Jonathan C K Wells

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Paternal and maternal influences on differences in birth weight between Europeans and Indians born in the UK
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61116. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Obesity as malnutrition: the dimensions beyond energy balance
    J C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 67:507-12. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Body-composition reference data for simple and reference techniques and a 4-component model: a new UK reference child
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:1316-26. 2012
  4. pmc Associations of intrauterine and postnatal weight and length gains with adolescent body composition: prospective birth cohort study from Brazil
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    J Adolesc Health 51:S58-64. 2012
  5. doi request reprint The obstetric dilemma: an ancient game of Russian roulette, or a variable dilemma sensitive to ecology?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 149:40-71. 2012
  6. pmc The evolution of human adiposity and obesity: where did it all go wrong?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Dis Model Mech 5:595-607. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Sexual dimorphism in body composition across human populations: associations with climate and proxies for short- and long-term energy supply
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 24:411-9. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Body composition in infants: evidence for developmental programming and techniques for measurement
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Rev Endocr Metab Disord 13:93-101. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Obesity as malnutrition: the role of capitalism in the obesity global epidemic
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 24:261-76. 2012

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. pmc Paternal and maternal influences on differences in birth weight between Europeans and Indians born in the UK
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61116. 2013
    ..We aimed to improve understanding of maternal versus paternal contributions to ethnic differences in birth weight, by comparing the offspring of same-ethnic versus mixed-ethnic unions amongst Europeans and South Asian Indians in the UK...
  2. doi request reprint Obesity as malnutrition: the dimensions beyond energy balance
    J C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 67:507-12. 2013
    ..Rather than populations failing to heed governments' public health advice, governments are currently failing the public by abandoning their responsibility for regulating commercial activities...
  3. doi request reprint Body-composition reference data for simple and reference techniques and a 4-component model: a new UK reference child
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:1316-26. 2012
    ..Several techniques have become available, but reference data are needed...
  4. pmc Associations of intrauterine and postnatal weight and length gains with adolescent body composition: prospective birth cohort study from Brazil
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    J Adolesc Health 51:S58-64. 2012
    ..We tested the hypothesis that rapid weight or length gain in different growth periods would be associated with size and body composition in adolescence, in a prospective birth cohort from southern Brazil...
  5. doi request reprint The obstetric dilemma: an ancient game of Russian roulette, or a variable dilemma sensitive to ecology?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 149:40-71. 2012
    ..Long-term improvements in nutrition across future generations may relieve the dilemma, but in the meantime, variability in its magnitude is likely to persist...
  6. pmc The evolution of human adiposity and obesity: where did it all go wrong?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Dis Model Mech 5:595-607. 2012
    ..Efforts to combat obesity could be more effective if they prioritized 'external' environmental change rather than attempting to manipulate 'internal' biology through pharmaceutical or behavioral means...
  7. doi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012
    ..Most studies that investigated this issue were observational and potentially confounded by variability in social circumstances or infant growth...
  8. doi request reprint Sexual dimorphism in body composition across human populations: associations with climate and proxies for short- and long-term energy supply
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 24:411-9. 2012
    ..This study aimed to describe population variability in body composition dimorphism, and to test whether annual temperature and proxies for population energy supply accounted for this variability...
  9. doi request reprint Body composition in infants: evidence for developmental programming and techniques for measurement
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Rev Endocr Metab Disord 13:93-101. 2012
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Obesity as malnutrition: the role of capitalism in the obesity global epidemic
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 24:261-76. 2012
    ..Prevention policies targeting individual behavior have proved ineffective and economic policies are arguably the optimal target for intervention...
  11. doi request reprint Ecogeographical associations between climate and human body composition: analyses based on anthropometry and skinfolds
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Center, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 147:169-86. 2012
    ..It is unclear whether such associations emerge through natural selection or through trans-generational and life-course plasticity. These findings nevertheless aid understanding of the wide variability in human physique and adiposity...
