Mark E Berrang

Summary

Affiliation: Agricultural Research Service
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Use of germicidal UV light to reduce low numbers of Listeria monocytogenes on raw chicken meat
    M E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 76:1969-71. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Generation of airborne Listeria innocua from model floor drains
    Mark E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens GA 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 75:1328-31. 2012
  3. doi request reprint The effect of chilling in cold air or ice water on the microbiological quality of broiler carcasses and the population of Campylobacter
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Rd, Athens, GA 30604, USA
    Poult Sci 87:992-8. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of chemical sanitizers with and without ultrasonication on Listeria monocytogenes as a biofilm within polyvinyl chloride drain pipes
    M E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 71:66-9. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli on broiler carcasses subjected to a high pH scald and low pH postpick chlorine dip
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 90:896-900. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Colonization of a newly constructed commercial chicken further processing plant with Listeria monocytogenes
    Mark E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 73:286-91. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, serotype, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella on broiler carcasses postpick and postchill in 20 U.S. processing plants
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 72:1610-5. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from a poultry further processing plant
    Steven A Lyon
    USDA ARS BEARU Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:253-9. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of Arcobacter and Campylobacter on broiler carcasses during processing
    Insook Son
    USDA ARS, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605 2720, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:16-22. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Development of macrolide-resistant Campylobacter in broilers administered subtherapeutic or therapeutic concentrations of tylosin
    Scott R Ladely
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605 2720, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1945-51. 2007

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. doi request reprint Use of germicidal UV light to reduce low numbers of Listeria monocytogenes on raw chicken meat
    M E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 76:1969-71. 2013
    ..A 5-s treatment with germicidal UV light has potential as an intervention method to limit the transfer of L. monocytogenes on raw skinless breast fillets from a slaughter plant to a cooking plant. ..
  2. doi request reprint Generation of airborne Listeria innocua from model floor drains
    Mark E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens GA 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 75:1328-31. 2012
    ..A 2-s spray with a water hose into a contaminated drain can cause airborne spread of Listeria, resulting in the potential for cross-contamination of food contact surfaces, equipment, and exposed product...
  3. doi request reprint The effect of chilling in cold air or ice water on the microbiological quality of broiler carcasses and the population of Campylobacter
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Rd, Athens, GA 30604, USA
    Poult Sci 87:992-8. 2008
    ..Both methods were effective for lowering carcass temperature, and neither chilling method seemed to select for specific species, subtypes, or antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effect of chemical sanitizers with and without ultrasonication on Listeria monocytogenes as a biofilm within polyvinyl chloride drain pipes
    M E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 71:66-9. 2008
    ..monocytogenes in drain pipes, and the addition of ultrasonication can improve the effectiveness of chlorine or quaternary ammonium sanitizers...
  5. doi request reprint Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli on broiler carcasses subjected to a high pH scald and low pH postpick chlorine dip
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 90:896-900. 2011
    ..Although no evidence exists that these treatments have an additive effect when used in series, each treatment shows some promise individually. Further optimization may result in more effective decontamination of broiler carcasses...
  6. ncbi request reprint Colonization of a newly constructed commercial chicken further processing plant with Listeria monocytogenes
    Mark E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 73:286-91. 2010
    ..Poultry further processing plants are likely to become colonized with L. monocytogenes; raw product is an important source of the organism to the plant...
  7. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, serotype, and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella on broiler carcasses postpick and postchill in 20 U.S. processing plants
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 72:1610-5. 2009
    ..These data demonstrate that although processing lessens carcass contamination with Salmonella, antimicrobial-resistant isolates may still be present...
  8. doi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from a poultry further processing plant
    Steven A Lyon
    USDA ARS BEARU Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 5:253-9. 2008
    ..L. monocytogenes types that persist in a poultry cook plant are not related to antimicrobial resistance, and excluding tetracycline resistance, antimicrobial resistance does not seem to differ according to actA type or lineage...
