cichorium endiva)
    Brendan A Niemira
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 66:993-8. 2003
    ..8 kGy. These results show that endive leaves may be treated with doses sufficient to achieve at least a 99.99% reduction of L. monocytogenes with little or no impact on the product's texture or color...
  40. ncbi request reprint Quality of irradiated alfalfa sproutst
    X Fan
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
    J Food Prot 64:1574-8. 2001
    ..Carotenoid content of sprouts irradiated at 1.71 and 2.57 kGy was higher than that of control at 7 days of storage. Irradiation did not have a consistent effect on chlorophyll content or color...
  41. doi request reprint Acids in combination with sodium dodecyl sulfate caused quality deterioration of fresh-cut iceberg lettuce during storage in modified atmosphere package
    Wenqiang Guan
    Tianjin Key Laboratory of Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Agricultural Products, National Engineering and Technology Research Center for Preservation of Agriculture Products, Tianjin 300384, China
    J Food Sci 75:S435-40. 2010
    ..94 log CFU/g without damage to the lettuce. Therefore, compared to chlorine, LA and SAS in combination with SDS have limited commercial value for fresh-cut Iceberg lettuce due to quality deterioration during storage...
  42. doi request reprint Combination of sodium chlorite and calcium propionate reduces enzymatic browning and microbial population of fresh-cut "Granny Smith" apples
    Wenqiang Guan
    Tianjin Key Lab of Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Natl Engineering and Technology Research Center for Preservation of Agriculture Products, Tianjin 300384, China
    J Food Sci 75:M72-7. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Inactivation of Salmonella serovars in liquid whole egg by heat following irradiation treatments
    Ignacio Alvarez
    Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, University of Zaragoza, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Food Prot 69:2066-74. 2006
    ..6-fold, respectively. Irradiation prior to thermal treatment would enable the reduction of heat treatment times by 86 and 30% at 55 and 57 degrees C, respectively, and would inactivate 9 log units of Salmonella serovars...
  44. ncbi request reprint Inactivation of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella senftenberg in liquid whole egg using generally recognized as safe additives, ionizing radiation, and heat
    Ignacio Alvarez
    Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, University of Zaragoza, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Food Prot 70:1402-9. 2007
    ..5 min in the United States) or to increase the level of Salmonella inactivation...
  45. ncbi request reprint Production of volatile compounds by Fuji apples following exposure to high CO2 or low O2
    Luiz C Argenta
    ARS Tree Fruit Research Laboratory, U S Department of Agriculture, 1104 North Western Avenue, Wenatchee, Washington 98801, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 52:5957-63. 2004
    ..The results of this study do not indicate that changes in volatile production following the exposure of Fuji apples to high CO(2) are causally related to the development of CO(2) injury...