A Steptoe

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Anaemia and the development of depressive symptoms following acute coronary syndrome: longitudinal clinical observational study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    BMJ Open 2:e000551. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Inflammation and symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with acute coronary heart disease
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 31:183-8. 2013
  3. pmc Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:5797-801. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Stress and cardiovascular disease: an update on current knowledge
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Public Health 34:337-54. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Stress and cardiovascular disease
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Nat Rev Cardiol 9:360-70. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Distinctive biological correlates of positive psychological well-being in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 74:501-8. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Positive affect and distressed affect over the day in older people
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychol Aging 26:956-65. 2011
  8. pmc Mood and transient cardiac dysfunction in everyday life
    Mimi R Bhattacharyya
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Behav Med 34:74-81. 2011
  9. pmc John Moore: eighteenth century physician, bearleader and social observer
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J R Soc Med 98:70-4. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Sleep duration and health in young adults
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England
    Arch Intern Med 166:1689-92. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications144 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Anaemia and the development of depressive symptoms following acute coronary syndrome: longitudinal clinical observational study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    BMJ Open 2:e000551. 2012
    ..One factor that has not been considered previously is anaemia, which is associated with fatigue and adverse cardiac outcomes. This study assessed the relationship between anaemia on admission and depressive symptoms following ACS...
  2. doi request reprint Inflammation and symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with acute coronary heart disease
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 31:183-8. 2013
    ..The study provides some support for the hypothesis that the marked inflammation during ACS contributes to later depression in a subset of patients, but the evidence is not conclusive...
  3. pmc Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:5797-801. 2013
    ..Although both isolation and loneliness impair quality of life and well-being, efforts to reduce isolation are likely to be more relevant to mortality...
  4. doi request reprint Stress and cardiovascular disease: an update on current knowledge
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Public Health 34:337-54. 2013
    ..A major challenge over the next decade is to incorporate stress processes into the mainstream of cardiovascular pathophysiological research and understanding...
  5. doi request reprint Stress and cardiovascular disease
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Nat Rev Cardiol 9:360-70. 2012
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Distinctive biological correlates of positive psychological well-being in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 74:501-8. 2012
    ..We evaluated relationships between both affective and eudaemonic well-being and biological measures in a large sample of older people...
  7. doi request reprint Positive affect and distressed affect over the day in older people
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychol Aging 26:956-65. 2011
    ..The associations with loneliness highlight the everyday distress and reduced happiness and excitement experienced by lonely older men and women, and these may contribute to enhanced risks to physical and mental health...
  8. pmc Mood and transient cardiac dysfunction in everyday life
    Mimi R Bhattacharyya
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Behav Med 34:74-81. 2011
    ..007). There were not changes in high frequency heart rate variability. This small study indicates that emotional state may contribute to vulnerability of cardiac dysfunction in everyday life...
  9. pmc John Moore: eighteenth century physician, bearleader and social observer
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J R Soc Med 98:70-4. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Sleep duration and health in young adults
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England
    Arch Intern Med 166:1689-92. 2006
    ..Both long and short sleep durations have been associated with negative health outcomes in middle-aged and older adults. This study assessed the relationship between sleep duration and self-rated health in young adults...
  11. ncbi request reprint Impaired cardiovascular recovery following stress predicts 3-year increases in blood pressure
    Andrew Steptoe
    International Centre for Health and Society, Psychology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Hypertens 23:529-36. 2005
    ..To assess whether variation in the rate of cardiovascular recovery following exposure to acute psychological stress predicts changes in blood pressure longitudinally, independently of blood pressure at baseline and other covariates...
  12. ncbi request reprint Changes in financial strain over three years, ambulatory blood pressure, and cortisol responses to awakening
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 67:281-7. 2005
    ..We assessed the influence of changes in financial strain on ambulatory blood pressure and salivary cortisol...