  9. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of Arcobacter and Campylobacter on broiler carcasses during processing
    Insook Son
    USDA ARS, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605 2720, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 113:16-22. 2007
    ..Our results for Arcobacter, obtained from the same environment as the closely related pathogen Campylobacter, will aid in the development of control measures for this emerging pathogen...
  10. ncbi request reprint Development of macrolide-resistant Campylobacter in broilers administered subtherapeutic or therapeutic concentrations of tylosin
    Scott R Ladely
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605 2720, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1945-51. 2007
    ..coli and C. jejuni, respectively. Further studies are needed to determine the factors involved in the apparent difference in the acquisition of macrolide resistance in C. coli compared with C. jejuni...
  11. doi request reprint Analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes detected in multiple-drug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from broiler chicken carcasses
    Lashanda M Glenn
    Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Microb Drug Resist 18:453-63. 2012
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Related antimicrobial resistance genes detected in different bacterial species co-isolated from swine fecal samples
    Jonathan G Frye
    Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:663-79. 2011
    ..0000001). These data suggest that there may have been horizontal exchange of AR genes between these bacteria or there may be a common source of AR genes in the swine environment for E. coli and Salmonella...
  13. ncbi request reprint Antimicrobial resistance of Arcobacter and Campylobacter from broiler carcasses
    Insook Son
    Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Richard Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605 2720, USA
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 29:451-5. 2007
    ..6%; n=33). Resistance to tetracycline was very high in Campylobacter jejuni (99.5%) and Campylobacter coli (96.3%). Our results demonstrate substantial resistance in Arcobacter and Campylobacter to common antimicrobial agents...
  14. ncbi request reprint Genetic diversity of Arcobacter and Campylobacter on broiler carcasses during processing
    Insook Son
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 69:1028-33. 2006
    ..Our results demonstrate far greater genetic diversity for Arcobacter than for Campylobacter and suggest that the Campylobacter types are specific to individual flocks of birds processed on each sampling day...
  15. pmc Rapid detection of Campylobacter coli, C. jejuni, and Salmonella enterica on poultry carcasses by using PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
    Yang Hong
    Department of Avian Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:3492-9. 2003
    ..Overall, PCR-ELISA is a rapid and cost-effective approach for the detection and enumeration of Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria on poultry...
  16. ncbi request reprint Genetic diversity of Campylobacter on broiler carcasses collected preevisceration and postchill in 17 U.S. poultry processing plants
    S M Hunter
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 72:49-54. 2009
    ..These data suggest that some subtypes may not be able to survive processing, whereas others may persist on the carcass or within the equipment despite stressors encountered in the processing environment...
  17. pmc The poultry-associated microbiome: network analysis and farm-to-fork characterizations
    Brian B Oakley
    Poultry Microbiological Safety, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e57190. 2013
    ....
  18. pmc Development of a DNA microarray to detect antimicrobial resistance genes identified in the National Center for Biotechnology Information database
    Jonathan G Frye
    Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Richard B Russell Research Center, Agriculture Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Microb Drug Resist 16:9-19. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Comparison of weep and carcass rinses for recovery of Campylobacter from retail broiler carcasses
    Michael T Musgrove
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service U S Department of Agriculture, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 66:1720-3. 2003
    ..Campylobacter levels recovered by both methods averaged 0.9 log CFU/ml. The sampling of weep fluid was a simple, effective means of detecting this important human enteropathogen on broiler carcasses...
  20. pmc Multilocus sequence typing of Listeria monocytogenes by use of hypervariable genes reveals clonal and recombination histories of three lineages
    Richard J Meinersmann
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Athens, Georgia 30604, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:2193-203. 2004
    ..While it appears that different lineages of L. monocytogenes can share habitats, they appear to differ in their histories of horizontal gene transfer...
  21. ncbi request reprint Direct microscopic observation of viability of Campylobacter jejuni on chicken skin treated with selected chemical sanitizing agents
    Walairut Chantarapanont
    Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2106, USA
    J Food Prot 67:1146-52. 2004
    ..The inability of chemical sanitizers to effectively eliminate C. jejuni on chicken skin does not appear to be a result of protection by location in feather follicles or other depressions in the skin...
