S A West

Summary

Affiliation: University of Edinburgh
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Testing for epistasis between deleterious mutations
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Genetics 149:435-44. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Altruism
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 16:R482-3. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and competition between relatives
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 296:72-5. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Fertility insurance and the sex ratios of malaria and related hemospororin blood parasites
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    J Parasitol 88:258-63. 2002
  5. pmc Cooperation, virulence and siderophore production in bacterial parasites
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:37-44. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Toxoplasma gondii, sex and premature rejection
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, EH9 3JT, Edinburgh, UK
    Trends Parasitol 19:155-7; discussion 157-8. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Social evolution theory for microorganisms
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 4:597-607. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection
    S A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:415-32. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Sex-ratio adjustment when relatives interact: a test of constraints on adaptation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 59:1211-28. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary explanations for cooperation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:R661-72. 2007

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. pmc Testing for epistasis between deleterious mutations
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Genetics 149:435-44. 1998
    ..We also reconsider experimental data collected on Chlamydomonas moewussi using two of the three methods. Finally, we suggest how the test could be applied to diploid species...
  2. ncbi request reprint Altruism
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 16:R482-3. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and competition between relatives
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 296:72-5. 2002
    ..Recent theoretical work has clarified the processes and selective forces underlying this effect and has demonstrated the generality of the effect of competition between relatives...
  4. ncbi request reprint Fertility insurance and the sex ratios of malaria and related hemospororin blood parasites
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    J Parasitol 88:258-63. 2002
    ....
  5. pmc Cooperation, virulence and siderophore production in bacterial parasites
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:37-44. 2003
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Toxoplasma gondii, sex and premature rejection
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, EH9 3JT, Edinburgh, UK
    Trends Parasitol 19:155-7; discussion 157-8. 2003
    ..However, it should be pointed out that: (1) there are theoretical and empirical problems for his alternative hypotheses; and (2) existing empirical data support the application of sex ratio theory to these parasites, not its rejection...
  7. ncbi request reprint Social evolution theory for microorganisms
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 4:597-607. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection
    S A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:415-32. 2007
    ..We draw examples from all areas, but especially recent work on humans and microbes...
  9. ncbi request reprint Sex-ratio adjustment when relatives interact: a test of constraints on adaptation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 59:1211-28. 2005
    ..Overall, our analyses suggest that sex-allocation theory needs to consider simultaneously the influence of variable selection pressures and variable constraints when applying general theory to specific cases...
  10. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary explanations for cooperation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:R661-72. 2007
    ..Over the last 40 years, biologists have developed a theoretical framework that can explain cooperation at all these levels. Here, we summarise this theory, illustrate how it may be applied to real organisms and discuss future directions...
  11. pmc Sanctions and mutualism stability: why do rhizobia fix nitrogen?
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:685-94. 2002
    ..The implications for different agricultural practices and mutualism stability in general are discussed...
  12. ncbi request reprint Sex ratios
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 88:117-24. 2002
    ..Specifically, why do different organisms show so much variation in the amount and precision with which they adjust their offspring sex ratios?..
  13. ncbi request reprint Evolution of gametocyte sex ratios in malaria and related apicomplexan (protozoan) parasites
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, Edinburgh, UK
    Trends Parasitol 17:525-31. 2001
    ..Moreover, inbreeding rates can be estimated from gametocyte sex ratios. The sex ratio is also an excellent model trait for testing the validity of important components of what is being marketed as 'Darwinian medicine'...
  14. ncbi request reprint A general model for host plant selection in phytophagous insects
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:499-513. 2002
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Wolbachia in two insect host-parasitoid communities
    S A West
    Department of Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    Mol Ecol 7:1457-65. 1998
    ..In addition, the Wolbachia strains observed in five leaf-mining species from the same genus were not closely related, indicating that transfer between species has not occurred due to a shared feeding niche or cospeciation...
  16. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and the scale of competition in humans
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:1103-6. 2006
    ....
  17. pmc Sex allocation and population structure in apicomplexan (protozoa) parasites
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:257-63. 2000
    ..As predicted, data from four adeleorin species showed sex ratios not significantly different from 0.5...