  13. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic position and cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses following cognitive challenge in old age
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Biol Psychol 69:149-66. 2005
    ..The results are consistent with the notion that higher SES protects against age-related changes in cardiovascular response profiles, particularly during recovery...
  14. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms, socio-economic background, sense of control, and cultural factors in university students from 23 countries
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Int J Behav Med 14:97-107. 2007
    ..Personal circumstances, beliefs, and cultural factors may all contribute to depressive symptoms in this population...
  15. ncbi request reprint Psychological and social predictors of changes in fruit and vegetable consumption over 12 months following behavioral and nutrition education counseling
    Andrew Steptoe
    University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, England
    Health Psychol 23:574-81. 2004
    ..These factors accounted for 51% of the superiority of behavioral counseling over nutrition education...
  16. ncbi request reprint Quality of life and self-rated health in relation to changes in fruit and vegetable intake and in plasma vitamins C and E in a randomised trial of behavioural and nutritional education counselling
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Nutr 92:177-84. 2004
    ..Increases in fruit and vegetable intake and plasma vitamin levels may stimulate beneficial changes in physical health status in socio-economically deprived adults...
  17. ncbi request reprint Central adiposity and cortisol responses to waking in middle-aged men and women
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1168-73. 2004
    ..We investigated whether central adiposity indexed by waist/hip ratio is related to cortisol responses to waking and other measures of salivary cortisol over the working day...
  18. doi request reprint Positive affect, psychological well-being, and good sleep
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 64:409-15. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Effort-reward imbalance, overcommitment, and measures of cortisol and blood pressure over the working day
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 66:323-9. 2004
    ..To assess the biological correlates of effort-reward imbalance and overcommitment to work using measurements over the working day...
  20. ncbi request reprint The influence of low job control on ambulatory blood pressure and perceived stress over the working day in men and women from the Whitehall II cohort
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Hypertens 22:915-20. 2004
    ..This study tested the influence of job control on ambulatory blood pressure, and ratings of perceived stress and happiness in men and women systematically sampled by socio-economic status from the Whitehall II epidemiological cohort...
  21. ncbi request reprint Loneliness and neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory stress responses in middle-aged men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:593-611. 2004
    ..046). We conclude that loneliness is a psychological experience with potentially adverse effects on biological stress processes that may be relevant to health...
  22. doi request reprint Emotional triggering of cardiac events
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:63-70. 2009
    ..These factors in turn promote coronary plaque disruption, myocardial ischaemia, cardiac dysrhythmia and thrombus formation. The implications of these findings for patient care and ACS prevention are outlined...
  23. pmc Positive affect and health-related neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory processes
    Andrew Steptoe
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:6508-12. 2005
    ..These effects were independent of psychological distress, supporting the notion that positive well-being is directly related to health-relevant biological processes...
  24. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular stress responsivity, body mass and abdominal adiposity
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1329-37. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Impact of job and marital strain on ambulatory blood pressure
    Andrew Steptoe
    University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Hypertens 18:1138. 2005
  26. ncbi request reprint The effects of chronic tea intake on platelet activation and inflammation: a double-blind placebo controlled trial
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Atherosclerosis 193:277-82. 2007
    ..We studied the effects of 6 weeks of black tea or placebo on platelet activation, C-reactive protein (CRP), total antioxidant status, and soluble (s) P-Selectin in a randomized double-blind trial...
  27. ncbi request reprint Delayed blood pressure recovery after psychological stress is associated with carotid intima-media thickness: Whitehall psychobiology study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:2547-51. 2006
    ..We tested whether poststress BP recovery was related to carotid atherosclerosis...
  28. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial, hemostatic, and inflammatory correlates of delayed poststress blood pressure recovery
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Psychosom Med 68:531-7. 2006
    ..This study assessed relationships between systolic blood pressure (BP) recovery, psychosocial risk factors, and delayed recovery of inflammatory and hemostatic variables...
