Nicholas Johnson

Summary

Affiliation: Veterinary Laboratories Agency
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The immune response to rabies virus infection and vaccination
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 28:3896-901. 2010
  2. doi request reprint A new outbreak of rabies in rare Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis)
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, United Kingdom
    Arch Virol 155:1175-7. 2010
  3. doi request reprint Rabies epidemiology and control in Turkey: past and present
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 138:305-12. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Human rabies due to lyssavirus infection of bat origin
    N Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Vet Microbiol 142:151-9. 2010
  5. doi request reprint Experimental study of European bat lyssavirus type-2 infection in Daubenton's bats (Myotis daubentonii)
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 89:2662-72. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Botswana: a comparison between antibody typing and nucleotide sequence phylogeny
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK
    Vet Microbiol 101:31-8. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Rabies emergence among foxes in Turkey
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK
    J Wildl Dis 39:262-70. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of rabies in Southeast Europe
    N Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, UK
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:189-98. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Canine vaccine recipients recognize an immunodominant region of the rabies virus glycoprotein
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 83:2663-9. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic comparison of rabies viruses from disease outbreaks on the Svalbard Islands
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:457-60. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications62

  1. ncbi request reprint The immune response to rabies virus infection and vaccination
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 28:3896-901. 2010
    ..This could help identify ways in which the response to prophylactic vaccination can be enhanced and how the natural immune response to infection can be boosted to combat neuroinvasion...
  2. doi request reprint A new outbreak of rabies in rare Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis)
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, United Kingdom
    Arch Virol 155:1175-7. 2010
    ..Sequence comparison of a partial fragment of the nucleoprotein-coding gene demonstrated that all viruses showed 100% sequence identity, suggesting a single introduction of rabies virus...
  3. doi request reprint Rabies epidemiology and control in Turkey: past and present
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 138:305-12. 2010
    ..This review considers the current state of rabies in Turkey including current control measures, the varying epidemiology of the disease throughout this country and the prospects for rabies elimination...
  4. doi request reprint Human rabies due to lyssavirus infection of bat origin
    N Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Vet Microbiol 142:151-9. 2010
    ..Many diagnostic techniques are unable to differentiate rabies virus from other genotypes so it is possible that some human and animal cases go unreported. Furthermore, current vaccines have limited efficacy against some genotypes...
  5. doi request reprint Experimental study of European bat lyssavirus type-2 infection in Daubenton's bats (Myotis daubentonii)
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 89:2662-72. 2008
    ..We conclude that EBLV-2 is most likely transmitted in saliva by a shallow bite...
  6. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of rabies in Botswana: a comparison between antibody typing and nucleotide sequence phylogeny
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK
    Vet Microbiol 101:31-8. 2004
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Rabies emergence among foxes in Turkey
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK
    J Wildl Dis 39:262-70. 2003
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of rabies in Southeast Europe
    N Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, UK
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:189-98. 2008
    ..Throughout the region there is evidence for cross-border movement of rabies by both wildlife and canine vectors...
  9. ncbi request reprint Canine vaccine recipients recognize an immunodominant region of the rabies virus glycoprotein
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 83:2663-9. 2002
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic comparison of rabies viruses from disease outbreaks on the Svalbard Islands
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:457-60. 2007
    ..Arctic fox migration has likely contributed to the establishment of another zoonotic disease, Echinococcus multilocularis, on Svalbard in recent years...
  11. ncbi request reprint Phylogenetic comparison of the genus Lyssavirus using distal coding sequences of the glycoprotein and nucleoprotein genes
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK
    Arch Virol 147:2111-23. 2002
    ..Comparison of the phylogenetic analysis for this partial region of the glycoprotein suggest that it gives comparable results to studies that have used larger regions of the Lyssavirus genome...
  12. ncbi request reprint Inflammatory responses in the nervous system of mice infected with a street isolate of rabies virus
    N Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, Addlestone, United Kingdom
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:65-72. 2008
    ..We suggest that damage to the DRG and spinal cord could be due to a combination of both virus infection and the infiltration of T-cells...
  13. pmc Wildlife rabies in Western Turkey: the spread of rabies through the western provinces of Turkey
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 134:369-75. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Identification of European bat lyssavirus isolates with short genomic insertions
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterization of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Virus Res 128:140-3. 2007
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Assessment of a novel real-time pan-flavivirus RT-polymerase chain reaction
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, United Kingdom
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:665-71. 2010
    ..The assay has been used to survey 160 bird samples and 1000 mosquito samples from the United Kingdom and found no evidence for WNV...