  22. ncbi request reprint Recovery of Salmonellae from trisodium phosphate-treated commercially processed broiler carcasses after chilling and after seven-day storage
    D V Bourassa
    Department of Poultry Science, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Poult Sci 83:2079-82. 2004
    ..TSP treatment resulted in significantly higher pH values for rinses. Salmonella recovery was decreased by refrigerated storage and treatment with TSP before immersion chilling...
  23. pmc Class 1 integron-associated tobramycin-gentamicin resistance in Campylobacter jejuni isolated from the broiler chicken house environment
    Margie D Lee
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology Athens Diagnostic Laboratory Department of Environmental Health Sciences, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:3660-4. 2002
    ..DNA sequencing demonstrated that all five isolates possessed the aminoglycoside resistance gene, aacA4...
  24. ncbi request reprint Detection of Campylobacter spp. in ceca and crops with and without enrichment
    M T Musgrove
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 80:825-8. 2001
    ..The large numbers of non-Campylobacter species that inhabit the intestinal tract may out-compete Campylobacter during enrichment, confounding detection...
  25. doi request reprint Pyrosequencing-based validation of a simple cell-suspension polymerase chain reaction assay for Campylobacter with application of high-processivity polymerase and novel internal amplification controls for rapid and specific detection
    Brian B Oakley
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 72:131-8. 2012
    ..Empirical testing of putative taxon-specific assays using high-throughput sequencing is an important validation step that is now financially feasible for research, regulatory, or clinical applications...
  26. ncbi request reprint Recovery of salmonellae following pH adjusted pre-enrichment of broiler carcasses treated with trisodium phosphate
    D V Bourassa
    Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Poult Sci 84:475-8. 2005
    ..Neither TSP treatment nor pre-enrichment pH adjustment significantly influenced carcass salmonellae detection...
  27. ncbi request reprint Comparison of sampling methods for the detection of Salmonella on whole broiler carcasses purchased from retail outlets
    M Simmons
    Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2772, USA
    J Food Prot 66:1768-70. 2003
    ..These results indicate that when small numbers of Salmonella are expected, the sampling method has a major influence on the identification of Salmonella-positive carcasses...
  28. doi request reprint Estimating removal rates of bacteria from poultry carcasses using two whole-carcass rinse volumes
    Michael S Williams
    Risk Assessment Division, USDA Food Safety Inspection Service, 2150 D Centre Avenue, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 139:140-6. 2010
    ..5, and 17.0) still indicates a significant difference in the removal rates for the two sampling methods...
  29. ncbi request reprint Reducing airborne pathogens, dust and Salmonella transmission in experimental hatching cabinets using an electrostatic space charge system
    B W Mitchell
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 81:49-55. 2002
    ..001) reduced by an average log10 3.4 cfu/g. This ionization technology is relatively inexpensive and could be used to reduce airborne bacteria and dust within the hatching cabinet...
  30. doi request reprint Effect of dry-air chilling on sensory descriptive profiles of cooked broiler breast meat deboned four hours after the initiation of chilling
    H Zhuang
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, PO Box 5677, Athens, GA 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 88:1282-91. 2009
    ..Sensory flavor and texture profiles of AC broiler breast meat do not differ from those of IC samples when the muscles are deboned at the same time after the initiation of chilling...
  31. ncbi request reprint Broiler carcass contamination with Campylobacter from feces during defeathering
    M E Berrang
    USDA ARS Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 64:2063-6. 2001
    ..5 CFU per sample. These data indicate that an increase in the recovery of Campylobacter after defeathering can be related to the escape of contaminated feces from the cloaca during defeathering...
  32. ncbi request reprint Variation in numbers of bacteria on paired chicken carcass halves
    J A Cason
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 81:126-33. 2002
    ..There were no indications that high E. coli counts on inspection-passed, prechill carcasses indicated recent fecal contamination...