  18. ncbi request reprint Testing Hamilton's rule with competition between relatives
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Nature 409:510-3. 2001
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Evolution. The benefits of allocating sex
    S A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 290:288-90. 2000
    ..In a Perspective, Stuart West and colleagues discuss what sex allocation tells us about evolution by natural selection and how sex allocation can be applied to understanding the mating structure of parasitic protozoans...
  20. ncbi request reprint Even more extreme fertility insurance and the sex ratios of protozoan blood parasites
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Theor Biol 223:515-21. 2003
    ..Our results show that interactions between the two types of fertility insurance reduce the extent of female bias predicted in the sex ratio, suggesting that fertility insurance may be more important than has previously been assumed...
  21. doi request reprint Repression of competition favours cooperation: experimental evidence from bacteria
    R Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 23:699-706. 2010
    ..This confirms that RC per se, as opposed to increased relatedness, has driven the observed increase in bacterial cooperation...
  22. ncbi request reprint Understanding patterns of genetic diversity in the oak gallwasp Biorhiza pallida: demographic history or a Wolbachia selective sweep?
    A Rokas
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road EH9 3JT, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 87:294-304. 2001
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Competition between relatives and the evolution of dispersal in a parasitoid wasp
    T M Innocent
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Evol Biol 23:1374-85. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Constraints in the evolution of sex ratio adjustment
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Cell, Animal, and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK, Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Science 295:1685-8. 2002
    ..More generally, our results show that multiple constraints may determine the precision of adaptation...
  25. pmc The quantitative genetic basis of sex ratio variation in Nasonia vitripennis: a QTL study
    B A Pannebakker
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 24:12-22. 2011
    ..We found one clutch size QTL on chromosome 1, and six weaker QTL across chromosomes 2, 3 and 5, with some overlap to regions associated with sex ratio. The results suggest rather limited scope for pleiotropy between these traits...
  26. ncbi request reprint Spite and the scale of competition
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:1195-203. 2004
    ..Wilsonian); (iv) local competition can enhance the spread of spiteful greenbeards; and (v) the theory makes testable predictions for how the extent of spite should vary dependent upon population structure and average relatedness...
  27. ncbi request reprint Testing the pluralist approach to sex: the influence of environment on synergistic interactions between mutation load and parasitism in Daphnia magna
    S C Killick
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Evol Biol 19:1603-11. 2006
    ..We found that although parasites were capable of causing synergistic epistasis between mutations in their hosts, these effects were dependent upon an interaction between parasite genotype and temperature...
  28. doi request reprint Constraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural networks
    H M Lewis
    Department of Biology, University of York, UK
    J Evol Biol 23:1708-19. 2010
    ..Our results also question some intuitive hypotheses concerning the evolution of threshold traits and confirm how neural processing may constrain adaptive behaviour...
  29. ncbi request reprint Kin discrimination and sex ratios in a parasitoid wasp
    S E Reece
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:208-16. 2004
    ..This suggests that females of N. vitripennis cannot discriminate between kin and nonkin. The implications of our results for the understanding of sex ratio and social evolution are discussed...
  30. pmc Resistance to extreme strategies, rather than prosocial preferences, can explain human cooperation in public goods games
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:10125-30. 2010
    ..More generally, our results illustrate the caution that must be exercised when interpreting the evolutionary implications of economic experiments, especially the absolute level of cooperation in a particular treatment...
  31. ncbi request reprint The quantitative genetic basis of polyandry in the parasitoid wasp, Nasonia vitripennis
    D M Shuker
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 98:69-73. 2007
    ..Our work adds to the evidence that nonadditive genetic effects may influence the evolution of mating behaviour in Nasonia vitripennis, and the evolution of polyandry more generally...
  32. ncbi request reprint Sex ratios in the rodent malaria parasite, Plasmodium chabaudi
    S E Reece
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, West Mains Road, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 37T, UK
    Parasitology 127:419-25. 2003
    ..The mortality rate was significantly higher for female gametocytes, with an average half-life of 8 h for female gametocytes and 16 h for male gametocytes...
  33. ncbi request reprint The causes and consequences of variation in offspring size: a case study using Daphnia
    M A Guinnee
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:577-87. 2007
    ..Consequently, our results do not support the hypothesis that there is an advantage to producing larger eggs when food is limited. In contrast, data from the literature support the importance of a lower boundary on egg size...
