Affiliation: United Nations Children's Fund
- The workbook approach to making estimates and projecting future scenarios of HIV/AIDS in countries with low level and concentrated epidemicsN Walker
Joint United Nations Program on HIV AIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Geneva, Switzerland
Sex Transm Infect 80:i10-13. 2004..The paper also discusses the strengths and weakness to this approach to making estimates and projections of HIV/AIDS in countries with low level and concentrated epidemics...
- Estimating the global burden of HIV/AIDS: what do we really know about the HIV pandemic?Neff Walker
UNICEF, New York, New York 10017, USA
Lancet 363:2180-5. 2004..We explain the reason for moving to the use of plausibility bounds, the factors that determine the width of the bounds, and the implications for policy makers and programme managers...
- Methods and procedures for estimating HIV/AIDS and its impact: the UNAIDS/WHO estimates for the end of 2001Neff Walker
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 17:2215-25. 2003..The importance of having comparable country-specific estimates of HIV/AIDS is growing as estimates are used to determine how international resources to fight HIV/AIDS will be allocated to countries...
- Growing in silence: selected regions and countries with expanding HIV/AIDS epidemicsPeter D Ghys
UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 17:S45-50. 2003
- Status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and methods to monitor it in the Latin America and Caribbean regionJesus M Garcia Calleja
UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
AIDS 16:S3-12. 2002..There is a need to improve data collection and introduce new tools to monitor behavior trends and the impact of interventions...
- Estimation of "needs" and "probable uptake" for HIV/AIDS preventive vaccines based on possible policies and likely acceptance (a WHO/UNAIDS/IAVI study)Jose Esparza
WHO UNAIDS HIV Vaccine Initiative, Health Technology and Pharmaceuticals, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Vaccine 21:2032-41. 2003..The potential advantages and disadvantages of targeted versus universal vaccination will have to be considered...
- Monitoring the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy programmes: methods to estimate coverageJ Ties Boerma
The World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 84:145-50. 2006..The mid-2005 estimate of 970,000 people receiving ART in low- and middle-income countries (with an uncertainty range 840,000-1,100,000) corresponds to a coverage of 15% of people in need of treatment...
- Estimates of HIV-1 prevalence from national population-based surveys as a new gold standardJ Ties Boerma
Department of HIV AIDS, WHO, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 362:1929-31. 2003
- HIV surveillance: a global perspectiveElizabeth Pisani
The Joint United Nations Program on HIV AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:S3-11. 2003..In most countries, however, insufficient use is made of the information generated by these systems in terms of strengthening HIV prevention and care programs...
- Interpreting health statistics for policymaking: the story behind the headlinesNeff Walker
Division of Policy and Planning, UNICEF, New York 10017, USA
Lancet 369:956-63. 2007..A common framework and standardised methods, building on the work of Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) and others, are urgently needed...
- Better health statistics are possibleAbdallah Bchir
Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunization, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 367:190-3. 2006
- Estimated global distribution and regional spread of HIV-1 genetic subtypes in the year 2000Saladin Osmanov
Joint HIV Vaccine Initiative of the World Health Organization WHO and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV AIDS UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:184-90. 2002....
- Meeting international goals in child survival and HIV/AIDSNeff Walker
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 360:284-9. 2002..We investigated this assumption by estimating HIV-attributable under-5 mortality in 39 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and comparing it to total mortality in children younger than 5 years between 1990 and 1999...
- Neonatal survival: a call for actionJose Martines
Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Lancet 365:1189-97. 2005..International donors and leaders of developing countries should be held accountable for meeting their commitments and increasing resources...
- Comparison of household-survey estimates with projections of mortality and orphan numbers in sub-Saharan Africa in the era of HIV/AIDSNicholas C Grassly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London
Popul Stud (Camb) 58:207-17. 2004..Reducing adult mortality from causes other than AIDS brings the model estimates into close agreement with the surveys. This suggests that the fraction of orphans attributable to AIDS is greater than estimated previously...
- Estimating HIV/AIDS prevalence in countries with low-level and concentrated epidemics: the example of HondurasJeremías Soto Ramón
PASCA The Futures Group International and National Autonomous University of Honduras, School of Medical Sciences Scientific Research Unit, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
AIDS 16:S18-22. 2002..Estimations of the burden of HIV is a continuous process and should be updated on a regular basis according to the most recent and relevant information available...
- Back to basics in HIV prevention: focus on exposureElizabeth Pisani
Family Health International, Bangkok, Thailand
BMJ 326:1384-7. 2003
- The global impact of scaling up HIV/AIDS prevention programs in low- and middle-income countriesJohn Stover
Futures Group Constella, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
Science 311:1474-6. 2006..Thus, greater spending on prevention now would not only prevent more than half the new infections that would occur from 2005 to 2015 but would actually produce a net financial saving as future costs for treatment and care are averted...
- Testing the accuracy of demographic estimates in countries with generalized epidemicsJohn Stover
Futures Group, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
AIDS 18:S67-73. 2004..To assess the accuracy of demographic estimates that include the effects of HIV/AIDS on adult mortality...
- Resource needs to support orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan AfricaJohn Stover
Futures Institute, 41A New London Turnpike, Glastonbury, CT 06033, USA
Health Policy Plan 22:21-7. 2007..This is at least four times current funding and should be a priority topic for donor and national government resource allocation decisions this year...
- Global burden of disease 2005: call for collaboratorsChristopher J L Murray
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
Lancet 370:109-10. 2007
- Integrating HIV prevention and treatment: from slogans to impactJoshua A Salomon
Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 2:e16. 2005..In this paper, we quantify the opportunities and potential risks of large-scale treatment roll-out...
- The use of blood donor data for HIV surveillance purposesEndang Sedyaningsih-Mamahit
National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
AIDS 18:1849-51. 2004..In most of the 19 countries with similar estimates, blood donations came primarily from replacement donors. Our analysis suggests that blood donors are usually not a good proxy for the general population...
- Estimating resource needs for HIV/AIDS health care services in low-income and middle-income countriesStefano Bertozzi
Division of Health Economics and Policy, The National Institute of Public Health INSP, Universidad 655, Cuernavaca, Mexico
Health Policy 69:189-200. 2004..This paper details the methods and assumptions used to estimate HIV/AIDS health care financial needs and it discusses the limitations and data needs for this model...
- The growing burden of tuberculosis: global trends and interactions with the HIV epidemicElizabeth L Corbett
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England, UK
Arch Intern Med 163:1009-21. 2003..The increasing global burden of tuberculosis (TB) is linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
- AIDS in AfricaPeter D Ghys
Lancet 360:1425; author reply 1425. 2002
- Can we reverse the HIV/AIDS pandemic with an expanded response?John Stover
Futures Group International, Glastonbury, CT, USA
Lancet 360:73-7. 2002..Analyses suggest that if the successes achieved in some countries in prevention of transmission can be expanded to a global scale by 2005, about 29 million new infections could be prevented by 2010...
- Estimates of maternal mortality worldwide between 1990 and 2005: an assessment of available dataKenneth Hill
Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Lancet 370:1311-9. 2007..In 2006, a new maternal mortality working group was established to develop improved estimation methods and make new estimates of maternal mortality for 2005, and to analyse trends in maternal mortality since 1990...