  33. ncbi request reprint Subtherapeutic tylosin phosphate in broiler feed affects Campylobacter on carcasses during processing
    M E Berrang
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 86:1229-33. 2007
    ..Application of tylosin phosphate in feed results in lower numbers of Campylobacter on chilled carcasses; however, the Campylobacter that do remain are resistant to erythromycin...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and numbers of Campylobacter on broiler carcasses collected at rehang and postchill in 20 U.S. processing plants
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 70:1556-60. 2007
    ..Overall, U.S. commercial poultry slaughter operations are successful in significantly lowering the prevalence and number of Campylobacter on broiler carcasses during processing...
  35. ncbi request reprint Salmonella, Campylobacter and Enterococcus spp.: their antimicrobial resistance profiles and their spatial relationships in a synoptic study of the Upper Oconee River basin
    R J Meinersmann
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30604, USA
    Microb Ecol 55:444-52. 2008
    ..However, isolates of some of the same species and type occurred in clusters that were restricted to areas within 5 to 6 km...
  36. ncbi request reprint Microbiological consequences of skin removal prior to evisceration of broiler carcasses
    M E Berrang
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, USDA ARS Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 81:134-8. 2002
    ..Although not commercially practical, it is possible to lower the level of Campylobacter on the outside of broiler carcasses by removal of the skin prior to evisceration...
  37. ncbi request reprint Campylobacter coli naturally resistant to elevated levels of gentamicin as a marker strain in poultry research
    N A Cox
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Microbiology Safety Research Unit, Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 72:1288-92. 2009
    ..The C. coli strain's unique characteristic, being resistant to high levels of gentamicin, allows for a marker that can be used in a wide range of Campylobacter research projects...
  38. ncbi request reprint Difficulty in recovering inoculated Campylobacter jejuni from dry poultry-associated samples
    N A Cox
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 64:252-4. 2001
    ..The current cultural methods may not be adequate for recovering low numbers of Campylobacter from dry samples. Campylobacter may be present but culturally undetectable in the commercial hatchery and hatchery environment...
  39. ncbi request reprint Presence and level of Campylobacter, coliforms, Escherichia coli, and total aerobic bacteria recovered from broiler parts with and without skin
    M E Berrang
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 64:184-8. 2001
    ..Consumers should not expect to significantly lower the number of bacteria present on a chicken breast, thigh, or drumstick by removing the skin...
  40. ncbi request reprint Effects of hot water application after defeathering on the levels of Campylobacter, coliform bacteria, and Escherichia coli on broiler carcasses
    M E Berrang
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, USDA ARS Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 79:1689-93. 2000
    ..Overall, it would appear that a postscald treatment gentle enough not to alter the carcass appearance or meat quality would not effectively lower Campylobacter, E. coli, or coliform bacteria counts...
  41. ncbi request reprint Salmonella penetration of egg shells and proliferation in broiler hatching eggs--a review
    N A Cox
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 79:1571-4. 2000
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of an herbal extract on the microbiological quality of broiler carcasses during a simulated chill
    J A Dickens
    Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, South Atlantic Area, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 79:1200-3. 2000
    ..coli, coliforms, and total counts and 10 cells/mL (log10 1) for the Campylobacter. Microbial counts for carcasses treated with Protecta II would be considered too low to be detected (<1 cell/mL)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Campylobacter recovery from external and internal organs of commercial broiler carcass prior to scalding
    M E Berrang
    USDA ARS, Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 79:286-90. 2000
    ..However, even with no contamination from an internal organ, a substantial population of Campylobacter is already resident on broiler skin as the carcass enters the early stages of processing...
  44. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of TECRA broth, Bolton broth, and direct plating for recovery of Campylobacter spp, from broiler carcass rinsates from commercial processing plants
    L J Richardson
    U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 72:972-7. 2009
    ..The high number of Campylobacter-positive samples obtained with all procedures indicated that 99% of the carcass rinsates obtained at rehang and 84% obtained at postchill contained Campylobacter spp...
  45. ncbi request reprint Comparison of mucosal competitive exclusion and competitive exclusion treatment to reduce Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler chickens
    N J Stern
    United States Department of Agriculture, Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 80:156-60. 2001
    ..96 log 10 cfu/g cecal contents vs. 5.03 log 10 cfu/g cecal contents). These results can be useful in developing intervention strategies to reduce chicken colonization by Salmonella and Campylobacter...
