S K Scott

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Identification of a pathway for intelligible speech in the left temporal lobe
    S K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 123:2400-6. 2000
  2. ncbi request reprint Separate neural subsystems within 'Wernicke's area'
    R J Wise
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 124:83-95. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and the controlled processing of meaning: distinct prefrontal systems
    David J Sharp
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:1-10. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of intelligibility in speech investigated with noise vocoded speech--a positron emission tomography study
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 120:1075-83. 2006
  5. doi request reprint Do temporal processes underlie left hemisphere dominance in speech perception?
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK Electronic address
    Brain Lang 127:36-45. 2013
  6. doi request reprint The neural processing of masked speech
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Hear Res 303:58-66. 2013
  7. doi request reprint The neurobiology of speech perception and production--can functional imaging tell us anything we did not already know?
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    J Commun Disord 45:419-25. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint The neural basis for energetic and informational masking effects in speech perception
    Sophie Scott
    ICN, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3341. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Specifying executive representations and processes in number generation tasks
    S K Scott
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 54:641-64. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint The neuroanatomical and functional organization of speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, UK
    Trends Neurosci 26:100-7. 2003

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Identification of a pathway for intelligible speech in the left temporal lobe
    S K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 123:2400-6. 2000
    ..This novel observation demonstrates a left anterior temporal pathway for speech comprehension...
  2. ncbi request reprint Separate neural subsystems within 'Wernicke's area'
    R J Wise
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 124:83-95. 2001
    ..These processes are central to the acquisition of long- term lexical memories of novel words...
  3. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and the controlled processing of meaning: distinct prefrontal systems
    David J Sharp
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Cereb Cortex 14:1-10. 2004
    ..The function of these separate systems is integrated during the performance of verbal problem-solving tasks although they are differentially sensitive to stimulus degradation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of intelligibility in speech investigated with noise vocoded speech--a positron emission tomography study
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 120:1075-83. 2006
    ..Specifically, it is suggested that an anterior stream processing intelligibility can be distinguished from a posterior stream associated with transient representations, important in spoken repetition and working memory...
  5. doi request reprint Do temporal processes underlie left hemisphere dominance in speech perception?
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK Electronic address
    Brain Lang 127:36-45. 2013
    ..We finish by outlining some alternative factors that contribute to the left lateralization of speech perception. ..
  6. doi request reprint The neural processing of masked speech
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Hear Res 303:58-66. 2013
    ..We then summarise the neurobiological aspects of the perception of masked speech, and investigate this as a function of masker type, masker level and task. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Annual Reviews 2013". ..
  7. doi request reprint The neurobiology of speech perception and production--can functional imaging tell us anything we did not already know?
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    J Commun Disord 45:419-25. 2012
    ..In this overview, I outline some of the ways that functional imaging has added to this knowledge and argue that, as a neuroanatomical tool, functional imaging has led to some significant contributions...
  8. ncbi request reprint The neural basis for energetic and informational masking effects in speech perception
    Sophie Scott
    ICN, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:3341. 2012
    ..Post-test intelligibility measures were used to reveal greater activation in the left temporal lobe, which was associated with higher performance scores...
  9. ncbi request reprint Specifying executive representations and processes in number generation tasks
    S K Scott
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 54:641-64. 2001
    ..The studies support the distinction between propositional and implicational processing in executive function, and provide a framework for understanding normal executive representations and processes...
  10. ncbi request reprint The neuroanatomical and functional organization of speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, UK
    Trends Neurosci 26:100-7. 2003
    ..Two long-opposing views of speech perception have posited a basis either in acoustic feature processing or in gestural motor processing; the view put forward here might help reconcile these positions...
  11. ncbi request reprint Auditory processing--speech, space and auditory objects
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3AR, UK
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 15:197-201. 2005
    ..This framework can be used to consider the cortical basis of complex sound processing in humans, including implications for speech perception, spatial auditory processing and auditory scene segregation...
  12. ncbi request reprint Going beyond the information given: a neural system supporting semantic interpretation
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroimage 19:870-6. 2003
    ..This identified the left SFG as an executive component of a distributed cognitive system that relates a word's meaning to its semantic context to facilitate comprehension...
  13. ncbi request reprint A positron emission tomography study of the neural basis of informational and energetic masking effects in speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, Untited Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 115:813-21. 2004
    ..This study is a novel demonstration of candidate neural systems involved in the perception of speech in noisy environments, and of the processing of multiple speakers in the dorso-lateral temporal lobes...
  14. ncbi request reprint The neural representation of concrete nouns: what's right and what's left?
    Sophie K Scott
    Dept of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:151-3. 2004
    ..I relate this result to aspects of process and representation, and the anatomy of the ventral temporal lobe...
  15. ncbi request reprint Language processing: the neural basis of nouns and verbs
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, London, UK
    Curr Biol 16:R295-6. 2006
    ..A new study of the functional anatomy of noun and verb production suggests an important role for semantic representations in the cortical processing of these two distinct grammatical classes...
