Marcus Richards

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive decline in ageing: are AAMI and AACD distinct entities?
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 14:534-40. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Lung function and cognitive ability in a longitudinal birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:602-8. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and midlife cognitive change in the British 1946 birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 40:112-7. 2005
  4. pmc Long term effects of early adversity on cognitive function
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:922-7. 2004
  5. pmc Cognitive ability in childhood and cognitive decline in mid-life: longitudinal birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London
    BMJ 328:552. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Lifetime antecedents of cognitive reserve
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:614-24. 2003
  7. pmc Cigarette smoking and cognitive decline in midlife: evidence from a prospective birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    Medical Research Council, National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London, England
    Am J Public Health 93:994-8. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Does active leisure protect cognition? Evidence from a national birth cohort
    Marcus Richards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, MRC National Survey of Health and Development, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:785-92. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint A life course approach to cognitive reserve: a model for cognitive aging and development?
    Marcus Richards
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London
    Ann Neurol 58:617-22. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Cognitive function in UK community-dwelling African Caribbean and white elders: a pilot study
    M Richards
    Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:621-30. 2000

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive decline in ageing: are AAMI and AACD distinct entities?
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 14:534-40. 1999
    ..However, the extent to which the nosological entities they represent are similar or distinct is unclear...
  2. ncbi request reprint Lung function and cognitive ability in a longitudinal birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:602-8. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and cognitive ability in midlife in the normal population...
  3. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and midlife cognitive change in the British 1946 birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 40:112-7. 2005
    ..However, more longitudinal studies are required to confirm that alcohol has an effect on cognitive change and to rule out the possibility that those of higher ability engage in a lifestyle that protects against cognitive decline...
  4. pmc Long term effects of early adversity on cognitive function
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:922-7. 2004
    ..To investigate long term effects of early adverse circumstances on cognitive function...
  5. pmc Cognitive ability in childhood and cognitive decline in mid-life: longitudinal birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London
    BMJ 328:552. 2004
    ..To examine the association between cognitive ability in childhood and mid-life cognitive decline in the normal population...
  6. ncbi request reprint Lifetime antecedents of cognitive reserve
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:614-24. 2003
    ..The direct influence of paternal occupation on cognitive reserve was negligible, and almost entirely mediated by childhood cognitive ability and educational attainment...
  7. pmc Cigarette smoking and cognitive decline in midlife: evidence from a prospective birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    Medical Research Council, National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London, England
    Am J Public Health 93:994-8. 2003
    ..The authors investigated the effects of cigarette smoking on midlife cognitive performance...
  8. ncbi request reprint Does active leisure protect cognition? Evidence from a national birth cohort
    Marcus Richards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, MRC National Survey of Health and Development, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:785-92. 2003
    ..We conclude that physical exercise and spare-time activity are significantly associated with benefit to memory in midlife, although these two kinds of voluntary activity may exert their effects on cognition via different paths...
  9. ncbi request reprint A life course approach to cognitive reserve: a model for cognitive aging and development?
    Marcus Richards
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London
    Ann Neurol 58:617-22. 2005
    ..In this context, reserve therefore provides an empirical yet general model of cognitive aging and development...
  10. ncbi request reprint Cognitive function in UK community-dwelling African Caribbean and white elders: a pilot study
    M Richards
    Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:621-30. 2000
    ..However, the influence of potential confounding factors such as socio-economic position and ill-health, and the effect of cultural test bias, cannot be ruled out...
  11. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of breast-feeding in a national birth cohort: educational attainment and midlife cognitive function
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:631-5. 2002
    ..Little is known, however, about possible longer-term effects of breast-feeding. We investigated the effect of breast-feeding on educational attainment, and on a range of cognitive skills in midlife, in the British 1946 birth cohort...
  12. ncbi request reprint Long-term affective disorder in people with mild learning disability
    M Richards
    National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 179:523-7. 2001
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, postnatal growth and cognitive function in a national UK birth cohort
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:342-8. 2002
    ..We therefore investigated the independent effects of birthweight and postnatal height adjusted for postnatal weight on cognitive function and educational attainment while controlling for family background...
  14. ncbi request reprint Mild extrapyramidal signs and functional impairment in ageing
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:150-3. 2002
    ..Little is known about the clinical significance of mild extrapyramidal signs (EPS) in elderly individuals. We investigated whether EPS are associated with functional impairment in older people with cognitive decline...
  15. pmc Lifetime socioeconomic inequalities in physical and cognitive aging
    Louise Hurst
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 103:1641-8. 2013
    ..We examined the relationship between childhood and adult socioeconomic position (SEP) and objectively assessed, later-life functioning...