  46. ncbi request reprint Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from a poultry further processing facility and from fully cooked product
    M E Berrang
    U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1574-9. 2002
    ..These data suggest that L. monocytogenes can colonize a poultry further processing facility and eventually be transferred to fully cooked product...
  47. ncbi request reprint Distribution of Listeria monocytogenes subtypes within a poultry further processing plant
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 68:980-5. 2005
    ..monocytogenes in the processing plant environment. These data highlight the need for research to investigate why some types of L. monocytogenes persist in a processing plant environment but others do not...
  48. ncbi request reprint Effect of prechill fecal contamination on numbers of bacteria recovered from broiler chicken carcasses before and after immersion chilling
    J A Cason
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 67:1829-33. 2004
    ..Bacterial counts in postchill carcass rinses did not indicate that fecal contamination occurred before chilling...
  49. ncbi request reprint Detection of Bacillus cereus on selected retail chicken products
    D P Smith
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Richard B Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 67:1770-3. 2004
    ..All strains isolated contained the gene(s) for at least one of the toxins, although none of the strains contained the cytK gene...
  50. ncbi request reprint Recovery of Campylobacter from broiler feces during extended storage of transport cages
    M E Berrang
    USDA ARS Russell Research Center, Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, PO Box 5677, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 83:1213-7. 2004
    ..Due to cage cost and space requirements, routine cage storage between uses would not be practical...
  51. ncbi request reprint Effect of broiler age, feed withdrawal, and transportation on levels of coliforms, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli and Salmonella on carcasses before and after immersion chilling
    J K Northcutt
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, PO Box 5677, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 82:169-73. 2003
    ..FW may increase prechill carcass counts for E. coli and Campylobacter, but it appears to have no effect on postchill carcass counts when sodium hypochlorite is used in the chilling operation...
  52. ncbi request reprint Effect of intestinal content contamination on broiler carcass Campylobacter counts
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, PO Box 5677, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 67:235-8. 2004
    ..Therefore, it is important to keep such contamination to a minimum during processing...
  53. ncbi request reprint Presence of Campylobacter inthe respiratory tract of broiler carcasses before and after commercial scalding
    M E Berrang
    USDA ARS Russell Research Center, Poultry Processing and Meat Quality Research Unit, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 82:1995-9. 2003
    ..It appears that Campylobacter is present in the respiratory tracts of broilers as they enter processing, and contamination may be due to airborne bacteria during production or transport...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effects of replacement finisher feed and length of feed withdrawal on broiler carcass yield and bacteria recovery
    J K Northcutt
    USDA ARS, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 82:1820-4. 2003
    ..These data demonstrate that feeding RF to broilers for 8 h before initiation of feed withdrawal may reduce live shrink without affecting carcass Campylobacter, coliforms, or E. coli recovered...
  55. ncbi request reprint Bacterial recovery from breast skin of genetically feathered and featherless broiler carcasses immediately following scalding and picking
    R J Buhr
    USDA, ARS Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 82:1641-7. 2003
    ..4 cfu. Feathered and featherless carcasses with open vents during picking did not differ in the levels of recovery of coliform, E. coli, and total aerobic bacteria from breast skin...
  56. ncbi request reprint Application of distilled white vinegar in the cloaca to counter the increase in Campylobacter numbers on broiler skin during feather removal
    M E Berrang
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 69:425-7. 2006
    ..6 log CFU per sample afterward. Application of an effective food-grade antimicrobial in the colon prior to scald can limit the increase in Campylobacter contamination of broiler carcasses during defeathering...
  57. ncbi request reprint Effect of fecal contamination and cross-contamination on numbers of coliform, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter, and Salmonella on immersion-chilled broiler carcasses
    D P Smith
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Richard B Russell Research Center, 950 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Food Prot 68:1340-5. 2005
    ..Postchill E. coli numbers did not indicate which carcass halves were contaminated with feces before chilling...