  29. ncbi request reprint Acute depressed mood as a trigger of acute coronary syndromes
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Biol Psychiatry 60:837-42. 2006
    ..Some cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may be triggered by emotional states such as anger, but it is not known if acute depressed mood can act as a trigger...
  30. ncbi request reprint The effects of tea on psychophysiological stress responsivity and post-stress recovery: a randomised double-blind trial
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 190:81-9. 2007
    ..Tea has anecdotally been associated with stress relief, but this has seldom been tested scientifically...
  31. ncbi request reprint Neuroendocrine and cardiovascular correlates of positive affect measured by ecological momentary assessment and by questionnaire
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 32:56-64. 2007
    ..Effects were substantially stronger when positive affect was assessed by aggregating EMA samples than with questionnaire measures...
  32. ncbi request reprint Dispositional optimism and health behaviour in community-dwelling older people: associations with healthy ageing
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:71-84. 2006
    ..We assessed whether optimism was related to indices of healthy ageing, and if effects were mediated through health behaviours...
  33. ncbi request reprint The effects of acute psychological stress on circulating inflammatory factors in humans: a review and meta-analysis
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 21:901-12. 2007
    ..The acute stress-induced inflammatory response may have implications for future health, and has become an important topic of psychoneuroimmunological research...
  34. ncbi request reprint Smoking, cortisol and nicotine
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 59:228-35. 2006
    ..The contribution of these findings to understanding the role of neuroendocrine function in smoking is described...
  35. pmc Socioeconomic status, pathogen burden and cardiovascular disease risk
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Heart 93:1567-70. 2007
    ..Cumulative pathogen burden may also predict future CHD. The hypothesis was tested that lower SES is associated with a greater pathogen burden, and that pathogen burden accounts in part for SES differences in cardiovascular risk factors...
  36. ncbi request reprint Associations between acute lipid stress responses and fasting lipid levels 3 years later
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Health Psychol 24:601-7. 2005
    ..Acute lipid stress responsivity may reflect processes that contribute to the development of elevated blood cholesterol concentration...
  37. ncbi request reprint Positive affect and biological function in everyday life
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neurobiol Aging 26:108-12. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Positive affect and psychosocial processes related to health
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychol 99:211-27. 2008
    ..Positive affect may be beneficial for health outcomes in part because it is a component of a profile of protective psychosocial characteristics...
  39. ncbi request reprint Neuroendocrine and inflammatory factors associated with positive affect in healthy men and women: the Whitehall II study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 167:96-102. 2008
    ..These results confirm findings from smaller studies relating cortisol with positive affect while suggesting that in women, positive affect is associated with reduced levels of inflammatory markers...
  40. ncbi request reprint Parental adiposity and cortisol awakening responses in young men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 31:1117-26. 2006
    ..The results of this study suggest that disturbances of cortisol secretion may present before the emergence of heightened adiposity in young men at raised risk for obesity...
  41. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and stress-related biological responses over the working day
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 65:461-70. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that low socioeconomic status would be associated with heightened ambulatory blood pressure and cortisol output over the working day...
  42. pmc Socioeconomic status and subclinical coronary disease in the Whitehall II epidemiological study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e8874. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Psychological factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake and with biomarkers in adults from a low-income neighborhood
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, England
    Health Psychol 22:148-55. 2003
    ..The authors conclude that several of the psychological factors associated with self-reported intake were also related to biomarkers in this population and that these may therfore be particularly appropriate targets for intervention...
  44. ncbi request reprint Influence of socioeconomic status and job control on plasma fibrinogen responses to acute mental stress
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 65:137-44. 2003
    ..This study assessed the influence of socioeconomic status, job control, and social isolation on fibrinogen responses to acute stress...
  45. ncbi request reprint Prolonged elevations in haemostatic and rheological responses following psychological stress in low socioeconomic status men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Thromb Haemost 89:83-90. 2003
    ..We conclude that lower SES is characterised by more prolonged elevations in procoagulant responses following psychological stress, and that these processes might contribute to increased cardiac risk...
