David K Whynes

Summary

Affiliation: University of Nottingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Does the correspondence between EQ-5D health state description and VAS score vary by medical condition?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 11:155. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Impact of alternative management policies on health-related quality of life in women with low-grade abnormal cervical cytology referred for colposcopy
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 169:88-92. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Testing for differential item functioning within the EQ-5D
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Med Decis Making 33:252-60. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Responsiveness of the EQ-5D health-related quality-of-life instrument in assessing low back pain
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Value Health 16:124-32. 2013
  5. pmc Equity in health care financing: The case of Malaysia
    Chai Ping Yu
    Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK
    Int J Equity Health 7:15. 2008
  6. pmc Men and women: beliefs about cancer and about screening
    Tracey H Sach
    School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:431. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do women participate in the English cervical cancer screening programme?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    J Health Econ 26:306-25. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Deprivation and self-reported health: are there 'Scottish effects' in England and Wales?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:147-53. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Evidence of range bias in contingent valuation payment scales
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Econ 13:183-90. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of screening for colorectal cancer: evidence from the Nottingham faecal occult blood trial
    David K Whynes
    Nottingham FOB Screening Trial, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Med Screen 11:11-5. 2004

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. pmc Does the correspondence between EQ-5D health state description and VAS score vary by medical condition?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 11:155. 2013
    ..In this paper, we consider whether the association between health state classification and VAS score might vary by medical condition...
  2. doi request reprint Impact of alternative management policies on health-related quality of life in women with low-grade abnormal cervical cytology referred for colposcopy
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 169:88-92. 2013
    ..To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) over 30 months among women who received colposcopy following low-grade abnormal cervical cytology...
  3. doi request reprint Testing for differential item functioning within the EQ-5D
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Med Decis Making 33:252-60. 2013
    ..The mean index score for UK responses was significantly higher than the mean index scores from Asia and the rest of the world...
  4. doi request reprint Responsiveness of the EQ-5D health-related quality-of-life instrument in assessing low back pain
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Value Health 16:124-32. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Equity in health care financing: The case of Malaysia
    Chai Ping Yu
    Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK
    Int J Equity Health 7:15. 2008
    ..There are nonetheless increasing variations in the finance sources used to fund health care. An understanding of the equity implications would help policy makers in achieving equitable financing...
  6. pmc Men and women: beliefs about cancer and about screening
    Tracey H Sach
    School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:431. 2009
    ..Until recently, the technology available required that cancer screening be confined to women. This study aimed to discover whether male and female perceptions of cancer and of screening differed...
  7. ncbi request reprint Why do women participate in the English cervical cancer screening programme?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    J Health Econ 26:306-25. 2007
    ..Being motivated to attend by physicians is less significant that is widely supposed and is more frequently associated with irregular attendance...
  8. ncbi request reprint Deprivation and self-reported health: are there 'Scottish effects' in England and Wales?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:147-53. 2009
    ..We consider whether 'Scottish effects' also occur within the regions of England and Wales...
  9. ncbi request reprint Evidence of range bias in contingent valuation payment scales
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Econ 13:183-90. 2004
    ..We believe our findings to be strongly supportive of the likelihood of range bias in payment-scale instruments, with important consequences for the estimation of both average valuation and consumer surplus...
  10. ncbi request reprint Cost-effectiveness of screening for colorectal cancer: evidence from the Nottingham faecal occult blood trial
    David K Whynes
    Nottingham FOB Screening Trial, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Med Screen 11:11-5. 2004
    ..To estimate the cost-effectiveness of faecal occult blood (FOB) screening for colorectal cancer within the Nottingham trial...
  11. doi request reprint Management of low-grade cervical abnormalities detected at screening: which method do women prefer?
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Cytopathology 19:355-62. 2008
    ..To establish whether women with low-grade abnormalities detected during screening for cervical cancer prefer to be managed by cytological surveillance or by immediate colposcopy...
  12. ncbi request reprint WTP and WTA: do people think differently?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 65:946-57. 2007
    ..Until more health studies are conducted, it remains unclear whether or not the findings are specific both to the intervention and to the elicitation format...
  13. ncbi request reprint Colorectal cancer, screening and survival: the influence of socio-economic deprivation
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Public Health 117:389-95. 2003
    ..To determine the extent to which socio-economic deprivation explains colorectal cancer prevalence, subject participation in screening, and postoperative survival and life expectancy...
  14. ncbi request reprint Costs of flexible sigmoidoscopy screening for colorectal cancer in the United Kingdom
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 19:384-95. 2003
    ..Amongst the many possible protocols is once-only screening by means of flexible sigmoidoscopy. This protocol is currently being investigated in a UK multicenter trial and the study provides estimates of the expected resource costs...
  15. ncbi request reprint Measuring concentration in primary care
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Care Manag Sci 3:43-9. 2000
    ..Assuming that patient choice is an important consideration in health care planning, concentration measurement may provide a useful tool for health authorities in making decisions about GP numbers, practice mergers and re-location...