  12. doi request reprint Pediatric reference data for lean tissue properties: density and hydration from age 5 to 20 y
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:610-8. 2010
    ..The accuracy of these techniques depends on the validity of age- and sex-specific constant values for lean tissue hydration or density. Empirical data on these constants, and their variability between individuals, are lacking...
  13. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of Lunar Prodigy dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for assessing body composition in healthy persons and patients by comparison with the criterion 4-component model
    Jane E Williams
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1047-54. 2006
    ..Several studies have evaluated its accuracy in healthy persons; however, little attention has been directed to the same issue in patients...
  14. ncbi request reprint Associations between birth weight and later body composition: evidence from the 4-component model
    Sirinuch Chomtho
    Medical Research Council, Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1040-8. 2008
    ..Higher birth weight is associated with higher body mass index, traditionally interpreted as greater fatness or obesity, in later life. However, its relation with individual body-composition components and fat distribution remains unclear...
  15. doi request reprint Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis in adolescents across different ethnic groups
    Dalia Haroun
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1252-9. 2010
    ..We found significant variability in BC between ethnic groups that was not reflected by BMI. Manufacturers' equations are unsuitable for predicting BC in multi-ethnic populations, and our new equations are recommended...
  16. pmc Associations of birth order with early growth and adolescent height, body composition, and blood pressure: prospective birth cohort from Brazil
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 174:1028-35. 2011
    ..Firstborns may be more sensitive to environmental factors that promote catch-up growth, and this information could potentially be used in nutritional management to prevent catch-up "overshoot."..
  17. doi request reprint Age-variability in body shape associated with excess weight: the UK National Sizing Survey
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:435-41. 2008
    ..The health risks of obesity are disproportionately due to central abdominal adiposity; however, the extent to which age is associated with the body shape of obese adults is not known...
  18. ncbi request reprint Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 66:423-34. 2007
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Validation of BIA in obese children and adolescents and re-evaluation in a longitudinal study
    Dalia Haroun
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:2245-50. 2009
    ..001) of the change in FM and FFM, respectively. Our derived BIA equation, shown to be reliable for longitudinal assessment in white obese children, will aid routine clinical monitoring of body composition in this population...
  20. doi request reprint Early growth and body composition in infancy
    Sirinuch Chomtho
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Adv Exp Med Biol 646:165-8. 2009
    ..Our data do not support the hypothesis that lean mass tracks directly from fetal life to childhood...
  21. ncbi request reprint A trade-off between early growth rate and fluctuating asymmetry in Brazilian boys
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 33:112-24. 2006
    ..Alternatively, FA could signal the degree of within-lifetime exposure to stress, in particular during specific sensitive periods of development--the 'good development' hypothesis...
  22. ncbi request reprint The biology of the colonizing ape
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol . 2007
    ..We propose that the concept of hominins as "colonizing apes" offers a novel unified model for interpreting the suite of traits characteristic of our genus...
  23. doi request reprint Aggregate predictions improve accuracy when calculating metabolic variables used to guide treatment
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:491-9. 2009
    ..Many prediction equations have been published, but validation studies have shown that these equations tend to have limited accuracy in individuals and many have significant average bias...
  24. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of arm anthropometry for assessing pediatric body composition: evidence from healthy and sick children
    Sirinuch Chomtho
    The Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Center, Institute of Child Health, London, WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 59:860-5. 2006
    ..Arm anthropometry is useful for predicting FM and ranking healthy children and patients for fatness. It has poorer success in predicting regional or total FFM...
  25. pmc Testing a capacity-load model for hypertension: disentangling early and late growth effects on childhood blood pressure in a prospective birth cohort
    Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod
    UCL Institute for Global Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56078. 2013
    ..We predicted that decreased capacity and increased load would be independently associated with increased BP...
  26. ncbi request reprint The evolution of human fatness and susceptibility to obesity: an ethological approach
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:183-205. 2006
    ..Alterations to the obesogenic environment are predicted to play a key role in reducing the prevalence of obesity...
