N J Wade

Summary

Affiliation: University of Dundee
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The Thatcherisation of faces
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 37:807-10. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Deceiving the brain: pictures and visual perception
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Dundee, UK Electronic address
    Prog Brain Res 204:115-34. 2013
  3. pmc Yarbus, eye movements, and vision
    Benjamin W Tatler
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:7-27. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Wheatstone and the origins of moving stereoscopic images
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 41:901-24. 2012
  5. pmc Pioneers of eye movement research
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:33-68. 2010
  6. pmc Recognition and eye movements with partially hidden pictures of faces and cars in different orientations
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:103-20. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint The ghost of Helioth and his stereoscope: the return of a phantom
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 41:1001-2. 2012
  8. pmc Eye contricks
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland E mail
    Iperception 2:486-501. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint From dichoptic to dichotic: historical contrasts between binocular vision and binaural hearing
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 34:645-68. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Sound and sight: acoustic figures and visual phenomena
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Perception 34:1275-90. 2005

Detail Information

Publications76

  1. ncbi request reprint The Thatcherisation of faces
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 37:807-10. 2008
  2. doi request reprint Deceiving the brain: pictures and visual perception
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Dundee, UK Electronic address
    Prog Brain Res 204:115-34. 2013
    ..Most of visual science is now concerned with pictorial images--two-dimensional displays on computer monitors. Is vision now the science of deception?..
  3. pmc Yarbus, eye movements, and vision
    Benjamin W Tatler
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:7-27. 2010
    ..We extended his experiment on the effect of instructions on viewing a picture using a portrait of Yarbus rather than a painting. The results obtained broadly supported those found by Yarbus...
  4. ncbi request reprint Wheatstone and the origins of moving stereoscopic images
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 41:901-24. 2012
    ..Presenting sequences of stereoscopic photographs in apparent motion was attempted in the 1850s, but proved less successful. The catalyst involved in all these developments was Charles Wheatstone...
  5. pmc Pioneers of eye movement research
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:33-68. 2010
    ..In the mid-20th century attention shifted to the stability of the eyes during fixation, with the emphasis on involuntary movements. The contributions of pioneers from Aristotle to Yarbus are outlined...
  6. pmc Recognition and eye movements with partially hidden pictures of faces and cars in different orientations
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, UK E mail
    Iperception 1:103-20. 2010
    ..These results applied to both experiments. Orientation effects for cars were not pronounced and distinctions between 90°, 180°, and 270° embedded images were not consistent; this was the case in both experiments...
  7. ncbi request reprint The ghost of Helioth and his stereoscope: the return of a phantom
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 41:1001-2. 2012
    ..There is no evidence of Helioth's existence prior to a report in the mid-twentieth century, and despite attempts to dispel his ghost it has recently resurfaced...
  8. pmc Eye contricks
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland E mail
    Iperception 2:486-501. 2011
    ..Most of visual science is now concerned with icons-two-dimensional displays on computer monitors. Is vision now the science of eye-cons?..
  9. ncbi request reprint From dichoptic to dichotic: historical contrasts between binocular vision and binaural hearing
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 34:645-68. 2005
    ..Instruments for investigating binocular vision, like the stereoscope and pseudoscope, were invented before those for binaural hearing, like the stethophone and pseudophone...
  10. ncbi request reprint Sound and sight: acoustic figures and visual phenomena
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Perception 34:1275-90. 2005
    ..Secondly, attempts to render the acoustic figures visible (on the basis of briefly persisting images) led to the discovery of instruments that could synthesise movement. These two developments are discussed in their historical contexts...
  11. doi request reprint Tartuferi's retina
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Cortex 44:105-6. 2008
  12. doi request reprint The Darwins and Wells: from revolution to evolution
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
    J Hist Neurosci 19:85-104. 2010
    ..Commenting on the case of a white woman, part of whose skin was black, he proposed a process of change that was akin to natural selection. His ideas were acknowledged by Charles Darwin in the fourth edition of On the Origin of Species...