  58. ncbi request reprint Recovery of bacteria from broiler carcass respiratory tracts before and after immersion scalding
    R J Buhr
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, Richard B Russell Agricultural Research Center, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, PO Box 5677, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 84:1769-73. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Use of water spray and extended drying time to lower bacterial numbers on soiled flooring from broiler transport coops
    M E Berrang
    USDA ARS Russell Research Center, PO Box 5677, Athens, Georgia 30605 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 84:1797-801. 2005
    ..coli. A 24- or 48-hour drying period for fecal matter on broiler transport cage flooring may be a viable method to lower bacterial numbers on these surfaces...
  60. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and numbers of bacteria in broiler crop and gizzard contents
    D P Smith
    USDA, ARS, Richard B Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Poult Sci 85:144-7. 2006
    ..However, because of the numbers of bacteria and amount of material in the crop and gizzard, it is unlikely that ingesta contamination would increase overall bacterial counts of prechill broiler carcasses...
  61. ncbi request reprint Recovery of bacteria from broiler carcasses rinsed zero and twenty-four hours after immersion chilling
    J A Cason
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30604 5677, USA
    Poult Sci 85:333-6. 2006
    ..More study is required to determine whether whole-carcass rinse samples performed at 0 and 24 h after chilling are microbiologically equivalent...
  62. ncbi request reprint Identification of a new source of Campylobacter contamination in poultry: transmission from breeder hens to broiler chickens
    Nelson A Cox
    Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture, Russell Research Center, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 46:535-41. 2002
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Recovery of Salmonella from retail broilers by a whole-carcass enrichment procedure
    M Simmons
    Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2772, USA
    J Food Prot 66:446-50. 2003
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Transmission of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium in poultry with and without antimicrobial selective pressure
    J Bauer-Garland
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 101:1301-8. 2006
    ..To determine the effect of antimicrobial selective pressure on the transmission of antimicrobial resistant and sensitive strains of Salmonella in poultry...
  65. ncbi request reprint Eggshell membrane structure and penetration by Salmonella typhimurium
    M E Berrang
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30604 5677, USA
    J Food Prot 62:73-6. 1999
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Thermal inactivation D- and Z-values of Salmonella and Listeria innocua in fully cooked and vacuum packaged chicken breast meat during postcook heat treatment
    R Y Murphy
    Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA
    Poult Sci 81:1578-83. 2002
    ..Source and formulation did not cause significant differences in the D- and z-values of Salmonella or L. innocua among the three fully cooked and vacuum-packaged chicken breast meat products...
  67. ncbi request reprint Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes of the serotype 4b complex (4b, 4d, 4e) from two turkey processing plants
    J D Eifert
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:192-200. 2005
    ..monocytogenes serotype 4b isolates that harbor ECI- or ECII-specific genetic markers. Such diversification would need to be taken into consideration in further efforts to elucidate the evolution and epidemiology of these organisms...
  68. ncbi request reprint Germicidal ultraviolet light to lower numbers of Listeria monocytogenes on broiler breast fillets
    S A Lyon
    Poultry Science Department, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    Poult Sci 86:964-7. 2007
    ..monocytogenes without negatively affecting meat color. This process could be used to reduce the negative effect of raw poultry as a transmission vector of L. monocytogenes into a poultry further-processing plant...
  69. ncbi request reprint Thermal lethality of Salmonella senftenberg and Listeria innocua on fully cooked and vacuum packaged chicken breast strips during hot water pasteurization
    R Y Murphy
    Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA
    J Food Prot 65:1561-4. 2002
    ..Models were developed to correlate treatment time with bacterial survival rate and could be used to predict up to a 7-log10 reduction of Salmonella Senftenberg or L. innocua for similar products...
  70. ncbi request reprint Combining organic acid treatment with steam pasteurization to eliminate Listeria monocytogenes on fully cooked frankfurters
    R Y Murphy
    Alkar RapidPak, Inc, Lodi, Wisconsin 53555, USA
    J Food Prot 69:47-52. 2006
    ..The results from this study provide meat processors with useful information for controlling L. monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meats...