A Whiten

Summary

Affiliation: University of St Andrews
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc The human socio-cognitive niche and its evolutionary origins
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:2119-29. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint Imitative learning of artificial fruit processing in children (Homo sapiens) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    A Whiten
    Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    J Comp Psychol 110:3-14. 1996
  3. doi request reprint The transmission and evolution of experimental microcultures in groups of young children
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    Dev Psychol 46:1694-709. 2010
  4. pmc Pan African culture: memes and genes in wild chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17559-60. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Imitation of hierarchical action structure by young children
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK
    Dev Sci 9:574-82. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint The second inheritance system of chimpanzees and humans
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:52-5. 2005
  7. pmc Observational learning in chimpanzees and children studied through 'ghost' conditions
    Lydia M Hopper
    Scottish Primate Research Group, Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:835-40. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning from others' mistakes? limits on understanding a trap-tube task by young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    J Comp Psychol 121:12-21. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and the question of cumulative culture: an experimental approach
    Sarah Marshall-Pescini
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
    Anim Cogn 11:449-56. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Social learning of nut-cracking behavior in East African sanctuary-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)
    Sarah Marshall-Pescini
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland
    J Comp Psychol 122:186-94. 2008

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. pmc The human socio-cognitive niche and its evolutionary origins
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:2119-29. 2012
    ..The principal focus of the present study was to review and integrate this range of recent comparative discoveries...
  2. ncbi request reprint Imitative learning of artificial fruit processing in children (Homo sapiens) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    A Whiten
    Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    J Comp Psychol 110:3-14. 1996
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first experimental evidence of chimpanzee imitation in a functional task designed to simulate foraging behavior hypothesized to be transmitted culturally in the wild...
  3. doi request reprint The transmission and evolution of experimental microcultures in groups of young children
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    Dev Psychol 46:1694-709. 2010
    ..One of the techniques was modified into a distinctively different form that was then socially transmitted further, allowing us to document the microevolution of small-scale traditions in this cultural microcosm...
  4. pmc Pan African culture: memes and genes in wild chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17559-60. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Imitation of hierarchical action structure by young children
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK
    Dev Sci 9:574-82. 2006
    ..Consistent with this finding, children did not copy specific sequences of actions at lower hierarchical levels...
  6. ncbi request reprint The second inheritance system of chimpanzees and humans
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:52-5. 2005
    ..The collaborative effort required to establish this picture parallels the one set up to sequence the chimpanzee genome, and has revealed a complex social inheritance system that complements the genetic picture we are now developing...
  7. pmc Observational learning in chimpanzees and children studied through 'ghost' conditions
    Lydia M Hopper
    Scottish Primate Research Group, Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:835-40. 2008
    ..However, even with a simple task, emulation alone creates only fleeting fidelity compared with the opportunity to copy a conspecific, when considerable conformity is displayed...
  8. ncbi request reprint Learning from others' mistakes? limits on understanding a trap-tube task by young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    J Comp Psychol 121:12-21. 2007
    ..Five- to 6-year-old children were able to master the task but did not appear to be influenced by social learning or benefit from observing errors...
  9. doi request reprint Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and the question of cumulative culture: an experimental approach
    Sarah Marshall-Pescini
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
    Anim Cogn 11:449-56. 2008
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Social learning of nut-cracking behavior in East African sanctuary-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)
    Sarah Marshall-Pescini
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland
    J Comp Psychol 122:186-94. 2008
    ..Direct comparisons are made with a study carried out in the wild, revealing striking similarities in developmental profiles...
  11. pmc In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Marietta Dindo
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e7858. 2009
    ..However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning...
  12. ncbi request reprint Imitation of the sequential structure of actions by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    A Whiten
    Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    J Comp Psychol 112:270-81. 1998
    ..Imitation of sequential organization was accompanied by imitation of some aspects of the techniques that made up the sequence...
  13. pmc Review. Establishing an experimental science of culture: animal social diffusion experiments
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3477-88. 2008
    ..We survey the achievements of this work, its prospects for the future and its relationship to diffusion studies with humans discussed in this theme issue and elsewhere...