  16. ncbi request reprint Case report: isolation of a European bat lyssavirus type 2a from a fatal human case of rabies encephalitis
    Anthony R Fooks
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Surrey, United Kingdom
    J Med Virol 71:281-9. 2003
    ..Brain smears from each infected animal were positive by the FAT and viable virus was isolated. This fatal incident is only the second confirmed case of an EBLV type-2 infection in a human after exposure to bats...
  17. ncbi request reprint Lyssavirus infection activates interferon gene expression in the brain
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterization of Rabies and Rabies related Viruses, Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    J Gen Virol 87:2663-7. 2006
    ..Induction of this response was also observed following infection with the related European bat lyssaviruses, a group of zoonotic viruses capable of causing fatal, rabies-like disease in mammalian species...
  18. ncbi request reprint Identification of a conserved linear epitope at the N terminus of the rabies virus glycoprotein
    K L Mansfield
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group WHO Collaborating Centre, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 85:3279-83. 2004
    ..In a multimeric form, the peptide could induce an epitope-specific response following immunization in rabbits and mice...
  19. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiological study of Arctic rabies virus isolates from Greenland and comparison with isolates from throughout the Arctic and Baltic regions
    K L Mansfield
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, VLA, Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Virus Res 116:1-10. 2006
    ..The broad distribution of rabies in the Arctic regions including Greenland, Canada and Alaska provides evidence for the movement of rabies across borders...
  20. ncbi request reprint Investigation of a human case of rabies in the United Kingdom
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Clin Virol 25:351-6. 2002
    ..Comparison of both the nucleoprotein and glycoprotein coding sequences of this isolate with an imported case of human rabies from 1996, also from Nigeria, showed that the two viruses were 99% homologous...
  21. ncbi request reprint Up-regulation of chemokine gene transcripts and T-cell infiltration into the central nervous system and dorsal root ganglia are characteristics of experimental European bat lyssavirus type 2 infection of mice
    K L Mansfield
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    J Neurovirol 14:218-28. 2008
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Rabies antibody testing and the UK Pet Travel Scheme
    A R Fooks
    Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey
    Vet Rec 150:428-30. 2002
    ..In this article, Dr Tony Fooks and colleagues consider the results of serological testing under the scheme at the Veterinary Laboratories Agency and look to future developments...
  23. pmc Evolutionary history of rabies in Ghana
    David T S Hayman
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, United Kingdom
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1001. 2011
    ..This analysis highlights the potential problems of individual developing nations implementing rabies control programmes in the absence of a regional programme...
  24. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of canid rabies in Sudan: evidence for a common origin of rabies with Ethiopia
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Virus Res 104:201-5. 2004
    ..The Sudanese group of viruses belong to the Africa 1a group of viruses that are present throughout much of north Africa...
  25. pmc Flavivirus-induced antibody cross-reactivity
    Karen L Mansfield
    Wildlife Zoonoses and Vector borne Diseases Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 92:2821-9. 2011
    ..It is evident from these data that notable differences exist between amino acid sequence identity and mapped antigenic relationships within the family Flaviviridae...
  26. doi request reprint Bats and lyssaviruses
    Ashley C Banyard
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Adv Virus Res 79:239-89. 2011
    ....
  27. pmc Rabies in North America and Europe
    Christopher J Finnegan
    Rabies Research and Diagnostics Group, Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J R Soc Med 95:9-13. 2002
  28. pmc European bat lyssavirus type 2 RNA in Myotis daubentonii
    Nicholas Johnson
    Rbies and Wildlife Zoonoses group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1142-4. 2006
    ..High levels of genomic RNA were found in the brain and were also detectable in the tongue, bladder, and stomach...
  29. ncbi request reprint Detection of Schmallenberg virus serum neutralising antibodies
    Karen L Mansfield
    Wildlife Disease and Vector borne Diseases Research Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency AHVLA, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Virol Methods 188:139-44. 2013
    ..Thus, these two assays constitute an effective diagnostic tool-box for providing confirmation of exposure to SBV...
  30. pmc Rapid molecular detection methods for arboviruses of livestock of importance to northern Europe
    Nicholas Johnson
    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Biomed Biotechnol 2012:719402. 2012
    ..This paper also highlights the molecular detection methods specific to each virus and identifies those emerging diseases for which a rapid detection methods are not yet developed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Airborne transmission of lyssaviruses
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA, Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, New Haw, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK
    J Med Microbiol 55:785-90. 2006
    ..This could present a particular hazard to personnel exposed to aerosols of infectious RABV following accidental release in a laboratory environment...