  13. ncbi request reprint Cox's chair: 'a moral and a medical mean in the treatment of maniacs'
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
    Hist Psychiatry 16:73-88. 2005
    ..The legacy of Cox's chair, and its related treatment of swinging, are to be found in funfairs throughout the world...
  14. ncbi request reprint Medical societies and insanity in late-eighteenth-century London: the fight between Andrew Marshal and John Hunter
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology University of Dundee, Scotland
    J Hist Neurosci 14:11-5. 2005
    ..Although Marshal did not publish his observations during his lifetime, they were assembled by his assistant in 1815. Marshal's descriptions of the brains of hydrophobics and maniacs are worthy of note...
  15. ncbi request reprint Visual neuroscience before the neuron
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 33:869-89. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Cover picture of 2004: partial decussation of the optic nerves
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland
    J Hist Neurosci 13:125-6. 2004
  17. ncbi request reprint Vision and the dimensions of nerve fibers
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    J Hist Neurosci 14:281-94. 2005
    ..0035 mm), based on the resolution of one minute as the minimum visible. In the same year, Jurin questioned the reliability of such estimates because of variations in visual resolution with different stimuli...
  18. ncbi request reprint Image, eye, and retina (invited review)
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, UK
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 24:1229-49. 2007
    ..An armory of devices for examining vision and the eye were to follow later in the century. These transformed the study of vision from an observational to an experimental discipline...
  19. ncbi request reprint Artful visions
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
    Spat Vis 21:27-53. 2007
    ..The interactions between art and both spatial and motion vision were influenced by instruments invented in the early nineteenth century for manipulating the representation of space and time - the stereoscope and the stroboscopic disc...
  20. doi request reprint Cajal's retina
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Cortex 44:227-8. 2008
  21. doi request reprint Beyond body experiences: phantom limbs, pain and the locus of sensation
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Cortex 45:243-55. 2009
    ..The pattern of development in theories of phantom limbs might provide a model for examining out-of-body experiences (OBEs)...
  22. doi request reprint Vision and visualization
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland
    J Hist Neurosci 17:274-94. 2008
    ..Visual phenomena could often be displayed on the printed page, although novel instruments expanded the scope of seeing, particularly in the nineteenth century...
  23. doi request reprint The surface and deep structure of the waterfall illusion
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Res 72:593-600. 2008
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Chapter 32: sensory and perceptual disorders
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Visual Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Handb Clin Neurol 95:489-500. 2010
    ..Once order was established then a range of fascinating phenomena came to light (particularly in vision). Others that had long been known became open to more detailed scrutiny...
  25. doi request reprint Phantom penis: historical dimensions
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    J Hist Neurosci 19:299-312. 2010
    ..We here present several early reports on phantom penile sensations, with the intent of showing what had been described and why more than 200 years ago...
  26. doi request reprint The singular vision of William Charles Wells (1757-1817)
    Nicholas J Wade
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland
    J Hist Neurosci 20:1-15. 2011
    ..After providing a brief account of Wells's life, his neglected research on vision is described and assessed...
  27. ncbi request reprint Philosophical instruments and toys: optical devices extending the art of seeing
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland
    J Hist Neurosci 13:102-24. 2004
    ..Several of these philosophical toys proved to be phenomenally popular, particularly when combined with photography...
  28. ncbi request reprint The search for a sixth sense: the cases for vestibular, muscle, and temperature senses
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    J Hist Neurosci 12:175-202. 2003
    ..The history of the search for a sixth sense is outlined, and the evidence adduced to support the divisions is assessed. Behavioral evidence generally has been accorded less weight than that from anatomy and physiology...
  29. ncbi request reprint The eye as an optical instrument: from camera obscura to Helmholtz's perspective
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Perception 30:1157-77. 2001
    ..John Hunter in a letter to Joseph Banks in 1793, published by Home 1794, page 24)...
  30. ncbi request reprint Surveying the seen: 100 years of British vision
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, UK
    Br J Psychol 92:79-112. 2001
    ..However, the eagerness with which the computer has been adopted by perceptual psychologists is likely to be tempered by a growing awareness of the differences between viewing scenes and simulations of them...