  14. pmc Emulation, imitation, over-imitation and the scope of culture for child and chimpanzee
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2417-28. 2009
    ..This difference may contribute much to the contrast in these species' capacities for cultural evolution...
  15. pmc The scope of culture in chimpanzees, humans and ancestral apes
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:997-1007. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Transmission of multiple traditions within and between chimpanzee groups
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1038-43. 2007
    ..The convergence of these results with those from the wild implies a richness in chimpanzees' capacity for culture, a richness that parsimony suggests was shared with our common ancestor...
  17. pmc Culture evolves
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, St Andrews, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:938-48. 2011
    ..Finally, surprising discoveries have been made about the imprint of cultural evolution in the predispositions of human minds for cultural transmission...
  18. pmc Social diffusion of novel foraging methods in brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Marietta Dindo
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:187-93. 2008
    ..These results provide the first clear evidence for faithful diffusion of alternative foraging methods in monkeys, consistent with claims for capuchin traditions in the wild...
  19. doi request reprint The evolution and cultural transmission of percussive technology: integrating evidence from palaeoanthropology and primatology
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
    J Hum Evol 57:420-35. 2009
    ..This pattern is used to explore the implications of analogous processes operating in relation to Early Stone Age sites...
  20. pmc The evolution of animal 'cultures' and social intelligence
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:603-20. 2007
    ..Second, we use intraspecific variation to address the converse hypothesis that 'culture makes you smart', concluding that recent evidence for both chimpanzees and orangutans support this proposition...
  21. ncbi request reprint Towards a unified science of cultural evolution
    Alex Mesoudi
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 29:329-47; discussion 347-83. 2006
    ..It is argued that studying culture within a unifying evolutionary framework has the potential to integrate a number of separate disciplines within the social sciences...
  22. doi request reprint Conditional copying fidelity in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Marietta Dindo
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews
    J Comp Psychol 124:29-37. 2010
    ..We suggest that the contrasting results of Experiment 1 may have occurred because capuchins prioritize exploratory behavior when alternative foraging locations are accessible...
  23. ncbi request reprint How do apes ape?
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    Learn Behav 32:36-52. 2004
    ..We conclude by sketching the kind of decision tree that appears to underlie the deployment of these alternatives...
  24. ncbi request reprint Causal knowledge and imitation/emulation switching in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, UK
    Anim Cogn 8:164-81. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary perspectives on imitation: is a comparative psychology of social learning possible?
    Christine A Caldwell
    School of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK
    Anim Cogn 5:193-208. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Testing for social learning and imitation in common marmosets, Callithrix jacchus, using an artificial fruit
    Christine A Caldwell
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, KY16 9JU, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland
    Anim Cogn 7:77-85. 2004
    ..We also propose that the clear differences between the groups suggest that social learning mechanisms provide real benefits to these animals in terms of developing novel food-processing skills analogous to the one presented here...
  27. doi request reprint Emulation and "overemulation" in the social learning of causally opaque versus causally transparent tool use by 23- and 30-month-olds
    Nicola McGuigan
    School of Life Sciences, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 104:367-81. 2009
    ..More broadly the emerging patterns of results suggest, rather counterintuitively, that the human species becomes more imitative rather than less imitative with age, in some ways "mindlessly" so...
  28. doi request reprint Social facilitation of exploratory foraging behavior in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Marietta Dindo
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom
    Am J Primatol 71:419-26. 2009
    ..These results are discussed in relation to other recent evidence for social learning in monkeys...
  29. ncbi request reprint Observational learning from tool using models by human-reared and mother-reared capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Tamar Fredman
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 11:295-309. 2008
    ..Results in both populations are consistent with a process of canalization of the repertoire in the direction of the approach witnessed, producing a narrower, socially shaped behavioural profile than among controls who saw no model...
  30. ncbi request reprint Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:737-40. 2005
    ..A subset of chimpanzees that discovered the alternative method nevertheless went on to match the predominant approach of their companions, showing a conformity bias that is regarded as a hallmark of human culture...
