J H G Williams
Affiliation: University of Aberdeen
- A novel method testing the ability to imitate composite emotional expressions reveals an association with empathyJustin H G Williams
Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Clinical Research Centre, Royal Cornhill Hospital, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 8:e61941. 2013..This preliminary study offers a simple method for the measurement of facial imitation accuracy and supports the hypothesis that empathic functioning may utilise motor control mechanisms which are also used for emotional expression...
- Self-other relations in social development and autism: multiple roles for mirror neurons and other brain basesJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Aberdeen, UK
Autism Res 1:73-90. 2008..While it seems clear that autism is associated with impaired development of embodied aspects of cognition, the ways that mirror neurons contribute to these brain-behavior links are likely to be complex...
- Cortical and subcortical mechanisms at the core of imitationJustin H G Williams
University of Aberdeen, UK
Soc Neurosci 2:66-78. 2007..Together they offer a potentially powerful means through which matching one's actions to those of others can lead to behavioral modification and development...
- Consequences of prenatal toxin exposure for mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic reviewJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Westburn Rd, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 16:243-53. 2007..Exposure to toxins during pregnancy may constitute an important but relatively unacknowledged cause of child psychiatric morbidity...
- Neural mechanisms of imitation and 'mirror neuron' functioning in autistic spectrum disorderJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, UK
Neuropsychologia 44:610-21. 2006..Such poor integration is likely to adversely affect the development of ToM through imitation as well as other aspects of social cognitive function in ASD...
- An fMRI study of joint attention experienceJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen School of Medicine, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Neuroimage 25:133-40. 2005..The developmental failure of this substrate in the left anterior frontal lobe may be important in the etiology of autistic spectrum disorder...
- Imitation, mirror neurons and autismJ H Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 25:287-95. 2001..Early developmental failures of MN systems are likely to result in a consequent cascade of developmental impairments characterised by the clinical syndrome of autism...
- Second to fourth finger ratio and possible precursors of developmental psychopathology in preschool childrenJ H G Williams
Department of Child Health, The Medical School, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK
Early Hum Dev 72:57-65. 2003..Behaviours such as hyperactivity and poor social cognition are common in preschoolers. An association between 2D:4D and these possible precursors of psychopathology would be most readily identified in this group...
- Visual-auditory integration during speech imitation in autismJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Res Dev Disabil 25:559-75. 2004..Given that training in recognition of visual speech was effective, children with ASD may benefit from multi-modal approaches in imitative therapy and language training...
- A systematic review of action imitation in autistic spectrum disorderJustin H G Williams
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
J Autism Dev Disord 34:285-99. 2004..We hypothesise that ASD is characterised by abnormal development of these mappings. such that they are biased towards object-oriented tasks at the expense of those required for action imitation per se...
- Effects of treating postnatal depression on mother-infant interaction and child development: systematic reviewA S Poobalan
Department of Public Health, Medical School, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK
Br J Psychiatry 191:378-86. 2007..Postnatal depression has detrimental effects on the child's cognitive and emotional development...
- Structural white matter deficits in high-functioning individuals with autistic spectrum disorder: a voxel-based investigationGordon D Waiter
Department of Radiology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Neuroimage 24:455-61. 2005..No significant areas of increased white matter volume were found. Our findings support the hypothesis that reduced white matter volume in the corpus callosum and right hemisphere may play a role in the pathophysiology of ASD...
- A voxel-based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorderGordon D Waiter
Department of Radiology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Neuroimage 22:619-25. 2004..The picture as a whole may reflect an abnormally functioning social cognitive neural network. We suggest that increased grey matter volume may play a pivotal role in the aetiology of the autistic syndrome...
- Online corrections in children with and without DCDMandy S Plumb
School of Psychology, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, Scotland, United Kingdom
Hum Mov Sci 27:695-704. 2008....
- Exercising attention within the classroomLiam Hill
Child Health, College of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Aberdeen, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 52:929-34. 2010..to investigate whether increased physical exercise during the school day influenced subsequent cognitive performance in the classroom...
- Characteristics of fetal anticonvulsant syndrome associated autistic disorderA D Rasalam
Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Aberdeen AB25 2ZH, Scotland, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 47:551-5. 2005..Fetal anticonvulsant syndrome associated autistic disorder is characterized by an even sex ratio, absence of regression or skill loss, and language delay in the absence of global delay...
- Methodological issues in measures of imitative reaction timesMichael D Aicken
College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, Scotland, UK
Brain Cogn 63:304-8. 2007..Imitation is a more complex motor skill that would constitute an inefficient strategy for rapid performance...
- The effect of distance on reaction time in aiming movementsHeather Munro
College of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, UK
Exp Brain Res 183:249-57. 2007..We hypothesise that the RT distance effect might be due to the increased number of possible trajectories associated with further targets: a hypothesis that can be tested in future experiments...
- Deregulation of EIF4E: a novel mechanism for autismM Neves-Pereira
University of Aberdeen, Department of Genetics, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
J Med Genet 46:759-65. 2009..Linkage of autism to the EIF4E region on chromosome 4q has been found in genome wide linkage studies...
- Constrained action selection in children with developmental coordination disorderLewis Pettit
College of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland AB24 2UB, UK
Hum Mov Sci 27:286-95. 2008..This result suggests that goal-directed RTs may have diagnostic potential within the clinic...
- The effect of orientation on prehension movement timeElsje van Bergen
Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Exp Brain Res 178:180-93. 2007..The results of the present study show unambiguously that object orientation influences the duration of reach-to-grasp movements...
- Methodological problems undermine tests of the ideo-motor conjectureErik Jansson
Institutionen för Psykologi, Umea Universitet, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
Exp Brain Res 182:549-58. 2007..These results suggest that existing empirical paradigms may not, and perhaps cannot, support the IM-conjecture...