  34. pmc Is bacterial persistence a social trait?
    Andy Gardner
    St John s College, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 2:e752. 2007
    ..More generally, our results clarify the links between persistence and other bet-hedging or social behaviours...
  35. pmc Information constraints and the precision of adaptation: sex ratio manipulation in wasps
    David M Shuker
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Laboratories, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10363-7. 2004
    ..This result provides a possible explanation for the observed variation in N. vitripennis sex ratios. More generally, it confirms the need to consider the mechanistic basis of a behavior to understand fully its adaptive value...
  36. doi request reprint Density dependence and cooperation: theory and a test with bacteria
    Adin Ross-Gillespie
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Evolution 63:2315-25. 2009
    ..Furthermore, as assumed by theory, we show that this occurs because cheats are better able to exploit the cooperative siderophore production of other cells when they are physically closer to them...
  37. ncbi request reprint Frequency dependence and cooperation: theory and a test with bacteria
    Adin Ross-Gillespie
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 170:331-42. 2007
    ....
  38. doi request reprint Facultative sex ratio adjustment in natural populations of wasps: cues of local mate competition and the precision of adaptation
    Maxwell N Burton-Chellew
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 172:393-404. 2008
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Effects of spontaneous mutation accumulation on sex ratio traits in a parasitoid wasp
    Bart A Pannebakker
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 62:1921-35. 2008
    ..e., pleiotropy), as has been argued to be the case more generally...
  40. ncbi request reprint Social evolution: the decline and fall of genetic kin recognition
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R810-2. 2007
    ..Animals should benefit from the ability to recognise their kin, yet curiously this faculty is often absent. New theory confirms that genetic kin recognition is inherently unstable, explaining its rarity...
  41. ncbi request reprint Social evolution: cooperation by conflict
    Tabitha M Innocent
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 16:R365-7. 2006
    ..A recent study suggests that aggression between wasps depends upon the costs and benefits of fighting, as determined by the position of individuals in a dominance hierarchy...
  42. ncbi request reprint Sex-ratio evolution in sex changing animals
    David J Allsop
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 58:1019-27. 2004
    ..We found support for the first and third predictions across all species. The second prediction was supported within the protogynous species (mainly fish), but not the protandrous species (mainly invertebrates)...
  43. pmc Bacteriocins, spite and virulence
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1529-35. 2004
    ..This emphasizes how biological details can fundamentally alter the qualitative nature of theoretical predictions made by models of parasite virulence...
  44. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and competition in pathogenic bacteria
    Ashleigh S Griffin
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Nature 430:1024-7. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebrates
    Ashleigh S Griffin
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 302:634-6. 2003
    ..These results suggest a general role for kin selection and that the relative importance of kin selection varies across species, as predicted by Hamilton's rule...
  46. ncbi request reprint Ecology. Spite among siblings
    Andy Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 305:1413-4. 2004
  47. ncbi request reprint A dimensionless invariant for relative size at sex change in animals: explanation and implications
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 165:551-66. 2005
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Life history: changing sex at the same relative body size
    David J Allsop
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Nature 425:783-4. 2003
  49. pmc Host cell preference and variable transmission strategies in malaria parasites
    Sarah E Reece
    Institutes of Evolution, Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:511-7. 2005
    ..chabaudi increases investment in sexual stages, whereas P. vinckei produces a less female biased sex ratio. We suggest that these different transmission strategies may be due to marked differences in host cell preference...
  50. ncbi request reprint Evolution: revenge of the clones!
    Edward M Sykes
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Curr Biol 15:R547-9. 2005
    ..Recent work on ants shows both extraordinary patterns of reproduction and a new type of sexual conflict, leading to the remarkable scenario where females have no father and males have no mother...
  51. ncbi request reprint The illusion of invariant quantities in life histories
    Sean Nee
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 309:1236-9. 2005
    ..The following question arises from our analysis: How do we identify an invariant?..
  52. ncbi request reprint Sex ratios under asymmetrical local mate competition: theory and a test with parasitoid wasps
    David M Shuker
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 166:301-16. 2005
    ....
