Toby O Smith

Summary

Affiliation: University of East Anglia
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Sutures versus staples for skin closure in orthopaedic surgery: meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich NR2 7UY
    BMJ 340:c1199. 2010
  2. doi request reprint Operative versus non-operative management of patellar dislocation. A meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, and Institute of Orthopaedics, Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:988-98. 2011
  3. doi request reprint The diagnostic accuracy of MRI for the detection of partial- and full-thickness rotator cuff tears in adults
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, UK
    Magn Reson Imaging 30:336-46. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Attitudes of people with osteoarthritis towards their conservative management: a systematic review and meta-ethnography
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Rheumatol Int 34:299-313. 2014
  5. doi request reprint The development, validation and internal consistency of the Norwich Patellar Instability (NPI) score
    Toby O Smith
    Queen s Building, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 22:324-35. 2014
  6. doi request reprint Does knee joint proprioception alter following medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction?
    T O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Electronic address
    Knee 21:21-7. 2014
  7. doi request reprint The relationship between benign joint hypermobility syndrome and psychological distress: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Queen s Building, School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 53:114-22. 2014
  8. doi request reprint Do people with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) have reduced joint proprioception? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Rheumatol Int 33:2709-16. 2013
  9. doi request reprint The diagnostic accuracy of X-ray arthrography for triangular fibrocartilaginous complex injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    T O Smith
    School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Hand Surg Eur Vol 37:879-87. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Assessment of people with cognitive impairment and hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 57:117-26. 2013

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. pmc Sutures versus staples for skin closure in orthopaedic surgery: meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich NR2 7UY
    BMJ 340:c1199. 2010
    ..To compare the clinical outcomes of staples versus sutures in wound closure after orthopaedic surgery...
  2. doi request reprint Operative versus non-operative management of patellar dislocation. A meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, and Institute of Orthopaedics, Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 19:988-98. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of operative to non-operative treatment strategies for patients following patellar dislocation...
  3. doi request reprint The diagnostic accuracy of MRI for the detection of partial- and full-thickness rotator cuff tears in adults
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, UK
    Magn Reson Imaging 30:336-46. 2012
    ..0 T) MRI systems provided the greatest diagnostic test accuracy...
  4. doi request reprint Attitudes of people with osteoarthritis towards their conservative management: a systematic review and meta-ethnography
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Rheumatol Int 34:299-313. 2014
    ..This may provide a more valuable perception of non-operative management to promote its adoption and adherence in managing osteoarthritis. ..
  5. doi request reprint The development, validation and internal consistency of the Norwich Patellar Instability (NPI) score
    Toby O Smith
    Queen s Building, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 22:324-35. 2014
    ....
  6. doi request reprint Does knee joint proprioception alter following medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction?
    T O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Electronic address
    Knee 21:21-7. 2014
    ..Secondly, to determine whether JPS changes following medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability...
  7. doi request reprint The relationship between benign joint hypermobility syndrome and psychological distress: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Queen s Building, School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 53:114-22. 2014
    ..This study examines the reported evidence of an association between benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) and psychological symptoms...
  8. doi request reprint Do people with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) have reduced joint proprioception? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Rheumatol Int 33:2709-16. 2013
    ..001). To conclude, lower limb joint proprioception is reduced in those with BJHS compared to non-BJHS cohorts, whilst unclear in the upper limb...
  9. doi request reprint The diagnostic accuracy of X-ray arthrography for triangular fibrocartilaginous complex injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    T O Smith
    School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Hand Surg Eur Vol 37:879-87. 2012
    ..Further evaluation of the diagnostic test accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Arthrography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging is therefore warranted...
  10. doi request reprint Assessment of people with cognitive impairment and hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr 57:117-26. 2013
    ..Based on the current available data, delirium may be best assessed using the NEECHAM Confusion Scale or DRS-R-98. Pain is most accurately evaluated using the FACS...
  11. doi request reprint A systematic review to determine the reliability of knee joint position sense assessment measures
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Knee 20:162-9. 2013
    ..However, it remains unclear what the most reliable method is to assess this. The purpose of this study was to determine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the various methods used to assess knee JPS...
  12. doi request reprint The diagnostic test accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography and computer tomography in the detection of chondral lesions of the hip
    Toby O Smith
    Queen s Building, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norfolk, UK
    Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 23:335-44. 2013
    ....
  13. doi request reprint The use of CobanTM compression bandage following below-knee free-flap surgery
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Int J Nurs Pract 18:604-9. 2012
    ..The cosmetic appearance of the flaps at 6 months was acceptable in all cases, with no evidence of hypertrophic scarring...
  14. doi request reprint The intra- and inter-rater reliability of X-ray radiological measurements for patellar instability
    T O Smith
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Knee 20:133-8. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the intra- and inter-rater reliability of common radiological measurements used to evaluate patellar instability...
  15. doi request reprint A national survey of the physiotherapy management of patients following first-time patellar dislocation
    Toby O Smith
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Physiotherapy 97:327-38. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine how musculoskeletal physiotherapists in acute National Health Service (NHS) hospitals manage patients following a first time patellar dislocation...