  46. ncbi request reprint Acute mental stress elicits delayed increases in circulating inflammatory cytokine levels
    A Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Clin Sci (Lond) 101:185-92. 2001
    ..This study indicates that inflammatory cytokines respond to acute mental stress in humans with delayed increases, and suggest that individual differences in cytokine responses are associated with sympathetic reactivity...
  47. ncbi request reprint Inflammatory cytokines, socioeconomic status, and acute stress responsivity
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 16:774-84. 2002
    ..The role of inflammatory cytokines in mediating psychosocial influences on CHD is discussed...
  48. doi request reprint Fear of dying and inflammation following acute coronary syndrome
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Eur Heart J 32:2405-11. 2011
    ..This study evaluated the prevalence of fear of dying, associations with inflammatory responses during ACS, and later heart rate variability (HRV) and cortisol secretion...
  49. ncbi request reprint An international comparison of tobacco smoking, beliefs and risk awareness in university students from 23 countries
    Andrew Steptoe
    University College London, UK
    Addiction 97:1561-71. 2002
    ....
  50. pmc Psychosocial biomarker research: integrating social, emotional and economic factors into population studies of aging and health
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 6:226-33. 2011
    ..This will be illustrated primarily from findings from two studies conducted at University College London, the Whitehall II Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
  51. doi request reprint Educational attainment but not measures of current socioeconomic circumstances are associated with leukocyte telomere length in healthy older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 25:1292-8. 2011
    ..Education may also promote problem-solving skills leading to reduced biological stress responsivity, with favorable consequences for biological aging...
  52. ncbi request reprint Trends in smoking, diet, physical exercise, and attitudes toward health in European university students from 13 countries, 1990-2000
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 35:97-104. 2002
    ..Smoking, diet, and physical exercise are key determinants of health. This study assessed changes over 10 years and their relationship to changes in health beliefs and risk awareness...
  53. doi request reprint Emotional triggering and low socio-economic status as determinants of depression following acute coronary syndrome
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 41:1857-66. 2011
    ..Triggering of ACS by emotional stress and low socio-economic status (SES) are predictors of adverse outcomes. We therefore investigated whether emotional triggering and low SES predict depression and anxiety following ACS...
  54. ncbi request reprint Health behaviour, risk awareness and emotional well-being in students from Eastern Europe and Western Europe
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 53:1621-30. 2001
    ..Unhealthy lifestyles associated with lack of information about health and behaviour, greater beliefs in uncontrollable influences, and diminished emotional well-being, may contribute to poor health status in Eastern Europe...
  55. ncbi request reprint Locus of control and health behaviour revisited: a multivariate analysis of young adults from 18 countries
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychol 92:659-72. 2001
    ..Associations between health locus of control and health behaviour are of a similar magnitude to other psychosocial factors when appropriate statistical tests are employed...
  56. pmc Positive affect measured using ecological momentary assessment and survival in older men and women
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18244-8. 2011
    ..The results endorse the value of assessing experienced affect, and the importance of evaluating interventions that promote happiness in older populations...
  57. doi request reprint Health behaviour patterns in relation to hypertension: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Hypertens 27:224-30. 2009
    ..We assessed health behaviours in a large sample of older hypertensive individuals, and tested whether medication for hypertension leads to compensatory increases in cardiovascular risk behaviours...
  58. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and hemodynamic recovery from mental stress
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Psychophysiology 40:184-91. 2003
    ..Results are consistent with the hypothesis that disturbances of stress-related autonomic processes are relevant to the social gradient in cardiovascular disease risk...
  59. pmc Heritability of daytime cortisol levels and cortisol reactivity in children
    Andrew Steptoe
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:273-80. 2009
    ..These findings indicate that individual differences in children's cortisol levels recorded before tasks and cortisol reactivity to behavioural challenges are influenced by genetic factors...