  16. doi request reprint Voice processing in monkey and human brains
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:323-5. 2008
    ....
  17. doi request reprint The neural processing of masked speech: evidence for different mechanisms in the left and right temporal lobes
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:1737-43. 2009
    ..This has implications for the competition for resources caused by speech and rotated speech maskers, and may illuminate some of the mechanisms involved in informational masking...
  18. ncbi request reprint The functional neuroanatomy of prelexical processing in speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Cognition 92:13-45. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Detecting residual cognitive function in persistent vegetative state
    Adrian M Owen
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Neurocase 8:394-403. 2002
    ....
  20. pmc Articulatory movements modulate auditory responses to speech
    Z K Agnew
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuroimage 73:191-9. 2013
    ..We suggest posterior fields are engaged in auditory processing for the guidance of articulation by auditory information...
  21. ncbi request reprint Noun imageability and the temporal lobes
    R J Wise
    MRC Cyclotron Unit, Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 38:985-94. 2000
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Brain regions involved in articulation
    R J Wise
    Imperial College School of Medicine, MRC Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Lancet 353:1057-61. 1999
    ..A lesion-based analysis has, however, shown that the left anterior insula is necessary for accurate articulation. We used functional imaging in normal people to show the neural systems involved in speech during different speech tasks...
  23. ncbi request reprint Human brain mechanisms for the early analysis of voices
    J D Warren
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 31:1389-97. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Reading the mind from eye gaze
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:1129-38. 2002
    ..Additional subtraction contrasts largely confirmed these patterns. Our results demonstrate a considerable degree of overlap between the medial frontal areas involved in eye gaze processing and theory of mind tasks...
  25. ncbi request reprint The functional anatomy of single-word reading in patients with hemianopic and pure alexia
    A P Leff
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Brain 124:510-21. 2001
    ..The relative contributions of pure and hemianopic alexia in individual patients needs to be assessed, as the latter has been shown to respond well to specific rehabilitation programmes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Speech production: Wernicke, Broca and beyond
    S Catrin Blank
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    Brain 125:1829-38. 2002
    ....
  27. pmc Inferior frontal gyrus activation predicts individual differences in perceptual learning of cochlear-implant simulations
    Frank Eisner
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 30:7179-86. 2010
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Now you hear it, now you don't: transient traces of consonants and their nonspeech analogues in the human brain
    Jonas Obleser
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3AR, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:1069-76. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint From dichotic listening to the irrelevant sound effect: a behavioural and neuroimaging analysis of the processing of unattended speech
    C Philip Beaman
    Department of Psychology, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK
    Cortex 43:124-34. 2007
    ..The relationship of this functional and neuroanatomical model to known neural correlates of working memory is considered...
  30. ncbi request reprint A common system for the comprehension and production of narrative speech
    Malaka Awad
    Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:11455-64. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Functional integration across brain regions improves speech perception under adverse listening conditions
    Jonas Obleser
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:2283-9. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate that increasing functional connectivity between high-order cortical areas, remote from the auditory cortex, facilitates speech comprehension when the clarity of speech is reduced...
  32. pmc Neural correlates of sublexical processing in phonological working memory
    Carolyn McGettigan
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3AR, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:961-77. 2011
    ..The functional neuroanatomy of language. Physics of Life Reviews, 6, 121-143, 2009]...
  33. doi request reprint Suppressing sensorimotor activity modulates the discrimination of auditory emotions but not speaker identity
    Michael J Banissy
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 30:13552-7. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that sensorimotor activity may be a modality-independent mechanism which aids emotion discrimination...
  34. pmc Cross-cultural recognition of basic emotions through nonverbal emotional vocalizations
    Disa A Sauter
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2408-12. 2010
    ..Our findings indicate that a number of primarily negative emotions have vocalizations that can be recognized across cultures, while most positive emotions are communicated with culture-specific signals...
  35. pmc Born with an ear for dialects? Structural plasticity in the expert phonetician brain
    Narly Golestani
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, WC1N 3AR London, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:4213-20. 2011
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Enhancing the sensitivity of a sustained attention task to frontal damage: convergent clinical and functional imaging evidence
    Tom Manly
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Neurocase 9:340-9. 2003
    ..While the results are discussed in terms of a frontal system involved in the voluntary maintenance of performance under conditions of low stimulation, alternative accounts in terms of strategy application are considered...
  37. ncbi request reprint The role of the rostral frontal cortex (area 10) in prospective memory: a lateral versus medial dissociation
    Paul W Burgess
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London UCL, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:906-18. 2003
    ..Moreover, the results suggest different roles for medial and lateral rostral prefrontal cortex, with the former involved in suppressing internally-generated thought, and the latter in maintaining it...
  38. pmc Amplitude envelope onsets and developmental dyslexia: A new hypothesis
    Usha Goswami
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:10911-6. 2002
    ..A possible causal explanation dependent on perceptual-center detection and the onset-rime representation of syllables is discussed...