  31. doi request reprint The impact of moving to a novel environment on social networks, activity and wellbeing in two new world primates
    V Dufour
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland
    Am J Primatol 73:802-11. 2011
    ..We suggest that this type of analysis should be used alongside traditional methods of observation and analysis to encompass the most complex aspects of animal behavior in times of stress and to improve welfare...
  32. ncbi request reprint Use of leaves to inspect ectoparasites in wild chimpanzees: a third cultural variant?
    Clea Assersohn
    Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9JU, Fife, UK
    Primates 45:255-8. 2004
    ..This behaviour may represent a third variant of ectoparasite handling, different from those described at Tai and Gombe, yet sharing features with the latter. These two East African techniques may thus have evolved from leaf grooming...
  33. pmc A potent effect of observational learning on chimpanzee tool construction
    Elizabeth E Price
    Scottish Primate Research Group, and Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:3377-83. 2009
    ..Social learning, therefore, had a powerful effect in instilling a marked persistence in the use of a complex technique at the cost of efficiency, inhibiting insightful tool use...
  34. ncbi request reprint Perspective: is human cultural evolution Darwinian? Evidence reviewed from the perspective of the Origin of Species
    Alex Mesoudi
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JU, Scotland
    Evolution 58:1-11. 2004
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint An fMRI study of joint attention experience
    Justin H G Williams
    Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen School of Medicine, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Neuroimage 25:133-40. 2005
    ..The developmental failure of this substrate in the left anterior frontal lobe may be important in the etiology of autistic spectrum disorder...
  36. pmc Faithful replication of foraging techniques along cultural transmission chains by chimpanzees and children
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13878-83. 2006
    ..Our results show that chimpanzees have a capacity to sustain local traditions across multiple simulated generations...
  37. doi request reprint Living together: behavior and welfare in single and mixed species groups of capuchin (Cebus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)
    Rebecca Leonardi
    Scottish Primate Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland
    Am J Primatol 72:33-47. 2010
    ..Our data suggest that in carefully designed, large enclosures, naturally associating monkeys are able to live harmoniously and are enriched by each other...
  38. ncbi request reprint A bias for social information in human cultural transmission
    Alex Mesoudi
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK
    Br J Psychol 97:405-23. 2006
    ..It was therefore concluded that human cultural transmission is biased toward information concerning social interactions over equivalent non-social information...
  39. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of action imitation in autistic spectrum disorder
    Justin H G Williams
    Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:285-99. 2004
    ..We hypothesise that ASD is characterised by abnormal development of these mappings. such that they are biased towards object-oriented tasks at the expense of those required for action imitation per se...
  40. ncbi request reprint Social learning by orangutans (Pongo abelii and Pongo pygmaeus) in a simulated food-processing task
    Tara S Stoinski
    Department of Primate Research, Zoo Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30315, USA
    J Comp Psychol 117:272-82. 2003
    ..Results support observations from the wild implying horizontal transfer of information in orangutans and show that a number of social learning processes are likely to be involved in the transfer of knowledge in this species...
  41. ncbi request reprint Animal culture is real but needs to be clearly defined
    Andrew Whiten
    Nature 438:1078. 2005
  42. ncbi request reprint The animal cultures debate: response to Laland and Janik
    Michael Krützen
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:6; author reply 7. 2007
  43. doi request reprint Comparing social skills of children and apes
    Frans B M de Waal
    Science 319:569; author reply 569. 2008
  44. pmc Spread of arbitrary conventions among chimpanzees: a controlled experiment
    Kristin E Bonnie
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:367-72. 2007
    ..Since the action-sequences lacked meaning before the experiment and had no logical connection with reward, chimpanzees must have extracted both the form and benefits of these sequences through observation of others...
  45. ncbi request reprint Neural mechanisms of imitation and 'mirror neuron' functioning in autistic spectrum disorder
    Justin H G Williams
    Department of Child Health, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Royal Aberdeen Children s Hospital, Aberdeen AB25 2ZG, UK
    Neuropsychologia 44:610-21. 2006
    ..Such poor integration is likely to adversely affect the development of ToM through imitation as well as other aspects of social cognitive function in ASD...
  46. pmc Review. The multiple roles of cultural transmission experiments in understanding human cultural evolution
    Alex Mesoudi
    Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3489-501. 2008
    ....