  60. ncbi request reprint Burden of psychosocial adversity and vulnerability in middle age: associations with biobehavioral risk factors and quality of life
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 65:1029-37. 2003
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Seatbelt use, attitudes, and changes in legislation: an international study
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 23:254-9. 2002
    ..We examined trends in seat belt use by university students from 13 European countries between 1990 and 2000, in relation to changes in legislation, attitudes, and hazardous driver behaviors...
  62. doi request reprint Pathogen burden and cortisol profiles over the day
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Pubic Health, University College London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 137:1816-24. 2009
    ..We conclude that pathogen burden is independently associated with flatter cortisol slopes over the day, and may contribute to disturbed neuroendocrine regulation...
  63. ncbi request reprint Job control, perceptions of control, and cardiovascular activity: an analysis of ambulatory measures collected over the working day
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    J Psychosom Res 50:57-63. 2001
    ..To assess the influence of job control as a personal characteristic, and momentary perceptions of lack of control, on blood pressure and heart rate monitored over the working day...
  64. ncbi request reprint The influence of psychological stress and socioeconomic status on platelet activation in men
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Psychobiology Group, University College London, UK
    Atherosclerosis 168:57-63. 2003
    ..Socioeconomic status is inversely associated with risk of coronary heart disease. We assessed the impact of psychological stress on leukocyte-platelet aggregates in men from higher and lower socioeconomic status groups...
  65. pmc Positive affect and psychobiological processes relevant to health
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Pers 77:1747-76. 2009
    ..Positive affect may be part of a broader profile of psychosocial resilience that reduces risk of adverse physical health outcomes...
  66. pmc Behavioural counselling to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults: randomised trial
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 326:855. 2003
    ..To measure the effect of brief behavioural counselling in general practice on patients' consumption of fruit and vegetables in adults from a low income population...
  67. ncbi request reprint The influence of abdominal obesity and chronic work stress on ambulatory blood pressure in men and women
    A Steptoe
    Department of Psychology, St George s Hospital Medical School, University of London, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23:1184-91. 1999
    ..To assess the influence of abdominal obesity and work stress (operationalised as low control over work) on ambulatory blood pressure on a working day and evening...
  68. ncbi request reprint Acute inflammation and negative mood: mediation by cytokine activation
    C E Wright
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 19:345-50. 2005
    ..Implications for depressed mood in physical illness are discussed...
  69. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced cytokine responses and central adiposity in young women
    L Brydon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Psychobiology Group, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:443-50. 2008
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint Cortisol awakening response is elevated in acute coronary syndrome patients with type-D personality
    Daisy L Whitehead
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Psychobiology Group, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 62:419-25. 2007
    ..The biological pathways underpinning this relationship may include disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. We therefore assessed cortisol output in patients who had recently suffered from ACS...
  71. doi request reprint The relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
    Nina Grant
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:259-68. 2009
    ..Positive well-being has been associated with a range of favorable health outcomes. The contribution of health-promoting behaviors is unclear...
  72. doi request reprint Psychological coping styles and cortisol over the day in healthy older adults
    Katie O'Donnell
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:601-11. 2008
    ..The results indicate that adaptive coping styles are related to low levels of cortisol over the day, suggesting that neuroendocrine pathways may partly mediate relationships between psychological coping and health...
  73. ncbi request reprint Differences in cortisol awakening response on work days and weekends in women and men from the Whitehall II cohort
    Sabine R Kunz-Ebrecht
    University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:516-28. 2004
    ..Cortisol output over the early part of the day may be particularly sensitive to the influence of chronic stress and its anticipation, especially in women...
  74. pmc The impact of behavioral counseling on stage of change in fat intake, physical activity, and cigarette smoking in adults at increased risk of coronary heart disease
    A Steptoe
    St George s Hospital Medical School, University of London, 1 19 Tarrington Pl, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 91:265-9. 2001
    ..This study assessed stages of change in fat intake, physical activity, and cigarette smoking during a randomized controlled trial of behavioral counseling...