  27. doi request reprint Body composition by 2H dilution in Gambian infants: comparison with UK infants and evaluation of simple prediction methods
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Br J Nutr 102:1776-82. 2009
    ..A new BIA equation for LM prediction is presented; however, creatinine excretion is not recommended for LM estimation in this population...
  28. ncbi request reprint The thrifty phenotype as an adaptive maternal effect
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:143-72. 2007
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Flaws in the theory of predictive adaptive responses
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Trends Endocrinol Metab 18:331-7. 2007
    ..This debate has important implications, potentially offering a robust theoretical basis for designing public health interventions and guiding the nutritional management of individual infants...
  30. ncbi request reprint BMI compared with 3-dimensional body shape: the UK National Sizing Survey
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre and the Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:419-25. 2007
    ..Three-dimensional (3-D) body scanning provides high-quality digital information about shape...
  31. ncbi request reprint Birth weight and environmental heat load: a between-population analysis
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 119:276-82. 2002
    ..Further studies are needed to establish to what extent heat stress is a determinant of low birth weight in developing countries...
  32. doi request reprint Historical cohort studies and the early origins of disease hypothesis: making sense of the evidence
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 68:179-88. 2009
    ..Infancy is a developmental period in which nutrition can affect both metabolic capacity and metabolic load; this factor accounts for reported associations of both slow and fast infant growth with greater disease risk...
  33. ncbi request reprint Prematurity and reduced body fatness at 8-12 y of age
    Mary S Fewtrell
    Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:436-40. 2004
    ..Children born preterm remain shorter and lighter than their term-born peers during childhood, but it is unclear whether the size difference is associated with altered body composition...
  34. doi request reprint Re-examining heritability: genetics, life history and plasticity
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Trends Endocrinol Metab 22:421-8. 2011
    ..We argue that a life-history approach to understanding variation in the human phenotype must integrate these two risk components, and highlight the important contribution of plasticity to changes in disease prevalence...
  35. ncbi request reprint Energy requirements and body composition in stable pediatric intensive care patients receiving ventilatory support
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Food Nutr Bull 23:95-8. 2002
    ..Although they gain weight similar to healthy children, their weight gain is disproportionately higher in fat. However, one patient with myofibromatosis contradicted this general pattern...
  36. doi request reprint Associations of economic and gender inequality with global obesity prevalence: understanding the female excess
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 75:482-90. 2012
    ..These findings indicate that improving women's status may be a key area for addressing the global obesity epidemic over the long term, with potential benefits for the women themselves and for their offspring...
  37. ncbi request reprint Assessment of obesity status in outpatients from three disease states
    Dalia Haroun
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Acta Paediatr 95:970-4. 2006
    ..To assess obesity status in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and various metabolic disorders (MD), through comparison against a) UK reference data and b) contemporary healthy children...
  38. doi request reprint Reproduction, aging, and body shape by three-dimensional photonic scanning in Thai men and women
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 23:291-8. 2011
    ..It remains unclear whether men show similar life history strategy in shape. The objectives of this study were to investigate associations between shape, age, and number of offspring in both men and women from Thailand...
  39. ncbi request reprint Sexual dimorphism of body composition
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Pediatric Nutrition Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:415-30. 2007
    ..Disorders of sex development are associated with significant abnormalities of body composition, attributable largely to their impact on mechanisms of hormonal regulation...
  40. doi request reprint Independent changes in female body shape with parity and age: A life-history approach to female adiposity
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 22:456-62. 2010
    ..This model is relevant to the "grandmother hypothesis." The dual effects of age and parity on fat distribution substantially resolve by old age the profound sexual dimorphism in adiposity present at the start of adult life...
  41. doi request reprint Ethnic variability in adiposity and cardiovascular risk: the variable disease selection hypothesis
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:63-71. 2009
    ..It is hypothesized that exposure to different infectious disease burdens has favoured ethnic genetic variability in the anatomical location of, and metabolic profile of, adipose tissue depots...