  31. ncbi request reprint Visual motion aftereffects: critical adaptation and test conditions
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland
    Vision Res 36:2167-75. 1996
    ..It is concluded that the linear MAE occurs as a consequence of adapting restricted retinal regions to motion but it can only be expressed when nonadapted regions are also tested...
  32. ncbi request reprint Dodge-ing the issue: Dodge, Javal, Hering, and the measurement of saccades in eye-movement research
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 32:793-804. 2003
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Jean Théophile Desaguliers (1683-1744) and eighteenth century vision research
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, UK
    Br J Psychol 91:275-85. 2000
    ..Thus, both stimulus control and the use of the unbiased observer were employed in eighteenth century experimental studies of vision...
  34. ncbi request reprint William Charles Wells (1757-1817) and vestibular research before Purkinje and Flourens
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, UK
    J Vestib Res 10:127-37. 2000
    ..In many ways, Wells's experiments were more sophisticated than those of Purkinje, and he should be recognised as a founder of vestibular research. Possible reasons for the neglect of Wells's work are discussed...
  35. ncbi request reprint Porterfield and Wells on the motions of our eyes
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland, UK
    Perception 29:221-39. 2000
    ..Despite the neglect of Well's work, he should be considered as laying the foundations for the study of vestibular-visual interaction, even though the function of the vestibular system was not known at that time...
  36. ncbi request reprint Light and sight since antiquity
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, UK
    Perception 27:637-70. 1998
    ..Theories of accommodation in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are briefly reviewed, as is the early history of eye glasses...
  37. ncbi request reprint Visual motion aftereffects: differential adaptation and test stimulation
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, U K
    Vision Res 38:573-8. 1998
    ..Thus, the MAE occurs as a consequence of adapting restricted retinal regions to motion but it can only be expressed when differentially adapted regions are also tested...
  38. ncbi request reprint Visual motion illusions, eye movements, and the search for objectivity
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    J Hist Neurosci 12:376-95. 2003
    ..The autokinetic phenomenon involves the perception of isolated stimuli, and so interpretations in terms of some internal eye movement signals remain sustainable...
  39. ncbi request reprint Scopes of perception: the experimental manipulation of space and time
    N J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Scotland
    Psychol Res 60:227-37. 1997
    ..In contemporary experimental psychology all these instruments have been replaced by the computer. While it has extended the scope of experiments even further it has introduced a new set of limitations...
  40. ncbi request reprint The Chimenti controversy
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Perception 32:185-200. 2003
    ..Brewster's attempts to wrest the invention of the stereoscope from Wheatstone were unsuccessful...
  41. ncbi request reprint The lost direction in binocular vision: the neglected signs posted by Wells, Towne, and LeConte
    Nicholas J Wade
    University of Dundee, Scotland
    J Hist Behav Sci 42:61-86. 2006
    ..We examine the experiments on binocular visual direction conducted by Wells before Wheatstone, and by Towne and LeConte after him, and discuss the reasons for their neglect...
  42. ncbi request reprint Examining art: dissociating pattern and perceptual influences on oculomotor behaviour
    Benjamin W Tatler
    School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 4HN, UK
    Spat Vis 21:165-84. 2007
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint William Porterfield (ca. 1696-1771) and his phantom limb: an overlooked first self-report by a man of medicine
    Nicholas J Wade
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland
    Neurosurgery 52:1196-8; discussion 1198-9. 2003
    ..Rather than using the phenomenon of a phantom limb to question the veracity of the senses (as Descartes had done), Porterfield integrated his phantom limb experiences into his general account of sensory function...
  44. ncbi request reprint Monocular alignment in different depth planes
    Koichi Shimono
    Department of Psychology, Dundee University, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
    Vision Res 42:1127-35. 2002
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint The neuroscience of Helmholtz and the theories of Johannes Müller. Part 1: Nerve cell structure, vitalism, and the nerve impulse
    Stanley Finger
    Department of Psychology, Campus Box 1125, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    J Hist Neurosci 11:136-55. 2002
    ..The point will be made that Helmholtz owed a great debt to Müller, but even from his student days in Berlin he was an independent thinker with his own agenda, and never his strict disciple...
