Genomes and Genes
Affiliation: University of Southampton
- The nature of hyperactivity in children and adolescents with hydrocephalus: a test of the dual pathway modelJim Stevenson
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, England SO17 1BJ
Neural Plast 11:13-21. 2004..In accordance with the DPM, the effect of hydrocephalus on hyperactivity was completely mediated via delay aversion and executive functions...
- The role of histamine degradation gene polymorphisms in moderating the effects of food additives on children's ADHD symptomsJim Stevenson
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, England
Am J Psychiatry 167:1108-15. 2010..The authors hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms affecting histamine degradation would explain the diversity of responses to additives...
- Relationship between behavior and asthma in children with atopic dermatitisJim Stevenson
Center for Research into Psychological Development, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
Psychosom Med 65:971-5. 2003..The significance of psychological factors in asthma is a subject of considerable dispute. This study addressed the little investigated question of the potential role of psychological factors in the initial onset of asthma...
- Characterizing the ADHD phenotype for genetic studiesJim Stevenson
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1 BJ, UK
Dev Sci 8:115-21. 2005..It is suggested that extending such studies beyond cognitive underpinnings to include physiological and metabolic markers might facilitate progress...
- The effect of early confirmation of hearing loss on the behaviour in middle childhood of children with bilateral hearing impairmentJim Stevenson
University of Southampton School of Psychology, Southampton, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 53:269-74. 2011..To determine if the benefit of early confirmation of permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) on children's receptive language development is associated with fewer behavioural problems...
- The relationship between language development and behaviour problems in children with hearing lossJim Stevenson
University of Southampton, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:77-83. 2010..There are well-replicated findings that link poor development on a range of communication skills with increased behavioural problems. This paper examines this relationship in children with hearing loss...
- Dietary influences on cognitive development and behaviour in childrenJim Stevenson
Developmental Brain Behaviour Unit, School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 65:361-5. 2006..A study is currently underway to investigate the possible effects of additives on behaviour in the general population of children...
- Language ability after early detection of permanent childhood hearing impairmentColin R Kennedy
Department of Child Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
N Engl J Med 354:2131-41. 2006..However, the effects of universal newborn screening for permanent bilateral childhood hearing impairment and the effects of confirmation of hearing impairment by nine months of age on subsequent verbal abilities are uncertain...
- Processing efficiency theory in children: working memory as a mediator between trait anxiety and academic performanceMatthew Owens
Developmental Brain Behaviour Unit, School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Anxiety Stress Coping 21:417-30. 2008..The findings indicate that PET is a useful framework to assess the impact of children's anxiety on educational achievement...
- Visual search in children and adults: top-down and bottom-up mechanismsNick Donnelly
Centre for Visual Cognition, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:120-36. 2007..Across all three experiments, the results of both conjunction and odd-one-out searches highlighted a development in visual search from middle to late childhood...
- Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal studyValerie Muter
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004..The results are related to current theories about the role of phonological, grammatical, and vocabulary skills in the development of early reading skills...
- Disability and quality of life in spina bifida and hydrocephalusIneke M Pit ten Cate
Centre for Research into Psychological Development, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Highfield, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 44:317-22. 2002..It was concluded that hydrocephalus is just as great a threat to CQOL as spina bifida. Beyond the general effect of condition severity on CQOL, family resources (as measured by the CSES and FNS) represent an additional influence on CQOL...
- Long-term evaluation of the impact of the h1-receptor antagonist cetirizine on the behavioral, cognitive, and psychomotor development of very young children with atopic dermatitisJim Stevenson
Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK
Pediatr Res 52:251-7. 2002..These findings suggest that there are no adverse effects on behavior or learning processes associated with the prolonged use of cetirizine in young children with atopic dermatitis...
- Parenting behaviour described by mothers in a general population sampleMargaret J J Thompson
Department of Psychiatry, University of Southampton, UK
Child Care Health Dev 28:149-55. 2002..To collect mothers' reports of the range of behaviours used by them in the management of their children's difficult behaviour...
- Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trialDonna McCann
School of Psychology, Department of Child Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
Lancet 370:1560-7. 2007..We undertook a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial to test whether intake of artificial food colour and additives (AFCA) affected childhood behaviour...
- Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatmentsEdmund J S Sonuga-Barke
Developmental Brain Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK
Am J Psychiatry 170:275-89. 2013....
- Executive self, self-esteem, and negative affectivity: relations at the phenotypic and genotypic levelMichelle B Neiss
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, England
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:593-606. 2005..The unique genetic and non-shared environmental influences support the proposition that the executive self, self-esteem, and negative affectivity capture distinct and important differences between people...
- The impact of maternal mental health and child's behavioural difficulties on attributions about child behavioursDeborah Cornah
Centre for Research into Psychological Development, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 42:69-79. 2003..Mothers with mental health problems do not explain their child's negative behaviours in a way that is typical of normal mothers, and reasons for this are discussed...
- Executive functions in school-age children born very prematurelySarah Bayless
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, University Road, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom
Early Hum Dev 83:247-54. 2007..School-age preterm children are at risk for cognitive difficulties including Executive Dysfunction and low average IQ...
- Selective processing of threat-related cues in day surgery patients and prediction of post-operative painMarcus R Munafo
University of Southampton, UK
Br J Health Psychol 8:439-49. 2003..To investigate the use of a measure of selective processing bias associated with anxiety as a predictor of post-operative pain independently of self-report measures of anxiety...
- A comparison of actigraphy and parental report of sleep habits in typically developing children aged 6 to 11 yearsSimone Holley
School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Hampshire, SO16 6YD, England
Behav Sleep Med 8:16-27. 2010..Parental reports of night wakings did not correspond with ACT measures of night wakings. The findings show that ACT and parental reports provide differing, but complimentary, information about a child's sleep habits...
- The development of phonological awareness in preschool childrenJulia M Carroll
Department of Psychology, University of York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 39:913-23. 2003..In general, children's rime skills developed earlier than their phoneme skills. Structural equation models showed that articulatory skills and syllable and rime awareness predicted later phoneme awareness...
- Examining the state-trait anxiety relationship: a behavioural genetic approachJennifer Y F Lau
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Abnorm Child Psychol 34:19-27. 2006..The implications of these results for vulnerability mechanisms involving stress reactivity on anxiety are discussed...
- Associations between behaviour problems and verbal and nonverbal cognitive abilities and disabilities in early childhoodRobert Plomin
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:619-33. 2002....
- The role of partner relationships in the young person's adherence to the diabetes self-care regimeRachel Gillibrand
Rachel Gillibrand, Faculty of Applied Sciences, UWE, Bristoll, UK
Int J Behav Med 14:151-5. 2007..It was predicted that those people reporting a better quality relationship would report greater social support and better diabetes management...
- Assessing cognitive outcomes in a rural African population: development of a neuropsychological battery in Kilifi District, KenyaPenny A Holding
KEMRI Centre for Geographic Medicine Coast, P O Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 10:246-60. 2004..Results suggest that adaptations of existing tests can be made in such a way as to preserve their utility in measuring the cross-cultural sequelae of childhood neurological diseases...
- Language ability in children with permanent hearing impairment: the influence of early management and family participationPeter Watkin
Audiology Department, Whipps Cross University Hospital NHS Trust, Whipps Cross Road, Leytonstone, London E11 1NR, England
Pediatrics 120:e694-701. 2007..The goal was to examine the relationships between management after confirmation, family participation, and speech and language outcomes in the same group of children with permanent childhood hearing impairment...
- A genetic analysis of individual differences in dissociative behaviors in childhood and adolescenceKathryn A Becker-Blease
Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:522-32. 2004..Stable individual differences in dissociative behaviors may represent a dissociative tendency trait that varies in the population independent of the influence of trauma...
- A controlled trial of skin-to-skin contact in extremely preterm infantsRachel Miles
Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK
Early Hum Dev 82:447-55. 2006..Mother-infant skin-to-skin contact has been recommended as a simple means of ameliorating these effects...
- The extended health belief model applied to the experience of diabetes in young peopleRachel Gillibrand
Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK
Br J Health Psychol 11:155-69. 2006....