  42. ncbi request reprint Fetal and infant head circumference sexual dimorphism in primates
    Tracey H Joffe
    Institute of Child Health, MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Center, University College London, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 126:97-110. 2005
    ..Finally, some of the problems with ascribing functional significance to brain size sexual dimorphism are discussed, and the energetic implications for brain size sexual dimorphism in infancy are assessed...
  43. ncbi request reprint Thermal environment and human birth weight
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    J Theor Biol 214:413-25. 2002
    ..These associations generate the hypothesis that low birth weight in hot environments may in part represent an adaptation to environmental heat stress...
  44. doi request reprint Maternal capital and the metabolic ghetto: An evolutionary perspective on the transgenerational basis of health inequalities
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 22:1-17. 2010
    ..Public health policies need to benefit metabolic capacity without exacerbating metabolic load...
  45. ncbi request reprint Is body composition important for paediatricians?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:168-72. 2008
    ..Finally, measurements of lean mass may improve the capacity to tailor nutrition, treatment and management to metabolic criteria...
  46. doi request reprint Ecological volatility and human evolution: a novel perspective on life history and reproductive strategy
    Jonathan C K Wells
    UCL Institute of Child Health, London
    Evol Anthropol 21:277-88. 2012
    ..Theses life-history adaptations may have preceded and enabled the trend toward encephalization...
  47. ncbi request reprint Growth and failure to thrive
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London
    Paediatr Nurs 14:37-42; quiz 43. 2002
    ..Growth monitoring is important for recognition of failure to thrive and it is valuable as a proxy measure for wellbeing. Many factors can contribute to failure to thrive which is best managed using a multidisciplinary approach...
  48. ncbi request reprint Adjusting body cell mass for size in women of differing nutritional status
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:333-6. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint The thrifty phenotype hypothesis: thrifty offspring or thrifty mother?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    J Theor Biol 221:143-61. 2003
    ..Equally, aggressive nutritional management of infants born small or pre-term may induce the very environmental fluctuations that are naturally softened by maternal nutrition...
  50. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Why are South Asians susceptible to central obesity?--the El NiƱo hypothesis
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:226-7. 2007
  51. doi request reprint The thrifty phenotype: An adaptation in growth or metabolism?
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Am J Hum Biol 23:65-75. 2011
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint The programming effects of early growth
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Early Hum Dev 83:743-8. 2007
    ..These complementary processes may account for disease risk being greatest in those born small who subsequently become large...
  53. pmc Use of fat mass and fat free mass standard deviation scores obtained using simple measurement methods in healthy children and patients: comparison with the reference 4-component model
    Rachel R Atherton
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e62139. 2013
    ..Clinical application of body composition (BC) measurements for individual children has been limited by lack of appropriate reference data...
  54. pmc The double burden of obesity and malnutrition in a protracted emergency setting: a cross-sectional study of Western Sahara refugees
    Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 9:e1001320. 2012
    ..Yet, it is unknown to what extent this double burden affects refugee populations dependent on food assistance. We assessed the double burden of malnutrition among Western Sahara refugees living in a protracted emergency...
  55. doi request reprint An evolutionary perspective on the trans-generational basis of obesity
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 38:400-9. 2011
    ..The biological processes that underpin the offspring's developmental plasticity appear sensitive to the obesogenic niche. Through this sensitivity, diverse environmental factors can induce excess weight gain from childhood onwards...
  56. doi request reprint Different associations of subscapular and triceps skinfold thicknesses with pathogen load: An ecogeographical analysis
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 25:594-605. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that central adiposity would correlate more strongly than peripheral adiposity with pathogen load across populations...
  57. ncbi request reprint A new method for quantifying encephalization in the growing individual
    Tracey H Joffe
    Institute of Child Health, MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    J Theor Biol 225:361-7. 2003
    ..Derived SD scores may also be applied to correlation and regression analyses where statistical relationships with other variables are of interest...