Martin Stevens

Summary

Affiliation: University of Cambridge
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of disruptive coloration as a concealment strategy
    Martin Stevens
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Rd, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Prog Brain Res 155:49-64. 2006
  2. doi request reprint Host-parasite arms races and rapid changes in bird egg appearance
    Claire N Spottiswoode
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 179:633-48. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Evolutionary ecology: knowing how to hide your eggs
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Curr Biol 23:R106-8. 2013
  4. pmc Linking the evolution and form of warning coloration in nature
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:417-26. 2012
  5. pmc Motion dazzle and camouflage as distinct anti-predator defenses
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    BMC Biol 9:81. 2011
  6. pmc Testing Thayer's hypothesis: can camouflage work by distraction?
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Biol Lett 4:648-50. 2008
  7. pmc Predator perception and the interrelation between different forms of protective coloration
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1457-64. 2007
  8. pmc Dazzle coloration and prey movement
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:2639-43. 2008
  9. pmc Outline and surface disruption in animal camouflage
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:781-6. 2009
  10. pmc Defining disruptive coloration and distinguishing its functions
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:481-8. 2009

Detail Information

Publications20

  1. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of disruptive coloration as a concealment strategy
    Martin Stevens
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Rd, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Prog Brain Res 155:49-64. 2006
    ..We present evidence, from a field study, in support of the notion that disruptive coloration reduces the chances of bird predation of artificial "moths."..
  2. doi request reprint Host-parasite arms races and rapid changes in bird egg appearance
    Claire N Spottiswoode
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 179:633-48. 2012
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Evolutionary ecology: knowing how to hide your eggs
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Curr Biol 23:R106-8. 2013
    ..A new study of camouflage in quail shows that individual birds know the appearance of their own eggs and select backgrounds that maximise concealment...
  4. pmc Linking the evolution and form of warning coloration in nature
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:417-26. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Motion dazzle and camouflage as distinct anti-predator defenses
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    BMC Biol 9:81. 2011
    ....
  6. pmc Testing Thayer's hypothesis: can camouflage work by distraction?
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Biol Lett 4:648-50. 2008
    ..Markings became increasingly costly as their contrast against the prey increased. Our experiments failed to find any empirical support for the hypothesis that distraction markings are an important aspect of camouflage in animals...
  7. pmc Predator perception and the interrelation between different forms of protective coloration
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1457-64. 2007
    ..Suggestions are made for future work, and potential mechanisms discussed in relation to various forms of defensive coloration, including disruptive coloration, eyespots, dazzle markings, motion camouflage, aposematism and mimicry...
  8. pmc Dazzle coloration and prey movement
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 275:2639-43. 2008
    ..Various anti-predator markings may work prey during motion, and some animals may combine such dazzle patterns with other functions, such as camouflage, thermoregulation, sexual and warning signals...
  9. pmc Outline and surface disruption in animal camouflage
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:781-6. 2009
    ..Our study has implications for whether animals can combine disruptive coloration with other 'conspicuous' signalling strategies...
  10. pmc Defining disruptive coloration and distinguishing its functions
    Martin Stevens
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:481-8. 2009
    ..We discuss how disruptive coloration can be optimized, how it can relate to other forms of camouflage markings and where future work is particularly needed...
  11. pmc Visual modeling shows that avian host parents use multiple visual cues in rejecting parasitic eggs
    Claire N Spottiswoode
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:8672-6. 2010
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Avian vision and the evolution of egg color mimicry in the common cuckoo
    Mary Caswell Stoddard
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Evolution 65:2004-13. 2011
    ..Finally, cuckoos with better background color mimicry also have better pattern mimicry. Our findings reveal new information about egg mimicry that would be impossible to derive by the human eye...
  13. pmc Disruptive ecological selection on a mating cue
    Richard M Merrill
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:4907-13. 2012
    ..Our experiments showed that hybrid colour-pattern phenotypes are attacked more frequently than parental forms. For the first time, we demonstrate disruptive ecological selection on a trait that also acts as a mating cue...
  14. pmc Repeated targeting of the same hosts by a brood parasite compromises host egg rejection
    Martin Stevens
    1 Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK 2
    Nat Commun 4:2475. 2013
    ..Thus, repeated parasitism interacts with egg mimicry to exploit cognitive and sensory limitations in host defences. ..
  15. pmc How to evade a coevolving brood parasite: egg discrimination versus egg variability as host defences
    Claire N Spottiswoode
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 278:3566-73. 2011
    ..Thus, neither strategy is superior, but rather they reflect alternative potential evolutionary trajectories...
  16. pmc Pattern mimicry of host eggs by the common cuckoo, as seen through a bird's eye
    Mary Caswell Stoddard
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 277:1387-93. 2010
    ..Our study sheds new light on cuckoo-host coevolution and illustrates a new technique for quantifying animal markings with respect to the relevant animal visual system...
  17. pmc A window on the past: male ornamental plumage reveals the quality of their early-life environment
    Leila K Walker
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20122852. 2013
    ..Although the mechanisms that generate colourful plumage are evidently diverse, our results show that at least some parts of this display are accurate indicators of environmental conditions during development...
  18. pmc Disruptive contrast in animal camouflage
    Martin Stevens
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2433-8. 2006
    ..Disruptive coloration may allow animals to exploit backgrounds on which they are not perfectly matched, and to possess conspicuous markings while still retaining a degree of camouflage...
  19. ncbi request reprint The role of eyespots as anti-predator mechanisms, principally demonstrated in the Lepidoptera
    Martin Stevens
    Ecology of Vision, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, BS8 1UG UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:573-88. 2005
    ..Also highlighted is the necessity to consider the potential influence of sexual selection on lepidopteran wing patterns, and the genetics and development of eyespot formation...
  20. ncbi request reprint Disruptive coloration and background pattern matching
    Innes C Cuthill
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
    Nature 434:72-4. 2005
    ..Survival analysis supported the predictions, indicating that disruptive coloration is an effective means of camouflage, above and beyond background pattern matching...