  16. doi request reprint Accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography and computed tomography for the detection of chondral lesions of the knee
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Queen s Building, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 20:2367-79. 2012
    ....
  17. doi request reprint The effectiveness of proprioceptive-based exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Queen s Building, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Rheumatol Int 32:3339-51. 2012
    ..01). Proprioceptive exercises are efficacious in the treatment of knee OA. There is some evidence to indicate the effectiveness of proprioceptive exercises compared to general strengthening exercises in functional outcomes...
  18. doi request reprint Rehabilitation implications during the development of the Norwich Enhanced Recovery Programme (NERP) for patients following total knee and total hip arthroplasty
    T O Smith
    Queen s Building, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 98:499-505. 2012
    ....
  19. doi request reprint The intra- and inter-observer reliability of the physical examination methods used to assess patients with patellofemoral joint instability
    Toby O Smith
    Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Knee 19:404-10. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-tester reliability of the physical examination tests used for patients with patellar instability...
  20. doi request reprint A meta-analysis of the diagnostic test accuracy of MRA and MRI for the detection of glenoid labral injury
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Queen s Building, Norwich, UK
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 132:905-19. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI or MRA in the detection of gleniod labral lesions...
  21. doi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance arthrography for triangular fibrocartilaginous complex injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 94:824-32. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) in the detection of TFCC injury in the adult population...
  22. doi request reprint Interventions for treating proximal fifth metatarsal fractures in adults: a meta-analysis of the current evidence-base
    T O Smith
    School of Allied Health Professions, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Foot Ankle Surg 17:300-7. 2011
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Reliability of the radiological assessments of radiolucency and loosening in total hip arthroplasty using PACS
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Hip Int 21:577-82. 2011
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound for rotator cuff tears in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    T O Smith
    Department of Physiotherapy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Clin Radiol 66:1036-48. 2011
    ..To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound to detect partial and complete thickness rotator cuff tears based on all available clinical trials...
  25. pmc Operative versus non-operative management following Rockwood grade III acromioclavicular separation: a meta-analysis of the current evidence base
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    J Orthop Traumatol 12:19-27. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients managed operatively and non-operatively following grade III acromioclavicular dislocation...
  26. doi request reprint A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials comparing the clinical and radiological outcomes following minimally invasive to conventional exposure for total knee arthroplasty
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Knee 19:1-7. 2012
    ..01), there was no statistically significant differences in all other clinical or radiological outcomes between MIS or conventional approach TKA surgery (p>0.05)...
  27. doi request reprint The reliability and validity of radiological assessment for patellar instability. A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Queens Building, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Skeletal Radiol 40:399-414. 2011
    ..To determine the discriminative validity and reliability of the evidence base using meta-analysis...
  28. pmc Minimally invasive versus conventional exposure for total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and radiological outcomes
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, Queen s Building, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Int Orthop 35:173-84. 2011
    ..The meta-analysis of the current evidence base showed that minimally invasive THA is associated with a significantly increased risk of transient lateral femoral cutaneous nerve palsy (pā€‰=ā€‰0.006) with no significantly better outcome...
  29. ncbi request reprint Wound closure in flexion versus extension following total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, UK
    Acta Orthop Belg 76:298-306. 2010
    ..The specific degree of knee flexion used when closing total knee replacement wounds may be an important variable to clinical outcome. However, the present evidence-base is limited in both size and methodological quality...
  30. doi request reprint What activities do patients with patellar instability perceive makes their patella unstable?
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Knee 18:333-9. 2011
    ....
  31. doi request reprint The diagnostic accuracy of acetabular labral tears using magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance arthrography: a meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Faculty of Health, Queen s Building, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Eur Radiol 21:863-74. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of MRI and MRA in diagnosing acetabular labral tears using meta-analysis...
  32. doi request reprint Opening- or closing-wedged high tibial osteotomy: a meta-analysis of clinical and radiological outcomes
    T O Smith
    Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, UK
    Knee 18:361-8. 2011
    ..05). No significant difference was found for any clinical outcome including pain, functional score or complications (p>0.05)...
  33. pmc The clinical and radiological outcomes of hip resurfacing versus total hip arthroplasty: a meta-analysis and systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Acta Orthop 81:684-95. 2010
    ..In this meta-analysis, we compared the clinical and radiological outcomes and complication rates of these 2 procedures...
  34. doi request reprint Clinical and radiological outcomes of fixed- versus mobile-bearing total knee replacement: a meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, Norfolk NR2 7UY, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:325-40. 2010
    ..Thirty-three studies were eligible, assessing the outcomes of 3532 TKRs. Analysis suggested that there was no significant difference in clinical or radiological outcomes and complication rates between fixed- and mobile-bearing TKRs...