  32. ncbi request reprint Isolation of a European bat lyssavirus type 2 from a Daubenton's bat in the United Kingdom
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT75 3NB
    Vet Rec 152:383-7. 2003
    ..The isolation of EBLV-2 from a bat found on the west coast of England provides evidence that this virus may be present within the UK Daubenton's bat population at a low prevalence level...
  33. doi request reprint Development of a DNA microarray for simultaneous detection and genotyping of lyssaviruses
    R Gurrala
    Division of Microbial Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom
    Virus Res 144:202-8. 2009
    ..The random amplification of lyssavirus RNA and the numerous oligonucleotide probes on the microarray chip also offer the potential to detect novel lyssaviruses...
  34. doi request reprint Comparative pathological study of the murine brain after experimental infection with classical rabies virus and European bat lyssaviruses
    D J Hicks
    Department of Pathology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA Weybridge, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Comp Pathol 140:113-26. 2009
    ..The study suggested that there was increased immune activation after inoculation with strain RV1423 or RV1332, particularly the latter, but that this did not affect the final outcome...
  35. doi request reprint Repeated detection of European bat lyssavirus type 2 in dead bats found at a single roost site in the UK
    Ashley C Banyard
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK
    Arch Virol 154:1847-50. 2009
    ..We also report sequence data from both cases and compare data with those derived from other EBLV-2 isolations in the UK...
  36. ncbi request reprint Rabies human diploid cell vaccine elicits cross-neutralising and cross-protecting immune responses against European and Australian bat lyssaviruses
    S M Brookes
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Virology Department, World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vaccine 23:4101-9. 2005
    ..Levels of protection were lower following intra-cranial (i.c.) challenge. Our data provides strong evidence for broad spectrum cross-neutralisation and cross-protection of phylogroup I lyssaviruses using rabies HDCV...
  37. pmc Development of a real-time, TaqMan reverse transcription-PCR assay for detection and differentiation of lyssavirus genotypes 1, 5, and 6
    P R Wakeley
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for the Characterization of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2786-92. 2005
    ..We propose that within a geographically constrained area, this assay will be a useful tool for the detection and differentiation of members of the Lyssavirus genus...
  38. ncbi request reprint Risk factors associated with travel to rabies endemic countries
    A R Fooks
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 94:31S-36S. 2003
    ..Rabies should form part of a differential diagnosis for any patient presenting with a history of travel to a rabies endemic country and displaying an undiagnosed encephalopathy...
  39. ncbi request reprint Evidence for trans-border movement of rabies by wildlife reservoirs between countries in the Balkan Peninsular
    N Johnson
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Vet Microbiol 120:71-6. 2007
    ..We speculate that natural barriers such as the Balkan mountains may play a significant role in constraining the southerly spread of rabies in southeast Europe...
  40. ncbi request reprint The application of genetic markers for EBLV surveillance in European bat species
    S L Harris
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Surrey, UK
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:347-63. 2008
    ..Application of this approach identified the species of a bat infected with EBLV-2 in Surrey as Myotis daubentoni (Daubenton's bat)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of lyssaviruses in Eurasia
    L M McElhinney
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, Addlestone, United Kingdom
    Dev Biol (Basel) 131:125-31. 2008
    ....
  42. pmc European bat lyssaviruses: an emerging zoonosis
    A R Fooks
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 131:1029-39. 2003
    ..This review provides a brief history of EBLVs, their distribution in host species and the public health risks...
  43. ncbi request reprint Isolation of European bat lyssavirus type 2 from a Daubenton's bat (Myotis daubentonii) in Shropshire
    S L Harris
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey
    Vet Rec 161:384-6. 2007
  44. ncbi request reprint Molecular epidemiology of rabies viruses in Europe
    L M McElhinney
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:17-28. 2006
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 198 unique sequences demonstrated numerous groups of viruses clustered at both geographical and host-species levels...
  45. ncbi request reprint Development of a real-time, differential RT-PCR TaqMan assay for lyssavirus genotypes 1, 5 and 6
    P R Wakeley
    Technology Transfer Unit, Biotechnology Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Surrey, United Kingdom
    Dev Biol (Basel) 126:227-36; discussion 326-7. 2006
    ..Rapid genotyping of two recent EBLV2 cases in the U.K. in Daubenton's bats and a recently imported human case of rabies has been performed using this test...