  75. pmc Functional health literacy and health-promoting behaviour in a national sample of British adults
    Christian von Wagner
    Cancer Reseach UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 2 16 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:1086-90. 2007
    ..To measure the prevalence of limited functional health literacy in the UK, and examine associations with health behaviours and self-rated health...
  76. ncbi request reprint Physiological correlates of cognitive functioning in an elderly population
    C E Wright
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:826-38. 2005
    ..Disturbances of neuroendocrine and hemodynamic function may be related to greater vulnerability to cognitive decline...
  77. ncbi request reprint Cortisol responses to mild psychological stress are inversely associated with proinflammatory cytokines
    Sabine R Kunz-Ebrecht
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 17:373-83. 2003
    ..We conclude that individual variations in neuroendocrine stress responsivity may have an impact on proinflammatory cytokines, and that both high and low cortisol stress responsiveness has potentially adverse effects...
  78. ncbi request reprint Lack of association between depressive symptoms and markers of immune and vascular inflammation in middle-aged men and women
    A Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London
    Psychol Med 33:667-74. 2003
    ..If this is the case, then non-clinical depressive symptoms and psychological distress should be associated with immune activation and vascular inflammation. We tested this hypothesis in a healthy middle-aged sample...
  79. ncbi request reprint Circulating human heat shock protein 60 in the plasma of British civil servants: relationship to physiological and psychosocial stress
    Jo Lewthwaite
    Cellular Microbiology Research Group, University College London, London, UK
    Circulation 106:196-201. 2002
    ..To identify mechanisms responsible for susceptibility to CHD, specific biological markers of stress are increasingly being measured. One marker linked to susceptibility to CHD is heat shock protein (Hsp) 60...
  80. ncbi request reprint Inflammatory and hemostatic responses to repeated mental stress: individual stability and habituation over time
    Mark Hamer
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:456-9. 2006
    ....
  81. pmc Trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviour in adolescence: ethnic and socioeconomic differences
    Naomi Henning Brodersen
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Sports Med 41:140-4. 2007
    ..To assess developmental trends in physical activity and sedentary behaviour in British adolescents in relation to sex, ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
  82. ncbi request reprint Work stress, socioeconomic status and neuroendocrine activation over the working day
    Sabine R Kunz-Ebrecht
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:1523-30. 2004
    ..Analyses of psychobiological pathways must take account of variations in exposure to chronic stressors as well as differences in responsivity to stressors...
  83. doi request reprint Arterial stiffness and inflammatory response to psychophysiological stress
    Elizabeth Ellins
    Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 22:941-8. 2008
    ..We conclude that individual differences in inflammatory responses to psychophysiological stress are independently related to structural changes in artery walls that reflect increased cardiovascular disease risk...
  84. doi request reprint Type-D personality and cortisol in survivors of acute coronary syndrome
    Gerard J Molloy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:863-8. 2008
    ..To test the hypothesis that Type-D personality is associated with elevated cortisol levels in patients 4 months after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
  85. ncbi request reprint Pain, mood and opioid medication use in sickle cell disease
    Kofi A Anie
    Imperial College School of Medicine, Brent Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Center, Central Middlesex Hospital, London, UK
    Hematol J 4:71-3. 2003
    ..Patients who use opioids more frequently for sickle cell pain show more disruption of their lives, with reduced activity levels and more pessimistic mood...
  86. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status, C-reactive protein, immune factors, and responses to acute mental stress
    Natalie Owen
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 17:286-95. 2003
    ..Post-stress recovery was delayed in women compared with men. The results suggest that moderate inflammation and immune activation may be processes through which lower SES increases disease risk...
  87. ncbi request reprint Social support at work, heart rate, and cortisol: a self-monitoring study
    O Evans
    Office of National Statistics, London, England
    J Occup Health Psychol 6:361-70. 2001
    ..There were few differences between men and women, and no important occupational effects...
  88. ncbi request reprint Ten-year changes in sun protection behaviors and beliefs of young adults in 13 European countries
    Victoria Peacey
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 43:460-5. 2006
    ..Sun protection behaviors are important to the prevention of skin cancers, but little is known about changes over time in attitudes and behavior...