  16. pmc Correspondence between EQ-5D health state classifications and EQ VAS scores
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 6:94. 2008
    ..In this paper, we examine the correspondence between VAS scores and health state classifications for a large sample, and identify variables which contribute to determining the VAS scores independently of the health states as classified...
  17. ncbi request reprint Receipt of information and women's attitudes towards ultrasound scanning during pregnancy
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 19:7-12. 2002
    ..To audit women's receipt of information during routine antenatal ultrasound investigations; and to investigate women's perceptions of, and attitudes towards, routine screening...
  18. ncbi request reprint Willingness-to-pay and demand curves: a comparison of results obtained using different elicitation formats
    David K Whynes
    Health Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 5:369-86. 2005
    ..Judgements as to the relative merits of rival interventions depend crucially upon whichever format has been used to evaluate each intervention...
  19. ncbi request reprint Primary care physicians' attitudes to health care reform in England
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Policy 60:111-32. 2002
    ..Finally, physicians in favour of imposing user charges tend to be those with responsibility for more patients, suggesting a perceived need to manage patient demand...
  20. doi request reprint Analysis of deaths occurring within the Nottingham trial of faecal occult blood screening for colorectal cancer
    D K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Gut 59:1088-93. 2010
    ..To report the causes of, and ages at, death of subjects in an English colorectal cancer screening trial...
  21. doi request reprint Responsiveness of the EQ-5D to HADS-identified anxiety and depression
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 15:820-5. 2009
    ..This paper compares the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D generic instrument with a widely used specific measure of distress, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
  22. ncbi request reprint A comparison of two methods for eliciting contingent valuations of colorectal cancer screening
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    J Health Econ 22:555-74. 2003
    ..Although a proportion of respondents protested at the notion of valuation, the majority offer positive valuations, although typically of a lower value that non-protesters...
  23. ncbi request reprint Think of a number... any number?
    David K Whynes
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Econ 14:1191-5. 2005
    ..The existence of widespread prominence in response is suggestive of hypothetical bias in contingent valuation...
  24. ncbi request reprint United Kingdom cervical cancer screening and the costs of time and travel
    Claire Woolley
    University of Nottingham, UK
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 23:232-9. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Human papillomavirus and the value of screening: young women's knowledge of cervical cancer
    Zoe Philips
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Health Educ Res 18:318-28. 2003
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the performance of the EQ-5D and SF-6D for individuals aged >or= 45 years
    Garry R Barton
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Health Econ 17:815-32. 2008
    ..001), whereas less healthy individuals had higher mean scores on the SF-6D (individuals with knee pain, osteoarthritis, back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and hip pain had significantly lower mean scores on the EQ-5D, p<0.001)...
  27. ncbi request reprint Testing the construct validity of willingness to pay valuations using objective information about risk and health benefit
    Zoe Philips
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Health Econ 15:195-204. 2006
    ..The second hypothesis supporting construct validity, that controls who perceive the benefits of the programme to be high already will offer lower incremental valuations, is also substantiated...
  28. ncbi request reprint Introducing HPV triage into the English cervical cancer screening program: consequences for participation
    Zoe Philips
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Women Health 43:17-34. 2006
    ..To predict the likely impact of adding human papillomavirus (HPV) triage for minor abnormalities on participation in the English cervical cancer screening program...
  29. doi request reprint Rationing and deprivation: disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis in the United Kingdom
    Trudy Owens
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Eur J Health Econ 14:315-21. 2013
    ..Second, the analysis of the clinical notes detailing patients' correspondence with the medical teams suggested that less-deprived people were more able to exercise a voice capable of influencing physicians' prescribing decisions...
  30. ncbi request reprint Assessing progressivity of out-of-pocket payment: with illustration to Malaysia
    Chai Ping Yu
    Trent Research and Development Support Unit, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, UK
    Int J Health Plann Manage 21:193-210. 2006
    ..This analysis is of interest from a policy perspective, given Malaysia's heavy reliance on out-of-pocket payments to finance health care...
  31. ncbi request reprint Measuring indirect costs: is there a problem?
    Tracey H Sach
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2:135-9. 2003
    ..Therefore, in this case at least, the measurement of indirect cost is indeed a problem...
  32. ncbi request reprint Willingness-to-pay for colorectal cancer screening
    E Frew
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Eur J Cancer 37:1746-51. 2001
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Paediatric cochlear implantation: the views of parents
    Tracey H Sach
    School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Int J Audiol 44:400-7. 2005
    ..The vast majority of parents did not regret their decision to proceed with implantation...
  34. ncbi request reprint The boundaries of cellular pathology: how pathologists see their clinical role
    David Jenkins
    Division of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    J Pathol 196:356-63. 2002
    ..This professional dilemma should be addressed by research to obtain more systematic knowledge of the clinical impact of cellular pathology and especially the ill-defined links between diagnosis and clinical decision-making...