  46. ncbi request reprint Comparative analysis of the full genome sequence of European bat lyssavirus type 1 and type 2 with other lyssaviruses and evidence for a conserved transcription termination and polyadenylation motif in the G-L 3' non-translated region
    D A Marston
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA, Weybridge, WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Gen Virol 88:1302-14. 2007
    ..This observation may explain differences in pathogenicity between lyssavirus strains, dependent on the length of the untranslated region, which might affect transcriptional activity and RNA stability...
  47. ncbi request reprint Archival study of a Finnish isolate from the 1988/89 rabies outbreak
    N Johnson
    Rabies Research and Diagnostic Group, WHO Collaborating Centre for Rabies and Rabies Related Viruses, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, U K
    Arch Virol 150:1407-14. 2005
    ..The implications of these observations for the possible source of the Finnish outbreak are discussed...
  48. doi request reprint Detection of high levels of European bat lyssavirus type-1 viral RNA in the thyroid gland of experimentally-infected Eptesicus fuscus bats
    A R Fooks
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, UK
    Zoonoses Public Health 56:270-7. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Imported rabies, European union and Switzerland, 2001-2010
    Nicholas Johnson
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Woodham Lane, UK N Johnson, D Horton, A R Fooks and Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Wusterhausen, Germany C Freuling, T Muller
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:753-4. 2011
    ..However, reintroduction remains a threat. We report the incidence of rabies importation into the European Union (EU) and Switzerland and highlight common pathways for rabies introduction...
  50. doi request reprint Transcriptional upregulation of SOCS 1 and suppressors of cytokine signaling 3 mRNA in the absence of suppressors of cytokine signaling 2 mRNA after infection with West Nile virus or tick-borne encephalitis virus
    Karen L Mansfield
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, United Kingdom
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 10:649-53. 2010
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Tick-borne encephalitis virus - a review of an emerging zoonosis
    K L Mansfield
    Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Surrey, UK
    J Gen Virol 90:1781-94. 2009
    ..We also discuss the factors which may have influenced an apparent increase in the number of reported human cases each year, despite the availability of effective vaccines...
  52. ncbi request reprint Surveillance for West Nile virus in British birds (2001 to 2006)
    L P Phipps
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    Vet Rec 162:413-5. 2008
  53. ncbi request reprint Review of human rabies cases in the UK and in Germany
    Nicholas Johnson
    Vet Rec 157:715. 2005
  54. ncbi request reprint Identification of a European bat lyssavirus type 2 in a Daubenton's bat found in Staines, Surrey, UK
    Anthony R Fooks
    Vet Rec 155:434-5. 2004
  55. ncbi request reprint Identification of a European bat lyssavirus type 2 in a Daubenton's bat found in Lancashire
    Anthony R Fooks
    Vet Rec 155:606-7. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Human case of EBL type 2 following exposure to bats in Angus, Scotland
    Anthony R Fooks
    Vet Rec 151:679. 2002
  57. ncbi request reprint European bat lyssavirus type 2 in a bat found in Lancashire
    Nicholas Johnson
    Vet Rec 151:455-6. 2002
  58. ncbi request reprint Antigenic characterisation of yeast-expressed lyssavirus nucleoproteins
    Indre Kucinskaite
    Institute of Biotechnology, V Graiciuno 8, 02241, Vilnius, Lithuania
    Virus Genes 35:521-9. 2007
    ..These recombinant proteins have the potential for use as components of serological assays for lyssaviruses...
  59. ncbi request reprint Genetic characterisation of attenuated SAD rabies virus strains used for oral vaccination of wildlife
    Lutz Geue
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Institute of Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Rabies Surveillance and Research, Wusterhausen, Germany
    Vaccine 26:3227-35. 2008
    ..Our data also supports the idea of a possible recombination that had occurred during the derivation of the European branch of SAD viruses. If confirmed, this recombination event would be the first one reported among RABV vaccine strains...
  60. ncbi request reprint Viruses selectively upregulate Toll-like receptors in the central nervous system
    Clive S McKimmie
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 336:925-33. 2005
    ..Upregulation of TLR 3 and 9 was dependent upon the type-I interferon response and may act to increase the threshold of sensitivity to detect virus infection in cells surrounding virally infected cells...