  35. pmc The impact of subacromial impingement syndrome on muscle activity patterns of the shoulder complex: a systematic review of electromyographic studies
    Rachel Chester
    Institute of Health and Social Sciences Research, Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:45. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to examine whether a difference in electromyographic (EMG) activity of the shoulder complex exists between people with SIS and healthy controls...
  36. doi request reprint An evaluation of the clinical tests and outcome measures used to assess patellar instability
    Toby O Smith
    Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Research Unit, Physiotherapy Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK
    Knee 15:255-62. 2008
    ..Further work is needed to assess the appropriateness of the identified tests and outcomes for patellar instability cohorts...
  37. doi request reprint A meta-analysis of tourniquet assisted arthroscopic knee surgery
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Knee 16:317-21. 2009
    ..There is limited evidence to suggest that a tourniquet assists in arthroscopic knee surgery. The methodological quality of the present evidence-base remains weak. Further study is required to answer this research question...
  38. doi request reprint Can vastus medialis oblique be preferentially activated? A systematic review of electromyographic studies
    Toby O Smith
    Physiotherapy Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, UK
    Physiother Theory Pract 25:69-98. 2009
    ..Accordingly, well-designed studies evaluating large samples of patients with patellofemoral joint disorders are required, to rectify the present limitations in the evidence-base, and to thoroughly investigate this topic...
  39. doi request reprint Clinical outcomes of rehabilitation for patients following lateral patellar dislocation: a systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Physiotherapy 96:269-81. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to review the literature systematically to determine the clinical outcomes of rehabilitation for patients following a lateral patellar dislocation...
  40. doi request reprint Early versus delayed surgery for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, Norfolk NR2 7UY, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 18:304-11. 2010
    ..However, this conclusion is based on the current literature which has substantial methodological limitations...
  41. ncbi request reprint Bed exercises following total hip replacement: 1 year follow-up of a single-blinded randomised controlled trial
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Hip Int 19:268-73. 2009
    ..There was no statistically significant difference in either ILOA or SF-12 after 1 year between Group A or B. There was no evidence of a subgroup effect by either the surgical approach or prosthesis fixation in either ILOA or SF-12...
  42. ncbi request reprint Should tourniquets be used in upper limb surgery? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, Norfolk NR2 7UY, United Kingdom
    Acta Orthop Belg 75:289-96. 2009
    ..The evidence-base was considerably limited in both size and methodological quality. Further study is recommended to address the literature's methodological weaknesses...
  43. doi request reprint Is a tourniquet beneficial in total knee replacement surgery? A meta-analysis and systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK
    Knee 17:141-7. 2010
    ..In conclusion, this systematic review has found that there is no advantage to using a tourniquet in knee replacement surgery for reduction of transfusion requirements...
  44. doi request reprint The reliability and validity of the Q-angle: a systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Institute of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 16:1068-79. 2008
    ..Further study is advocated to re-evaluate this topic using well-designed, and sufficiently large observational studies of specific patellofemoral dysfunction populations...
  45. doi request reprint The reliability and validity of assessing medio-lateral patellar position: a systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Research Unit, Physiotherapy Department, Out Patients East, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, UK
    Man Ther 14:355-62. 2009
    ..Manual Therapy 2002;7(3):163-7] methods of assessing medio-lateral patellar position in patients with well-defined patellofemoral disorders...
  46. doi request reprint The clinical and functional outcomes of ultrasound-guided vs landmark-guided injections for adults with shoulder pathology--a systematic review and meta-analysis
    William Sage
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 52:743-51. 2013
    ..To compare the clinical and functional outcomes of US-guided (USG) vs landmark-guided (LMG) injection for the treatment of adults with shoulder pathology...
  47. doi request reprint Revision of medial Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement to a total knee replacement: similar to a primary?
    Henry Wynn Jones
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK
    Knee 19:339-43. 2012
    ..Reconstruction with either an augment and a stem, or thick polyethylene component was often required. We recommend that the potential complexity of revision for UKR failure should be borne in mind when considering a primary Oxford UKR...
  48. pmc The relative timing of VMO and VL in the aetiology of anterior knee pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rachel Chester
    School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 9:64. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the relative timing of onset of the VMO and VL in those with AKP in comparison to the asymptomatic population...
  49. ncbi request reprint Lomi Lomi as a massage with movements: a conceptual synthesis?
    Paul Posadzki
    University of East Anglia School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, Norwich, Norfolk, United Kingdom
    Altern Ther Health Med 15:44-9. 2009
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Outcomes of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction for patellar instability: a systematic review
    Toby O Smith
    Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Research Unit, Physiotherapy Department, Out Patients East, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UY, UK
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15:1301-14. 2007
    ..Future study is recommended to address these methodological flaws, in addition to beginning to assess the effectiveness of this procedure, in different patient groups...
  51. doi request reprint The contemporary management of anterior knee pain and patellofemoral instability
    Toby O Smith
    Norwich Medical School and School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ UK
    Knee 20:S3-S15. 2013
    ..Operations should be reserved for those with correctable anatomical abnormalities that have failed conservative therapy. The current dominant operation is a medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction. ..