  16. ncbi request reprint Developmental origins of midlife physical performance: evidence from a British birth cohort
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 164:110-21. 2006
    ..This study is the first to show that childhood growth and development affect midlife performance; prevention of disability and frailty in later life may need to start early...
  17. ncbi request reprint Childhood cognitive ability and age at menopause: evidence from two cohort studies
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London
    Menopause 12:475-82. 2005
    ..To investigate whether poorer cognitive ability in childhood is associated with an earlier menopause...
  18. pmc Do childhood cognitive ability or smoking behaviour explain the influence of lifetime socio-economic conditions on premature adult mortality in a British post war birth cohort?
    Diana Kuh
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, 33 Bedford Place, London WC1B 5JU, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 68:1565-73. 2009
    ..These findings were similar for cardiovascular and cancer mortality...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cognitive function across the life course and the menopausal transition in a British birth cohort
    Helen S Kok
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, England
    Menopause 13:19-27. 2006
    ....
  20. pmc Life course socioeconomic position and mid-late life cognitive function in eastern europe
    Pia Horvat
    Correspondence should be addressed to Prof Martin Bobak, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 7HB, UK E mail
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 69:470-81. 2014
    ..Latent variable for cognition was constructed from word recall, animal naming, and letter search...
  21. pmc The catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) and cognitive function from childhood through adolescence
    Darya Gaysina
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College London, London, UK
    Biol Psychol 92:359-64. 2013
    ..Although there was some evidence for age- and sex-specific effects of the COMT rs737865 none remained significant after correction for multiple testing. Further studies are necessary in order to make firmer conclusions...
  22. pmc Lifetime cognitive performance is associated with midlife physical performance in a prospective national birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 71:38-48. 2009
    ..To examine whether measures of cognitive performance across life are related to physical performance at age 53 years, allowing for potential confounders...
  23. pmc Association between year of birth and cognitive functions in Russia and the Czech Republic: cross-sectional results of the HAPIEE study
    Martin Bobak
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroepidemiology 33:231-9. 2009
    ..To assess differences in cognitive functions by year of birth in Russia and the Czech Republic...
  24. pmc Mortality in adults aged 26-54 years related to socioeconomic conditions in childhood and adulthood: post war birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 325:1076-80. 2002
    ..To examine premature mortality in adults in relation to socioeconomic conditions in childhood and adulthood...
  25. pmc No association between gain in body mass index across the life course and midlife cognitive function and cognitive reserve--the 1946 British Birth Cohort study
    Emiliano Albanese
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Alzheimers Dement 8:470-82. 2012
    ..The association between lifelong body mass index (BMI) and cognitive function has not been comprehensively studied...
  26. ncbi request reprint Childhood cognitive ability and deaths up until middle age: a post-war birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:408-13. 2004
    ..We examined mortality in relation to cognitive ability at age 8 years in a birth cohort and investigated these possible reasons...
  27. pmc Objective measures of physical capability and subsequent health: a systematic review
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, London, UK
    Age Ageing 40:14-23. 2011
    ....
  28. pmc Association between adolescent emotional problems and metabolic syndrome: the modifying effect of C-reactive protein gene (CRP) polymorphisms
    Darya Gaysina
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, University College London, London, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 25:750-8. 2011
    ..These findings may highlight new ways of identifying people with emotional problems at high risk of developing the metabolic syndrome, which is of great importance for the management of the physical health of these patients...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effect of breastfeeding and sociodemographic factors on visual outcome in childhood and adolescence
    Alicja R Rudnicka
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1392-9. 2008
    ..It has been suggested that early life factors, including breastfeeding and birth weight, program childhood myopia...
  30. pmc A randomised controlled trial investigating the effect of vitamin B12 supplementation on neurological function in healthy older people: the Older People and Enhanced Neurological function (OPEN) study protocol [ISRCTN54195799]
    Alan D Dangour
    Department of Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Nutr J 10:22. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Cohort Profile: The 1946 National Birth Cohort (MRC National Survey of Health and Development)
    Michael Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and UCL Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:49-54. 2006
  32. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic position across the lifecourse: how does it relate to cognitive function in mid-life?
    Archana Singh-Manoux
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 15:572-8. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Surveying older people from minority ethnic groups: an evaluation of a primary care sampling method for UK African-Caribbean elders
    Robert Stewart
    Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 11:178-83. 2002
    ..Primary care list sampling with staff-assigned ethnicity therefore appeared highly specific, reasonably sensitive, and did not seem to introduce substantial bias for this population...