  39. ncbi request reprint When the central executive lets us down: schemas, attention, and load in a generative working memory task
    P J Barnard
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Memory 9:209-21. 2001
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint The planning and guiding of reading saccades: a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    A P Leff
    Medical Research Council Cyclotron Unit and Imperial College School of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Cereb Cortex 11:918-23. 2001
    ..Our results are compatible with the hypotheses that the left PPC maintains reading saccades along a line of text while the right FEF is involved in the preparation of the motor plan for the scanpath at the start of each new line of text...
  41. ncbi request reprint The neural correlates of declining performance with age: evidence for age-related changes in cognitive control
    David J Sharp
    MRC Cyclotron Unit, Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:1739-49. 2006
    ..Thus, the ACC and lateral PFC show distinct responses to age-related decline in decision-making performance. This suggests that greater cognitive control is employed as individuals age and their performance declines...
  42. doi request reprint A little more conversation, a little less action--candidate roles for the motor cortex in speech perception
    Sophie K Scott
    Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 10:295-302. 2009
    ..We argue that motor cortex activation is essential in joint speech, particularly for the timing of turn taking...
  43. ncbi request reprint Retrieving meaning after temporal lobe infarction: the role of the basal language area
    David J Sharp
    MRC Cyclotron Unit, Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Ann Neurol 56:836-46. 2004
    ..In addition, different profiles of response observed in each hemisphere suggest distinct contributions of both left and right inferior temporal cortices to the semantic processing of speech...
  44. ncbi request reprint Cortical processing of complex sound: a way forward?
    Timothy D Griffiths
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1H 0AP, UK
    Trends Neurosci 27:181-5. 2004
    ..There is a crucial need for better understanding of the anatomy of the auditory cortex in different species and for comparative studies that will underpin both approaches...
  45. pmc Neural responses to facial and vocal expressions of fear and disgust
    M L Phillips
    Department of Psychological Medicine, King s College School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 265:1809-17. 1998
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Lexical retrieval constrained by sound structure: the role of the left inferior frontal gyrus
    David J Sharp
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cyclotron Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0NN, UK
    Brain Lang 92:309-19. 2005
    ..Within these regions there was greater activity for consonant WR, which is more difficult and imposes greater processing demands. These results support a process-specific organization of the anterior left IFG...
  47. doi request reprint Increased frontoparietal integration after stroke and cognitive recovery
    David J Sharp
    Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, UK
    Ann Neurol 68:753-6. 2010
    ..This change reflects greater top-down control of speech comprehension and provides a mechanism by which language impairments after stroke may be compensated for...
  48. doi request reprint The effect of delayed auditory feedback on activity in the temporal lobe while speaking: a positron emission tomography study
    Hideki Takaso
    University College London UCL, United Kingdom
    J Speech Lang Hear Res 53:226-36. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the neural basis for the detection of and compensation for such a delay, and the effects of increases in the delay duration...
  49. ncbi request reprint Functional neuroimaging studies of patients
    Sophie K Scott
    Neurocase 8:343-4. 2002
  50. ncbi request reprint Defining a left-lateralized response specific to intelligible speech using fMRI
    C Narain
    Centre for the Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
    Cereb Cortex 13:1362-8. 2003
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Auditory processing skills and phonological representation in dyslexic children
    Ulla Richardson
    Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, UK
    Dyslexia 10:215-33. 2004
    ..It is argued that developmentally, amplitude envelope cues may be primary in establishing well-specified phonological representations, as these cues should yield important rhythmic and syllable-level information about speech...
  52. ncbi request reprint Converging language streams in the human temporal lobe
    Galina Spitsyna
    University Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:7328-36. 2006
    ..These results indicate that verbal comprehension uses unimodal processing streams that converge in both anterior and posterior heteromodal cortical regions in the left temporal lobe...
  53. ncbi request reprint What is the relationship between phonological short-term memory and speech processing?
    Charlotte Jacquemot
    Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, EHESS ENS CNRS, 46 rue d Ulm, 75005 Paris, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:480-6. 2006
    ..We discuss the specific role of these processes in speech processing, and argue that models of speech perception and production, and our understanding of their neural bases, will benefit from incorporating them...
  54. ncbi request reprint Positive emotions preferentially engage an auditory-motor "mirror" system
    Jane E Warren
    Magnetic Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London W121 0NN, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:13067-75. 2006
    ..Motor facilitation by positive vocal emotions suggests a basic neural mechanism for establishing cohesive bonds within primate social groups...
  55. ncbi request reprint Turning a deaf ear to fear: impaired recognition of vocal affect in psychopathic individuals
    R James R Blair
    Unit on Affective Cognitive Neuroscience, Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2670, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 111:682-6. 2002
    ..The results indicated that psychopathic inmates were particularly impaired in the recognition of fearful vocal affect. These results are interpreted with reference to the low-fear and violence inhibition mechanism models of psychopathy...