  35. ncbi request reprint Early withdrawal from cervical cancer screening: the question of cost-effectiveness
    Z Philips
    Health Economics Unit, Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Eur J Cancer 37:1775-80. 2001
    ..Our findings seem to offer little economic support for the early withdrawal of subjects from the cervical screening programme...
  36. ncbi request reprint Evidence of improving cost-effectiveness of pediatric cochlear implantation
    T Sach
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, England
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 19:421-31. 2003
    ..To examine the cost-effectiveness of pediatric cochlear implantation over time...
  37. ncbi request reprint Willingness-to-pay for pediatric cochlear implantation
    T H Sach
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 68:91-9. 2004
    ..This paper presents the results of the first willingness-to-pay (WTP) study to be undertaken on cochlear implantation. It aims to measure the values parents place on the UK having a pediatric cochlear implantation (PCI) programme...
  38. ncbi request reprint Estimating time and out-of-pocket costs incurred by families attending a pediatric cochlear implant programme
    T H Sach
    School of Community Health Sciences, B41 Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 69:929-36. 2005
    ..The objectives of this study are to estimate time and out-of-pocket costs incurred by families attending a pediatric cochlear implant programme. In addition, qualitative data examine the intangible costs faced by families...
  39. pmc Explaining variation in the uptake of HPV vaccination in England
    Varun M Kumar
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:172. 2011
    ..Uptake rates across the country have been far from uniform, and this research sought to identify factors explaining the variation in uptake by locality...
  40. ncbi request reprint Innovation and funding specialist services. Cochlear implantation
    T H Sach
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    J Health Organ Manag 18:53-63. 2004
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint A 'league table' of contingent valuation results for pharmaceutical interventions: a hard pill to swallow?
    Tracey H Sach
    School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    Pharmacoeconomics 25:107-27. 2007
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Professional attitudes to Changing Childbirth in Nottingham, UK
    Sherie Holroyd
    Division of Public Health Medicine, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 39:177-86. 2002
    ..All professionals appeared conscious of the gap between the service ideals and the limited resources available to achieve them, and expressed uncertainty over future directions and ways of working...
  43. pmc Screening and the costs of treating colorectal cancer
    D K Whynes
    Department of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Cancer 68:965-8. 1993
    ..On the basis of trial evidence, the introduction of mass screening for colorectal cancer is unlikely to give rise to substantial economies in the costs of treatment...
  44. doi request reprint Prospective randomized trial using cost-utility analysis of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute gallbladder disease
    D A L Macafee
    Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Surg 96:1031-40. 2009
    ..This randomized controlled trial compared the cost-utility of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy with that for conventional management of newly diagnosed acute gallbladder disease...
  45. ncbi request reprint Knowledge of cervical cancer and screening among women in east-central England
    Z Philips
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Gynecol Cancer 15:639-45. 2005
    ..We conclude that women typically possess only a partial picture of risk factors and overestimate both the incidence of cervical cancer and the efficacy of screening...
  46. pmc The hospital costs of treating lung cancer in the United Kingdom
    J L Wolstenholme
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Cancer 80:215-8. 1999
    ..These costs are lower than those identified in Canadian studies, the difference being explained by the use of a simulated costing methodology in these studies, lower unit costs and less aggressive interventions...
  47. ncbi request reprint Communicating mild and borderline abnormal cervical smear results: how and what are women told?
    Z Philips
    Trent Institute for Health Services Research, University of Nottingham, UK
    Cytopathology 13:355-63. 2002
    ..We conclude that the method and content of communications imparting mild or borderline smear results differs between general practices, even within a small geographical area...
  48. pmc Potential for cost economies in guiding therapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer
    J F Robertson
    Department of Surgery, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Cancer 72:174-7. 1995
    ..The paper presents estimates of potential cost savings resulting from the use of serum markers in place of conventional assessment and argues that the size of these savings merits the establishment of a randomised controlled trial...
  49. ncbi request reprint Women's interpretation of cervical smear test results
    Z Philips
    School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Cytopathology 15:142-7. 2004
    ..By the same token, only a very small minority interpret abnormal results as definitive of cancer...
  50. ncbi request reprint Eliciting willingness to pay: comparing closed-ended with open-ended and payment scale formats
    Emma J Frew
    Health Economics Facility, University of Birmingham, UK
    Med Decis Making 23:150-9. 2003
    ..It is hypothesized that anchoring and yea-saying effects explain these differences and that the closed-ended format triggers a different response mode in subjects...
  51. pmc Cost effectiveness analysis of intensive versus conventional follow up after curative resection for colorectal cancer
    Andrew G Renehan
    Department of Surgery, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Withington, Manchester M20 4BX
    BMJ 328:81. 2004
    ..To determine the cost effectiveness of intensive follow up compared with conventional follow up in patients with colorectal cancer...
  52. ncbi request reprint Comparing willingness-to-pay: bidding game format versus open-ended and payment scale formats
    Emma J Frew
    Health Economics Facility, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Health Policy 68:289-98. 2004
    ....