  34. pmc Clinical disorders in a post war British cohort reaching retirement: evidence from the First National Birth Cohort study
    Mary B Pierce
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, London, England
    PLoS ONE 7:e44857. 2012
    ..This study describes the distribution and clustering of 15 common clinical disorders requiring medical treatment or supervision in a representative British cohort approaching retirement, and how health tracked across adulthood...
  35. doi request reprint Does retirement influence cognitive performance? The Whitehall II Study
    Beverly A Roberts
    Department of Epidemiologyand Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:958-63. 2011
    ..Occupational work involves many factors capable of protecting cognition. The 'disuse' hypothesis suggests that removal of such factors at retirement may increase the risk of cognitive decline...
  36. ncbi request reprint Relation between children's height and outdoor air pollution from coal-burning sources in the British 1946 birth cohort
    Martin Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 77:383-6. 2004
    ..Air pollution is associated with a number of health outcomes in childhood. In this study, we investigated whether air pollution is related to children's height...
  37. pmc A life course approach to the development of mental skills
    Marcus Richards
    Medical Research Council Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, London, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:i26-35. 2011
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of anxiety and depression across adulthood and blood pressure in late middle age: the 1946 British birth cohort
    Valerie Tikhonoff
    aMRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing at University College London bNational Centre for Cardiovascular Prevention and Outcomes, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, UK cDepartment of Clinical Physiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden dDepartment of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry eInstitute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK Matthew Hotopf and Marcus Richards contributed equally to the writing of this article
    J Hypertens 32:1590-9. 2014
    ..We examined the association between those symptoms across adult life and BP in late middle age...
  39. pmc Midlife hypertensive status and cognitive function 20 years later: the Southall and Brent revisited study
    Clare Taylor
    King s College London Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    J Am Geriatr Soc 61:1489-98. 2013
    ..To investigate long-term prospective associations between a range of measurements of hypertensive status in midlife and cognitive impairment 20 years later...
  40. pmc Prevalence and childhood antecedents of depersonalization syndrome in a UK birth cohort
    William E Lee
    King s College London, Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Weston Education Centre, London, SE5 9RJ, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:253-61. 2012
    ..Prevalence estimates vary widely. Little is known about childhood antecedents of the disorder although emotional abuse is thought to play a role...
  41. pmc A randomised controlled trial investigating the effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on cognitive and retinal function in cognitively healthy older people: the Older People And n-3 Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (OPA
    Alan D Dangour
    Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Nutr J 5:20. 2006
    ..The link between cognitive ability, visual function and quality of life among older people suggests that this novel line of research may have considerable public health importance...
  42. ncbi request reprint The distribution of Mini-Mental State Examination scores in an older UK African-Caribbean population compared to MRC CFA study norms
    Robert Stewart
    Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:745-51. 2002
    ..to describe normative data for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in a UK African-Caribbean population and compare these with norms for white UK-born elders...
  43. pmc Population genomics of cardiometabolic traits: design of the University College London-London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine-Edinburgh-Bristol (UCLEB) Consortium
    Tina Shah
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e71345. 2013
    ....
  44. pmc The association between childhood cognitive ability and adult long-term sickness absence in three British birth cohorts: a cohort study
    Max Henderson
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    BMJ Open 2:e000777. 2012
    ..The authors aimed to test the relationship between childhood cognitive function and long-term sick leave in adult life and whether any relationship was mediated by educational attainment, adult social class or adult mental ill-health...
  45. pmc Childhood cognitive ability and adult mental health in the British 1946 birth cohort
    Stephani L Hatch
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:2285-96. 2007
    ..In addition, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the gender-specific link between childhood cognitive ability and the risk of experiencing internalising disorders in mid-adulthood warrants further consideration...
  46. pmc Infant developmental milestones and subsequent cognitive function
    Graham K Murray
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Ann Neurol 62:128-36. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that earlier attainment of developmental milestones would be associated with better subsequent intellectual performance throughout the range of abilities, rather than confined to extremes...
  47. pmc The relationship between early personality and midlife psychological well-being: evidence from a UK birth cohort study
    Rosemary A Abbott
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:679-87. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to examine long range associations between Eysenck's personality dimensions and psychological well-being in midlife...
  48. pmc The continuing benefits of education: adult education and midlife cognitive ability in the British 1946 birth cohort
    Stephani L Hatch
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:S404-14. 2007
    ..The primary study aim was to examine whether there were continuing effects of education over the life course on midlife cognitive ability...
  49. pmc Childhood intelligence and being a vegetarian
    Marcus Richards
    BMJ 334:216-7. 2007