  53. pmc Inbreeding and parasite sex ratios
    Sean Nee
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:755-60. 2002
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Testing small clutch size models with Daphnia
    Meghan A Guinnee
    Institute of Cell, Animal, and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 163:880-7. 2004
    ..Consistent with this, we found that mean egg volume decreased with increasing clutch size...
  55. ncbi request reprint Testing for epistasis between deleterious mutations in a parasitoid wasp
    Ana Rivero
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 57:1698-703. 2003
    ..We examine two components of fitness, both of which are thought to be important in natural populations of parasitic wasps: longevity and egg production. Our results show synergistic epistasis for longevity, but not for egg production...
  56. ncbi request reprint Figs and fig wasps
    James M Cook
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Curr Biol 15:R978-80. 2005
  57. doi request reprint Phenotypic plasticity of a cooperative behaviour in bacteria
    R Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Food Microbiology Research Group, University of Ulster, UK
    J Evol Biol 22:589-98. 2009
    ..Our study demonstrates that phenotypic plasticity in a cooperative trait as a response to changes in the environment occurs in even the simplest of organisms, a bacterium...
  58. ncbi request reprint The incidence and diversity of Wolbachia in gallwasps (Hymenoptera; Cynipidae) on oak
    A Rokas
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Mol Ecol 11:1815-29. 2002
    ..We suggest that exchange may be mediated by the generalist parasitoids common in oak galls...
  59. ncbi request reprint Cooperative breeders adjust offspring sex ratios to produce helpful helpers
    Ashleigh S Griffin
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 166:628-32. 2005
    ..Variable selection on sex ratio adjustment may thus explain variable empirical findings...
  60. ncbi request reprint Influence of rat strain on larval production by the parasitic nematode Strongyloides ratti
    A W Gemmill
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    J Parasitol 84:1289-91. 1998
    ..ratti using its natural host Rattus norvegicus. Host strain influenced the pattern of larval production. The results were qualitatively the same for 2 S. ratti lines of North American and Japanese origin...
  61. ncbi request reprint Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish
    D J Allsop
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 16:921-9. 2003
    ..Furthermore, our results suggest some very broad generalities in how male fitness varies with size and age across fish species with different mating systems...
  62. pmc Viscous medium promotes cooperation in the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:3531-8. 2009
    ....
  63. doi request reprint Limited dispersal, budding dispersal, and cooperation: an experimental study
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 63:939-49. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Siderophore-mediated cooperation and virulence in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Angus Buckling
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:135-41. 2007
    ..Fourth, cooperative pyoverdin production is also shown to be favoured by kin selection in vivo (caterpillars), and results in more virulent infections. Finally, we briefly outline ongoing and future work using this experimental system...
  65. ncbi request reprint A sex allocation theory for vertebrates: combining local resource competition and condition-dependent allocation
    Geoff Wild
    Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada
    Am Nat 170:E112-28. 2007
    ....
  66. ncbi request reprint Spite
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston ON, K7L 3N6, Canada
    Curr Biol 16:R662-4. 2006
  67. ncbi request reprint Host sanctions and the legume-rhizobium mutualism
    E Toby Kiers
    Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Nature 425:78-81. 2003
    ..More generally, such sanctions by one or both partners may be important in stabilizing a wide range of mutualistic symbioses...
  68. doi request reprint How host plant variability influences the advantages to learning: a theoretical model for oviposition behaviour in Lepidoptera
    J Paul Cunningham
    School of Biological and Earth Sciences, John Moores University, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
    J Theor Biol 251:404-10. 2008
    ..We discuss how our results: (a) can be applied to recent empirical work in different lepidopteran species and (b) predict an important role of learning in lepidopteran agricultural pests...
  69. ncbi request reprint Spiteful soldiers and sex ratio conflict in polyembryonic parasitoid wasps
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Am Nat 169:519-33. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint The relation between multilocus population genetics and social evolution theory
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Am Nat 169:207-26. 2007
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and conflict in quorum-sensing bacterial populations
    Stephen P Diggle
    Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Nature 450:411-4. 2007
    ..These results show that the problem of exploitation, which has been the focus of considerable attention in animal communication, also arises in bacteria...
  72. pmc Evolutionary theory of bacterial quorum sensing: when is a signal not a signal?
    Stephen P Diggle
    Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:1241-9. 2007
    ....