  89. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status differences in coping with a stressful medical procedure
    Alice E Simon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:270-6. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that socioeconomic disadvantage results in adverse emotional reactions to a novel, stressful, medical examination...
  90. ncbi request reprint Frequency of distress and fear of dying during acute coronary syndromes and consequences for adaptation
    Daisy L Whitehead
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Cardiol 96:1512-6. 2005
    ..In conclusion, distress and fear during the initial stages of an ACS may trigger subsequent depression and anxiety, thereby promoting poorer prognosis and greater morbidity with time...
  91. pmc Pathophysiological processes underlying emotional triggering of acute cardiac events
    Philip C Strike
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:4322-7. 2006
    ....
  92. ncbi request reprint Family history of cardiovascular disease is associated with cardiovascular responses to stress in healthy young men and women
    Caroline E Wright
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 63:275-82. 2007
    ..The findings indicate that a family history of cardiovascular disease risk influences stress responsivity which may in turn contribute to risk of future cardiovascular disorders...
  93. ncbi request reprint Behavioral and emotional triggers of acute coronary syndromes: a systematic review and critique
    Philip C Strike
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:179-86. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to review the evidence that behavioral and emotional factors are triggers of acute coronary syndromes...
  94. ncbi request reprint Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness, and national economic development
    Anne Haase
    Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Prev Med 39:182-90. 2004
    ..However, prevalence of inactivity, health beliefs, and knowledge of the risks of inactivity have rarely been assessed across a wide range of developed and developing countries...
  95. ncbi request reprint How neighborhoods and physical functioning are related: the roles of neighborhood socioeconomic status, perceived neighborhood strain, and individual health risk factors
    Pamela J Feldman
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of College London, London
    Ann Behav Med 27:91-9. 2004
    ..Increasing attention is being paid to the impact of neighborhood residence on individual health status...
  96. ncbi request reprint Stress-induced increases in interleukin-6 and fibrinogen predict ambulatory blood pressure at 3-year follow-up
    Lena Brydon
    The Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Hypertens 23:1001-7. 2005
    ..Recent laboratory studies have also shown that acute psychological stress increases plasma interleukin-6 and fibrinogen concentrations in healthy individuals...
  97. ncbi request reprint The contribution of gender-role orientation, work factors and home stressors to psychological well-being and sickness absence in male- and female-dominated occupational groups
    Olga Evans
    Office for National Statistics, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 54:481-92. 2002
    ..Psychological traits related to socially constructed gender roles may also be relevant, and mediate in part the differences in psychological well-being between men and women...
  98. doi request reprint The relationship between carotid stiffness and circulating levels of heat shock protein 60 in middle-aged men and women
    Elizabeth Ellins
    Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Hypertens 26:2389-92. 2008
    ..In this study, we measured the association between plasma HSP60 and carotid arterial stiffness in middle-aged men and women...
  99. doi request reprint The long-term effects of acute triggers of acute coronary syndromes on adaptation and quality of life
    Mimi R Bhattacharyya
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Cardiol 138:246-52. 2010
    ..A proportion of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are thought to be triggered acutely by physical exertion, emotional stress and other stimuli. We assessed the consequences of triggering for long-term adaptation following ACS...
  100. ncbi request reprint The cortisol awakening response in relation to objective and subjective measures of waking in the morning
    Samantha Dockray
    Psychobiology Group, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:77-82. 2008
    ..A small minority of individuals do not show a positive CAR despite not delaying saliva sampling after waking...
  101. doi request reprint Psychological factors in leg ulceration: a case-control study
    C J Moffatt
    Centre for Research and Implementation of Clinical Practice, London, UK
    Br J Dermatol 161:750-6. 2009
    ..There is increasing recognition of the role that psychological status plays in the development and outcomes of chronic disease, but little understanding of its importance in chronic leg ulceration...