  46. ncbi request reprint Natural historians
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 37:479-82. 2008
  47. ncbi request reprint Seeing double and depth with Wheatstone's stereograms
    Hiroshi Ono
    Centre for Vision Research, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Perception 36:1611-23. 2007
    ..We argue that LeConte's lack of knowledge of the German literature on vision research prevented him from considering investigating Wheatstone's experiment with a stereogram having a smaller disparity...
  48. ncbi request reprint Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802)
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 31:643-50. 2002
  49. ncbi request reprint Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875)
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 31:265-72. 2002
  50. ncbi request reprint The two faces of Rex Whistler (1905-1944)
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 34:639-44. 2005
  51. ncbi request reprint Toying with science
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 33:1025-32. 2004
  52. ncbi request reprint The neuroscience of Helmholtz and the theories of Johannes Müller. Part 2: Sensation and perception
    Stanley Finger
    Neural Sciences Program, Philosophy Neural Science Psychology Program, Department of Psychology, Campus Box 1125, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    J Hist Neurosci 11:234-54. 2002
    ..Nevertheless, Helmholtz's own experiments and new discoveries by others sometimes led him to quite different conclusions...
  53. ncbi request reprint The stereoscopic art of Ludwig Wilding
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 36:479-82. 2007
  54. ncbi request reprint Good figures
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 33:127-34. 2004
  55. ncbi request reprint The pursuit of Leonardo's constraint
    Hiroshi Ono
    Centre for Vision Research, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Perception 31:83-102. 2002
    ..Demonstrations that readers can perform, and that support this argument, are provided on the Perception website at http://www.perceptionweb.com/perc0102/ono.html...
  56. ncbi request reprint Depth and motion in historical descriptions of motion parallax
    Hiroshi Ono
    Department 2, ATR Human Information Sciences Laboratories, Kyoto, Japan
    Perception 34:1263-73. 2005
    ..We compare the historical descriptions with some contemporary research, which indicates how depth and motion perception are dependent on the conditions of stimulation...
  57. ncbi request reprint The legacy of phantom limbs
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 32:517-24. 2003
  58. ncbi request reprint Accentuating the negative: Tom Wedgwood (1771-1805), photography and perception
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 34:513-20. 2005
  59. ncbi request reprint The original spin doctors--the meeting of perception and insanity
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 34:253-60. 2005
  60. ncbi request reprint William Charles Wells (1757-1817)
    Nicholas J Wade
    J Med Biogr 12:214. 2004
  61. ncbi request reprint Movements in art: from Rosso to Riley
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 32:1029-36. 2003
  62. ncbi request reprint Translation and recognition
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 33:1-10. 2004
  63. ncbi request reprint On nystagmus, saccades, and fixations
    Benjamin W Tatler
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
    Perception 32:167-84. 2003
    ..The relationship between eye movements and perception, following earlier intuitions by Wells and Breuer, was explored by Dodge, and has been of fundamental importance in the direction of vision research over the last century...
  64. ncbi request reprint Nobel stains
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 35:1-8. 2006
  65. ncbi request reprint Cave art interpretation I
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 35:577-80. 2006
  66. ncbi request reprint Perceptual pilgrimages
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 31:1159-64. 2002
  67. ncbi request reprint Whither wundt?
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 36:163-6. 2007
  68. ncbi request reprint Molyneux's answer II
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 35:1579-82. 2006
  69. ncbi request reprint Joseph Priestley (1733-1804)
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 33:509-12. 2004
  70. ncbi request reprint Editorial essay: Molyneux's answer I
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 35:1437-40. 2006
  71. ncbi request reprint The persisting vision of David Hartley (1705-1757)
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 34:1-6. 2005
  72. ncbi request reprint Inverted faces
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 32:1-6. 2003
  73. ncbi request reprint Snellen's letters
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 37:167-70. 2008
  74. ncbi request reprint Flagging early examples of ambiguity II
    Marco Piccolino
    Perception 35:1003-6. 2006
  75. ncbi request reprint Flagging early examples of ambiguity I
    Marco Piccolino
    Perception 35:861-4. 2006
  76. ncbi request reprint Alzheimer's memory
    Nicholas J Wade
    Perception 36:1111-4. 2007